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Bode-Jänisch S - - 2011
Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening disease with a high rate of mortality. At the Institute of Legal Medicine of the Hanover Medical School, 30 cases with aortic dissections were found during autopsy and examined histologically between 2006 and 2009. The grade of medial alterations in the form of cystic ...
Wu Xiaojing - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Impaired regeneration of endothelial cells (EC) and overactivity of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are hallmarks of the arterial lesions associated with aging. The occurrence of 2 opposing cellular processes in the same arterial milieu makes pharmaceutical treatment difficult to develop. We previously reported that endothelial expression of a ...
Kälsch Hagen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Early identification of patients at risk for thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) has the potential of improving prognosis. So far, however, "normal" aortic dimensions are not well defined, rendering identification of patients with enlarged aortas difficult. In the present study we aimed to (1) establish age- and gender-specific distribution of ...
Ha Jung Sook - - 2011
A recently recognized connective tissue disorder, Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a genetic aortic aneurysm syndrome caused by mutations in the transforming growth factor-receptor type I or II gene (TGFBR1 or TGFBR2). They have distinctive phenotypic abnormalities including widely spaced eyes (hypertelorism), bifid uvula or cleft palate, and arterial tortuosity with ...
Durán A C - - 2011
An ectopic origin of the coronary artery from the aorta beyond the sinotubular junction, a condition commonly referred to as 'coronary artery high take-off', has been described in man and C57BL/6 mice. The present paper reports this congenital coronary artery anomaly in the Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus). Hearts from 14 ...
Estey Chelsie - - 2011
Valvular pulmonic stenosis and aberrancy of the right coronary artery with subsequent subvalvular stenosis was found on echocardiographic evaluation of a 9-month-old Brittany spaniel. Previous echocardiography at 4 mo of age revealed the pulmonic stenosis; however, the aberrant coronary artery only became apparent during the second evaluation.
Zald Philip B - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: Esophageal dilation by rendezvous is a useful technique for the treatment of complicated esophageal strictures. METHODS AND RESULTS.: We present a case of a 74-year-old man with chronic dysphagia caused by a complete cervical esophageal stricture that developed after external beam radiotherapy for treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma. During ...
Berger Gidon - - 2011
Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is an isolated small-vessel disease comprising vasoconstriction, remodeling and thrombosis of small pulmonary arteries. However, there is evidence that IPAH does not respect anatomic boundaries and might extend into large vessels such as large central thrombi. On the other hand, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) ...
Higashino Takanori - - 2011
Air embolism in the arterial system is a very rare but potentially fatal complication of percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy or marking. We report a case of a patient with interstitial pneumonia associated with Sjögren syndrome, who presented with systemic arterial air embolism as a complication of computed tomography-guided marking of ...
Auricchio F - - 2011
Sinotubular junction dilation is one of the most frequent pathologies associated with aortic root incompetence. Hence, we create a finite element model considering the whole root geometry; then, starting from healthy valve models and referring to measures of pathological valves reported in the literature, we reproduce the pathology of the ...
Cheng Da-Chuan - - 2011
Systematic aerobe training has positive effects on the compliance of dedicated arterial walls. The adaptations of the arterial structure and function are associated with the blood flow-induced changes of the wall shear stress which induced vascular remodelling via nitric oxide delivered from the endothelial cell. In order to assess functional ...
Russo Claudio F - - 2010
Cardiogenic shock still carries a very high mortality. We adopted veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation using the Levitronix centrifugal pump (Levitronix LLC, Waltham, Massachusetts) as a first-line treatment of cardiogenic shock in a "bridge to decision" strategy. This article provides our experience of this clinical approach. Since 1988, 160 ventricular assist ...
Lentini Salvatore - - 2011
Antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) is used widely, with the aim of obtaining cerebral protection during open aortic arch surgery. ACP is considered by many to be the reason for improvements in the clinical outcome of this type of surgery. However, perioperative cerebral complications may still occur. Cerebral complications during ACP ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2010
Regional or systemic air embolism to the heart or cerebrum during endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) is an increasingly recognized phenomenon. This review aims to give an overview about the current knowledge concerning pathomechanism, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of air embolism during ERCP. A Medline search was carried out for the ...
Han Seon-Sook - - 2010
Cerebral air embolism is a rare but fatal complication of central venous catheterization. Here, we report a case of paradoxical cerebral air embolism associated with central venous catheterization. An 85-yr-old man underwent right internal jugular vein catheterization, and became obtunded. Brain MR imaging and CT revealed acute infarction with multiple ...
Al-Rashidi Faleh - - 2011
We have compared the effectiveness, time required for de-airing, and safety of a newly developed de-airing technique for open left heart surgery (Lund technique) with a standardized carbon dioxide insufflation technique. Twenty patients undergoing elective open aortic valve surgery were randomized prospectively to the Lund technique (Lund group, n = ...
Umesh Goneppanavar - - 2010
Monitoring the oxygenation status of patients with poor peripheral perfusion or ischemic peripheries is challenging in view of unreliable or unrecordable pulse oximeter data. In this article we describe a very simple and innovative technique of using the arterial line for reliable recording of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in such ...
Lenters Virissa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution has recently been linked to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. There are, however, very limited data in healthy young people. We examined the association between air pollutants and indicators of vascular damage in a cohort of young adults. METHODS: We used data from the ...
Kariya Shuji - - 2010
A 65-year-old man developed respiratory distress during insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC). The presence of gas in the pulmonary trunk and ascending aorta was observed on computed tomography (CT) scans performed immediately after insertion, and paradoxical air embolism (PAE) was diagnosed. There were no symptoms of cerebral or ...
Yarham Gemma - - 2010
The presence of emboli was recognised relatively early in the history of open heart surgery. The emboli produced during cardiopulmonary bypass have the predisposition to distribute into, and ultimately obstruct, microvessels of all tissues. The Sorin Group has recently developed a new range of arterial line filters. Before the Sorin ...
Thiara A S - - 2010
The neonate cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit, including a KIDS D100 oxygenator (The Sorin Group, Mirandola, Italy) and a D130 arterial filter (The Sorin Group), was evaluated in vitro with respect to the removal of free micro gas bubbles. No gas bubbles > 40microm were measured after the arterial filter D130 ...
Paarmann Hauke - - 2010
Mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO(2)) is an accepted surrogate parameter for the ratio between oxygen delivery and demand and may thus be used to determine the adequacy of the function of the cardiopulmonary system. Cerebral oxygen saturation monitoring by near infrared spectroscopy is a non-invasive method for the determination of ...
Milsom W K - - 2010
Respiratory chemoreceptors responsive to changes in CO(2)/H(+) appear to be present in all vertebrates from fish to birds and mammals. They appear to have arisen first in the periphery sensitive to the external environment. Thus, in most fish CO(2)/H(+) chemoreceptors reside primarily in the gills and respond to changes in ...
Tyssebotn Ingvald M - - 2010
RATIONALE: Earlier work has shown that experimental conditions calling for improved tissue oxygenation could be assisted by i.v. infusion of a dodecafluoropentane emulsion (DDFPe) forming oxygen-transporting microbubbles. OBJECTIVES: The present work investigated the effect of DDFPe on hypoxia due to experimental shunts in the pig lung. METHODS: Nineteen O(2) breathing, ...
Cheng H-M - - 2010
CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy is becoming a widely accepted procedure for the diagnosis of pulmonary lesions. The rate of severe complications following such a procedure has been reported. Of these complications, air embolism is the most likely to be fatal. We report a case of right coronary air embolism resulting ...
Forsberg Ulf - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic haemodialysis (HD) may relieve some medical problems of terminal uraemia, but the life expectancy of patients is still significantly shortened, and there is a greatly increased morbidity. This includes pulmonary morbidity and chronic central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities. Previous studies have shown that a considerable amount of air ...
Salameh Johnny - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Air embolism to the cerebral artery circulation is a rare complication previously associated with surgery, scuba-diving, induced abortion, angiography, and pneumothorax. However, air embolism secondary to a ruptured air bulla during commercial air travel has rarely been reported. METHODS: We report a patient who became unconsciousness 30 minutes after ...
Fahlman Asa - - 2010
This study assessed whether arterial oxygenation could be increased by treatment with intranasal oxygen supplementation in brown bears (Ursus arctos) with hypoxemia during anesthesia with medetomidine-zolazepam-tiletamine. Arterial blood samples were collected anaerobically from the femoral artery before and during oxygen supplementation. An oxygen flow rate of 2-5 L/min administered intranasally ...
Rettenmund Christy - - 2010
Pulmonary carcinoma was diagnosed in an 18+-year-old captive female great horned owl (Bubo virginianus). The owl presented with a history of progressive weakness and sudden onset of frank blood in the droppings. On physical examination, the owl had multiple white to yellow plaques in the oral cavity, decreased air sac ...
O'Connor T M - - 2011
Arterial blood gases (ABGs) are often sampled incorrectly, leading to a 'mixed' or venous sample. Delays in analysis and air contamination are common. We measured the effects of these errors in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations and controls. Arterial and venous samples were analyzed from 30 patients ...
Fang Hsiu-Yu - - 2010
A 68-year-old man was admitted with intermittent chest tightness. Coronary angiography revealed subtotal occlusion of right coronary artery (RCA). After successful stenting from middle to proximal RCA with two Cypher stents, angiography showed a "Rolling filling defect" at distal aneurysmal dilatation of RCA. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) confirmed the "Rolling filling ...
Pant Deepanjali - - 2010
Significant venous air embolism may develop acutely during the perioperative period due to a number of causes such as during head and neck surgery, spinal surgery, improper central venous and haemodialysis catheter handling, etc. The current trend of using self collapsible intravenous (IV) infusion bags instead of the conventional glass ...
Preston Thomas J - - 2009
The use of an arterial line filter (ALF) within the pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit is not a new concept. It has always presented the perfusionist with a circuit component that while valuable, increased prime volume. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the change in prime volume and ...
Zanobetti Antonella - - 2010
Ambient particulate pollution and traffic have been linked to myocardial infarction and cardiac death risk. Possible mechanisms include autonomic cardiac dysfunction. In a repeated-measures study of 46 patients 43-75 years of age, we investigated associations of central-site ambient particulate pollution, including black carbon (BC) (a marker for regional and local ...
Chakravarthy Murali - - 2010
OBJECTIVE(S): Partial pressure of carbon dioxide and oxygen were transcutaneously measured in adults after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. The clinical use of such measurements and interchangeability with arterial blood gas measurements for weaning patients from postoperative mechanical ventilation were assessed. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study. SETTING: ...
Shaikh Nissar - - 2009
Vascular air embolism (VAE) is known since early nineteenth century. It is the entrainment of air or gas from operative field or other communications into the venous or arterial vasculature. Exact incidence of VAE is difficult to estimate. High risk surgeries for VAE are sitting position and posterior fossa neurosurgeries, ...
Brockmeyer Joel - - 2009
Cerebral air embolism occurs very seldom as a complication of central venous catheterization. We report a 57-year-old female with cerebral air embolism secondary to removal of a central venous catheter (CVC). The patient was treated with supportive measures and recovered well with minimal long-term injury. The prevention of air embolism ...
Bisceglia Michele - - 2009
Hepatic portal venous air embolism is the rarest complication of gastrointestinal endoscopy, resulting from penetration of gas into the portal veins, and may occur during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. The likely mechanism is intramural dissection of insufflated air into the portal venous system through duodenal vein radicles ...
Shoaib Raja Farhat - - 2009
It is an unusual case of bilateral tension pneumothoraces developing in the postoperative period in a patient who underwent total arterial revascularization for two vessel coronary artery disease. The patient had been a previous heavy smoker and at operation had been noted to have thin walled lung parenchyma with multiple ...
Kotake Yoshifumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that mixed venous hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SvO2) can be estimated by calculation from CO2 production, cardiac output, and arterial oxygen saturation measured using a noninvasive cardiac output (NICO) monitor (Novametrix-Respironics, Wallingford, CT). METHODS: Twenty-three patients undergoing aortic aneurysm repair underwent SvO2 monitoring using a pulmonary artery catheter ...
Schäfer S T - - 2009
Using intra-cardiac echocardiography in anaesthetised swine we tested the hypotheses that embolised air (i) passes immediately through the right atrium into the ventricle; (ii) persists in the right ventricle for a long time; (iii) is detectable for longer within the right ventricle or main pulmonary artery than the right atrium, ...
Kathirgamanathan A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Existing indices of pulmonary oxygenation vary misleadingly with external factors such as inspired oxygen fraction (FI(O2)), arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2), and haemoglobin (Hb). Previous work suggested that some indices may be acceptably useful in particular scenarios such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or where FI(O2)>60%. However, it ...
Kutlu Ramazan - - 2009
A 44-year-old man with an abdominal aortic aneurysm presented with acute pancreatitis with abundant peripancreatic fluid and was successfully treated with endovascular stent graft. Early post-procedural radiological examinations showed air inside the aneurysm sac. Due to the possible infection from pancreatitis, antibiotic treatment was initiated, and he was closely monitored. ...
Van Natta Timothy L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In both urban and military settings, penetrating thoracic injuries remain a significant source of trauma-related mortality, and many patients require resuscitative thoracotomy. Existing literature emphasizes relief of pericardial tamponade and aortic clamp application as the key therapeutic maneuvers. The purpose of this report is to revisit pulmonary hilar clamping ...
Valdez-Lowe Claudia - - 2009
Pulse oximetry, a straightforward method for estimating arterial oxygen saturation, can detect hypoxemia early; it's used often and in a variety of settings. But what's not always clear is how frequently-or even whether-patients should be monitored, and unless guidelines are understood and followed, pulse oximetry can be misused or overused. ...
Saito Katsuya - - 2009
A 66-year-old man developed tension pneumocephalus after failed lumbar drainage before clipping surgery for a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm. After puncture with a Tuohy needle, the spinal catheter could not be inserted into the spinal dura, so surgery proceeded without the catheter placement. The patient's neurological status deteriorated suddenly ...
Weaver Lindell K - - 2009
Divers and hyperbaric chamber attendants breathe hyperbaric air routinely. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2)) is used therapeutically frequently. Although much is understood about the hemodynamic physiology and gas exchange effects during hyperbaric air and HBO(2) exposure, arterial and pulmonary arterial (PA) catheter data, including blood gas values during hyperbaric air and HBO(2) ...
Singh Harsimran - - 2009
There is a definitive risk of venous air embolism when the fluid infusion is complete and the drip set is still open in a glass bottle.We have devised a novel way of preventing the chances of air embolism when the fluid in the glass bottle finishes. It really gives a ...
Sturesson L W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of volatile anaesthetics has increased in situations where conventional anaesthetic machines are inadequate or unavailable, for example, cardiac surgery and intensive care. The disposable anaesthetic conserving device, AnaConDa, allows vaporization of liquid volatile anaesthetics from a syringe pump and rebreathing of exhaled anaesthetic. Clinical use requires understanding ...
Hutchings A C - - 2009
The details are presented of the first published case of a tension pneumothorax induced by an automatic compression-decompression (ACD) device during cardiac arrest. An elderly patient collapsed with back pain and, on arrival of the crew, was in pulseless electrical activity (PEA) arrest. He was promptly intubated and correct placement ...
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