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Pinto Luís Abegão - - 2012
Purpose:  (i) To investigate whether pulsatility index (PI) and mean flow velocities (MFV) are altered in glaucoma patients. (ii) To evaluate the significance of PI in retrobulbar autoregulation capacity. Methods:  Patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG; n = 49), normal tension glaucoma (NTG; n = 62) and healthy controls (n = 48) underwent colour Doppler imaging ...
Davis C - - 2012
I report the case of a 57-year-old patient admitted to the intensive care unit with severe community-acquired pneumonia, complicated by prolonged mechanical ventilation of the lungs and intractable cardiac failure. He underwent percutaneous coronary angioplasty of the right coronary artery, but this did not improve his clinical condition. He was ...
Mladenovic Ana S - - 2012
The aim of this study is to analyze the morphological differences of infrarenal aortic aneurysms and common iliac arteries that are important for endovascular management between patients of different body mass index using 64 slice multidetector row CT aortography. This was a multicenter study of 100 patients (50 Europeans and ...
Naz Iram - - 2012
Subclavian artery (SA) aneurysms (SCAA) are relatively uncommon but carry a significant risk of rupture, thrombosis and embolism if left untreated. We describe the etiology, mode of presentation and outcome of surgical management of 10 patients presenting with SCAA between January 1990 and December 2010. The mean age was 43.7 ...
Roffi Marco - - 2012
Patients with severe carotid and coronary disease-especially if they require coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)-are at high risk of cardiac events and stroke. Carotid revascularization should be considered for patients with symptomatic carotid disease and bilateral severe asymptomatic carotid stenosis. In patients with unilateral asymptomatic carotid stenosis, decision to proceed ...
Yamamoto M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Indocyanine green (ICG) angiography is used for the intra-operative assessment of the graft vessel in coronary artery bypass grafting to enable immediate revision if necessary. We report the feasibility and implications of an ICG colour imaging system, HyperEye Medical System (HEMS), in surgeries for arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) and abdominal ...
Søvik E - - 2012
This article describes the use of a balloon catheter introduced via the femoral artery into the abdominal aorta without the use of fluoroscopy to stabilize six patients with life-threatening post-partum haemorrhage. The femoral artery was localized blindly or with the use of ultrasound. Immediate control of the bleeding was achieved ...
Spahos T - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the basilic vein as an alternative conduit in iliofemoral arterial reconstructions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We reviewed records of all patients undergoing iliofemoral arterial reconstruction with basilic vein between January 2006 and November 2011. Patients were identified via a prospective database, which also provided data on ...
Sun Yongxin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of cardiovascular disease was approximately 10 times higher in hemodialysis patients with end-stage renal disease than in the general population. The saphenous vein is the most commonly used conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting. However, the extracellular matrix and adhesion molecule characteristics of saphenous vein in hemodialysis ...
Hyafil Fabien - - 2012
Aortic valve stenosis progression rate is highly variable among patients and to date remains unpredictable. Evaluation of osteoblastic activity inside aortic valves may help identify patients with fast aortic stenosis progression rates and worse prognoses. Fluoride-18 sodium (FNa) is a clinically approved positron emission tomographic (PET) radiotracer with high and ...
Sugimoto Masaya - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a form of systemic vasculitis that causes chronic changes in arterial walls, including pulmonary arteries. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that pulmonary arterial wall properties and hemodynamics are abnormal after the resolution of KD. Pulmonary arterial input impedance was measured during ...
Xie Yi-Qun - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the ankle brachial index (ABI) and the severity of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). Material and methods. In total, 138 patients with a complete clinical record were enrolled in this study. The severity of ARAS was judged ...
Kumar Dundamadappa Md Sathish - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: (1) To determine the prevalence of vertebral arterial ostial stenosis (VOS) as determined by the "gold standard" of digital subtraction angiography (DSA). (2) To learn the correlation between vertebral ostial stenosis and study indication. (3) To determine the ability of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE MRA) and ...
He Jia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The correct and prompt diagnosis of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) plays a pivotal role in determining appropriate therapy. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of pulmonary ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scanning and computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) using pulmonary angiography as the golden standard. METHODS: A total of ...
Roberts William Clifford - - 2012
The frequency of congenitally bicuspid aortic valves in patients having cardiac transplantation (CT) is unknown. We reviewed 243 explanted hearts in patients having CT at Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas from June 1997 through November 2011 to determine the frequency of a bicuspid aortic valve in this population. Of the ...
Ediriwickrema Asiri - - 2012
IntroductionAlthough there have been a few reports of coiling intracranial aneurysms in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), there are no reports of intracranial stent placement in this patient population. A patient in whom stent placement was utilized as monotherapy to treat a blister-like aneurysm is described and the implications ...
Capkin Erhan - - 2012
Objective. The availability of new-generation drugs has provided significant success reflected by disease activity markers and clinical status in AS, but controversial reports necessitate further assessment of associated increased risk of cardiovascular burden that might persist. Hence this prospective clinical study evaluated the effectiveness of a 24-week anti-TNF-α therapy on ...
Czihal Michael - - 2012
To determine the extent and clinical significance of giant cell arteritis (GCA) of the femoropopliteal arteries. This was a retrospective clinical color duplex sonography (CDS) study; 60 of 112 consecutive patients with the diagnosis of GCA underwent complete clinical examination of the lower extremities including the vasculature, systolic ankle pressure ...
Saqqur Maher - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Collateral flow augmentation using partial aortic occlusion may improve cerebral perfusion in acute stroke. We assessed the effect of partial aortic occlusion on arterial flow velocities of acute stroke patients. METHODS: Patients with neurological deficits following thrombolysis were treated with partial aortic occlusion. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) was used ...
Ito Yujiro - - 2012
InterGard™ Quadrifurcated [InterVascular S.A. (MAQUET Cardiovascular), La Ciotat, France], a knitted quadrifurcated prosthetic graft, is useful to simplify the procedures for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm concomitant with iliac arterial disease. From March 2008 to April 2010, 59 patients underwent abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in our department. InterGard™ Quadrifurcated was ...
Foffa Ilenia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is highly expressed in the aneurysmal vascular wall, in both animal models and human disease. Genetic variations in ACE could be crucial in determining the risk of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). The aim of the present study was to examine the role of ACE insertion/deletion ...
Nosál' Matej - - 2012
OBJECTIVESThe purpose of this study is to evaluate our initial experience with aortic valve repair using polytetraflouroethylene (PTFE) leaflet extensions in congenital valvular disease.METHODSFrom October 2008 through February 2011, 13 patients underwent aortic valvuloplasty by PTFE leaflet extensions. All valves were repaired in a tri-leaflet configuration using PTFE leaflet extensions. ...
Darkhabani Ziad M - - 2012
BackgroundPericallosal artery aneurysms at the bifurcation represent a special endovascular technical challenge given their distal location, commonly wide-neck morphology, small parent vessel diameter and potentially high recurrence rate after coiling given the bifurcation location. Y-configuration stent-assisted coil embolization techniques have been reported for the treatment of wide-neck aneurysms located at ...
Yoon W - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Carotid IPH can be detected with MR imaging. The aim of this study was to determine the safety of CAS using an emboli protection device in patients with severe carotid artery stenosis and MR imaging-depicted carotid IPH.MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed a prospective data base that included 91 ...
Hayabuchi Yasunobu - - 2012
We describe a patient with an isolated left subclavian artery associated with right aortic arch, patent ductus arteriosus, and ventricular septal defect. As the isolated left subclavian artery is supplied by the left vertebral artery in which blood flows in the retrograde direction, this anomaly is usually responsible for a ...
Haensig Martin - - 2012
OBJECTIVETransapical-aortic valve implantation (TA-AVI) has evolved as routine for selected high-risk patients. However, paravalvular leaks >1+ remain an unsolved issue using current generations of transcatheter valve devices. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of native aortic valve calcification on paravalvular leaks and outcomes using the Edwards ...
Li Qiao Yu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sudden internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusive vasospasm is a serious complication of intracranial aneurysm embolization. Conventional spasmolysis with papaverine yields a generally poor outcome. We believe that arterial infusion of lidocaine may offer a better outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the outcome of patients treated with either ...
Peña-Duque Marco A - - 2012
Homocysteine is implicated as an early atherosclerotic promoter, which enhances the smooth muscle cell proliferation and produces free radicals that induce cellular damage. These factors must have a role in the progression of atherosclerosis that subsequently leads to vascular mineralization.Aim: Identify a correlation between the plasma concentration of total homocysteine ...
Ota Takahiro - - 2012
We describe two patients with ruptured infectious aneurysms of the distal MCA, which were successfully treated by trapping and superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass surgery. Our patients had not experienced any ischemic attack postoperatively. Trapping and STA-MCA bypass surgery can be a useful option.
Nathan Derek P - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the results of thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) for chronic descending thoracic aortic (DTA) dissections with aneurysmal degeneration. Over 70 months at a single institution, 27 patients underwent TEVAR for aneurysms related to chronic (>6 weeks) DTA dissections. Mean patient age was ...
Parlani G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Iliac branch device (IBD) technique has been introduced as an appealing and effective solution to avoid complications occurring during repair of aorto-iliac aneurysm with extensive iliac involvement. Nevertheless, no large series with long-term follow-up of IBD are available. The aim of this study was to analyse safety and long-term ...
Melissano G - - 2012
To analyse the incidence of stroke after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for aortic arch disease. In the last decade, 393 patients received TEVAR at our Institution; in 143 cases the aortic arch was involved (32 zones '0', 35 zones '1' and 76 zone '2'). The left subclavian artery (LSA) ...
Hamdan Ashraf - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess deformation dynamics and in vivo mechanical properties of the aortic annulus throughout the cardiac cycle. Understanding dynamic aspects of functional aortic valve anatomy is important for beating-heart transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Thirty-five patients with aortic stenosis and 11 normal subjects underwent 256-slice ...
Korkmaz Levent - - 2012
We investigated the relationship between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Consecutive patients with first time diagnosis of ACS (n = 150) were enrolled. SYNTAX score (SS), a marker of CAD complexity, was assessed by dedicated computer software and ...
Moulakakis Konstantinos G - - 2012
Patients with juxtarenal, pararenal, or thoracoabdominal aneurysms require complex surgical open repair, which is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The "chimney graft" or "snorkel" technique has evolved as a potential alternative to fenestrated and side-branched endografts. The purpose of this study is to review all published reports on chimney ...
Pasic Miralem - - 2012
There is no established strategy of how and when to treat coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Simultaneous, single-stage treatment of both pathologies is a possible solution. We report our initial results of simultaneously performed transapical TAVI and elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) ...
Seitun S - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate prevalence, morphological characteristics and evolution of aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms associated with type B aortic intramural haematoma (IMH) using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 14 patients (nine men; mean age 64.6±9.6; range 42-75 years) with a diagnosis ...
Puffer Ross C - - 2012
Object In this study the authors determined the patency rate of the ophthalmic artery (OphA) after placement of 1 or more flow diversion devices across the arterial inlet for treatment of proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms, and correlated possible risk factors for OphA occlusion. Methods Nineteen consecutive patients were ...
Pang Philip Y K - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as a viable alternative endovascular technique in selected patients with severe aortic stenosis, who are either inoperable or at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement. We report a case of delayed displacement and rotation of an aortic bioprosthesis, 43 days after successful ...
Guccione Paolo - - 2012
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is now an accepted alternative option to conventional surgery for patients with dysfunctional conduits between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery. PPVI will reduce the total number of repeat operations in such patients.However, surgery remains the primary option in postoperative tetralogy of Fallot patients with ...
Meng Jun - - 2012
This report describes a 40-year-old male patient diagnosed with pulmonary artery dissection involving both the left and right branches. The patient also had Eisenmenger syndrome secondary to an uncorrected patent ductus arteriosus. Diagnosis was facilitated through the use of transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography. Due to the lack of deļ¬nite ...
Fadini Gian Paolo - - 2012
Ischemic recruitment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in involved in compensatory angiogenic in animal models, but this still needs to be substantiated in humans. We enrolled 12 patients, who underwent surgical correction of abdominal aortic aneurysm without atherosclerosis of leg arteries (n = 4) or lower limb atherosclerosis obliterans (AO; ...
Sulaiman Sajith - - 2012
This study was designed to study the efficacy of intravenous dexmedetomidine for attenuation of cardiovascular responses to laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation in patients with coronary artery disease. Sixty adult patients scheduled for elective off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery were randomly allocated to receive dexmedetomidine (0.5 mcg/kg) or normal saline 15 ...
Danzi-Soares Naury de Jesus - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common among patients with coronary artery disease. However, OSA remains largely under recognized. The lack of clinical suspicion and difficulties to access full polysomnography (PSG) are limiting factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate, among patients referred to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG): ...
Ferreira Manuel - - 2012
Cerebral ventricular noncommunication has been described in the setting of infection and acutely in the setting of intracranial hemorrhage. We describe the first adult case series of individuals who developed delayed isolated fourth ventricles after rupture of intracranial posterior circulation aneurysms and define treatment modality. A retrospective review was performed ...
Doyle Adam J - - 2012
Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare diagnosis for patients in their third decade of life. Other conditions can mimic the signs and symptoms of CMI, including median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS), primary arteritides, and congenital anomalies. Here, we present the case of a 26-year-old man who presented with CMI ...
Sachdeva Rajesh - - 2012
In Kawasaki disease, coronary aneurysms typically regress slowly, although some may develop stenosis 1-2 decades after the acute illness. This is the first case report describing rapid progression of coronary aneurysm to stenosis within 14 weeks.
Canares Therese L - - 2012
Juvenile polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare, necrotizing vasculitis, primarily affecting small to medium-sized muscular arteries. Cardiac involvement amongst patients with PAN is uncommon and reports of coronary artery aneurysms in juvenile PAN are exceedingly rare. We describe a 16 year old girl who presented with fever, arthritis and two ...
Bailey J Kevin - - 2012
The purpose of this pilot study was to identify the relationship between the ratio of the diameter/cross-sectional area of the internal jugular vein (IJV) and carotid artery and the central venous pressure (CVP). After obtaining approval from our Institutional Review Board, ultrasound images were repeatedly obtained from participants on consecutive ...
Matsuno Yukihiro - - 2012
Endovascular repairs of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm have recently been proposed as a less invasive alternative to conventional open surgical repair. In selective cases, adjunctive bypass surgery may be required to provide an adequate landing zone. We describe a case of staged hybrid debranching and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair ...
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