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Zygmunt Joseph A JA Veinz Phlebology Services PO Box 267, Kure Beach, NC 28449 USA. - - 2014
An advancing body of knowledge regarding chronic venous disorders and their diagnosis using duplex ultrasound has accumulated over the past two decades. Duplex ultrasound, primarily due to its low cost and reproducible nature, has impacted nomenclature and treatment technologies with its skillful application. Two distinct examination protocols have been developed ...
McMurran Ael A Vascular Surgery Department, University Hospital Ayr, Scotland - - 2014
Temporal artery biopsy is the gold standard investigation for giant cell arteritis. Guidelines recommend that specimens should measure no less than 1 cm and ideally more than 2 cm in length, as this influences the likelihood of biopsy positivity. This audit investigates the extent to which temporal artery biopsies acquired in our ...
Whiteley Ms M The Whiteley Clinic, Stirling House, Guildford, Surrey, UK Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, UK - - 2014
To assess the suitability of transvaginal duplex ultrasonography to identify pathological reflux in the ovarian and internal iliac veins in women. A retrospective study of patients treated in 2011 and 2012 was performed in a specialised vein clinic. Diagnostic transvaginal duplex ultrasonography in women presenting with symptoms or signs of ...
Sirignano Pasqualino P Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Division, Department of Surgery "Paride Stefanini", Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endovascular repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is becoming the standard of practice in the majority of vascular centres, even if some concerns remain about the occurrence of early and long-term failure and reintervention. A rare but potential catastrophic event is represented by retrograde Type B aortic dissection (RTBAD). ...
Guevara Carlos J CJ Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, 510 South Kingshighway Boulevard, Box 8131, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA, - - 2014
This is a case report of an adolescent male who underwent surgical ligation for a left-sided varicocele that recurred 2 years later. Standard retrograde embolization via the left renal vein was not possible, because there was no connection from the renal vein to the gonadal vein following surgical ligation. The patient ...
Bennett Shelby S Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL - - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to accurately characterize the cephalic arch segments into four domains and to enable more specific evaluation of cephalic arch stenosis (CAS) and determine the frequency of stenosis in each domain. After Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, a retrospective chart review was done to define ...
Buckley Shirley D - - 2014
Effective treatment for patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) began more than 50 years ago through the development of prosthetic grafts, which were used to replace aneurysmal segments of diseased arteries. Open surgical repair of AAAs became the gold standard for treating this disease. In 1999, two device manufacturers ...
Budincevic Hrvoje H Stroke and Intensive Care Unit, Department of neurology, University Hospital "Sveti Duh", Sveti Duh 64, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia, - - 2014
Carotid endarterectomy is a standard treatment for symptomatic high-degree internal carotid artery stenosis. The aim of this article is to present possible intimal lesions after carotid endarterectomy. These lesions could be manifested as intimal flaps, intimal steps or dissections with or without occlusion or stenosis of the artery. The evaluation ...
Ried-Larsen M M The Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism (CIM), Centre for Physical Activity Research (CFAS), Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; The Danish Diabetes Academy, Odense, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between bicycling and carotid arterial stiffness, independent of objectively measured moderate-and-vigorous physical activity. This cross-sectional study included 375 adolescents (age 15.7 ± 0.4 years) from the Danish site of the European Youth Heart Study. Total frequency of bicycle usage was assessed by ...
Sueyoshi Eijun E Department of Radiology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate carbon dioxide digital subtraction angiography (CO2-DSA) as an option for the detection of endoleaks (ELs) in the endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedure. Forty patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm who were scheduled to undergo EVAR were enrolled in the study. There ...
Yadav Binod Kumar BK Department of Medical Sciences, Chonbuk National University Graduate School, Jeonju, Chonbuk, Republic of Korea; Department of Biochemistry, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, - - 2014
Aortic calcification is developed due to accumulation of a large amount of calcium in the aorta of the heart and it is the leading cause of aortic valve replacement and third leading cause of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between aortic calcification and ...
Huang Le-Gang LG Department of Vascular Surgery, Chengde Central Hospital, Chengde, Hebei Province, - - 2014
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D polymorphism has been implicated in aortic aneurysm risk, but individual published studies show inconclusive results. The aim of this study was to explore a more precise estimation of its relation with aortic aneurysm using meta-analysis. Electronic searches of PubMed and EMBASE databases were conducted for all ...
Nawaz Syed Kashif SK Department of Biological Sciences, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan - - 2014
Reduced production of nitric oxide due to rs1799983 single nucleotide polymorphism in nitric oxide synthase 3 gene (NOS3) may enhance the risk of coronary artery disease. The association of rs1799983 polymorphism with coronary artery disease was investigated in the local population of Pakistan. Study consisted of 376 individuals, out of ...
Topcuoglu Osman Melih OM Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University Hospitals, Sihhiye, 06100, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Left brachiocephalic vein (LBCV), one of the major veins draining upper extremity, head and neck region, has rare anatomic variations. Circumaortic type, an extremely uncommon variation, is presented here; this was incidentally detected on computed tomography images. In this case, circumaortic LBCV had two branches; one was normally placed brachiocephalic ...
Jeon Sang-Beom SB From the Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
We evaluated the relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism and small-vessel disease (SVD) and atherosclerotic large-vessel disease (LVD) in stroke patients.METHODS: A total of 825 noncardioembolic ischemic stroke patients whose plasma concentrations of total homocysteine were measured and whose MTHFR C677T polymorphism status was identified were included ...
Counts Diane - - 2014
Accurate measurement of temperature is essential for timely and appropriate patient management. In this study, both the digital, disposable oral and temporal artery thermometers had precision values that exceeded expert recommendations for use of the devices as equivalent to a reference standard device.
Liu T T Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Cardiology, Shenyang Northern Hospital, Shenyang, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a plasma enzyme that is capable of inhibiting the progression of atherosclerosis, and is associated with susceptibility of coronary artery disease (CAD). PON protein expression is present in human aortic tissue and it plays an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis. This study aimed to ...
Vaidya Dhananjay D From the Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (D.V., W.L.V., P.O.); Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland (C.T.S.); Department of Radiology, Tufts University Medical Center, Boston, MA (J.F.P.); and Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC (D.M.H.). - - 2014
Pregnancy and childbirth are associated with hemodynamic changes and vascular remodeling. It is not known whether parity is associated with later adverse vascular properties such as larger arterial diameter, wall thickness, and lower distensibility. We used baseline data from 3283 women free of cardiovascular disease aged 45 to 84 years ...
Bendjilali Nasrine N Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, Center for Cerebrovascular Research, University of California, , San Francisco, California, - - 2014
To investigate whether previously reported 9p21.3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with risk of brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVM), which often have accompanying arterial aneurysms. Common variants in the 9p21.3 locus have been reported to be associated with multiple cardiovascular phenotypes, including coronary artery disease and intracranial aneurysms (rs10757278 and ...
Bruzelius Maria M Coagulation Unit, Hematology Centre, Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Sweden; Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
We investigated whether genetic variations robustly associated with coronary artery disease are also associated with risk of venous thromboembolism in a well-defined, female case-control study (n=2753) from Sweden. 39 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 32 loci associated with coronary artery disease in genome-wide association studies were identified in a literature search ...
Fang Hui H Department of Cardiology, Institute of War Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042, P.R. - - 2014
This study aimed to analyze the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the actin, aortic smooth muscle (ACTA2) gene and coronary artery stenosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Eight SNPs from the promoter region of the ACTA2 gene were screened. Patients with T2DM (n=251) were divided ...
Najafi Mohammad M Biochemistry Department, Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
Although the role of matrix Gla protein (MGP) is not completely known but, its expression within subendothelial macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells is suggested to be involved in vascular calcification. In this study, we investigated the associations between the serum MGP levels and the MGP promoter high minor allele ...
Craiem Damian D Favaloro University. Facultad de Ingeniería, Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina; APHP, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, INSERM U970, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, - - 2014
The presence of calcified atherosclerosis in different vascular beds has been associated with a higher risk of mortality. Thoracic aorta calcium (TAC) can be assessed from computed tomography (CT) scans, originally aimed at coronary artery calcium (CAC) assessment. CAC screening improves cardiovascular risk prediction, beyond standard risk assessment, whereas TAC ...
Marbacher Serge S Neurosurgery Research Group, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Experimental saccular aneurysm models are necessary for testing novel surgical and endovascular treatment options and devices before they are introduced into clinical practice. Furthermore, experimental models are needed to elucidate the complex aneurysm biology leading to rupture of saccular aneurysms. Several different kinds of experimental models for saccular aneurysms have ...
Lim Kyung-Seob KS Korea Cardiovascular Stent Research Institute, Gwangju, Korea. ; Heart Research Center Nominated by Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. ; Cardiovascular Research Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, - - 2013
Single coronary artery is a rare coronary artery anomaly. Very few previous reports of this anatomical malformation in swine have been found. A 22 kg Yorkshire X Landrace F1 crossbred castrated male swine was presented for enrollment in a coronary stent implantion study. Coronary angiography revealed a single coronary artery ...
Folsom Aaron R AR Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
How 9p21 variation affects risk of cardiovascular disease is unclear, so we assessed whether 9p21 variants are associated with arterial elasticity or retinal microvascular findings. In the prospective Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) we assessed 378 SNPs in the 9p21 locus. Within four ethnic groups, we used an additive genetic ...
Aristotle Sharmila S Associate Professor, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Institute , Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India - - 2013
Each kidney is supplied by a single renal artery and a single renal vein, which accounts for about 20% of the cardiac output. However, variations in the form of level of origin and arrangement of renal arteries are so frequent. The present study aimed to note the vascular anatomy of ...
Maeda Seiji - - 2013
Increased arterial stiffness is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness is higher in obese individuals than in nonobese individuals. Lifestyle modifications (i.e. exercise and dietary modification) decrease arterial stiffness in obese individuals. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, an enzyme responsible for ...
Chawla Kunal - - 2013
During routine dissection of 82-year-old female cadaver with no known unfavorable medical history, we observed bilateral bifid ureter and variation in arterial supply of left kidney only. Careful examination revealed that there were bifid ureters on both sides enclosed in single facial sheath. It was also observed that both the ...
Jahangeer Saleem S Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cork University Hospital, Cork, - - 2013
Background Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is a rare finding, being mostly diagnosed on angiography or at autopsies. It is defined as being a dilation of the coronary artery that exceeds the diameter of the patient's largest coronary vessel by 1.5 to 2 times. Case Report We describe the operative correction of a ...
Miyaki Asako A Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, - - 2013
Obesity and increased arterial stiffness are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The degree of arterial stiffness in obese individuals is greater than that in normal-weight subjects. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is mainly produced by vascular tissues and exerts a cardioprotective effect. However, the relationship between PTX3 and arterial stiffness in ...
Dash J R - - 2013
The aim of the present work was to study the mechanism of action of curcumin in vasomotion of a physiologically important artery of ruminant i.e. ruminal artery. ACh and SNP were used to study the role of endothelium in relaxation of this artery. Vasorelaxatation by curcumin was studied in a ...
Jarrett Catherine - - 2013
For mammals, acetylcholine (ACh) promotes endothelium-dependent vasodilation primarily through nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin-mediated pathways, with varying reliance on endothelial-derived hyperpolarizing factors. Currently, no studies have been conducted on small systemic arteries from wild birds. We hypothesized that ACh-mediated vasodilation of isolated small arteries from mourning doves (Zenaida macroura) would ...
Wong Yuen Y E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine whether plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism are associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and aortic diameter. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study set in Western Australia of 4248 community-dwelling men aged 70 to 88 years. Infrarenal aortic ...
van Setten Jessica J Department of Medical Genetics, University Medical Center Utrecht, Universiteitsweg 100, 3584 CG Utrecht, The - - 2013
Arterial calcification is a well-known risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI). We performed a genome-wide association study on coronary artery calcification and aortic calcification as intermediate traits for CAD/MI. We tested ∼2.5 million SNPs for association with coronary artery calcification and aortic calcification in 2620 ...
Melton Phillip E PE Deptartment of Genetics, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, USA. - - 2013
BACKGROUND- Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common and internal carotid arteries is an established surrogate for atherosclerosis and predicts risk of stroke and myocardial infarction. Often IMT is measured as the average of these 2 arteries; yet, they are believed to result from separate biological mechanisms. The aim of this ...
Wang Wen-Zhu - - 2013
Angiotensinogen (AGT) T174M gene polymorphism has been suggested to be linked to risk of coronary artery disease, however, results from studies of this association have been inconsistent. In this study, we assess the relationship between AGT T174M gene polymorphism and coronary artery disease. We conducted a meta-analysis of 18 case-control ...
Williams-Phillips S S Andrews Memorial Hospital, TAI Wing, 27 Hope Road, Kingston 10, Jamaica, West Indies. - - 2013
Single right coronary artery, so defined because all three coronary arteries arise from the single right aortic sinus of Valsalva, is an extremely rare entity occurring in less than 0.03% of the population. This case identifies a single coronary artery with the left anterior descending coronary artery distally connected to ...
Markus Hugh S HS Stroke and Dementia Research Centre, St George's University of London, London SW19 3QZ, United Kingdom. - - 2013
A novel association between a single nucleotide polymorphism on chromosome 7p21.1 and large-vessel ischemic stroke was recently identified. The most likely underlying gene is histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9). The mechanism by which HDAC9 increases stroke risk is not clear; both vascular and neuronal mechanisms have been proposed. We determined whether ...
Cesana Francesca - - 2013
Objective. Evidence exists that arterial stiffness, i.e. an independent predictor of cardiovascular and all-causes mortality, has a genetic component. The 9p21 region is associated with a greater susceptibility to coronary disease. Whether this can be ascribed to the fact that genes located on chromosome 9p may also regulate arterial stiffness ...
Thanassoulis George G Department of Medicine and the Research Institute, McGill University Health Centre, - - 2013
Limited information is available regarding genetic contributions to valvular calcification, which is an important precursor of clinical valve disease. We determined genomewide associations with the presence of aortic-valve calcification (among 6942 participants) and mitral annular calcification (among 3795 participants), as detected by computed tomographic (CT) scanning; the study population for ...
Conte Michael S MS Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, Calif 94143, USA. - - 2013
Factors responsible for the variability in outcomes after lower extremity vein bypass grafting (LEVBG) are poorly understood. Recent evidence has suggested that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of the p27(Kip1) gene, a cell-cycle regulator, is associated with coronary in-stent restenosis. We hypothesized an association with vein ...
Joh Jin Hyun - - 2013
Purpose: It is important to know the normal diameter of artery throughout the body so that clinicians are able to determine when an artery becomes aneurysmal. However, there are no previous studies on the normal diameter of arteries in the general Korean population. The purpose of this article is to ...
Makita Chiyoko - - 2013
Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor that mainly occurs in salivary glands, particularly in the hard palate. To date, surgery has been the most commonly used treatment method with the aim of achieving negative margins of resection. Here, we report a case of a 51-year-old woman who presented ...
Kovarnik T - - 2013
The prediction of coronary vessel involvement by means of noninvasive tests is one of the fundamental objectives of preventive cardiology. This review describes the current possibilities of coronary vessel involvement prediction by means of ultrasonographic examination of carotid arteries, analysis of polymorphisms in the genes encoding enzymes responsible for production ...
Phababpha Suphawadee S Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, - - 2013
Increased arterial stiffness is a cardiovascular outcome of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The chromosome 9p21 locus has been identified as a major locus for risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs1333049 on chromosome 9p21.3 has been strongly associated with CAD and myocardial infarction. Increased arterial stiffness ...
Hassanain Hamdy H HH Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology Program, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 1645 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2013
Hypertension represents a major risk factor for cardiovascular events, associating with vascular hypertrophy and dysfunction in resistance vessels. Clevidipine is a novel antihypertensive drug working as a selective calcium channel antagonist with an ultra-short half-life that lowers arterial blood pressure by reducing systemic arterial resistance. The aim was to assess ...
Majumdar Sudeshna - - 2013
Variations in the branching pattern of the axillary artery have paramount importance among anatomists, surgeons and radiologists. A study was conducted on this topic in Kolkata, among the people of West Bengal, a state of India. The upper limbs of 70 cadavers were dissected bilaterally at the Department of Anatomy, ...
Schmidt Augusto Frederico - - 2012
PURPOSE: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with pulmonary hypertension which is often difficult to manage and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to study the pulmonary artery reactivity in an animal model of CDH. METHODS: To investigate the reactivity of the aorta and left pulmonary ...
Christensen A L - - 2012
We read with interest the recent letter in the Journal about seasonal variation of venous thrombosis by Ribeiro et al [1]. Based on three case-control or case-cohort studies they concluded that there is a small seasonal variation with a trough during spring but since the differences between the four seasons ...
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