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Kahn J P - - 1987
In 17 healthy young men who had a parent with documented early coronary disease, ratings of type A behaviour correlated with upregulated lymphocyte beta 2 receptor density and inversely with the ratio of platelet alpha 2 to lymphocyte beta 2 receptor density ratio. This indicates a correlation of type A ...
Kurisu Y - - 1987
Distensible abnormality of the coronary arteries was evaluated in children with Kawasaki disease. The internal diameter of the left coronary artery (diameter) was measured by cineangiography. Among 38 children with Kawasaki disease, 17 developed aneurysms which later disappeared (disappearance group) and 21 had no aneurysm (no aneurysm group). Eleven children ...
Lohr J A - - 1987
Kawasaki syndrome is a recently recognized acute febrile illness of childhood. The etiology is unknown, and diagnosis depends on fulfilling certain clinical criteria. The significance of the disorder rests primarily on possible cardiovascular involvement, which occurs in about 50 per cent of patients. At least 20 per cent develop coronary ...
Vecht R J - - 1987
Atheromatous disease of the arteries is progressive and often results in untimely morbidity and premature death. The pathogenesis of the arterial lesion is as complex as its rate of progression is variable and ill understood. In six patients undergoing coronary arteriography, who were being restudied before percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, ...
Samet J H - - 1987
Complications from closed-chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been described almost exclusively on the basis of autopsy results. A survivor of CPR with clinical costochondritis resulting from resuscitation is described for the first time in the medical literature. In this case, the confounding presence of post-CPR costochondritis in a patient with ...
O'Keefe J H JH - - 1987
Observations from cardiac catheterization suggest that coronary artery cross-sectional area (CSA) is increased in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and is proportional to LV mass. This hypothesis was tested using computer-based quantitative analysis of LV mass and CSA from angiographic images of the left ventricle and proximal coronary arteries ...
Nagashima M - - 1987
To evaluate the effectiveness of gammaglobulin in decreasing the incidence of coronary artery lesions in Kawasaki disease, a randomized controlled study in 136 patients was conducted using high doses of gammaglobulin 400 mg/kg/d for 3 days plus aspirin 30 mg/kg/d (gammaglobulin group) and aspirin alone at the same dosage (aspirin ...
Villavicencio R - - 1987
Kawasaki disease is a newly recognized clinical entity of unknown origin that occurs in the pediatric age and is characterized by multisystemic involvement. Pathologically, widespread vasculitis is present and approximately 10 to 20% of affected children have coronary aneurysms. The latter are mostly silent but 1-2% of them progress to ...
MacKinnon A U - - 1987
A review of all the cases of the coroner's court for the Liberty of Ripon and Kirkby Malzeard in Yorkshire from 1855 to 1926, and those of 1981-83, showed that the number of deaths from acute coronary artery disease was very low in Victorian times, suddenly increased in the period ...
Borgeat A - - 1987
We report the case of a patient who developed severe hypoxemia and an unusual arrhythmia, accelerated idioventricular rhythm, during flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Coronary artery disease was subsequently suspected despite an unremarkable history and physical examination, and confirmed by a thallium 201 imaging. The appearance of accelerated idioventricular rhythm during fiberoptic ...
Huikuri H V - - 1987
Detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) is clinically difficult. Thallium-201 images were generated in 27 patients with AS during combined intravenous dipyridamole and handgrip test, which induces a marked acute increase in coronary blood flow. Isolated AS was noted in 21 patients and ...
Haust M D - - 1987
Whereas the information on the subject of arterial status is sketchy and haphazard with respect to any one genetic disorder, the number of these diseases would have precluded the provision of a critical review within the scope of this presentation. Thus, it was deemed more meaningful to approach the subject ...
Small M - - 1987
Basal venous blood levels of several components of the fibrinolytic enzyme system (plasminogen activator, plasminogen, fibrin degradation products, alpha 2-antiplasmin, and alpha 2-macroglobulin) were measured in 100 white men with angiographically defined coronary artery disease. The tests of fibrinolysis were not related to the severity of coronary artery disease, as ...
Goldberg R J - - 1987
Serum estradiol levels were measured in 300 men undergoing coronary angiography. Among these men, there were no significant differences in the serum estradiol levels between patients with (mean, 26.4 pg/ml) and those without (mean, 30.9 pg/ml) angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease. There were no significant differences in any of the ...
Masuda H - - 1986
Two hundred twenty-seven arteries from 17 autopsy patients having a history of Kawasaki disease were studied histopathologically and immunohistologically. Forty-five arteries in four cases (duration of illness ranging from 23 to 33 days) showed an arterial lesion characterized by reactive proliferative change of the medial smooth-muscle cells and frequent aneurysmal ...
Yamashita S - - 1986
Cardiovascular complications were examined in a 31-year-old woman with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) (LDL receptor defective type), who had had no clinical symptoms of coronary artery disease. She had delivered 2 children without any cardiac complications, and her exercise electrocardiogram showed no positive findings for ischemic heart disease. Coronary angiography ...
Arjunan K - - 1986
A total of 110 children aged 3 months to 16 years underwent two-dimensional echocardiography of the coronary arteries. Forty-two normal subjects and 68 patients with Kawasaki disease were evaluated. All 68 patients with Kawasaki disease underwent selective coronary arteriography. The objectives of this study were to 1) develop a normal ...
Tobian L - - 1986
Lowering the blood pressure to levels for which the arterial system has been designed should reduce various complications in the coronary and cerebral arteries, the heart, and the kidney. However, the antihypertensive treatment itself should not produce any significant damage. It is very likely that early modes of antihypertensive treatment ...
Sundram F X - - 1986
57 patients with chest pain, had tomographic thallium-201 stress scintigraphy (TTSS), and coronary angiography within three months of the TTSS. The exercise images were compared with delayed images obtained at 3 hours post-exercise. The sensitivity and specificity of locating individual coronary artery disease was 88% and 100% for disease of ...
Gibson T C - - 1986
Ear lobe creases have been proposed as useful indirect markers of coronary artery disease. To test such a hypothesis, this physical sign was evaluated in 100 patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis undergoing cardiac catheterization to establish the hemodynamic severity of the obstruction and the degree of coronary artery involvement. This ...
Huikuri H V - - 1986
In patients with valvar heart disease detection of coronary artery disease by conventional non-invasive methods may be difficult. The usefulness of thallium-201 exercise scintigraphy for detecting coronary artery disease was evaluated in 16 patients with aortic stenosis, 17 with aortic regurgitation, nine with mitral stenosis, and six with mitral regurgitation ...
Teichholz L E - - 1986
The cardiointegram is a non-invasive technique for the analysis of the electrical signals of the heart obtained by a transformation of the voltage vs. time format by a series of integrations. This multicenter study compares the results of the cardiointegram with coronary arteriography in 140 male patients with chest pain ...
Maynard C - - 1986
In this paper we examine the relationship between risk factors and angiographically determined coronary artery disease for blacks and whites enrolled in the Coronary Artery Surgery Study (CASS). Analysis of data from the CASS registry indicated that blacks had a higher incidence of hypertension and current cigarette smoking than did ...
Turner-Gomes S - - 1986
The incidence of resolution of proximal coronary artery lesions subsequent to Kawasaki disease over an 11-year period was studied retrospectively. In 28 patients proximal coronary artery lesions were identified by two-dimensional echocardiography or angiography at 1 to 3 months after disease onset. Follow-up data were adequate in 27 patients, 17 ...
Fujiwara H - - 1986
To define the pathological features of Kawasaki disease (KD) in the healed stage (over 40 days of illness), 69 autopsied infants with clinically typical KD (25 in the healed stage and 38 in the acute stage) and atypical KD (four in the healed stage and two in the acute stage) ...
Kang S S - - 1986
The development of atherosclerotic changes and thromboembolism are common features in homocystinurics. Hence, we postulate a positive correlation between the level of homocyst(e)ine in the blood and the occurrence of coronary artery disease. Homocysteine is found either as free homocystine, cysteine-homocysteine mixed disulfide, or protein-bound homocyst(e)ine. In nonhomocystinuric subjects, most ...
Velican D - - 1986
A gross and light microscopic study carried out on 102 selected male subjects aged 51-70 who died of ischemic heart disease and on 102 selected, male subjects of similar age, who died of noncardiac causes revealed that: in subjects who died of ischemic heart disease the prevalence of atherogenic deviations ...
Hemenway D - - 1986
The authors examined the issue of learning by doing in terms of both the cost and outcome of treating coronary artery disease at one hospital between 1977 and 1981. Over time, the quality of outcome improved for both medical and surgical patients. During this time of cost-plus reimbursement, there was ...
Powers E R - - 1986
This review has discussed several nonoperative approaches designed to restore or maintain coronary artery patency in patients with coronary artery disease. Information obtained during the last decade concerning the use of thrombolytic, anticoagulant, and antiplatelet drugs and the development of the technique of PTCA have dramatically changed the clinical management ...
Vargo T A - - 1986
This case report describes a boy who had Kawasaki disease (KD) at age 12 months and had a recurrence one year later. The coronary arteries were normal following the initial episode; however, during the second episode he developed coronary aneurysms. Gallium-67 radionuclide imaging, echocardiography, and angiography were used to diagnose ...
Miller G A - - 1986
We have examined 5 patients with typical angina pectoris and found them to have left coronary ostial stenosis without evidence of any other coronary arterial disease and without evidence of aortic disease (Takayasu aortitis, syphilitic aortitis, or familial hypercholesterolaemia). All five patients were female aged between 38 and 53 years, ...
Saner H E - - 1985
Coronary atherosclerotic lesions are more often located eccentrically (70%) than concentrically (30%). In this study, the configuration of eccentric coronary artery atherosclerotic lesions was assessed by means of computerized planimetry in 100 specimens of eccentric arterial lesions. Special attention was given to the relation between the disease-free wall and the ...
Hutter J A - - 1985
Coronary ostial stenosis in the absence of more peripheral coronary artery disease was present in four patients (0.093%) of 4298 angiograms performed on patients with coronary artery disease. Case reports of four patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery for isolated coronary ostial stenosis are presented and surgical techniques discussed. ...
Murphy-Chutorian D R - - 1985
Homocystinuria, an inherited disorder associated with premature atherosclerosis, represents a severe form of methionine intolerance. To analyze the importance of milder forms of methionine intolerance in the genesis of vascular disease, the relation between provokable methionine intolerance and coronary artery disease was investigated. In a group of 138 men, aged ...
Badger R S - - 1985
The response to sublingual isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) was studied in 10 men with suspected coronary artery disease undergoing coronary arteriography. A Swan-Ganz catheter was placed in the pulmonary artery to record hemodynamic response. Diseased coronary segments were identified during routine Judkins selective coronary angiograms. Sublingual isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) (5 or ...
Thomas A C - - 1985
The controversies that exist amongst pathologists about ischaemic heart disease result in part from the widespread use of non-quantifiable techniques in examining the coronary artery tree. Such techniques are used because it is believed that there is no alternative method which does not involve an inordinate expenditure of time, money ...
Hicks G L - - 1985
This case illustrates the previously unreported combination of severe fibrosing mediastinitis involving the entire intrapericardial aorta, pulmonary artery, and innominate artery in a patient requiring coronary revascularization for chronic angina and multivessel coronary artery disease. Due to the mediastinal fibrosis, normal revascularization procedures and myocardial preservation techniques were altered and ...
Pounder D J - - 1985
A 17-year-old boy who collapsed and died suddenly was found to have aneurysms of the right and left coronary arteries and evidence of a burned-out arteritis. There was a history, in infancy, of a severe febrile illness and skin rash that, in retrospect, was an acute episode of Kawasaki disease ...
Dündar-Kaldirimci S V - - 1985
Today, Behcet's disease is known as a multisystem disorder. Eye lesions, mouth and genital aphthous lesions, and skin lesions are accepted as major lesions. The disease also attacks the locomotor system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal system and also arteries and veins. According to available data, some 30% of the patients ...
Silberstein E B - - 1985
The reverse redistribution phenomenon (RR) with the apparent worsening of a stress-induced defect or appearance of a new area of relative hypoperfusion does not always indicate coronary artery disease as previously suggested. RR does not correlate closely with the degree of coronary artery disease, nor with the location of the ...
Ishihara H - - 1985
One hundred and thirty patients with Kawasaki disease were examined by the clinical symptoms and findings in order to predict the coronary artery involvement in the early stage. These patients were tested by the two-dimensional echocardiography iteratively from the acute stage and categorized into the following three groups: Normal coronary ...
Dean J W - - 1985
Thyroid function tests were performed and thyroid antibodies and serum cholesterol concentrations measured in 12 women aged 60 years or under with severe coronary artery disease proved by coronary angiography. This group was compared with 11 women with normal coronary angiography. Ten out of the 12 women with coronary artery ...
Califf R M - - 1985
The prognostic value of a coronary artery jeopardy score was evaluated in 462 consecutive nonsurgically treated patients with significant coronary artery disease, but without significant left main coronary stenosis. The jeopardy score is a simple method for estimating the amount of myocardium at risk on the basis of the particular ...
Hall D P - - 1985
Despite continued efforts at disease prevention, coronary artery disease remains accountable for more than 500,000 deaths per year in the United States. Surgical intervention has assumed a well-deserved role over the past 16 years in disease palliation and receives wide application. More recently, PTCA has emerged as a proven technique ...
Halon D A - - 1985
We studied the site, severity, and coronary angiographic morphology of coronary lesions and their ability to predict progression of coronary narrowing and obstruction of coronary arteries. Twenty-six patients who had 94 lesions at the time of first angiography were followed for a mean of 29 +/- 17 (SD) months. Progression ...
Hamashima Y - - 1985
Kawasaki disease, a pathologic syndrome known to occur in children, was first described in 1967 as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome by Kawasaki. The disease occurs chiefly in infants under 4 years of age, presenting with symptoms similar to scarlet fever or Stevens-Johnson syndrome. The changes are found at postmortem and ...
Greenwood L H - - 1985
The angiographic evaluation of 38 patients younger than 40 years of age with lower-extremity arterial disease is reviewed. Although atherosclerosis was the most common diagnosis, other etiologies included thromboembolism, popliteal artery entrapment, Buerger's disease, collagen vascular disease, and arteritis. The two features of the angiographic workup that proved most helpful ...
Garcia E V - - 1985
A comprehensive method is described for quantification of the relative 3-dimensional distribution of Tl-201 in the myocardium, following stress and subsequent washout. The method uses maximal-count circumferential profiles of well-defined long- and short-axis tomograms to determine the 3-dimensional distribution of Tl-201; it then maps this distribution onto a 2-dimensional polar ...
Tamaki N - - 1984
Stress thallium-201 myocardial distribution was quantitatively evaluated by emission transaxial tomography in 104 patients who underwent coronary arteriography. The initial uptake and percent washout of thallium were assessed by the circumferential profile curves of the three short-axis sections and one middle right anterior oblique long-axis section. This quantitative tomographic analysis ...
Miyata K - - 1984
Serum immunoglobulin levels, complement titers, circulating immune complex levels, and chemotaxis of granulocytes were evaluated in 32 patients with Kawasaki disease with or without coronary aneurysm. The group of patients with coronary aneurysm showed relatively higher levels of IgG. Regardless of the presence of coronary aneurysm, the level of IgE ...
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