Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 925
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Bey Moncef - - 2004
We present the case of a 30-year-old female patient with few coronary risk factors for atherosclerosis but with 3-vessel coronary artery disease possibly secondary to Kawasaki disease. Coronary angiography showed total occlusion of the left anterior descending artery and a right coronary artery aneurysm. Quadruple coronary artery bypass was performed. ...
Buxton Brian F - - 2004
The treatment of coronary artery disease, initially by medical and surgical and subsequently using percutaneous interventions, has evolved rapidly over the last 50 years. Randomized controlled clinical trials and observational studies of large cohorts have been instrumental in the evolution of the current practice of coronary artery revascularisation. This paper ...
Vadseth Caryn - - 2004
Formation of nitric oxide-derived oxidants has been linked to development of atherosclerosis and associated thrombotic complications. Although systemic levels of protein nitrotyrosine predict risk for coronary artery disease, neither specific proteins targeted for modification nor functional consequences that might contribute to disease pathogenesis have been defined. Here we report a ...
Nofech-Mozes Yehuda - - 2003
The authors report on a 2-year-old boy with atypical Kawasaki disease (KD) and thrombocytopenia who developed 3 coronary artery aneurysms. The mechanism of thrombocytopenia in KD seems to be consumption coagulopathy. Review of the 30 reported cases of KD and thrombocytopenia revealed that this combination is more common in girls ...
Kameda Kunihiko - - 2003
AIMS: Oxidative stress is implicated in the progression of heart failure, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity is increased in patients with congestive heart failure. We examined the role of oxidative stress on MMP activity in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured the MMP activity and the level of 8-iso-prostagandin F2alpha ...
Mieres Jennifer H - - 2003
Coronary artery disease is the single largest killer of women in the United States and claims the lives of more than 250,000 women each year. For several decades, there was the misperception that coronary artery disease was a "man's disease." The fact is that women are indeed vulnerable to coronary ...
Kuijpers Taco W - - 2003
Kawasaki disease is a childhood vasculitis of medium-sized vessels, affecting the coronary arteries in particular. We have treated a therapy-resistant child who met all diagnostic criteria for Kawasaki disease. After the boy was given intravenous immunoglobulins and salicylates, as well as several courses of pulsed methylprednisolone, disease recurred and coronary ...
Herrington David M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Arterial compliance is related to left ventricular hypertrophy and risk for cardiovascular disease events; however, its association with coronary artery stenosis remains uncertain. We sought to assess the relation between lower extremity arterial compliance and presence of angiographically defined coronary artery disease. METHODS: Lower extremity arterial compliance was measured ...
Jabs Wolfram J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Venous coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs) are prone to accelerated atherosclerosis. In atherosclerotic diseases, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have become an important diagnostic and prognostic marker. The origin of CRP in this setting remains to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Monoclonal anti-CRP identified CRP expression in medial and ...
Lall Shelly C - - 2003
A 76-year-old man with symptomatic cerebral vascular disease and coronary artery disease was treated with simultaneous off-pump bypass and cerebral revascularization. With the emergence of off-pump coronary artery operation as a viable option for coronary revascularization we believe that this procedure will become our method of choice for combined cerebral ...
Venugopalan P - - 2003
We describe a 3-year-old boy with Kawasaki disease who, despite therapy with two doses of intravenous immunoglobulin G and high-dose aspirin, developed myocarditis in the 1st week of illness and coronary artery aneurysms in the 2nd week. He required a short course of systemic corticosteroids for remission of the illness. ...
Felis Salvatore - - 2003
We present the case of a 73-year-old male with diffusely aneurysmal artery disease. Echocardiography revealed a 4.5 cm mass, adjacent to the right side of the heart, suggesting a diagnosis of coronary artery aneurysm. The findings were confirmed at magnetic resonance imaging and coronary angiography. Moreover, in view of the ...
Nakamura Yosikazu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic features of the formation of giant coronary aneurysm due to Kawasaki disease and its risk factors are not still clear. METHODS: One hundred and five patients with giant coronary aneurysms were selected from the 15th and 16th nationwide surveys of Kawasaki disease in Japan. With all other patients ...
Sangtawesin Chaisit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness of unknown origin. Several kinds of IVIG have been shown to be effective in the decrease of the incidence of coronary artery abnormalities (CAA) which is the most serious complication. Nowadays, the National Blood Centre, Thai Red Cross Society can manufacture ...
Lederle Frank A FA Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis VA Medical Center (III-0), One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA. - - 2003
Aortic aneurysm has traditionally been considered a manifestation of atherosclerosis, but recent evidence suggests an independent pathogenesis, possibly similar to that of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Further insight into the pathogenesis of aortic aneurysm might be obtained by comparing its association with smoking with that of other smoking-related diseases. ...
Scavèe Vincent - - 2003
External iliac artery endofibrosis (EIAE) is an uncommon disease that affects a large number of athletes. The pathogenesis of EIAE is unclear. We offer an additional possible cause, with a direct relationship between EIAE and psoas muscle hypertrophy.
Mishra Trinath Kumar - - 2003
As the epidemic of coronary artery disease rages on round the globe, research is always on to find suitable drugs to reverse the trend. While aspirin, beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors have been shown to reduce coronary mortality and morbidity, statins are rapidly coming to fore as another important cog in ...
Chakrabarti S - - 2003
Although dilated coronary arteries are uncommon in children, three cases are presented which, even more unusually, were not associated with Kawasaki's disease
Mehta Nirav J - - 2003
Cases, case series, and related articles on coronary artery disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) identified through a comprehensive literature search were examined for clinical characteristics and angiographic findings of HIV-associated coronary artery disease. Among 129 identified cases, 91% were males. The ...
Badiaga S - - 2003
Serologic cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between Bartonella quintana and Chlamydia pneumoniae. Therefore, the association between antibodies to C. pneumoniae and coronary heart disease (CHD) as described in the literature may be due to antibodies cross-reacting with B. quintana. To investigate this hypothesis, we evaluated, in a case-control study, the prevalence ...
Gavin Patrick J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery aneurysms are the major complication of Kawasaki disease (KD). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) regulate remodeling and degradation of the extracellular matrix. We hypothesized that MMP-9 expression is increased in acute KD aneurysms when compared with KD nonaneurysmal arteries and arteries from control children. METHODS AND RESULTS: MMP-2, MMP-9, ...
Takeda Yutaka - - 2003
White blood cells (WBC) destabilize coronary artery plaques and an elevated WBC count is a risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD). Nevertheless, the differences between the forms of CAD in the relationship with WBC count remain to be elucidated. To study these differences, we reviewed the health-checkup records from ...
Kowalski M - - 2003
The differentiation between differing regional ischaemic substrates is crucial for decision-making in patients with coronary artery disease. This study demonstrates that quantification of dobutamine stress echocardiography using ultrasonic strain measurement has the potential to identify three differing regional ischaemic substrates (ischaemic, stunned and scarred) in the same patient. The data ...
Rozin Leon - - 2003
Kawasaki disease (KD) primarily affects infants and is rarely fatal in young adults. The sequelae of KD can result in death months to years after the exposure to the causative agent. Such deaths are defined as Stage IV KD, which is characterized by the formation of multiple aneurysms in the ...
Thomas Christus Singh - - 2003
Recognition of coincidence of cerebral vascular disease is of importance in patients with coronary artery disease. One hundred and seventy-three patients who underwent coronary angiography were also studied by angiography of subclavian arteries and abdominal aorta. The majority of the patients (128/173; 74%) were men. Risk factors of hypertension, diabetes, ...
Atar S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mitral annular calcification has been associated with various systemic and cardiac diseases, with a higher prevalence in women and patients over 70. A possible association between mitral annular calcification and coronary artery disease has recently been suggested. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of severe coronary artery disease in younger ...
Costello John M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the sensitivity of coronary angiography versus intravascular ultrasound for detecting significant transplant coronary artery disease in children. We also examined associations between potential risk factors for transplant coronary artery disease and intravascular ultrasound findings, and evaluated the safety of intravascular ultrasound. ...
Thomas Christus Singh - - 2003
Only a few angiographic studies have correlated the presence and severity of coronary artery disease with atherosclerosis in other arteries. The presence of disease in more than 1 area clearly has important implications on management. One hundred and seventy eight patients had angiographic evaluation of their peripheral arteries and abdominal ...
Matta M P - - 2003
Acromegaly is characterized by a high prevalence of cardiovascular complications that account for increased morbidity and mortality. Several studies emphasized the role of GH and IGF-1 excess in cardiac dysfunction. Coexisting factors such as hypertension, glucose tolerance abnormalities and coronary artery disease have a potential role in the progression of ...
Kesek Milos - - 2003
BACKGROUND: QT dispersion (QTd) contains prognostic information in several patient groups. The variable increases in several conditions with ischemia. Originally, it was thought to reflect the local repolarization inhomogeneity. Even though this explanation has been questioned lately, it continues to be put forward. In order to elucidate a possible local ...
Dorsch Micha F - - 2003
Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP1, TIMP2, TIMP3) are naturally occurring inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). It has been proposed that MMPs have a role in weakening the fibrous cap and subsequent plaque rupture. We hypothesized that TIMP polymorphisms could predispose to premature coronary artery disease. As a first step, we ...
Jadhav Uday M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A noninvasive technique for testing endothelial function by ultrasound measurement of flow-mediated dilatation has recently generated considerable interest as a marker of atherosclerosis, and in the prediction of clinical coronary events and coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured the flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery (endothelium-dependent vasodilatation) ...
Deng You-Bin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in patients with a history of Kawasaki disease have focused on vascular endothelial function in coronary arteries, and the endothelial function of systemic arteries is not fully understood. Furthermore the effect of vitamin C on systemic endothelial function after Kawasaki disease has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES: We ...
McCullough A - - 2002
Sildenafil is frequently the first-line treatment for post-radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) erectile dysfunction (ED) with maximum treatment satisfaction rates of 43%-80%. The etiology of erectile dysfunction after RRP has been attributed to psychogenic, vascular, veno- occlusive or nerve injury causes. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into ...
Charney Pamela - - 2002
Coronary artery disease generally presents later in women than men and more frequently with atypical symptoms. From the Framingham data, angina is the commonest initial clinical presenting symptom of coronary artery disease in women, compared with myocardial infarction for men. Obtaining a careful history is essential in evaluating a woman ...
Rangel Alberto - - 2002
The importance of recognizing the association between aortoiliac disease and coronary artery disease includes the following: (1) Long-term morbidity is higher and survival ratio poorer in patients with coronary heart disease compared with isolated lower extremity revascularization surgery. (2) Coronary artery bypass grafting is a relatively high-risk procedure in patients ...
Dahdah N S - - 2002
To assess myocardial electric potentials late after Kawasaki disease (KD) we measured signal-averaged electrocardiography (SAECG) and QT dispersion parameters. Thirteen patients with persistent coronary aneurysm (group I), 12 with late resolution of the aneurysm (>3 months) (group II), and 13 with early resolution (group III) were studied 7.9 +/- 3.9, ...
Michelfelder Erik C. - - 2002
Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that has become the most common form of acquired heart disease in young children in developing countries. The most serious threat from Kawasaki disease is the development of coronary vasculitis, with subsequent development of aneurysms, thrombosis, and coronary compromise. Standard ...
Ledford C Samuel - - 2002
Revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is superior to medical management in reducing symptoms and prolonging exercise duration in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Ten randomized trials have compared the outcomes in percutaneous and surgically treated patients with multivessel CAD. The purpose of ...
Mills J - - 2002
AIMS: To assess the possible role of certain coagulation factors and associated genetic polymorphisms in families in which coronary disease has occurred prematurely. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-five healthy male relatives aged 65 or less were recruited following the identification of 125 patients with confirmed, premature coronary artery ...
Frishman William H - - 2002
There is growing evidence that inflammatory processes may be involved in the development of atherosclerosis and its complications. Viral and bacterial pathogens have been implicated as possible causative factors in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and postangioplasty restenosis. Antibiotic trials have been completed examining which treatment of infection can ...
Hassikou Hasna - - 2002
Arterial involvement is rare in Behçet's disease but can be at the forefront of the clinical picture and cause life-threatening complications. CASE REPORTS: A 36-year-old man had Behçet's disease with an aortographically documented aneurysm of the abdominal aorta as the inaugural manifestation. He had oral and genital ulcers. Funduscopy showed ...
Nakamura Yosikazu - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic features of giant coronary aneurysm due to Kawasaki disease and its risk factors are still not clear. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with giant coronary aneurysms were reported to a 15th nationwide survey of Kawasaki disease in Japan. With all other patients treated in the same hospital as a control ...
Ashley Euan A - - 2002
Although several diagnostic modalities are available to the clinician interested in diagnosing coronary artery disease, very few have been validated in diabetic populations. This review discusses the non-invasive diagnosis of coronary disease in diabetic patients. Evidence regarding the prevalence and prognostic significance of silent ischemia is reviewed and the potential ...
Friso S - - 2002
5, 10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a crucial enzyme in homocysteine/methionine metabolism. The most-studied C677T polymorphism in the MTHFR gene results in a thermolabile variant with reduced activity, and is associated with increased levels of total plasma homocysteine, a risk factor for coronary artery disease. A new mutation in the MTHFR ...
Lipinski Michael - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There has been controversy over what is the best angiographic luminal dimension criterion associated with ischemia for evaluating diagnostic tests. If one assumes that ST-segment depression or scores are indicators of ischemia, then whatever angiographic criteria best discriminates those with ischemic and nonischemic responses would be the best angiographic ...
Ding Zhaohua - - 2002
There is considerable evidence that the localization and evolution of vascular disease are mediated, at least in part, by mechanical factors. The mechanical environment of the coronary arteries, which are tethered to the beating heart, is influenced by cardiac motion; the motion of the vessels must be described quantitatively to ...
Mueller Xavier M - - 2002
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent arrhythmia after conventional coronary artery bypass grafting. With the advent of minimally invasive technique for left internal mammary artery-left anterior descending coronary artery (LIMA-LAD) grafting, we analyzed the incidence and the risk factors of postoperative AF in this patient population. This prospective study involves ...
Adler Yehuda - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve calcification without obstruction (AVC) is common in the elderly and is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. We hypothesized that AVC detected by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is a marker for significant coronary artery disease in patients undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: The study group included 388 patients ...
Tirkes Ahmet T - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to determine if CT measurement of the distribution of abdominal adipose tissue is reproducible between observers and is associated with patient risk of significant coronary artery disease. METHOD: We compared 11 male patients having abdominal CT who had a history of significant coronary ...
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