Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 926
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Casserly Ivan P - - 2006
Mortality rates were lower among patients with multivessel coronary artery disease who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) than among similar patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an analysis of data from New York State registries (N Engl J Med 2005; 352:2174-2183). This finding appears to run counter ...
Heaton Paul P Taranaki Base Hospital, New Plymouth, New Zealand. - - 2006
To determine the epidemiology, management and outcome of Kawasaki disease (KD) in New Zealand. Prospective audit using New Zealand Paediatric Surveillance Unit (NZPSU) Reports. Single country 2-year epidemiological study. All patients diagnosed with KD in New Zealand reported to the NZPSU from January 2001 to December 2002. Incidence of KD; ...
Kohshiro Moritani / Yasuo ...
The number of deaths from coronary artery disease has increased from 1969 to1982 in Japan. The age-adjusted death rats from coronary artery have decreased through this period. This change was considered to have been contributed by the change of constituent of population, the increasing number of elder people susceptible to ...
Gazzaruso Carmine - - 2006
The current review reports recent data available in the literature on the prevalence of erectile dysfunction and the association of erectile dysfunction with overt and silent coronary artery disease in patients with diabetes mellitus. The mechanisms by which erectile dysfunction is associated with coronary artery disease and potential clinical implications ...
Kass Malek - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiac transplantation is a recognized therapy for end-stage heart failure. Graft coronary artery disease is a chief determinant of long-term survival following cardiac transplantation. There are multiple purported etiologies for graft coronary artery disease including both immunologic and nonimmunologic factors. Immunologic factors include human leukocyte antigen mismatching, ...
Kwon Chang Mo CM Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2006
Behçet's disease with concomitant thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), coronary artery stenosis and coronary artery pseudo aneurysm is rare. Here we report a case of Behçet's disease with several cardiovascular complications, namely: pericarditis, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), TTP, coronary artery stenosis, and a coronary artery pseudo aneurysm. A 37-year-old female presented ...
Billett Henny H - - 2006
There is an increase in arterial thrombotic events in the elderly. Elderly patients are more likely to have associated diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, and when age is confounded by these other predisposing factors, the risk of an arterial ischemic event increases disproportionately. Antithrombotic therapy for geriatric patients ...
Hoefer Imo E - - 2006
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease represent the two most common causes of mortality and morbidity in western countries, and the treatment for these is generally by the mechanical restoration of blood flow in the affected tissues. Stimulation of collateral artery growth (arteriogenesis) provides a potential alternative option for the treatment of ...
Ishii H - - 2006
Two sisters with type B Niemann-Pick disease (genotype: S436R/S436R) showed cardiac dysfunctions, not secondary to pulmonary disease, at the beginning of the third decade. In the younger sister, myocardial dysfunction was refractory to treatment, resulting in death. At autopsy, the distal branches of the coronary arteries showed narrowing of the ...
Georgoulias Panagiotis - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test the association of early post-stress lung/heart ratio (LHR) of 99mTc tetrofosmin radioactivity with gated-SPECT findings and angiographic results. METHODS: We studied 158 consecutive patients, with stress/rest 99mTc tetrofosmin myocardial SPECT and coronary angiography. Rest scans were obtained as gated SPECT and the left ventricular ejection fraction and ...
Ouyang Pamela - - 2006
Clinical trials indicate that hormone therapy (HT) does not decrease cardiovascular disease events or angiographic coronary disease progression. The effects of HT on SVG vessels are unknown. To determine whether postmenopausal hormone therapy started after coronary bypass surgery (CABG) decreases saphenous vein graft (SVG) disease, we conducted a multicenter randomized ...
Onwuanyi Anekwe E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Normal epicardial coronary arteries (NCA) based on angiography have been reported to occur more frequently in Blacks than in Whites, but these studies have suffered from the limitation of being retrospective, reporting on relatively small numbers of subjects, or lacking a systematic angiogram interpretation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Angiograms of ...
Rostoff Paweł - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the prognostic value of ST segment elevation in lead aVR in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and its relationship with significant stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCAS) and three-vessel disease have been highlighted. AIM: Analysis of the relationship between ST segment elevation observed in aVR lead and ...
Worthley Stephen G - - 2006
Positive coronary artery remodeling is associated with unstable coronary syndromes. Serum inflammatory markers, including high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP), can predict future risk of acute coronary events in patients with stable coronary artery disease. We sought to elucidate the relationship of specific serum inflammatory markers with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) estimation of coronary ...
Chandran Krishnan B - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is the underlying cause of most cardiovascular-related deaths in industrialized nations. Determining the etiology of atherosclerosis and detecting lesions in the early stages of the disease for possible pharmacological or mechanical intervention have been challenges facing cardiovascular researchers. In addition to genetic and environmental factors, the formation and growth ...
Falcini Fernanda - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Kawasaki disease is still a dilemma for pediatricians, especially its atypical or incomplete presentation. The current diagnostic criteria appear inadequate, and the early diagnosis frequently remains challenging with high risk of coronary damage. This review focuses on recent data concerning Kawasaki disease etiology and pathogenesis, and emphasizes ...
Hofmann Robert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Longer-term outcome of patients following carotid artery revascularization depends predominantly on cardiac events rather than neurological events. AIM: To assess the longer-term outcomes of patients with known coronary artery morphology undergoing carotid artery stenting. METHOD: In a prospective observational study including 549 consecutive patients undergoing carotid artery stenting, a ...
Ruff Christian T - - 2006
Anticoagulation, aimed at mitigating the enlargement of obstructive thrombi in coronary arteries, is a cornerstone of treatment for patients with unstable coronary artery disease. Limitations of currently available pharmacologic agents have sustained substantial interest in discovering novel anticoagulants that may more effectively and safely dampen the activation and perpetuation of ...
Hajilooi Mehrdad - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the L-selectin Phe206Leu polymorphism and coronary artery disease. METHODS: A total of 322 patients (221 men and 101 women) with coronary artery disease in one or more vessels documented by angiography were studied; 157 subjects (85 ...
Rowley Anne H AH Department of Pediatrics, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, The Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2005
Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common acquired cardiac disease in children in developed nations. The etiology of KD is unknown but likely to be a ubiquitous microbial agent. Previously, we showed that oligoclonal IgA plasma cells infiltrate coronary arteries and other inflamed tissues in acute KD. We demonstrated that ...
Hamaad Ali - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Systemic and vascular inflammation is at the heart of the thrombotic occlusion of coronary arteries. HYPOTHESIS: The study was undertaken to determine the relationship between established inflammatory markers (interleukin-6 [IL-6] and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP]), neutrophil or white cell count, and concomitant autonomic tone in patients with coronary artery ...
Hameed Shahid - - 2005
A case of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in a patient with complex dextrocardia is presented. Management of such a patient poses special problem, and a difference in the technique of performing coronary angiography is required. With the right sided aortic arch, Judkins catheters rotated in the direction opposite to normal, ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Alterations in aortic stiffness may reflect the elastic properties of the larger arteries. In many diseases, aortic elastic properties have been investigated to show whether the larger arteries are involved. The elastic properties of aorta in patients with coronary artery ectasia, however, have not been studied yet. We aimed ...
Yetkin Ertan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although atherosclerosis is supposed to be responsible for more than 50% of coronary artery ectasia, the precise pathology of coronary artery ectasia is not clearly understood. A histopathological examination of ectatic segments has revealed mainly destruction of the media layer of the artery. In the present study, we assessed ...
Haghi Dariusch - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive testing for suspected coronary artery disease is challenging. We prospectively investigated whether measurements of carotid intima-media thickness in the presence or absence of albuminuria in patients with stable chest pain syndromes can be used as a noninvasive test algorithm for prediction of significant coronary artery disease. Additionally, this ...
Ikemoto Y - - 2005
Cardiac sequelae of Kawasaki disease are an important cause of ischemic heart disease in young adults. The possibility of early progression of atherosclerosis following Kawasaki disease is therefore of great concern. We examined whether preclinical atherosclerotic changes are seen in patients with a history of Kawasaki disease, and whether these ...
Turhan Hasan - - 2006
The association between metabolic syndrome and coronary artery disease, either clinical or subclinical, has been well established. There is also a consensus regarding the higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in females compared with males with coronary artery disease. However, the impact of gender on the coronary artery disease severity has ...
Hung Guang-Uei - - 2005
The sensitivity of nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging in detecting coronary artery disease is high. However, false-negative results may be encountered if all the myocardial territories were uniformly affected. Ischemic stunning after dipyridamole-stress on gated SPECT may be an indicator of severe and extensive coronary artery disease, and can help the ...
Wooditch Angela C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of infancy and childhood. When untreated, 15% to 25% of patients develop coronary artery aneurysms. Although the use of aspirin and intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) as initial therapy is well established, the role of corticosteroids is uncertain. The objective of this study was ...
Ejiri Junya - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The neurotrophin (NT) family, including nerve growth factor NT-3 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), has a critical role in the survival, growth, maintenance, and death of central and peripheral neurons. NTs and their receptors are expressed in atherosclerotic lesions; however, their significance in cardiovascular disease remains unclear. METHODS AND ...
Matsuda Hisao - - 2005
A 20-year-old male was first diagnosed with Kawasaki disease at age 2 years 9 months. Coronary angiography in the acute phase revealed coronary aneurysms, so chronic antiplatelet therapy was initiated with aspirin and ticlopidine. The patient was asymptomatic and was followed up. Stress myocardial imaging showed asymptomatic myocardial ischemia at ...
Alagiakrishnan Kannayiram - - 2005
We investigated the association of an abnormal T axis with angiographic indicators of coronary artery disease and mortality. In univariate analysis, no significant association was observed between an abnormal T axis and extent of coronary artery disease (p = 0.928). An abnormal T axis was a significant predictor of overall ...
Haddad Michel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To date, the etiologic factors involved in the development of allograft coronary disease remain speculative and the treatment uncertain. The purpose of this study was to review the relationship of clinical, angiographic, and pathologic features of cardiac allograft vascular disease in a large population of heart transplant recipients followed ...
Laurent Stéphane - - 2005
Structural and functional changes in large and small arteries in hypertension, even at early stages, may affect one or several end organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys, contributing to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Therefore, modern treatment strategies should not only target blood pressure (BP) reduction but also normalize ...
Mo Vivian Y - - 2005
The management of coronary artery disease has become increasingly complex as additional factors are identified that play a role in the underlying pathophysiology of the disease and as the number of available therapies expands. Cardiac biomarkers play an increasingly important clinical role, and demonstrate value as tools to facilitate diagnosis, ...
Freeman A F AF Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, W140, Ward 12-204, 303 E. Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2005
Angiogenesis has been shown to be dysregulated in coronary artery (CA) aneurysms in the chronic phase of Kawasaki disease (KD). Neovascularization may occur in inflammatory-related vascular diseases because many angiogenesis mediators are secreted by inflammatory cells. We hypothesized that inflammation of the acute KD CA aneurysm could lead to dysregulation ...
Ye Shu - - 2006
Data have been accumulating that indicate that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene polymorphisms contribute to inter-individual differences in susceptibility to and outcome of cardiovascular disease. This is currently best exemplified by the MMP3 gene 5A/6A polymorphism which has an effect on MMP3 expression and has been shown to be associated with ...
Nambi Vijay - - 2005
Seven patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and single-vessel coronary artery disease underwent percutaneous revascularization of the coronary lesion in addition to alcohol septal ablation therapy for dynamic outflow tract obstruction. One year later, there was a significant reduction of dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and no clinical evidence of ...
Amirzadegan Alireza - - 2006
To investigate a possible association of ABO blood groups with coronary artery disease in well-documented patients, we designed a cross-sectional study of 2026 patients, known case of coronary artery disease in angiography, who underwent coronary artery bypass graft at Tehran Heart Center, with regard to coronary artery disease major risk ...
Berger Alexandre - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we analyzed the clinical outcome of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease in whom at least one vessel was treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and at least one other vessel was deferred on the basis of fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurements during the same ...
Seoane Leonardo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery disease is considered a contraindication to lung transplantation. We studied effect of pre-lung transplantation nonobstructive coronary artery disease and revascularized coronary artery disease on long-term lung transplant survival. METHODS: Clinical courses of 172 lung transplant recipients from December 1990 to May 2003 were reviewed. Significant coronary artery ...
Khouzam Rami N - - 2005
A case of a 65-year-old man with known coronary artery disease who presented to the hospital with chest tightness was reported. Electrocardiogram (ECG) changes and positive cardiac enzymes prompted catheterization, which revealed diffuse coronary artery disease. A repeated ECG done as a follow-up the next morning showed significant changes, which ...
Montorsi Piero - - 2005
Evidence is accumulating in favor of classifying erectile dysfunction (ED) as a vascular disorder. There are three main clinical scenarios in which ED and coronary artery disease (CAD) may coexist: the patient with ED who later develops CAD, the patient with overt CAD who is casually found to have ED, ...
Rashidi Arash - - 2005
Aortic stenosis (AS) is a common disease especially in the older population. It is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Recent data suggest that coronary artery disease and AS share common risk factors. Retrospective studies suggest that statins might slow the progression of AS but there are no randomized clinical ...
Hinoi Toshihide - - 2005
Thirty-two patients were randomly assigned to treatment with placebo or atorvastatin. The time-averaged peak diastolic velocity (APDV) of the left anterior descending artery without stenosis was measured by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography at rest and under hyperemic conditions before and 1 hour after treatment. APDV increased significantly in the atorvastatin group, ...
Iwai Takehisa - - 2005
Recent studies have suggested that infectious organisms play a role in vascular diseases. In this study, to explore a possible link between oral infection and Buerger disease, we investigated whether oral (periodontal) bacteria were present in occluded arteries removed from patients with characteristic Buerger disease. Fourteen male patients with a ...
Tsuchikane Etsuo - - 2005
The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a novel penetration catheter for severe coronary artery disease. Severe coronary artery diseases such as chronic total occlusions or severe calcified stenoses sometimes obstruct the subsequent crossing of balloon catheter after successful wire crossing. A novel penetration over-the-wire catheter has been developed ...
Takahashi Kei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There has been no morphological evidence that polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) infiltrate the coronary arterial lesions of acute Kawasaki disease (KD) patients, although clinical data indicate the activation of PMNL. METHODS: The experimental materials consisted of eight autopsy patients who died during the acute phase of KD. Duration of the ...
Ubeyli Elif Derya - - 2005
The new method presented in this study was directly based on the consideration that ophthalmic arterial Doppler signals are chaotic signals. This consideration was tested successfully using the nonlinear dynamics tools, like the computation of Lyapunov exponents. Multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPNN) architecture was formulated and used as a basis ...
Papathanasiou Athanasios I - - 2005
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is an uncommon form of coronary artery disease. It has been reported in association with a variety of pathological conditions, such as isolated congenital heart disease and Kawasaki disease. CAE is more relevant in young adults with multiple predisposing risk factors, especially familial hypercholesterolemia, and is ...
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