Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 926
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Biagini Elena - - 2005
The presence of myocardial ischemia during dobutamine stress echocardiography is independently associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality in women after adjustment for clinical data. This association is observed in patients who have proved coronary artery disease and in patients who have no history of coronary artery disease.
Lin Ming-Tsan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis syndrome with the striking feature of cardiovascular involvement. Endothelial cell (EC) damage has been suggested to predispose individuals to the development of coronary vascular disorders. When EC are perturbed, prethrombotic complications ensue. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical ...
Guzman-Cottrill Judith A JA Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL, - - 2005
Coronary arterial inflammation in acute Kawasaki disease (KD) is characterized by transmural infiltration of CD8 T lymphocytes, suggesting that CD8 T lymphocyte cytotoxic activity may be important in the pathogenesis of coronary arterial damage in acute KD. We performed immunohistochemistry for the cytotoxic proteins perforin and granzyme B on paraffin-embedded, ...
Lee Jae Young - - 2005
Coronary aneurysm formation and subsequent stenosis resulting in ischemic heart disease are the most important complications of Kawasaki disease (KD). Reported is the evolution of severe calcific coronary artery stenosis in an 8-year-old boy managed with percutaneous transluminal coronary rotational ablation (PTCRA) after failed balloon angioplasty. No restenosis occurred 6 ...
Sainani Gurmukh S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The endothelial cells produce the most potent vasoconstrictor known as endothelin-1. Elevated plasma levels of endothelin have been associated with coronary artery disease, essential hypertension and heart failure. The aims of the present study were, to compare the plasma endothelin-1 levels in coronary artery disease patients and healthy controls, ...
Reaven P D - - 2005
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The goals of this study were to determine whether coronary calcium is associated with the presence of clinical cardiovascular disease in individuals with type 2 diabetes and if the measurement of abdominal aortic calcium may have an independent or added benefit as a surrogate marker for clinical vascular disease. ...
Yang Eric H - - 2005
Angina in the setting of a normal angiogram (NOCAD) occurs in 20-30% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. The etiologies of NOCAD can be anatomically classified into three groups: epicardial disease, coronary microvascular dysfunction, and noncoronary disease. Epicardial disease resulting in NOCAD includes endothelial dysfunction, coronary artery spasm, and coronary artery ...
Azar Rabih R - - 2005
This study assessed the effects of tirofiban and statins on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and soluble CD40 ligand after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients who had stable coronary artery disease. Tirofiban insignificantly limited the increase of soluble CD40 ligand after revascularization, especially in patients who had high levels of this ...
Kappagoda C Tissa - - 2005
The accompanying article asserts that measurement of carotid plaque area by ultrasonography adds a vital, new dimension to the investigation and management of patients at risk of developing coronary artery disease. The author contends also that traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease have failed to provide a basis for ...
Ng Martin K C - - 2005
Severe stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) is a coronary artery-disease manifestation of critical prognostic importance. As a consequence of the survival advantage conferred by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) over medical therapy, lesions in the LMCA have been considered a standard indication for CABG for nearly 3 ...
Schuijf Joanne D - - 2005
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in industrialized countries. Moreover, the disease is reaching endemic proportions and will put an enormous strain on healthcare economics in the near future. Accurate noninvasive diagnosis and functional evaluation of coronary artery disease in early stages is important for selecting the ...
Shinbane Jerold S - - 2005
The chapter presents the Cardiac CT for the assessment of cardiovascular pathology with an emphasis on the detection of coronary atherosclerosis. Cardiac CT is a robust technology for the non-invasive assessment for a spectrum of cardiovascular disease processes. This imaging modality can provide assessment of atherosclerotic plaque burden and coronary ...
Cam Sirri F - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between premature coronary artery disease and Glu298Asp polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The eNOS gene polymorphism was analysed in 115 (mean age, 48.1+/-7.9 years) Turkish patients with a diagnosis of premature coronary ...
London G M - - 2005
Epidemiological and clinical studies have shown that cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is frequently related to damage of large conduit arteries. Arterial disease is responsible for the high incidence of ischemic heart disease, peripheral artery diseases, left ventricular hypertrophy and congestive heart failure. The vascular complications ...
Chu Chi-Ming - - 2005
This poster will demonstrate how we build up the module of Bayesian Coronary Artery Disease Predicting Evidence-Based Medicine. The system-module may help the young professional understand the effect of factors for referring patients to take the invasive examination of Angiographic.Moreover, the non-invasive information-tech also can perform as the screening tool ...
Mitani Yoshihide - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Coronary sequelae that persist after Kawasaki disease (KD) have been associated with obstructive changes of the lesions and coronary vascular events in adolescents and young adults. However, little is known about the association between sequelae late after KD and inflammatory markers, which are potential mediators and markers for atherogenesis. ...
Stauffenberg Michele T - - 2004
CONTEXT: Homocysteine is emerging as a novel marker of atherothrombosis. Its role as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease is generally accepted. There is scanty data correlating homocysteine levels measured by immunoassay with cardiovascular disease. We previously validated a fluorescence polarization immunoassay for measuring homocysteine, which compared favorably with ...
Montorsi Piero - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence is accumulating to consider erectile dysfunction as a vascular problem. This review focuses on background, pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical evidence of the link between erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The link between erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease is suggested by the following. ...
Sato Yuichi - - 2004
The high spatial resolution of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) permits direct visualization of the coronary artery system. In this report, we describe coronary artery abnormalities in a young adult with Kawasaki disease. MSCT detected a giant coronary artery aneurysm, coronary artery stenosis in the first diagonal artery, and a multi-layered ...
Mirza I - - 2004
Kawasaki disease (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome) is a syndrome of generalised vasculitis and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children. Coronary arterial abnormalties occur in 20% of cases, with coronary artery aneurysms being the most predominant vascular abnormality in this condition. Although death may occur secondary to ...
Appels Ad - - 2004
This paper describes the development of the concept "vital exhaustion", the epidemiological evidence that this state belongs to the precursors of different manifestations of coronary artery disease, and the biological plausibility of the association between exhaustion and coronary artery disease. It further describes the main results of a randomized, controlled ...
Suzuki Atsuko - - 2004
Coronary arterial lesions (CAL) due to Kawasaki disease (KD) often show progressive intimal hyperplasia even many years after the disease. However, most patients have no CAL after the acute phase, and it is an important issue whether or not coronary arteries without CAL have significant intimal hyperplasia, and whether or ...
Goldsmith David - - 2004
There has been an explosion of interest in vascular calcification in the last 5 years. Four key "germinal" findings have fallen onto very fertile soil. First, on the background of an increasing cardiovascular disease burden it has been found that at least cross-sectionally, and in a limited fashion prospectively, achieved ...
Miwa K - - 2004
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an inherited disorder characterised by progressive calcification of the elastic fibres in the skin, eye, and cardiovascular system. Recently, mutations in the ATP binding cassette transporter gene (ABCC6) were identified as cause of this disease. Although patients with PXE often have coronary artery disease, little is ...
Purvin Valerie - - 2004
Vascular diseases of the brain affect vision owing to a variety of mechanisms and cause a range of signs and symptoms. These conditions may result from diminished bloodflow, from leakage of blood through vessel walls, or from the compression of adjacent structures by enlarged vessels. Vascular disease may affect the ...
Wilson N - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To review recent cases of Kawasaki disease (KD) with significant cardiac sequelae in New Zealand. It is known that intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) reduces the risk of coronary artery aneurysm formation if given within 8-10 days of onset of KD. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical course, criteria for KD, laboratory ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2004
Coronary artery aneurysms are not uncommon. They are usually arteriosclerotic in origin, and may be congenital or secondary to injury, dissection, infection, inflammation, or Kawasaki disease (KD). Herein, we report a case involving a 25-year-old male smoker with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Coronary angiography showed triple-vessel disease, coronary artery aneurysms, ...
Jankowski Piotr - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ascending aortic fractional pulse pressure and fractional systolic pressure (FSP) were demonstrated to differentiate patients with and without coronary artery disease. However, no study so far has analyzed the relationship between FSP and fractional diastolic pressure (FDP) and the extent of coronary artery disease. Therefore, we investigated the relationship ...
Erkan D - - 2004
Hughes-Stovin syndrome (HSS) is a rare clinical disorder, which has been described as the presence of pulmonary artery aneurysm in the setting of systemic thrombosis. The term "Incomplete Behçet's Disease" has also been used to describe this syndrome due to the clinical and histopathological similarities between Behçet's disease and HSS. ...
Slyper Arnold H - - 2004
Coronary vascular disease is one facet of a generalized disturbance of vascular function present throughout the vascular tree. Dysfunction of the endothelium leads to thickening of the intima and media of the vessel wall of large and medium-sized muscular arteries and large elastic arteries, such as the aorta, carotid, and ...
Swenson J Robert - - 2004
Depression has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease, morbidity and mortality after onset of coronary disease. This article reviews recent studies investigating these links and discusses the impact of depression on quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease. Recent trials ...
Shitrit David - - 2004
Unstable angina pectoris is associated with elevated D-dimer levels. However, the operating characteristics (sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value) of the D-dimer assay for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) are unknown. Using a prospective, observational design, we collected blood from 54 patients with unstable angina pectoris at ...
Dijk J M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for stroke and myocardial infarction. We investigated whether carotid arterial stiffness is related to other localizations of manifest arterial disease. METHODS: Carotid artery stiffness was measured by ultrasonography as the change in diameter in systole relative to the diastolic diameter in patients enrolled ...
Knez Andreas - - 2004
This angiographically correlated study reports on, for the first time, age- and gender-based distribution of the volumetric calcium score in a large group of patients with suspected coronary artery disease. Volumetric calcium data predicted significant coronary artery disease (>/=50% lumen diameter stenosis) as well as the traditional Agatston score. Exclusion ...
Bozkurt Engin - - 2004
Recent epidemiologic studies have shown that moderately elevated plasma homocysteine concentrations are associated with an increased risk for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. But, it is not known whether moderate hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with the angiographic extent of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A ...
Erentuğ Vedat - - 2004
A 36-year-old male had coronary heart disease with a 12-year history of muscular weakness in his bilateral lower extremities and gait disturbance characterized by classical features of gastrocnemius and peroneal muscular atrophy. This is a clinical report of the first case of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (type 2) associated with the left ...
Koh Kyung Bong - - 2004
This study examined the relationship between anger expression or alexithymia and coronary artery stenosis in patients with coronary artery diseases. 143 patients with coronary artery diseases (104 males and 39 females) were enrolled in this study. The severity of their coronary artery stenosis was measured by angiography. The Anger Expression ...
Chan Albert W - - 2004
Atherosclerosis manifests as a broad spectrum of clinical pathology involving both coronary and noncoronary circulation. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) have an important negative impact on each other with respect to treatment options and prognosis. The issue is further compounded by the underdiagnosis and undertreatment of ...
Pekdemir Hasan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Slow coronary flow (SCF) is a phenomenon characterized by delayed opacification of coronary arteries in the absence of epicardial occlusive disease, in which many aetiological factors such as microvascular and endothelial dysfunction, and small vessel disease have been implicated. We aimed to investigate the epicardial resistance in relation with ...
Weiss Jennifer E - - 2004
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a multisystem vasculitis of unknown etiology, with coronary artery aneurysms occurring in 25% of untreated cases. With conventional treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin (i.v.IG) and high dose aspirin (ASA) only 4% of patients develop coronary artery aneurysms. Children who are unresponsive present a challenge. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha ...
Blum Michael - - 2004
One hundred fifty-eight patients (76 men and 82 women) presenting to an outpatient cardiology clinic with a new complaint of angina were prospectively followed to determine if there was a gender bias in the management of suspected coronary artery disease when physicians trained in cardiology managed their care. Overall, there ...
Csiszar Anna - - 2004
Previously we demonstrated that aging in coronary arteries is associated with proinflammatory phenotypic changes and decreased NO bioavailability, which, we hypothesized, promotes vascular disease by enhancing endothelial apoptosis. To test this hypothesis we characterized proapoptotic alterations in the phenotype of coronary arteries of aged (26 mo old) and young (3 ...
Cavuşoğlu Erdal - - 2004
Coronary thrombosis plays a central role in the development, progression, and complications of atherosclerotic heart disease. As a result, pharmacologic manipulation of the hemostatic system has been the mainstay of treatment for coronary artery disease. Since platelets are the most important cellular element in the development of arterial thrombosis, many ...
Sachithanandan Anand - - 2004
Isolated coronary ostial narrowing is rare and may represent a separate disease entity from atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. The case of a 41-year-old female with no coronary risk factors who developed severe bilateral isolated coronary ostial stenosis following mantle radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease is described. She underwent urgent coronary artery ...
Hadjinikolaou L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the elastic properties of medium-size extracardiac arteries and veins between patients with and without left main stem coronary artery disease. METHODS: The compliance, distensibility, and incremental elastic modulus (iEmod) of the internal thoracic arteries (n=53), long saphenous veins (n=38), and radial arteries (n=35) from 74 patients undergoing ...
Nakamura Yosikazu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although some laboratory findings are known to be indicators of the risk of giant coronary aneurysm formation among Kawasaki disease patients, an appropriate cut-off point to predict aneurysm formation is not clear. METHODS: One hundred and five patients with giant coronary aneurysms were selected from the 15th and 16th ...
Parisi Quintino - - 2004
Coronary artery aneurysms are rare findings usually diagnosed incidentally at necropsy or at angiography in patients with symptoms of myocardial ischaemia. Even if atherosclerosis is a common cause of coronary aneurysms in the adult, other acquired diseases with inflammatory pathogenesis are associated with coronary artery aneurysms. We present three cases ...
Shiraishi Jun - - 2004
Transthoracic echocardiography is useful for evaluation of the coronary arteries in infants and children with Kawasaki disease. In adults, however, transthoracic echocardiography often cannot detect or accurately estimate coronary artery lesions. We describe two young adults admitted for a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction ascribed to Kawasaki disease and treated ...
Tengiz Istemihan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of arterial aneurysms through increased proteolysis of extracellular matrix proteins. Increased proteolysis due to elevated matrix degrading enzyme activity in the arterial wall may act as a susceptibility factor for the development of coronary aneurysms. The aim of this study ...
Biccard B M - - 2004
Patients with coronary artery disease presenting for major noncardiac surgery may have indications for both peri-operative beta-blockade and haemodynamic optimisation. The combination of peri-operative cardiorespiratory failure and myocardial ischaemia has a grave prognosis. Recent investigations have shown that in patients with coronary artery disease, beta-blockade does not depress cardiac output ...
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