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Mukhtyar Chetan - - 2009
The primary systemic vasculitides are a group of autoimmune conditions characterised by occlusion, stenosis or aneurysmal dilatation of blood vessels secondary to intra-mural inflammation. Current therapy has converted the outlook of these diseases from death or severe morbidity to a remitting-relapsing condition in most instances. Longer survival, relapsing course of ...
Kisacik Bunyamin - - 2010
Beh?et's disease is a systemic disease characterized by oral aphthosis, genital ulcers, ocular lesions, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, neurological and major vessel involvement. Arterial involvement, aneurysms and arterial thrombosis have been reported in 1.5-3% of patients. In this case report, we present a patient with ulnar arterial aneurysm associated with Beh?et's disease.
Cantin Luce - - 2009
Coronary artery aneurysms, stenoses, and thromboses are significant complications of Kawasaki disease (KD). While appearing in childhood, coronary complications are often left unrecognized until early and mid-adulthood. Along with the increasing capacity of noninvasive coronary artery imaging modalities, especially computed tomography and magnetic resonance, radiologists are more likely to face ...
Tsuda Etsuko - - 2009
The prevalence of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) based on the annual number of Kawasaki disease patients is 0.3-0.5% in Japan. The optimal time for performing CABG should be decided with understanding the characteristics of coronary arterial lesions due to Kawasaki disease and their natural history. CABG should only be ...
Moussa Issam D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is under diagnosed in primary care practices, yet the extent of unrecognized PAD in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of previously unrecognized PAD in patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or intervention and to determine the relationship between presence ...
Lotrionte Marzia - - 2009
Coronary artery disease remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with a disease burden that does not seem to have decreased significantly over time. Since their developments, oral drugs that are able to reduce the coagulation properties of blood (i.e., oral anticoagulants such as warfarin ...
Kuo Ho-Chang - - 2009
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic febrile vasculitis particular coronary artery involvement. Eosinophilia has been found in our and other studies in KD. This study further investigates whether eosinophil-related T helper 2 (Th2) cytokines or the activation marker (eosinophil cationic protein - ECP) is involved in KD with coronary artery ...
Lakatta Edward G - - 2009
The structure and function of arteries change throughout a lifetime. Age is the dominant risk factor for hypertension, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and stroke. The cellular/molecular proinflammatory alterations that underlie arterial aging are novel putative candidates to be targeted by interventions aimed at attenuating arterial aging as a ...
Shankarappa Ravindranath K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia is a monogenic, autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the LDL receptor gene. Familial homozygous hypercholesterolemia results when both the alleles have the defective mutation. It is characterized by cutaneous and tendinous xanthomas, premature corneal arcing, and is associated with an increased risk of coronary arterial ...
Cevik Cihan - - 2009
Behçet's disease is a rare chronic autoimmune vasculitis with characteristic skin findings. Vascular involvement generally affects veins more than arteries, and coronary arterial involvement is extremely uncommon. Here we report the significant coronary artery aneurysms detected in a 41-year-old man with Behçet's disease who had been in remission for 13 ...
Soran Ozlem - - 2009
Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are both safe and established treatment modalities of invasive revascularization for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, conflicting information exists when comparing the long-term efficacy of the two methods. The optimal treatment for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease ...
Nakamura Yosikazu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The relationship between coronary artery sequelae due to Kawasaki disease and the six principal symptoms associated with the latter are still unknown. METHODS: Among the 16,952 patients reported in the 17th nationwide survey on Kawasaki disease, 14,068 were found to have definite and typical cases with five or six ...
Kambara Hirofumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gender differences among patients with coronary artery disease vary from study to study. In one of the largest studies, the Japanese Coronary Artery Disease (JCAD) Study, gender differences in patients were investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients diagnosed with stenosis 75% or more in at least one branch of ...
Schirmer S H - - 2009
Collateral artery growth is a potent natural defence mechanism to prevent death and myocardial infarction in occlusive artery disease. Given the high prevalence of arterial obstructive disease, a therapeutic compound stimulating collateral vessel growth could have a major impact on morbidity and mortality world wide. Although experimental studies on the ...
Seshasai Sreenivasa R K - - 2009
Primary- and secondary-prevention trials involving subjects with or at risk for coronary artery disease have previously demonstrated a beneficial effect of conventional-dose statin therapy. Recent trials of high-dose statin therapy in subjects with stable coronary disease or acute coronary syndromes have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this narrative article ...
Chugh Sumeet S SS Cardiac Arrhythmia Center, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, USA. - - 2009
In a recent cohort study, prolongation of the corrected QT interval (QTc) was associated with an independent increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). We evaluated determinants of prolonged QTc and the relationship of prolonged QTc to SCD risk among patients with coronary artery disease in the general population. A ...
Amin Amit P - - 2009
Chronic obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) is a highly prevalent condition that results in premature mortality as well as substantial morbidity due to angina and reduced quality of life. Various treatment and revascularization strategies are available for managing this condition, including medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention, and coronary artery bypass ...
Coats Walter C - - 2009
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are considered to belong to the highest risk group for the development of cardiovascular events. These patients should be subject to aggressive risk-factor modification. However, management of coronary artery disease in patients with CKD can be uniquely challenging. Many of the medications used in ...
Waqar Salman - - 2009
Ostial coronary artery disease is rare with a reported incidence of 0.07 to 0.25% in all patients undergoing angiography. It has a strong association with previous mediastinal irradiation, which induces specific histological changes distinct from atherosclerotic lesions. The radiation also affects the myocardium and surrounding structures, which can alter the ...
Elbardissi Andrew W - - 2009
Recent advances in medical therapy, percutaneous myocardial revascularization, and coronary artery bypass grafting have allowed patients to live longer without eliminating the underlying pathology of coronary artery disease. In this review the authors discuss surgical options, perioperative assessment, procedural details, and outcomes after repeated coronary artery bypass surgery and coronary ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2009
An inverse relationship between birth weight and coronary artery diseases is well documented but it remains unclear which exposure in early life might underlie such association. Recently it has been reported an association between adenosine deaminase genetic polymorphism and coronary artery diseases. Gender differences in the degree of this association ...
Rosengarten B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A decade difference in peak incidences of coronary and cerebral ischemia assumes a protection of the brain vasculature. Therefore, we hypothesize that early indicators of cerebrovascular disease such as parameters of the neurovascular coupling show a higher correlation to coronary artery disease than morphologic parameters. METHODS: Stenotic degree (%) ...
Sucu Murat - - 2009
A 32-year-old man was transferred to our emergency service with the diagnosis of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest. During eye examination, a typical corneal arcus was observed. The patient underwent the primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Coronary angiography showed a total occlusion of proximal left anterior descending artery. Primary coronary balloon angioplasty was ...
Oliveira Evelling L C - - 2009
Establish a relationship between vascular calcifications seen via mammography and coronary artery disease, estimate the risk ratios, and investigate the interrelationships between vascular calcification and other risk factors for coronary artery disease. This was a case-control study consisting of 40 women with coronary artery disease in the case group and ...
Arbab-Zadeh Armin - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of acute hypoxemia on the dimensions of diseased and nondiseased coronary arterial segments in humans. METHODS: In 18 subjects (age 53 +/- 8 years) with known or suspected coronary artery disease, quantitative coronary angiography was performed before and after being randomly assigned to breathing (1) ...
Antonini-Canterin Francesco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with aortic stenosis have a high prevalence of coronary artery disease, but there is little information about the association of coronary artery disease and carotid artery disease. METHODS: The study includes 317 consecutive patients with aortic stenosis, who underwent carotid and coronary angiography during the same catheterization before ...
Kannel William B WB Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA, USA. - - 2009
It is often claimed that only 50% of the incidence of coronary artery disease in the population can be attributed to the standard major risk factors. A careful review of published research demonstrates that 75% to 90% of coronary artery disease incidence in a variety of populations is explained by ...
Lau, Andrew Chun-Ben
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a multisystem vasculitis that results in localized coronary artery elastin breakdown and aneurysm formation. It is the leading cause of acquired heart disease of children in North America. Despite conventional treatment, a significant proportion of patients continue to develop coronary sequelae. The mechanisms of arterial aneurysm ...
Kieffer Edouard - - 2008
Our purpose was to identify preoperative and intraoperative predictors of early mortality, spinal cord injury, or acute intestinal ischemia after repair of type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm (TAA IV) as a basis for optimizing surgical indications and techniques. From January 1991 to June 2006 we operated on 171 patients for TAA ...
Cohen Paul - - 2008
Coronary artery aneurysms or ectasias are dilatations of arterial segments, which are typically incidentally identified at angiography. Several large clinical series have described the epidemiology and natural history of these malformations. The most common etiologic factor for coronary aneurysms is atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but they can also be congenital ...
Bown Matthew J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent genome-wide studies have shown a significant association of a locus on chromosome 9p21.3 and coronary artery disease. We performed a case-control study to investigate the association between this locus and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1714 patients (899 patients with AAA and 815 ...
Katz Uriel - - 2008
The vasculitides are a group of diseases in which the common denominator is the immune attack to components of the vascular wall. Vasculitides may attack large vessels like the aorta, medium-sized vessels like the coronary arteries or small vessels like the glomeruli. We review in this paper the animal models ...
Richardson Richard B - - 2008
PURPOSE: There is mounting evidence that a significant fraction of radiation-induced mortality and years-life lost are non-cancerous in nature. This study quantifies the radon dose to the coronary artery walls, especially the intimal layer, vulnerable to the development of atherosclerosis, and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD). Two accompanying papers determine the ...
Porcu Paolo - - 2008
Behçet's disease is an autoimmune, multisystem disease presenting with recurrent oral and genital ulceration as well as ocular involvement. Aneurysmal degeneration of coronary arteries remains a rare phenomenon in Behçet's disease. The case of a patient with Behçet's disease who presented with severe stenosis of the left anterior descending artery ...
Antonini-Canterin Francesco - - 2009
The assessment of arterial stiffness, a common feature of ageing, exacerbated by many common disorders such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or renal diseases, has become an attractive tool for identifying structural and functional abnormalities of the arteries in the preclinical stages of the atherosclerotic disease. Arterial stiffness has been recognized ...
Lee John H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The conditions that predispose patients to erectile dysfunction are substantially similar to the coronary artery disease risk factors, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, depression, age, and smoking. Because of these shared risks and overlapping pathophysiologic mechanisms, we designed this pilot study to address the hypothesis that ...
Mahoney Elizabeth M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atherothrombosis is the underlying cause of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral arterial disease and is the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. The objectives of the present study are (1) to examine the annual costs associated with vascular events and interventions that require hospitalization, as well as long-term ...
Di Tanna Gian Luca - - 2008
Multislice Spiral Computed Tomography (MSCT) is an emerging non-invasive diagnostic modality to detect coronary artery disease, which may alter diagnostic pathways and change the current clinical role of conventional coronary angiography. AIMS: To retrieve and critically assess information from the available literature on MSCT (>/=16-slice) concerning its diagnostic accuracy, safety, ...
MANCIA, GIUSEPPE (7298)
Mancia, G; Keltai, M; Erdine, S; Hewkin, A; Kupfer, S; Pepine, CJ
Garcia Santiago - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although patients in need of elective vascular surgery are often considered candidates for diagnostic coronary angiography, the safety of this invasive study has not been systematically studied in a large cohort of patients scheduled for an elective vascular operation. The goal of this sub-study of the Coronary Artery Revascularization ...
Urowitz Murray B - - 2008
The Systemic Lupus Erythematosus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) is a group of rheumatologists and methodologists from 27 international centers who have a particular interest and expertise in systemic lupus erythematosus. Initially, its efforts focused on development and validation of disease activity and damage indices. In 2000, the SLICC Registry for ...
Yang Zhi-Jian - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic angiogenesis is a new strategy for treatment of vascular insufficiency. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced angiogenesis has been applied to induce the neovascularization of ischemic adult tissues in preclinical studies. This report summarizes a phase I clinical trial on the safety of adenovirus-mediated human HGF (Ad-HGF) gene transfer to ...
Crystal Matthew A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute, self-limited vasculitis of unknown etiology. Coronary artery involvement is the predominant complication, ranging from no involvement to dilation through to aneurysm formation. We sought to determine trends over time and associated factors for normalized coronary artery dimensions for patients with acute KD. METHODS: Clinical ...
Chae Eun Jin - - 2008
Behçet disease is a chronic, relapsing, systemic disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcers, uveitis, and other clinical manifestations in multiple organ systems. Although the diagnosis is made on the basis of the combination of typical clinical symptoms, radiologic findings of Behçet disease show characteristic features ...
Adams George L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Multiple imaging modalities are used to screen for significant coronary artery disease. We report the concordance between coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and stress cardiac positron emission tomography (CPET) to detect significant coronary artery disease, the feasibility of ...
Krishnan Eswar - - 2008
Gout is the leading cause of inflammatory arthritis, typically affecting men and characterized by intermittent, abrupt onset of intense inflammation. The association between gout, atherosclerosis, and vascular disease has been noted in medical literature since the end of the 19th century, yet it has not been well studied. This review ...
Povitz Marcus - - 2008
A 35-year-old Sri Lankan woman (gravida 3, para 3, abortus 0) presented to the Jewish General Hospital (Montreal, Quebec) with shortness of breath and diffuse swelling. She was five months postpartum of her most recent delivery, which was complicated by pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. She described a three-week history of ...
Gunarathne Ashan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of excessive premature coronary heart disease mortality among South Asians living in Britain remains unclear. We hypothesized that higher measures of arterial stiffness among South Asians compared with their white European counterparts would reflect an earlier progression of atherosclerosis, even in the absence of established coronary heart ...
Chau Alexandra H - - 2008
Intracoronary Raman spectroscopy could open new avenues for the study and management of coronary artery disease due to its potential to measure the chemical and molecular composition of coronary atherosclerotic lesions. We have fabricated and tested a 1.5-mm-diameter (4.5 Fr) Raman catheter capable of collecting Raman spectra in both the ...
Sethi Prabhdeep S - - 2008
The safety of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has been demonstrated in multiple studies with a major complication rate of <1%. Specifically, ventricular tachycardia during DSE has a reported incidence of 0.3%, and has been bound to be of no prognostic significance in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease. We report ...
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