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Powell J T JT Vascular Surgery Research Group, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Campus, London, UK. - - 2011
Small abdominal aortic aneurysms are usually asymptomatic and managed safely in ultrasound surveillance programmes until they grow to a diameter threshold where intervention is considered. The aim of this study was to synthesize systematically the published data on growth rates for small aneurysms to investigate the evidence basis for surveillance ...
Ridtitid Wiriyaporn - - 2011
The covered self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) has been developed to overcome the problem of tissue in-growth, However, stent migration is a well-known com--plication of covered SEMS placement. Use of a double pigtail stent to lock the movement of the SEMS and prevent migration has been advised by many ex-perts. Unfortunately, ...
Korse Catharina M - - 2011
In the event of diffuse hepatic metastases, hepatic artery embolization (HAE) can be a successful treatment option in patients with well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NET). However, embolization causes hypoxia which stimulates angiogenesis and therefore tumour growth. This study investigates angiogenesis activity following HAE by measuring vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), endothelin-1 ...
Alvira Cristina M CM Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305-5162, - - 2011
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute inflammatory illness marked by coronary arteritis. However, the factors increasing susceptibility to coronary artery lesions are unknown. Because transforming growth factor (TGF) β increases elastin synthesis and suppresses proteolysis, we hypothesized that, in contrast to the benefit observed in aneurysms forming in those with ...
Edelman James J B - - 2011
This report describes the clinical course and management of a patient with Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) type 2. In 2003, a 31-year-old male was diagnosed with acute aortic dissection type B; in the following six years he underwent multiple surgical and endovascular aortic procedures at different thoracic and abdominal levels secondary ...
Hiramine Kiyohisa - - 2011
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a multifunctional growth factor with mitogenic, anti-apoptotic and anti-fibrotic activities. In this study, we investigated the effect of administration of recombinant human HGF on pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulmonary arterial hypertension was induced in rats by a single injection of monocrotaline (MCT) and recombinant human HGF ...
Richards Jennifer M J JM Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysms are a major cause of death. Prediction of aneurysm expansion and rupture is challenging and currently relies on the simple measure of aneurysm diameter. Using MRI, we aimed to assess whether areas of cellular inflammation correlated with the rate of abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion. Stable patients (n=29; ...
Chmayssani Mohamad - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The apparent paradox of natural history data suggesting low rupture risk of small asymptomatic aneurysms and the median size of aneurysm rupture remains unexplained. Aneurysm growth rates and their potential relationship to rupture risk have not been well examined in natural history studies. OBJECTIVE:: We examined the question of ...
Bhattacharya Pratik - - 2011
The majority of carotid revascularization procedures are done in patients without recent symptoms of cerebral ischemia (asymptomatic carotid stenosis). In previous studies from the past two decades, the stroke risk associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis has been estimated to be 2-2.5% per year. Given the relatively benign nature of asymptomatic ...
Love Seth - - 2011
Love S (2011) Histopathology58, 333ndash;351 Autopsy approach to stroke Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality but the brain and other relevant tissues are often examined only cursorily when stroke patients come to autopsy. The pathological findings and clinical implications vary according to the type of stroke and ...
Wang Ran - - 2011
Cigarette smoking may contribute to pulmonary hypertension in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by resulting in pulmonary vascular remodeling that involves pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a cysteine-rich peptide implicated in several biological processes such as cell proliferation, survival, and migration. This study investigated ...
Sallustio Fabrizio - - 2011
Among different subtypes of ischemic stroke, atherosclerotic stroke carries the greatest risk (30%) of worsening and recurrence during the acute phase of hospitalization with a 7.9% risk ≤ 30 days. Causes of this high risk include plaque rupture leading to thrombus formation, thrombus propagation with consequent vessel occlusion, and distal ...
Ciborowski Michal - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is perma-nent and localized dilation of the abdominal aorta. Intraluminal thrombus (ILT) is involved in evolution and rupture of AAA. Complex biological processes associated with AAA include oxidative stress, proteolysis, neovascularization, aortic inflammation, cell death, and extracellular matrix breakdown. Biomarkers of growth and AAA rupture could ...
Edom Patrícia Turnes - - 2011
In biliary atresia (BA), a cholangiopathy of elusive etiology invariably leads to cirrhosis, and a disturbed angiogenesis may be involved. We evaluated the hepatobiliary immunolocalization of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) A, VEGF receptor 1 (R1), and R2 in BA. We analyzed biopsies obtained at portoenterostomy from infants with BA ...
Misra Usha Kant - - 2011
Stroke in tuberculous meningitis (TBM) occurs in 15-57% of patients especially in advance stage and severe illness. The majority of strokes may be asymptomatic because of being in a silent area, deep coma or associated pathology such as spinal arachnoiditis or tuberculoma. Methods of evaluation also influence the frequency of ...
Sugiyama Yukio - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Enhancing collateral artery growth is a potent therapeutic approach to treat cardiovascular ischemic disease from occlusive artery. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has gained attention for its ability to promote arteriogenesis, ameliorating brain damage, by the mechanisms involving monocyte upregulation. However, the recent clinical study testing its efficacy ...
Fujita Masatoshi - - 2011
Coronary collateral circulation (CCC) is defined as an alternative blood-conveying circuit to the ischemic myocardium supplied by a jeopardized coronary artery. Accumulating evidence on CCC and its functional role has been derived from basic and clinical studies over several decades. Progress in molecular biology and genetic engineering has enabled us ...
Levin Terry L - - 2011
Narrowing of the abdominal aorta and renal arteries (mid-aortic syndrome) after treatment for neuroblastoma has been attributed to radiation therapy. We present a child with neuroblastoma, successfully treated without radiation therapy, who developed mid-aortic syndrome and hypertension. MR imaging demonstrated encasement of the aorta at presentation. Following successful treatment, long-segment ...
Nayak Rahul - - 2011
"Necessity, who is the mother of invention." - Plato. There has been a steady rise in the incidence and prevalence of coronary artery disease. In most developed countries, it is the number one cause of morbidity and mortality. As this disease has become an ever increasing burden on society, it ...
Gupta Atul - - 2011
Abstract Gupta, Atul, Surinderpal Singh, Tejinder Singh Ahluwalia, and Anurag Khanna. Retinal vein occlusion in high altitude. High Alt. Med. Biol. 12:393-397.-Staying at high altitude has been reported to be associated with thrombosis in lowlanders. We report 3 cases of retinal vein occlusion in high altitude. Two were males 31 ...
Caruso Marco - - 2011
A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of persistent atypical chest pain. His past medical history was remarkable for a non ST elevation myocardial infarction, treated five months previously with PCI on the right coronary artery. Two months later, for chest pain, he underwent coronary angiography that showed ...
Pappy Reji - - 2011
Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) formation in the setting of an acute inflammatory state due to connective tissue disease is rare. We report a case of rapid progression from an ectatic to an aneursymatic left circumflex coronary artery leading to an acute coronary event in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ...
Heresi G A - - 2011
Biomarkers are objectively measured characteristics used as indicators of disease in clinical practice and as surrogate endpoints in clinical trials. The six-minute walk test has been widely used as a trial endpoint in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) to gain approval for targeted therapies. Other biomarkers have been studied to overcome ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2011
An 82-year-old man had a severe stenosis in the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD) and an intermediate stenosis in the distal right coronary artery (RCA). The territory of mid to distal LAD was perfused via an angiographically well-developed collateral circulation from the distal RCA. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) in ...
Fujimura Naoki - - 2011
Mycotic aneurysm of the superior gluteal artery (SGA) is extremely rare. The review of the literature revealed only five cases of mycotic SGA aneurysms reported to date and none had a concomitant superior mesenteric artery (SMA) aneurysm. We describe a 64-year-old man with mycotic aneurysms of both the SGA and ...
Kim Tae-Gon - - 2011
Potentially harmful effects of irradiation on the developing central nervous system have been well documented. We report 2 pediatric patients with moyamoya syndrome developed after irradiation. A 3-year-old girl had received 4,860 cGy of postoperative radiation for optic pathway glioma. Cerebral angiography 7 months after completion of the radiation therapy ...
Chandrashekhara Sheragaru H - - 2011
Abernethy malformation is an extremely rare anomaly of the splanchnic venous system. We describe multidetector computed tomography findings of an incidentally detected Abernethy malformation with portal vein aneurysm in a two-and-half-year old child. The computed tomography scan was performed for the evaluation of respiratory distress, poor growth, and loss of ...
Hashimoto Naotaka - - 2011
This report presents the case of a 78-year-old female with hepatic encephalopathy due to an inferior mesenteric venous-inferior vena cava shunt. She developed hepatocellular carcinoma affected by hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis and underwent posterior sectionectomy. Portal vein thrombosis developed and the portal trunk was narrowed after hepatectomy. Portal vein thrombosis ...
Ueda Yo - - 2011
We report a 43-year-old female who developed pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) during intensive immunosuppressive therapy for systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE). She was diagnosed as SLE at the age of 32 years based on serological and hematological abnormalities, oral ulcers, and facial erythema. She experienced frequent flare-ups of disseminated discoid lupus ...
van den Berg Gert - - 2011
Knowledge of the normal formation of the heart is crucial for the understanding of cardiac pathologies and congenital malformations. The understanding of early cardiac development, however, is complicated because it is inseparably associated with other developmental processes such as embryonic folding, formation of the coelomic cavity, and vascular development. Because ...
Mortensen Kristian H - - 2011
The risk of aortic dissection is 100-fold increased in Turner syndrome (TS). Unfortunately, risk stratification is inadequate due to a lack of insight into the natural course of the syndrome-associated aortopathy. Therefore, this study aimed to prospectively assess aortic dimensions in TS. Eighty adult TS patients were examined twice with ...
Overbeek Maria J - - 2011
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) complicated by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) carries a poor prognosis, despite pulmonary vascular dilating therapy. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFR-β) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are potential therapeutic targets for PAH because of their proliferative effects on vessel remodelling. To explore their role in SScPAH, we ...
Dempsie Yvonne Y College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2011
Idiopathic and familial forms of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) occur more frequently in women than men. However, the reason for this remains unknown. Both the calcium binding protein S100A4/Mts1 (Mts1) and its endogenous receptor (receptor for advanced glycosylation end products; RAGE) have been implicated in the development of PAH. We ...
Sonka Milan M Iowa Institute for Biomedical Imaging, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2011
Comprehensive analysis of coronary morphology, plaque composition, hemodynamics, and systemic cardiovascular biomarkers is hypothesized to allow prediction of plaque development. We report the status of a comprehensive project, in which baseline and follow-up intravascular ultrasound imaging of coronary arteries during routine coronary interventions serve as a source of quantitative data ...
Shiraishi Y Y Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8575, Japan. - - 2011
Total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is commonly applied for the surgical treatment of congenital heart disease such as single ventricle in pediatric patients. Patients with no ventricle in pulmonary circulation are treated along with Fontan algorithm, in which the systemic venous return is diverted directly to the pulmonary artery without passing ...
Atzinger Carrie L - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To delineate the prevalence of cardiac findings in hypermobile and classic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and provide longitudinal analysis of aortic root growth. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted, and data were analyzed for cross-sectional prevalence of aortic dilation and valvular anomalies. The clinical implications of aortic root growth ...
Yamashita Atsushi - - 2011
Thrombus formation on a disrupted atherosclerotic plaque is a key event that leads to atherothrombosis. Because thrombus is induced by chemical or physical injury of normal arteries in most animal models of thrombosis, the mechanisms of thrombogenesis and thrombus growth in atherosclerotic vessels should be investigated in diseased arteries of ...
Couldwell Sandrine M - - 2011
Spontaneous regression of a cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare occurrence. The authors describe a patient presenting with a ruptured AVM with a feeding artery aneurysm during second trimester of pregnancy. The feeding artery with aneurysm was clipped and the hematoma removed. The AVM subsequently spontaneously regressed by serial ...
Bergin Michael - - 2010
Endoscopic surgery to the nasopharyngeal portion of the Eustachian tube (ET) has been advocated for ET dysfunction. It is therefore essential to understand the relationship between the ET and the internal carotid artery (ICA) from an endoscopic perspective. Retrospective database review. Tertiary and University Hospital. General population undergoing cervical CT ...
Hauck Erik F - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: The Pipeline embolization device (PED; Covidien Vascular Therapies, Mansfield, Massachusetts) is a promising, yet experimental, vascular reconstruction device for the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms. We present a PED-related complication and describe a salvage strategy. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old woman underwent PED-assisted parent vessel reconstruction for her ...
Choi Jun Young - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop a simple and reliable sign for detecting proximal internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAO) using conventional CT scanning. The missing button sign (MBS) is defined as the absence of the ICA at the level of the foramen magnum on contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) scans. ...
Smout Jonathan - - 2010
To investigate the evidence for the relationship between volume and outcome for carotid artery stenting. We performed a systematic review of the literature to examine the influence of experience and/or volume on outcome for carotid artery stenting. The primary search strategy was to identify studies presenting year-on-year data. The Pubmed, ...
Togashi Yosuke - - 2011
Internal jugular vein thrombosis is much less common than deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs and is generally caused by an indwelling venous catheter or otological infection. Several cases of internal jugular vein thrombosis associated with malignancy have been also reported. Bevacizumab, a monoclonal neutralizing antibody against vascular endothelial growth ...
Khong Yee - - 2010
Defective deep placentation is characterised by defective remodelling of the utero-placental arteries. Under certain conditions, it is also characterised by the presence of arterial lesions, such as acute atherosis and the persistence of endovascular trophoblast. The condition has been associated with a spectrum of complications during pregnancy, including pre-eclampsia, intrauterine ...
Kwon Tai Hyung - - 2011
Carotid stenosis with intraluminal thrombus is associated with a high risk of early recurrent stroke. We evaluated the feasibility and outcome of carotid stenting in acute ischemic stroke patients with carotid stenosis and intraluminal thrombus. Among 295 consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients who were referred for intra-arterial thrombolytic (IAT) therapy, ...
Carrera E E Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
A decrease in arterial compliance of the internal carotid artery has been associated with an increased risk in ipsilateral ischaemic stroke. However, so far, no technique has been validated to monitor the compliance of intracerebral arteries (Ca) in patients with carotid artery disease. In this study, we sought to monitor ...
Clair Daniel G - - 2011
Each of the embolic protection devices used in carotid artery stenting (CAS) has advantages and disadvantages. The prospective, multicenter, single-arm EMPiRE Clinical Study investigated a proximally placed device (GORE Flow Reversal System) that provides distal neuroprotection during CAS by reversing blood flow in the internal carotid artery, thereby directing emboli ...
Camporese Giuseppe - - 2011
Spontaneous recanalization of intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion is frequent in embolic strokes. Spontaneous recanalization of the extracranial portion of the ICA occlusion of atherosclerotic or embolic origin is only anecdotally reported, and data are lacking about its incidence, natural history, and outcome in long-term follow-up. Consecutive patients with ...
Berger Ludovic - - 2011
A case of persistent proatlantal artery (PA) is described in a 60-year-old woman who presented with cerebellar ataxia, homonymous hemianopia, and aphasia. Both Doppler scan and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed agenesis of both vertebral arteries, 80% stenosis of the left internal carotid artery (ICA), and an anastomotic vessel between ...
Vicenzini Edoardo - - 2010
Comprehension of the pathophysiologic characteristics of atherosclerosis has focused its attention on the study of dynamic and metabolic processes involving the vessel wall as possible causes of stroke. When compared with conventional radiologic techniques, sonography has the main advantage of being a real-time imaging modality. We report 2 acute stroke ...
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