Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 851
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Van Natta Timothy L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In both urban and military settings, penetrating thoracic injuries remain a significant source of trauma-related mortality, and many patients require resuscitative thoracotomy. Existing literature emphasizes relief of pericardial tamponade and aortic clamp application as the key therapeutic maneuvers. The purpose of this report is to revisit pulmonary hilar clamping ...
Valdez-Lowe Claudia - - 2009
Pulse oximetry, a straightforward method for estimating arterial oxygen saturation, can detect hypoxemia early; it's used often and in a variety of settings. But what's not always clear is how frequently-or even whether-patients should be monitored, and unless guidelines are understood and followed, pulse oximetry can be misused or overused. ...
Saito Katsuya - - 2009
A 66-year-old man developed tension pneumocephalus after failed lumbar drainage before clipping surgery for a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. After puncture with a Tuohy needle, the spinal catheter could not be inserted into the spinal dura, so surgery proceeded without the catheter placement. The patient's neurological status deteriorated suddenly ...
Weaver Lindell K - - 2009
Divers and hyperbaric chamber attendants breathe hyperbaric air routinely. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2)) is used therapeutically frequently. Although much is understood about the hemodynamic physiology and gas exchange effects during hyperbaric air and HBO(2) exposure, arterial and pulmonary arterial (PA) catheter data, including blood gas values during hyperbaric air and HBO(2) ...
Singh Harsimran - - 2009
There is a definitive risk of venous air embolism when the fluid infusion is complete and the drip set is still open in a glass bottle.We have devised a novel way of preventing the chances of air embolism when the fluid in the glass bottle finishes. It really gives a ...
Sturesson L W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of volatile anaesthetics has increased in situations where conventional anaesthetic machines are inadequate or unavailable, for example, cardiac surgery and intensive care. The disposable anaesthetic conserving device, AnaConDa, allows vaporization of liquid volatile anaesthetics from a syringe pump and rebreathing of exhaled anaesthetic. Clinical use requires understanding ...
Hutchings A C - - 2009
The details are presented of the first published case of a tension pneumothorax induced by an automatic compression-decompression (ACD) device during cardiac arrest. An elderly patient collapsed with back pain and, on arrival of the crew, was in pulseless electrical activity (PEA) arrest. He was promptly intubated and correct placement ...
Caruso Settimo - - 2010
Traumatic thoracic injuries and related complications have a mortality of 15.5-25%. We present a case of a 30-year-old with blunt thoracic trauma, massive edema of the lung, and laceration of the middle lobe, associated with air around the pulmonary vein, evaluated with multidetector computed tomography. To the best of our ...
Rees S E - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate a method for calculating arterial values of pH, carbon dioxide tension (P(CO(2))) and oxygen tension (P(O(2))) from peripheral venous values. In total, 40 patients were studied. Arterial and peripheral venous blood were sampled at a department of respiratory diseases. Arterial values ...
Seeburger Joerg - - 2009
A 50-year-old woman who underwent double-lung transplantation suffered a massive cerebral air embolism with severe neurological impairment and temporary hemodynamic deterioration after surveillance bronchoscopy and central line removal. We hypothesize that this was due to microscopic pulmonary parenchymal injury during bronchoscopy as well as air entrainment during removal of the ...
Granel Brigitte - - 2009
The present report concerns the first case of a spontaneous arterial coronary dissection in adult onset homocystinuria leading to a premature myocardial infarct. The patient had also presented an unexplained lower limb venous thrombosis at the age of 41. A carotid artery thrombosis was found at the aged of 61 ...
Leslie-Mazwi T M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cerebral arterial gas embolism is a potentially life-threatening event. Intraarterial air can occlude blood flow directly or cause thrombosis. Sclerotherapy is an extremely rare cause of cerebral arterial gas embolism. METHOD: Case-report. RESULTS: A 38-year-old female suffered acute onset of a left middle cerebral artery (LMCA) syndrome with an ...
Lundbäck Magnus M Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden. - - 2009
Exposure to air pollution is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity, although the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Vascular dysfunction reduces arterial compliance and increases central arterial pressure and left ventricular after-load. We determined the effect of diesel exhaust exposure on arterial compliance using a validated non-invasive measure of arterial stiffness. In ...
Sammut Mark Adrian - - 2008
Air embolism in the coronary arteries is a known complication of coronary angiography. Diving is a non-iatrogenic cause of arterial air embolism, commonly presenting with neurological and musculoskeletal symptoms. This is the first known case of coronary air embolism confirmed on coronary angiography in a diver presenting with pulmonary edema ...
Kuralay Erkan - - 2009
In OPCAB (off-pump coronary artery bypass) operations, development of cardiac arrest during the distal anastomosis to obtuse marginal coronary artery leads to significantly low blood pressure in the ascending aorta. Therefore, blowing of compressed air in high flow on not-slinged coronary artery may cause air mobilization from the coronary artery ...
Hladik Anne - - 2008
Pulse oximetry normally provides a reliable indicator of arterial blood oxygen saturation. Individuals with a variant hemoglobin with low oxygen affinity would exhibit pulse oximetry values consistent with hypoxemia despite maintaining adequate oxygen delivery to tissues. We describe a patient we diagnosed with hemoglobin Rothschild and his mother. He presented ...
Kim Chang Seok CS Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2008
Venous air embolism (VAE) is the entrapment of air or medical gases into the venous system causing symptoms and signs of pulmonary vessel obstruction. The incidence of VAE during cesarean delivery ranges from 10 to 97% depending on surgical position or diagnostic tools, with a potential for life-threatening events. We ...
Nakahara Hiromichi - - 2009
Pulmonary functions such as rapid adsorption, respreading, and hysteresis behavior of pulmonary surfactants are very important for respiratory movement. The interfacial behavior of pulmonary preparations containing an amphiphilic peptide (Hel 13-5) has recently investigated. An orientation of hydrophobic chains in a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) with or without palmitic acid (PA) is ...
Platz Elke - - 2011
This is a case report of a 53-year-old woman who presented to the Emergency Department after sustaining a tangential gunshot wound to the left anterior chest wall. On arrival, the patient was somnolent, hypotensive, hypoxic, and had impaired speech. The patient's cardiopulmonary status stabilized quickly after fluid resuscitation and supplemental ...
Korkmaz Askin Ali - - 2008
Gaseous emboli caused by the blower-mister result in air locks within coronary vessels. We describe the case of a coronary air embolism caused by a blower-mister device on off-pump surgery. The tip of the device unexpectedly entered the coronary artery through arteriotomy and caused the air emboli. Air locks in ...
Leelarasamee Amorn - - 2008
An 82-year-old male Bangkokian with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, end-stage renal disease, and coronary artery disease for many years, was hospitalized due to deterioration of a 3-day influenza-like-illness with one-day chest oppression and respiratory failure. At the emergency room, oxygen saturation was 79% on room air Chest X-ray revealed bilateral diffuse ...
Scruggs Jesse E - - 2008
The use of the central venous catheter may be complicated by air embolism when central venous pressure is subatmospheric and the catheter is open to the surrounding air. Paradoxical air embolus occurs when the gas bubbles are able to traverse a right to left shunt, gaining access to the systemic ...
Reisner Andrew - - 2008
The photoplethysmogram is a noninvasive circulatory signal related to the pulsatile volume of blood in tissue and is displayed by many pulse oximeters and bedside monitors, along with the computed arterial oxygen saturation. The photoplethysmogram is similar in appearance to an arterial blood pressure waveform. Because the former is noninvasive ...
Erasmus David B - - 2008
Fatal systemic air embolism (SAE) related to positive pressure ventilation is a rare complication. Case reports in the pediatric literature usually relate to complications in ventilating neonates and are more common. We describe what we believe to be the first such case in an adult ventilated with a high-frequency oscillating ...
Andriessen P - - 2008
We report a preterm infant with extensive systemic air embolism after cardiopulmonary resuscitation for cardiac arrest due to an occluding thrombus in the inferior vena cava. After excluding other potential causes (air infusion, necrotizing enterocolitis or pulmonary leakage syndrome), we postulate that the pressure gradient needed for air embolism to ...
Jørgensen T B - - 2008
Air embolism is a rare and potentially severe complication of surgical and invasive procedures. Emboli large enough to produce symptoms require immediate treatment because of the risk of 'gas lock' in the right side of the heart and subsequent circulatory failure. If air is transmitted to the arterial circulation through ...
Knuckles Travis L - - 2008
Environmental air pollution is associated with adverse cardiovascular events, including increased hospital admissions due to heart failure and myocardial infarction. The exact mechanism(s) by which air pollution affects the heart and vasculature is currently unknown. Recent studies have found that exposure to air pollution enhances arterial vasoconstriction in humans and ...
Finch Christopher K - - 2008
PURPOSE: A case of spontaneous pneumothorax with a subsequent bronchopleural fistula (BPF) treated with endoscopically administered fibrin glue is presented. SUMMARY: A 76-year-old white man with a history of a benign lung mass and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to the hospital with right-sided, anterior, pleuritic chest pain for ...
Nicoll Linda M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This case describes a birth-training device used by a pregnant woman to stretch the perineum. CASE: A primigravida suffered near cardiovascular collapse and subsequent acute respiratory distress syndrome after using the device at home. Her symptoms and clinical course of disease revealed a high likelihood of venous air embolism. ...
Saglam Mutlu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment on flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) by ultrasound examination. METHODS: We studied 14 young patients without cardiovascular problems who underwent HBO treatment. The indications for HBO treatment were osteomyelitis (n = 8), Crohn disease (n = ...
Mehta A - - 2008
Rapid oxygen consumption by markedly increased numbers of hypermetabolic leukocytes in leukaemic patients resulting in the apparent diagnosis of hypoxaemia on arterial blood gas analyses is termed leukocyte larceny. In the present report, a case of polycythaemia vera, extreme thrombocytosis, normal leukocyte counts and arterial hypoxaemia in the absence of ...
Gardner Robert - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Airembolism without obvious trauma or surgery is rare. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Four years after resection of a non-small cell lung cancer, a 57-year-old man presented with recurrent episodes of sudden onset neurological deficits. Head computer tomographic (CT) scans suggested air embolism, and further investigations showed a potential anastomosis ...
Mohr Lawrence C - - 2008
At the present time, commercial aircraft cabins are required to be pressurized to the equivalent of 8,000 feet or less. Although in-flight medical emergencies are infrequent, some adults with pulmonary disease may experience significant physiological stress, exacerbation of their underlying illness, and severe hypoxemia during air travel. A careful preflight ...
Schäfer Simon T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Venous air embolism (VAE) is a potentially fatal complication during surgical procedures with patients in the sitting position. Since methods for detection of persistent low-volume VAE and targeted air aspiration are limited, we tested the hypotheses that transvenous intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) 1) improves detection of small air emboli in ...
Obad Ante - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We have recently shown that a single air dive leads to acute arterial vasodilation and impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in humans. Additionally we have found that predive antioxidants at the upper recommended daily allowance partially prevented some of the negative effects of the dive. In this study we prospectively ...
Song Seung Hun - - 2007
Air embolism is a rare complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Patent foramen ovale, which is necessary in fetal circulation, is a potential route for emboli arising from the venous system to enter the systemic arterial circulation, resulting in paradoxical air embolism syndrome. A case of paradoxical air embolism during percutaneous nephrolithotomy ...
Ruest Pierre - - 2007
PURPOSE: Although venous air embolism is a well recognized complication within most surgical subspecialties, it has only been reported recently during eye surgery in one adult, and never before in a child. We describe the case of a 17-month-old boy who sustained a possible air embolism during repair of an ...
Singh Sukhmeet - - 2007
Many of the changes in BLS recommended in 2005 Guidelines are designed to simplify CPR recommendations, increase the number and quality of chest compressions delivered, and increase the number of uninterrupted chest compressions. The recommendations for compressions have been summarized as, "Push harder, push faster, allow the chest to fully ...
Park Dong-Hyuk - - 2007
We report the case of a 48-year-old male with iatrogenic arterial cerebral air embolism at the site of a spontaneous pontine hemorrhage. The patient inadvertently received continuous positive pressure ventilation without exhalation for a few minutes, resulting in pneumothorax, interstitial emphysema, pneumoperitoneum, and arterial cerebral air embolism at the site ...
Menéndez-González Manuel - - 2007
Intrapleural fibrinolytic therapy is a technique used to treat empyemas and parapneumonic effusions. Cerebral air embolism is an unusual potentially severe complication of this technique. Summary of Case- A patient with parapneumonic pleural effusion underwent pleural lavage with streptokinase when he suddenly demonstrated focal neurological signs and seizures. The CT ...
Ostovan Mohamad Ali - - 2007
We present an unusual case of massive pulmonary air embolism during permanent pacemaker implantation. Head down position, precordial thumb and cardiac massage must be done immediately after the diagnosis of this life threatening condition. If these maneuvers are not successful, air suctioning with a large-lumen guiding catheter may be effective ...
Nedelmann Max - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous air entrapment is a rare finding on cranial computed tomography (CT) scan. Peripheral air embolism is discussed as a potential cause. However, the mechanism of retrograde passage through internal jugular valves and veins is unclear. CASE REPORT: The case of a patient is reported, who had air ...
Dudar Basil M - - 2007
The incidence of air embolism during diagnostic cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention is reported at a rate of 0.84% and 0.24%. Although there is no optimal technique to restore blood flow after blockage by air emboli, treatment options include manual aspiration or forcefully injecting saline, with auxiliary supportive measures ...
Yu H - - 2007
We describe the successful use of pharyngeal oximetry with the oropharyngeal airway in two patients with severe shock in whom finger pulse oximetry failed. One patient was a 50-year-old man with septic shock and the other a 32-year-old woman with haemorrhagic shock. In both patients, an oropharyngeal airway with a ...
Puckridge Phillip J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass surgery have reduced baseline tissue oxygen tension and high rates of wound infections. The hypoxaemia worsens during surgery, potentially reducing the ability to combat bacterial lodgement. We investigated whether high-dose perioperative oxygen administration to patients undergoing infrainguinal arterial surgery results in increased tissue oxygenation. METHODS: ...
Holbrook Todd C - - 2007
A 523 kg Quarter Horse was anesthetized for unilateral eye enucleation. The anesthetic period was unremarkable. During anesthetic recovery the cap on the jugular venous catheter became dislodged. Clinical signs of pulmonary edema associated with moderate arterial hypoxemia subsequently developed. Although pulmonary edema resolved with medical therapy, the day following ...
Tzou Wendy S WS Cardiovascular Medicine Division, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2007
The effects of hypercapnia on coronary arteries in human beings are not known. We used transthoracic Doppler echocardiography to evaluate coronary blood flow velocity (CFV) changes in response to hypercapnia in healthy adults. Twenty adults underwent transthoracic Doppler echocardiography of the left anterior descending coronary artery while breathing room air, ...
Ong Victor Yeok Kein - - 2008
Tracheobronchial injuries are commonly associated with persistent air leak with pneumothoraces especially when on positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Injuries with absence of these features together with collapse of the lung and consequent low arterial oxygen tension while on PPV are less well recognised. We present a patient with traumatic aortic ...
Ball Elizabeth - - 2007
The presence of perigraft air is a common finding in the immediate post-operative phase following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair whilst the later appearance of air, in association with elevated inflammatory markers, is regarded as being indicative of the serious complication of graft infection. What is not known is at what ...
Zhu J - - 2007
Intravenous perfluorocarbon emulsion (IV-PFC) has been shown to provide hemodynamic protection from gas embolism (Venous-VGE or arterial-AGE). The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism of PFC protection from controlled VGE by quantifying the effects of IV-PFC emulsion on pulmonary elimination of nitrogen (N2). All rabbits received an ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >