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Godat F J - - 1993
The electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern of isolated left posterior fascicular block (LPFB) is a rare condition. It seems that true LPFB is often not recognized, whereas in cases of simple QRS axis of +60 degrees to +100 degrees in the frontal plane, the diagnosis of LPFB is made erroneously. Both facts ...
Beigel Y - - 1993
In order to assess the value of family history of premature coronary artery disease as a criterion for coronary risk factor screening, a group of 53 children with such a family history was selected. We determined various coronary risk factors in these children in comparison to 33 controls. Statistically significant ...
Schüler S - - 1993
Of 558 heart transplant recipients, 234 long-term survivors (more than 12 months) were studied by annual catheterization to evaluate the risk of postoperative coronary artery disease in hearts from older donors. No significant difference was found in graft function between hearts from younger and older donors (group I: n = ...
Maraganore J M - - 1993
Unabated, the arterial thrombotic process continues to be a major challenge in the management of acute coronary artery disease. Pharmacologic and mechanical revascularization therapies, which have proliferated over the last decade, remain impeded by arterial thrombosis and its clinical sequelae. New antithrombotic drugs aimed at specific points in the arterial ...
Ogawa S - - 1993
We compared the variation in plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels by the sandwich-enzyme RIA method during each of the clinical stages of Kawasaki disease, a systemic vasculitis occurring in children (30 cases, ages 4-62 months) and examined whether ET-1 could be a clinical parameter for predicting coronary artery dilatation. The results ...
Onouchi Z - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the transformation of coronary artery aneurysms to obstructive lesions and to assess the role of collateral vessels in patients with Kawasaki disease. BACKGROUND: Coronary artery aneurysms, especially giant aneurysms, are known to become obstructive lesions in patients with Kawasaki disease. However, ...
Powney J - - 1992
A 67 year old man with severe coronary artery disease was found to have a resectable bronchogenic carcinoma. Myocardial revascularisation and lung resection were considered to be unduly hazardous as either separate or combined operations. Preoperative laser therapy, however, enabled the two procedures to be performed in greater safety in ...
Lin C Y - - 1992
To determine the role of cytokines in Kawasaki disease, serial measurements of serum cytokine levels were done in 60 patients treated solely with aspirin. Coronary artery aneurysms later developed in 12 of them. The results suggest that elevated serum interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 levels during the first week of illness may ...
Breen J F - - 1992
To assess the relationship of coronary artery calcification to angiographically detectable disease, the authors evaluated 100 patients less than 60 years of age who underwent clinically indicated coronary angiography and ultrafast computed tomography (CT). The ultrafast CT technique consisted of 3-mm-thick contiguous sections and a 100-msec acquisition time. All patients ...
Sugimura T - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine coronary artery diameter change before and after an intracoronary infusion of isosorbide dinitrate in patients who have had Kawasaki disease, we performed coronary angiography in 188 such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four patient groups were studied. Groups 1 to 3 consisted of patients with Kawasaki disease: group ...
Kihara M - - 1992
A 24-year-old woman with Takayasu's disease developed unstable angina pectoris. Angiographic studies demonstrated an isolated left coronary ostial stenosis without any other systemic arterial involvement. She is unique in that the coronary lesion, which is rarely the major manifestation of Takayasu's disease, is the sole arterial involvement of the disease.
Al-Joundi B - - 1992
The ECG is the most widely used noninvasive diagnostic and prognostic test administered to patients with suspected or proven coronary artery disease. When considering appropriate use of the electrocardiogram, physicians need to examine the clinical question being asked, the additional information that can be derived, whether or not a diagnosis ...
Aoshima S - - 1992
Routine coronary angiography was performed in order to determine the incidence and clinical condition of coronary artery disease in 37 patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans or aortic aneurysm. Coronary angiography demonstrated significant stenosis in 12 (57%) of 21 patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans and in 7 (44%) of 16 patients with aortic ...
Boven K - - 1992
We describe four patients with vasculitis of the coronary and other medium sized arteries. Three of them died as a consequence of cardiac failure and the fourth had a ruptured aneurysm of the left common iliac artery. Coronary vasculitis is pathognomonic for Kawasaki disease (KD), but our patients had few ...
Chin W L - - 1992
Coronary artery disease is responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality in patients with essential hypertension, and these complications have proven to be relatively resistant to antihypertensive therapy. However, the diagnosis of coronary disease in the hypertensive population has been considered problematic. In the present study, 30 asymptomatic patients ...
Loecker T H - - 1992
Little is known about the diagnostic significance of coronary artery calcification detected fluoroscopically in apparently healthy young men. This study compared the presence of fluoroscopically detected coronary artery calcification with angiographic coronary artery disease in asymptomatic male military aircrew undergoing noninvasive cardiac screening tests and coronary arteriography for occupational indications. ...
Huang Y C - - 1992
Two cases of atypical Kawasaki disease are reported. Case 1 was a five-month-old male infant admitted to this hospital with a 10-day's history of high fever. On examination, he appeared ill-looking and only hepatomegaly was noted. Laboratory studies showed leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, elevated ESR and pleocytosis in CSF. He was treated ...
Avery P G - - 1992
Technetium-99m methoxy-isobutylisonitrile, has been shown to be a useful perfusion agent for detecting coronary artery disease. Gated acquisition of perfusion images may remove motion artefact and improve detection. We compared the results of sensitivity and specificity for detecting coronary artery disease using perfusion images from the whole cardiac cycle (ungated) ...
Putterman C - - 1992
With the advent of modern therapeutic approaches, even patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease have high cure rates today. Therefore, more attention is gradually being focused upon the late complications of chemotherapy and irradiation, appearing long after the patient is in remission and thought to be cured. In this report, we ...
Grover-McKay M - - 1992
Myocardial blood flow was evaluated in 31 subjects with not only visual but also, for the first time, circumferential profile analysis of rubidium 82 (82Rb) images acquired with positron emission tomography. Fifteen were control subjects and 16 subjects had significant coronary artery disease, defined as 50% or greater diameter stenosis ...
Akita H - - 1992
We report a rare occurrence of Kawasaki-like disease in an 11-year-old boy with acute monocytic leukaemia (AML). After 1 week of induction therapy with daunorubicin, etoposide, and cytosine arabinoside, the patient sequentially developed persistent fever, lymphadenopathy, conjunctival injection, exanthema, redness of the lips, and desquamation of the hands. Chest roentgenology ...
Drane W E - - 1992
Tc-99m teboroxime (Cardiotec) is one member of a new class of radiopharmaceuticals, the BATO agents (boronic acid adducts of technetium dioxime). This agent is a small, neutral, lipophilic compound with a high myocardial extraction (approximately 85% to 90%), and its uptake in the heart is directly related to myocardial perfusion. ...
Qui?ones M A - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Exercise echocardiography (digital cine-loop technique) and 201Tl single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were performed simultaneously in 292 patients being evaluated for coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pretreadmill and posttreadmill echocardiographic images of diagnostic quality were obtained in 289 patients, and the left ventricle was divided into anterior, inferior, ...
Civelek A C - - 1992
Serial two-dimensional echocardiograms documented the formation of giant aneurysms, measuring from 0.55 to 3.1 cm in diameter, in the distribution of the left and right coronary arteries, in a 2 1/2-year-old boy with Kawasaki disease. His global left ventricular function, assessed by M-mode echocardiography, was normal, and no significant wall ...
Roldan C A - - 1992
The different modalities of stress echocardiography and stress thallium-201 imaging have comparable sensitivity, specificity, and overall predictive accuracy in the diagnosis and prognosis of coronary artery disease. They are also comparable in the assessment and follow-up of patients treated with thrombolytic therapy or who have undergone percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty ...
Baer F M - - 1992
To assess the feasibility, safety and usefulness of gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with pharmacologic stress testing for the detection of coronary artery disease, 23 patients without previous myocardial infarction but with significant stenosis (greater than 70% diameter stenosis) of greater than or equal to 1 major coronary artery ...
Karnegis J N - - 1992
Although it is known that patients with peripheral arterial disease are at high risk for coronary arterial stenosis, it is not known if, conversely, coronary artery disease correlates with peripheral arterial stenosis. In the Program on Surgical Control of the Hyperlipidemias (POSCH) coronary and aortic-iliac-femoral arteriograms were systematically analyzed. POSCH ...
Toda, Takayoshi
In order to clarify the degree of coronary arteriosclerosis in Okinawa, we carried out comparative histological study of coronary arteriosclerosis in 418 autopsy cases, ranging from 50 to 79 of age, which were autopsied between 1983 and 1988 in Okinawa, Nagasaki and Akita districts. Coronary artery samples were collected from ...
Vijayakumar S - - 1991
Early-stage Hodgkin's disease is highly curable with radiotherapy. However, radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease is not without complications, particularly those related to irradiation of the mediastinum. In attempts to decrease complications, it is important not to compromise the results. To plan such a strategy, one needs to know the doses delivered ...
Tan E C - - 1991
A 35-year-old female presented with moyamoya disease coincidentally associated with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA). Bilateral encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis was performed and the postoperative course was uneventful. Moyamoya disease and PPTA might have a congenital origin, but moyamoya disease may be promoted by a PPTA. The hemodynamics of PPTA during progressive ...
Hamasaki Y - - 1991
The role of LTB4 in Kawasaki disease as a chemo-attractant and immunomodulator is reviewed through our own experience and reports by other investigators. In our experiment using 19 patients, we measured calcium ionophore-stimulated LTB4 synthesis in PMNs obtained in three different stages of the illness (acute, convalescent and recovered phases). ...
Gavrielides S - - 1991
Continuous plots of ST segment depression related to heart rate during exercise and recovery (heart rate recovery loops) can differentiate patients with coronary artery disease from clinically normal subjects. To assess whether this method can also distinguish patients with angina and coronary artery disease from those with syndrome X (angina, ...
Acanfora D - - 1991
It has been previously reported that an increase in diastolic blood pressure greater than 15 mmHg comparing values at rest with those on treadmill exercise, with or without ST changes, enhances the probability of coronary artery disease. To investigate whether the diastolic blood pressure variation keeps its diagnostic value during ...
James T N - - 1991
Early in the course of studies of the Spanish toxic oil syndrome it was recognized that vascular lesions were a major problem, most logically attributable to endothelial damage by the toxic oil. However, most clinical attention has been directed to the pulmonary complications and the evolution into a scleroderma-like illness ...
Meade T W - - 1991
Cross-sectional studies suggest that both low and high antithrombin III levels are associated with the risk of arterial disease, principally ischaemic heart disease (IHD). The prospective relation between antithrombin III and subsequent death from arterial disease has been investigated in 893 men in the Northwick Park Heart Study. Antithrombin III ...
Feigenbaum H - - 1991
Stress echocardiography has come a long way in the past ten to twelve years since it first began. There have been many procedural and technical advances. The results being obtained by those laboratories with active programs are very gratifying. Stress echocardiography is proving to be particularly valuable in women and ...
Mitchell R A - - 1991
To study perceived health problems in subjects with differing cardiovascular status, the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) was administered to 210 subjects 55 years of age and over. Subjects were categorized as being cardiovascular "Normals," being hypertensive, having isolated coronary artery disease, or both being hypertensive and having coronary artery disease. ...
Kettunen R - - 1991
Forty-two patients with known stable coronary artery disease, referred for coronary angiography, were examined with technetium-99m-hexakis-2-methoxy-2-methylpropyl-isonitrile (MIBI) tomography combined with a high-dose dipyridamole infusion (0.7 mg/kg) and handgrip stress. MIBI tomography was unable to show coronary artery disease only in 2 patients, thus yielding a sensitivity figure of 95%. MIBI ...
McKean S C - - 1991
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death after revascularization procedures for abdominal aortic aneurysms and peripheral vascular disease. Late survival after vascular procedures is substantially reduced, largely by the high incidence of subsequent cardiac events. At the Lahey Clinic, it is not our practice to perform routine coronary ...
Brogan W C WC - - 1991
Cocaine induces vasoconstriction of epicardial coronary arteries in patients with and without coronary artery disease, and this vasoconstriction is particularly marked in segments narrowed by atherosclerosis. To assess the effect of nitroglycerin on cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction, computer-assisted quantitative analysis was performed on non-diseased and diseased coronary artery segments in 23 ...
Crade M - - 1991
An ultrasound study of a 28-week gestation demonstrated changes of poor cardiac function associated with calcifications of the wall of major arteries. Sudden in utero deterioration into hydrops prompted the delivery of a female infant who was diagnosed at autopsy of having a rare disease entity, idiopathic infantile arterial calcification. ...
Stewart R E - - 1991
The diagnostic performance of rubidium-82 (Rb-82) positron emission tomography (PET) and thallium-201 (Tl-201) single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT) for detecting coronary artery disease was investigated in 81 patients (52 men, 29 women). PET studies using 60 mCi of Rb-82 were performed at baseline and after intravenous infusion of 0.56 mg/kg dipyridamole ...
Perin E C - - 1991
After an intravenous infusion of dipyridamole (0.56 mg/kg), we performed both echocardiography and thallium scintigraphy in 63 patients who were referred for known or suspected coronary artery disease. Of those patients, 25 returned for coronary arteriography within 1 month after the tests, thus forming the study group for this report. ...
Jerray M - - 1991
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystem disease which may affect many organ systems in addition to the originally described triple symptom complex. Pulmonary aneurysm is one of the rare complications of the disease. We report a case of bilateral pulmonary aneurysm in which usual criteria for the clinical diagnosis of ...
Frid D - - 1991
We investigated the relationship between the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the likelihood of cigarette smoking cessation in a population of 84 smokers between 21 and 75 years of age undergoing elective or urgent coronary angiography at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. The smokers were enrolled in ...
Thom D H - - 1991
A recent case-control study from Finland reported a strong association between high antibody titers to Chlamydia pneumoniae, strain TWAR, and both chronic coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarction. The current case-control study investigated the relation between C. pneumoniae immunoglobulin G antibody titers and angiographically diagnosed coronary artery disease. Cases ...
Johnson D E - - 1991
Accelerated coronary artery disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among cardiac transplant recipients. Ten patients who died or underwent retransplantation within 2 months of coronary angiography had direct correlation of angiographic (normal discrete lesions, diffuse concentric narrowing) with histologic appearance of coronary arteries. Of the 26 angiographically ...
Sibai A M AM Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, American University of Beirut, - - 1991
This study investigates the association of wartime stress variables and coronary artery disease as determined by coronary angiography in Lebanon in 1986, a country with an ongoing civil war for ever a decade. A total of 127 patients who underwent coronary angiography at the American University of Beirut Medical Center ...
Helmer D C - - 1991
Studies of the association between type A behavior and coronary heart disease have yielded inconsistent findings. A possible explanation for these inconsistent findings is that type A behavior is simply a marker for other behaviors that are truly related to coronary heart disease. Hostility is one such behavior that has ...
Wreford F S - - 1991
The authors describe three cases (two blacks and one Latin American) of sudden death caused by late complications of Kawasaki disease (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome). At autopsy each heart contained multiple coronary artery aneurysms with luminal stenosis caused by intimal hyperplasia and thrombi. Although virtually all fatal cases of Kawasaki ...
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