Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1828
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Chough Chung Kee - - 2010
Bow hunter's stroke is a rare symptomatic vertebrobasilar insufficiency in which vertebral artery (VA) is mechanically occluded during head rotation. Various pathologic conditions have been reported as causes of bow hunter's stroke. However, bow hunter's stroke caused by facet hypertrophy of C1-2 has not been reported. A 71-year-old woman presented ...
Randall Marc S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available about the long-term outcomes of the use of carotid artery stents in symptomatic patients and the impact of patient variables on the durability of endovascular carotid procedures. Outcome data previously reported from registry series mix symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. We present analysis of long-term follow-up, ...
Landgraff Nancy C - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine if patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis and occlusion demonstrate deficits in cognitive and physical performance. The relationship between cognitive measures and performance of instrumental activities of daily living was examined. Seventy-nine patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis of moderate and severe ...
Macdonald Sumaira - - 2010
Our aim was to determine whether filter protection reduces embolisation to the brain during carotid artery stenting (CAS). Thirty patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis > or =70% (North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial) were randomly assigned to filter-protected or unprotected CAS. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) of the brain ...
De Silva Deidre A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In ischemic stroke, the site of arterial obstruction has been shown to influence recanalization and clinical outcomes. However, this has not been studied in randomized controlled trials, nor has the impact of arterial obstruction site on reperfusion and infarct growth been assessed. We studied the influence of ...
Hiyama Takami - - 2010
Carotid plaque with hemorrhage leads to cerebral embolism and ischemic stroke. Plaque angiogenesis and angiogenetic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are critical in the progression of atherosclerotic carotid plaque and intraplaque hemorrhage. The correlation between plaque angiogenesis and presence of clinical symptoms was studied in 41 specimens ...
Potpara Tatjana S - - 2010
Arterial thromboembolism is a sudden obstruction of arterial blood flow caused by dislodgment of a blood clot from the site of its formation. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and a major risk factor for arterial thromboembolism in clinical practice. Most of AF-related arterial thromboembolic events affect ...
Baumgartner Ralf W - - 2010
This manuscript reviews the management of patients with spontaneous dissection of the cervical internal carotid artery (sICAD). Recommendations are not based on controlled-randomized trials, but on case-control and observational, hospital-based studies, and case reports. Vascular risk factors seem to be as prevalent in patients with sICAD as in age-matched, healthy ...
Fields Jeremy D - - 2010
Intracranial stenosis accounts for 8-10% of all ischemic strokes in North America, a frequency slightly less than that of extracranial carotid stenosis. Among patients presenting with transient ischemic attack or stroke due to intracranial stenosis, the risk of recurrent stroke in the first year after initial symptoms is about 14%. ...
Masuoka Toru - - 2010
The intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) is a muscular artery and lacks external elastic lamina (EEL). Stenosis of the intracranial ICA is relatively uncommon, but the most common site is the cavernous portion. The characteristics of the arterial wall structures were examined using serial 3-mm sections of 32 intracranial ICAs ...
Nii Kouhei - - 2010
A 62-year-old man experienced transient episodes of vertigo associated with left upper extremity weakness. Cerebral angiography showed 75% right internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and divergence of a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) distal to the stenosis. The area of stenosis was at a high position and he had a ...
Christou P - - 2010
Examine the prevalence of carotid artery calcifications in standard dental panoramic radiographs (OPT), their association to gender, medical history and oral status. Assess the predictive value of a dental OPT in early diagnosis of carotid artery calcifications. Fourteen patients admitted to Geneva University Hospital for recent ischemic stroke and stenosis ...
Enzinger Christian - - 2010
Experimental data suggest that high-grade vascular stenosis may induce chronic cerebral tissue damage. We tested this hypothesis in 97 patients with a ≥70% unilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis (mean age: 69.1 ± 10.2 years), comparing intraindividual side-to-side differences in hemispheric brain and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volumes. Patients with ...
Chung Pil-Wook - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to investigate the distribution pattern of cerebral artery calcification and its association with white matter hyperintensities (WMH). METHODS: We identified 159 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke. Calcifications of cerebral arteries and WMH were graded. RESULTS: Cerebral artery calcification was found in 137 patients (86.2%). The ...
Bejiqi Ramush A - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is one of the severe congenital pulmonary anomaly (PA) associated with pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary sequestration and severe respiratory distress. The aim of this study was to present difference between measurements of the size of fetal pulmonary artery and pulmonary branches (PB) in normal growth fetuses and comparison ...
Meerwaldt Robbert - - 2010
Stroke is the third most common cause of mortality, and carotid artery stenosis causes 8% to 29% of all ischemic strokes. Best medical treatment forms the basis of carotid stenosis treatment, and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has an additional beneficial effect in high-grade stenosis. Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has challenged ...
Shaikh Niaz Ahmed - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and characteristics of carotid artery stenosis in acute ischaemic stroke patients and to assess the significance of common risk factors for carotid stenosis in these patients. METHOD: One hundred consecutive patients admitted with acute ischaemic stroke were included in the study. The relevant history, physical ...
Amano Mizuki - - 2010
An 85-year-old man presented with a rare large aneurysm of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) due to acute otitis media manifesting as Vernet's syndrome 2 weeks after the diagnosis of right acute otitis media. Angiography of the right extracranial ICA demonstrated an irregularly shaped large aneurysm with partial thrombosis. ...
Watanabe Masao - - 2010
It is not known whether stroke patients with intracranial stenosis often have lower extremity atherosclerosis. The aim of our study was to elucidate this issue. Consecutive stroke patients who had cerebral angiography were prospectively enrolled in this study. Cerebral artery and lower extremity artery stenoses were evaluated simultaneously using conventional ...
Saqqur Maher - - 2010
Arterial flow velocity changes on transcranial Doppler can reflect changes in cerebral flow during position-induced ischemia if obtained during short-term monitoring of positional changes. Our multicenter group monitored symptomatic and asymptomatic arteries in patients with recurrent neurological deficits during positional changes and documented intracranial arterial stenosis. Bilateral posterior cerebral and ...
Rajendra Ns - - 2010
Cerebrovascular disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Ischemic stroke is the most common manifestation, encompassing a wide variety of causative mechanisms. We present the case of a middle-aged male patient with spontaneous coronary artery dissection in the presence of anti-cardiolipin antibodies, leading to left ventricular thrombus ...
Overgaard Karsten - - 2010
Reliable models are essential for translational stroke research to study the pathophysiology of ischaemic stroke in an effort to find therapies that may ultimately reduce oedema, infarction and mortality in the clinic. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between the site of arterial embolization and the ...
Savic Zivorad N - - 2010
The aim of this paper was to examine the correlation between the Color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US) and multidetector CT angiography (MDCTA) diagnostic methods, and to define the degree and extent of stenosis in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis. This was a cross-sectional study with a consecutive series of patients. ...
Bogousslavsky Julien - - 2010
Stroke was never identified as a significant, autonomous field of activity of the emerging school of neurology at La Salpêtrière, which developed after the appointment of Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) during the last days of 1861. However, stroke was already present in Charcot's first paper (1851), which dealt with a case ...
Kinsella Justin A - - 2010
Pulmonary venous thromboembolism has only been identified as a cause of stroke with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations/fistulae, pulmonary neoplasia, transplantation or lobectomy, and following percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of pulmonary vein ostia in patients with atrial fibrillation. A 59-year-old man presented with a posterior circulation ischemic stroke. 'Unheralded' pulmonary vein thrombosis was ...
Bunc Matjaz - - 2010
Embolic occlusion of cerebral arteries is a major cause for stroke. Intravenous thrombolysis showed positive results in this condition, however even when strict criteria are used, the risk of hemorrhagic transformation is possible. Microsurgical embolectomy has been described earlier. Purpose. We performed multimodal therapy of cerebral artery occlusion. Case Report. ...
Liebeskind David S - - 2010
Revascularization remains the most intuitive strategy to reverse ischemic injury associated with arterial occlusion in acute stroke. Revascularization may lead to opening of an occluded artery, or recanalization, yet restoration of downstream flow, or reperfusion, may not ensue. Revascularization strategies and novel devices continue to broaden options for the treatment ...
Kodama Aya - - 2010
Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) secondary to internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion is usually resistant to treatment. We report a case of NVG with ICA occlusion improved by intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection and carotid artery stent replacement (CAS), even though we did not perform panretinal photocoagulation. A 67-year-old male with NVG noted ...
de Bucourt Maximilian - - 2010
A 63-year-old female with a well-vascularized pulmonary metastasis of an endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) of 6×6 cm received selective embolization with 150-250 μm polyvinyl alcohol (Contour; Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA) via a bronchial artery. Post-interventional loss of perfusion was qualitatively estimated to be >80%. The lesion was located in ...
Tsui Janice C - - 2010
Despite being a leading cause of death in the West, the pathophysiology of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is still incompletely understood. Pharmacotherapy to reduce the growth of small AAAs is limited and techniques for repairing aneurysms continue to evolve. Experimental models play a key role in AAA research, as they ...
Rerkasem Kittipan K Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand, - - 2010
Carotid patches for carotid endarterectomy may be made from an autologous vein or synthetic material. To assess the safety and efficacy of different materials for carotid patch angioplasty. We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group trials register (last searched 3 August 2009), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The ...
Ferrero Emanuele - - 2010
We report the case of a 54-year-old man with acute stroke caused by left internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion secondary to pleural mesothelioma, discovered later. The cranial computed tomography scan revealed a left hemisphere ischemic lesion. At neurological examination, the modified National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (mNIHSS) score was ...
Higashida Randall T - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Embolic protection devices and improved stent technology have advanced the endovascular treatment of carotid artery disease. A combined analysis was performed of the MAVErIC (Medtronic AVE Self-expanding CaRotid Stent System with distal protection) I and II trials to evaluate the safety and feasibility of this system among ...
Berglund Joseph - - 2009
Vascular stents have revolutionised the field of interventional cardiology. Once an artery has healed, however, stents are no longer thought to serve a functional role. Bioabsorbable stents would be preferred to permanent implants if they maintain arterial architecture, minimise device/host interactions, and reduce the need for long-term anticoagulation therapy. Technical ...
Sharma Vijay K - - 2010
The primary aim of thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke is recanalization of an occluded intracranial artery. Recanalization is an important predictor of stroke outcome as timely restoration of regional cerebral perfusion helps salvage threatened ischemic tissue. At present, intravenously administered tissue plasminogen activator (IV-TPA) remains the only FDA-approved therapeutic agent ...
Pieniazek Piotr - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report the utility of proximal brain protection by flow reversal in endovascular management of critical internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis coexisting with ipsilateral external carotid artery (iECA) occlusion. CASE REPORT: Four patients with a symptomatic, critical ICA stenosis (in-stent restenosis in one) and iECA occlusion were admitted for ...
Klein Isabelle F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few pathological data have focused on the causal link between intracranial atherosclerotic disease and parent artery stroke. The objective of this study was to investigate the cause of middle cerebral artery (MCA) atherosclerotic disease in patients with fatal stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 123 patients with unilateral MCA territory ...
Hong J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute brainstem infarction with basilar artery (BA) occlusive disease is the most fatal type of all ischaemic strokes. This report investigates the prognostic impact of the posterior communicating artery (PcoA) and whether its anatomy is a safeguard or not. METHODS: Consecutive patients who had acute brainstem infarction with at ...
Coppi G - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this paper was to reduce the incidence of clamping intolerance, asystolia, immediate mortality and neurological complications associated with carotid artery stenting (CAS) using the Mo.Ma system (Invatec, Roncadelle Brescia, Italy) embolic protection device (EPD). METHODS: CAS was perfomed using the Mo.Ma system in 312 patients between ...
Moriarty J M - - 2009
Dissection of the carotid arteries is an important cause of ischaemic stroke in childhood. Rarely, blunt trauma to the soft palate can result in an internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection leading to thrombosis, embolism and stroke. A 10-month-old child was admitted to hospital having presented with minor intra-oral trauma following ...
Lee Vivien H - - 2009
We report the histopathologic examination of Wingspan stent in acute ischemic stroke. A 75-year-old female presented with acute left-hemiplegia due to right carotid terminus occlusion. Mechanical embolectomy was unsuccessful. A Wingspan stent was placed from the distal intracranial carotid artery to the proximal middle cerebral artery stem and established partial ...
Palombo G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Filter-protected transcervical carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been suggested to reduce the intraoperative cerebral embolisation observed during transfemoral CAS. We therefore evaluated clinical outcome and incidence of ischaemic lesions at diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) after transcervical and transfemoral CAS. METHODS: From March 2007 to May 2009, we performed ...
Patel Shonak B - - 2010
The absence of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare congenital anomaly, occurring in <0.01% of the population. Aplasia of the ICA may be harmless; however, the significance of ICA aplasia may be associated with conditions of clinical importance, such as in the setting of surgery, thromboembolic disease, and ...
Hegland O - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of early statin treatment on progression of arteriosclerosis in internal carotid arteries (ICA); to compare the progression of arteriosclerosis in ICA of patients treated with a statin to the progression seen in drug-na?ve patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed repetitive Doppler scans of 363 carotid ...
Righini Christian Adrien - - 2009
Acute isolated sphenoid sinusitis is a relatively uncommon entity. Because its symptoms and clinical findings are nonspecific, it can be easily misdiagnosed. Left unrecognized and untreated, it can lead to several well-known and severe complications, including meningitis, cerebral abscess, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and epidural or subdural empyema. We report the ...
Romero José R - - 2009
Carotid artery disease is common and increases the risk of stroke. However, there is wide variability on the severity of clinical manifestations of carotid disease, ranging from asymptomatic to fatal stroke. The collateral circulation has been recognized as an important aspect of cerebral circulation affecting the risk of stroke as ...
Robbs J V - - 2009
This study represents a prospective audit comparing carotid artery stenting (CAS) with carotid endarterectomy (CEA), performed by a single surgical team. Between January 2005 and December 2008, 440 patients were referred; 177 had CAS and 263 CEA. Selection of procedure was individualised and contra-indications for CAS included internal carotid artery ...
Slovut David P - - 2010
Severe stenosis of the common carotid artery (CCA), while uncommon, is associated with increased risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke. To date, no validated duplex ultrasound criteria have been established for grading the severity of CCA stenosis. The goal of this study was to use receiver-operating curve (ROC) analysis ...
Shimizu Hiroaki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Parent artery occlusion with/without bypass surgery is one of the treatment choices for the internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm difficult to treat by clipping or coiling. There have been few reports regarding postoperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes after surgery. This study evaluated the present bypass selection strategy based ...
Coster Suzan - - 2010
Two young women with ischemic stroke successfully underwent intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) 10 and 11h, respectively after stroke onset. A 23-year-old (case 1) and a 22-year-old woman (case 2) who developed severe neurological deficits (NIHSS 20 and 13, respectively) were presented to our hospital 9h after onset of the symptoms. In ...
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