Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 926
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Kishi K - - 1997
We determined the incidence of coronary lesions by coronary angiography and the associated risk factors in 102 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Old myocardial infarction was observed in 33 patients and angina pectoris in 27 patients. Coronary angiography revealed significant stenosis (> or = 75%) in 66 patients, including ...
Wahl S I - - 1997
Functional and anatomic evaluation of penile arterial blood flow is essential in the work up of erectile dysfunction. Duplex ultrasonography is an ideal screening modality with cavernosal mean peak systolic blood flow velocity being the most sensitive predictor of arterial disease. Arterial variability of the penis may affect sonographic evaluation ...
Park A H - - 1997
Kawasaki syndrome (KS) is a systemic disorder of unknown etiology that can lead to coronary artery aneurysm and thrombosis in a significant number of children. It is defined by a number of clinical guidelines set by the Centers for Disease Control (Rauch, A.M., Hurwitz, E.S. (1985) Centers for Disease Control ...
Pellikka P A - - 1997
Stress echocardiography has emerged as a valuable technique for the noninvasive detection of coronary artery disease. The accuracy of exercise echocardiography, using treadmill or bicycle stress, and of pharmacological stress echocardiography, using dobutamine or vasodilators, has been verified in large numbers of patients. In the detection of coronary artery disease, ...
Hamuryudan V - - 1997
Behçet's syndrome can involve all sizes and kinds of blood vessels. There is an association between arterial involvement and venous thrombosis. Pulmonary arterial aneurysms and neurological involvement have a definite influence on mortality. Male sex and young age are indicators of a more severe disease course. Immunosuppressive treatment early in ...
Khattar R S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Arbutamine is a new synthetic catecholamine developed specifically for pharmacologic stress testing. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 39 patients undergoing coronary arteriography to compare arbutamine stress (99m)Tc-labeled sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging and echocardiography for detection of the extent and severity of coronary artery disease and inducible ischemia. ...
Tousoulis D - - 1997
AIMS: Inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis causes a decrease in the basal diameter of normal distal epicardial coronary arteries in normal subjects. The effects of inhibition of nitric oxide in atheromatous coronary arteries is unknown. This study assessed the effects of the inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis in epicardial coronary ...
Joki N - - 1997
To determine whether the onset of coronary artery disease may precede the initiation of dialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease, we performed coronary angiography within 1 month of initiation of maintenance haemodialysis in 24 patients (age range 42-78 years; mean 63.7 +/- 11). Coronary angiography was performed regardless of ...
Takeuchi K - - 1997
A 287 base pair insertion/deletion polymorphism in intron 16 of the angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) gene was examined by polymerase chain reaction in 36 Kawasaki disease patients (16 without coronary aneurysm, 20 with coronary aneurysm). A polymorphism in the ACE gene was characterized by three genotypes: two D alleles ...
Hambÿe A S - - 1997
Myocardial perfusion imaging with Tc-99m MIBI SPECT may underestimate the amount of viable myocardium in patients with coronary artery disease and prior infarction. Electrocardiogram gating could potentially better correlate with the presence of jeopardized myocardium, since it allows the evaluation of systolic contractility parameters in addition to the assessment of ...
Kishida H - - 1997
Dobutamine stress echocardiography has become a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of coronary artery disease and the detection of myocardial viability. In the diagnosis of significant coronary artery disease, it provides similar accuracy to exercise stress thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Dobutamine stress echocardiography is also a promising modality for predicting ...
Shapira O M - - 1997
A 46-year-old white man presented with a history of multiple myocardial infarctions since the age of 32. Coronary angiography demonstrated severe aneurysmal coronary artery disease. Four-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using bilateral internal mammary arteries and the left radial artery was successfully performed. The differential diagnosis of early onset ...
Miyagawa K - - 1997
Cardiovascular disease, the major cause of death in post-menopausal women, can be reduced by replacement of ovarian steroid hormones. To compare medroxyprogesterone with progesterone as the progestin in hormone replacement therapy from the standpoint of coronary artery vasospasm, we treated ovariectomized rhesus monkeys with physiological levels of estradiol-17 beta in ...
Kleikamp G - - 1997
Mediastinal and thoracic irradiation has been identified as a risk factor for the development of among other things, coronary artery disease (CAD) and valvular disease. We screened all patients for a history of mediastinal or thoracic radiotherapy. Between 01.07.1989 and 31.12.1995 we identified 33/16,364 patients with such a history. In ...
Culora G A - - 1997
AIM: To establish whether infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) contributed to the development of coronary artery lesions in a six year old child with an aneurysm and stenoses of the coronary arteries and suspected Kawasaki disease. METHODS: Postmortem paraffin wax sections of the coronary artery and myocardium were examined by ...
Miura Y - - 1997
Although the development of negative U waves during exercise is a highly specific marker for detecting coronary artery disease, their assessment during exercise is difficult. The clinical significance of the negative U wave during dobutamine stress echocardiography was investigated in 181 patients who had suspected coronary artery disease. Dobutamine-induced negative ...
Tzen K T - - 1997
From 1981 to 1989, a total of 86 consecutive patients with definite Kawasaki disease who received aspirin but not intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy during the acute stage were studied. Thirty-eight of them (44%) had coronary arterial lesion (CAL) on initial two dimensional echocardiograms. Of them, 21 (56%) had ectatic coronary ...
Hirono O - - 1996
The blood flow velocity of the right brachial artery was measured noninvasively by pulsed Doppler flowmetry in 50 patients with angina pectoris. Reactive hyperemia was induced by a 2-minute occlusion of the artery by a tourniquet. We assessed the peak velocity ratio (PVR) and 50% recovery time (RT) which were ...
Bashir R - - 1996
One hundred and fourteen asymptomatic middle aged men, with a positive stress test, underwent coronary angiography at Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases (AFIC/NIHD), Rawalpindi. Of these, 66 (58%) were found to have significant disease (> 50% luminal narrowing in at least one of the major epicardial ...
Frielingsdorf J - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the effect of dynamic exercise on coronary vasomotion in hypertensive patients in the presence and absence of coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction with abnormal coronary vasodilation in response to acetylcholine has been reported in patients with arterial hypertension. METHODS: Coronary artery dimensions of ...
Aoyagi M - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Moyamoya disease is a progressive cerebrovascular occlusive disease that occurs in children. The etiology is unknown. We examined the superficial temporal arteries from patients with moyamoya disease, particularly children, to determine whether the extracranial arteries as well as the intracranial arteries are involved in this disease. METHODS: ...
Nakagomi A - - 1996
Most acute coronary events occur because of narrowings at sites of angiographically minor plaque. Despite this, angiograms are reported in terms of the number of coronary arteries with severe narrowings. Disease severity is correlated with prognosis, but this may simply be due to a strong positive correlation between the severity ...
Alexopoulos D - - 1996
Coronary artery calcium detected by digital fluoroscopy is closely associated with known risk factors of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic low-risk populations. Even in the absence of significant luminal narrowing, this may not be an innocent finding, and subjects with coronary calcium may be at greater risk for developing obstruction ...
Rhodes J - - 1996
Nine patients with persistent coronary artery aneurysms 1.7-14.0 years after an episode of Kawasaki disease underwent progressive bicycle ergometry with expiratory gas analysis. Two of the patients had aneurysms complicated by angiographically documented coronary artery stenosis. Results of the exercise tests were compared to those obtained from a group of ...
Ubbink J B - - 1996
Based on a meta-analysis of published studies, it has been estimated that approximately 10% of coronary artery disease cases are attributable to hyperhomocyst(e)inemia. It has also been calculated that food fortification with folate might reduce the number of cases of coronary artery disease in the United States by 50,000 per ...
Cecil M P - - 1996
Noninvasive testing is often evaluated by the sensitivity and specificity in comparison with a more invasive, but more definitive "gold" standard. However, work-up or verification bias, which occurs when the results of a noninvasive test impact the decision to perform the gold standard invasive test, increases the "observed" sensitivity and ...
Fukuzawa S - - 1996
Tc-99m tetrofosmin is a lipophilic, cationic perfusion imaging agent that changes to Tl-201 in detecting coronary artery disease during exercise testing. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of Tc-99m tetrofosmin dipyridamole stress imaging combined with low level exercise for the detection of coronary artery disease. We ...
Pingitore A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare, head to head, the two most popular pharmacologic stress echocardiographic tests--dipyridamole and dobutamine--with state of the art protocols in a large multicenter prospective study. BACKGROUND: In the continuing quest for ideal diagnostic accuracy, pharmacologic stress echocardiography has quickly moved over the years from low ...
Price C M - - 1996
A 38-yr-old man with an unusual type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome presented for elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. During surgery he developed acute myocardial ischaemia, resulting in abandonment of the procedure. He was shown subsequently to have severe triple vessel coronary artery disease. Silent ischaemia associated with severe coronary artery disease, ...
Wagdi P - - 1996
AIM: To validate dipyridamole as a pharmacological stress test during cardiac catheterisation, allowing both functional and morphological estimation of stenosis severity. METHODS: The study encompassed 74 patients: 62 patients with significant coronary artery disease (age 61 (SD 8) years; seven women, 55 men) and 12 controls. Regional wall motion, left ...
Messerli F H - - 1996
Both hypertension and coronary artery disease are common in the geriatric population, and a variety of pathogenetic links exist between the two disorders. In the elderly patient, coronary artery disease is often asymptomatic and more difficult to recognize clinically. Antihypertensive therapy has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality from ...
Cusimano R J - - 1996
A 62-year-old man underwent successful coronary artery bypass for unstable angina 34 years after a complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Coronary risk factors were hypertension and a positive family history. While coronary disease was the presenting complaint, he had evidence of widespread atherosclerosis. He is the first patient reported ...
Dimakakos P - - 1996
A review of the literature was carried out on the occasion of one case of Kawasaki disease in a small infant aged 3 months which relapsed 17 years later. Kawasaki disease is of unknown aetiology and mainly affects children under 5 years of age. It is manifested as a necrotizing ...
London N J - - 1996
Although duplex ultrasonography offers a number of theoretical and practical advantages over arteriography for the assessment of lower limb arterial disease, it has not yet been widely accepted into clinical practice. This article reviews the current status of lower limb arterial duplex and concludes that arteriography should no longer be ...
van de Putte P - - 1995
Sudden non-traumatic death in young people (< 30 years old) has been discussed both in systematic studies and anecdotal reports. After presenting three remarkable cases, a global survey of the incidence with special reference to the Belgian CPCR database, ethiopathogenesis and prognosis of sudden non-traumatic death in this specific age ...
Hannan R L - - 1995
The treatment of coronary artery disease in general and the results achieved with coronary artery bypass grafting in particular continue to be intensely studied. Long-term follow-up from ongoing studies and the studies of the role of percutaneous interventions continue to provide new information. The refinement of our understanding of long-term ...
Valle B K - - 1995
Research has lead to a better understanding of the pathophysiology and history of atherosclerotic heart disease, which has reached epidemic proportions in industrialized countries in this century. Atherosclerosis should be seen as a chronic, protracted process that encompasses complex and dynamic interactions between cellular, biochemical, and biophysical factors in the ...
Scarpinato L - - 1995
More than ever before, exercise stress testing (EST) has become a focus for primary care physicians. But there are definite indications and contraindications for EST administration. Criteria may include when cardiology referrals should be made and what role the family physician should play in follow-up with coronary artery disease patients. ...
Gołba K S - - 1995
The reactivity of isolated, electrically driven, right human atrial muscle to norepinephrine was studied in patients with coronary heart disease, with and without proximal right coronary artery occlusion, and in patients with mitral valve disease. The dose-effect curves for norepinephrine and ED50 doses for each group were compared. We found ...
Jost S - - 1995
In recent years follow-up trials on coronary artery disease with angiographic end points analyzed quantitatively have gained increasing relevance and popularity. There is no consensus, however, on the method of calculation of progression or regression from multiple angiographic projections. Therefore the influence of the selection of angiographic projections on the ...
Dubrey S - - 1995
Change in the acceleration of aortic blood flow with stress testing is reported to reflect the presence of myocardial ischaemia. We studied its clinical usefulness when compared with dipyridamole thallium scintigraphy in 101 patients, of whom 64 had coronary angiography. Maximum aortic acceleration increased after dipyridamole (P < 0.0001), although ...
Gulizia J M - - 1995
In heart transplantation, long-term engraftment success is severely limited by the rapid development of obliterative disease of the coronary arteries. Data from various groups have been suggestive of a pathogenetic role of herpesviruses, particularly human cytomegalovirus, in accelerated allograft coronary artery disease; however, results are not yet conclusive. This study ...
Van Camp G - - 1995
A 17-year-old boy presented with fever, bilateral conjunctival infection, angina and extensive cervical adenopathy. Amoxycillin was started. Ten days later he was admitted to hospital because of persistent high fever, cervical adenopathy, erythema of the pharynx and tongue and lip fissuration. The most important interventions of his first hospitalization were ...
Onouchi Z - - 1995
The involvement of the cardiovascular system in rabbits with serum sickness is similar of that in Kawasaki disease, both with respect to the histologic changes of the myocardium, the valves, the coronary arteries, and the aorta and to the sequence with which they appear. Although coronary arteritis appears the same ...
Tsubata S - - 1995
Thrombolytic therapy using tissue-type plasminogen activator was performed in a 7-month-old boy with massive mural thrombi in large coronary aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease. Magnetic resonance imaging successfully demonstrated mural thrombi in both proximal and distal coronary aneurysms and their disappearance after thrombolytic therapy. We conclude that for preventing acute ...
Horinaka S - - 1995
The usefulness of ventricular gradient variability for detecting the presence of ischemic heart disease was evaluated in 38 patients with coronary artery disease (group 1), 21 patients with chest pain and no coronary artery disease (group 2), and 33 healthy control subjects. The ventricular gradient of each consecutive heartbeat at ...
Matsuda Y - - 1995
Progression and regression of coronary artery disease are analyzed with respect to clinical, pathologic, and angiographic findings. Clinically, progression of coronary artery disease is highly unpredictable process. The pattern of progression is not linear in time but sometimes is rapid and other times is slow. The atherosclerotic lesion is not ...
Clausell N - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether abnormalities in small intramyocardial vessels could be detected on routine cardiac transplant biopsy specimens and whether these features correlate with intimal thickening by intracoronary ultrasound and endothelial dysfunction in large epicardial vessels. BACKGROUND: Variability in clinical presentation of allograft vasculopathy suggests differential involvement of ...
Bell M R - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether there is a gender bias in the selection of patients for coronary revascularization once the severity of the underlying coronary artery disease has been established with angiography. BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that women with coronary artery disease are less likely to be referred ...
Hoffmann R - - 1995
Transesophageal stress echocardiography has been reported to have a high sensitivity and specificity for noninvasive identification and assessment of coronary artery disease. Its advantage is the virtually never obstructed acoustic window on the heart yielding superior image quality in almost all patients. Pharmacological stress as well as simultaneous atrial pacing--attaching ...
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