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Malayeri Ashkan A AA Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
This study aims to correlate coronary artery enhancement levels with quality of vessel visualization and calcified plaque visualization using a 128-slice dual-source CT (DSCT) scanner. Coronary CT angiography exams from 52 patients, mean age of 55 years (range, 22-90) and mean weight of 184 lbs (range, 120-320 lbs), were reviewed retrospectively. Contrast infusion ...
Zhang Guoming G MS, Department of Ultrasound, or Hong Shen, MS, Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Jinan Military Command, 250031 Jinan, China. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to show the contrast-enhanced sonographic features of various levels of renal artery rupture and to validate the therapeutic effects of percutaneous 915-MHz microwave ablation compared to hemostatic drug injection (batroxobin) using an in vivo canine renal artery injury model. Methods- Three renal artery ...
Su I-Chang IC Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst St., 3 McLaughlin Wing, Room #425, Toronto, ON, M5T 2S8, - - 2014
Perianeurysmal edema and aneurysm wall enhancement are previously described phenomenon after coil embolization attributed to inflammatory reaction. We aimed to demonstrate the prevalence and natural course of these phenomena in unruptured aneurysms after endovascular treatment and to identify factors that contributed to their development. We performed a retrospective analysis of ...
Ohno Yoshiharu Y 1 Advanced Biomedical Imaging Research Center, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to prospectively and directly compare the capabilities of non-contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA), 4D contrast-enhanced MRA, and contrast-enhanced MDCT for assessing pulmonary vasculature in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) before surgical treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. A total of 77 consecutive patients (41 ...
Nederhoed Johanna H JH Department of Surgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Acute peripheral arterial thrombosis can be threatening to life and limb. Dissolution of the thrombus local catheter-directed intra-arterial infusion of fibrinolytic agents such as urokinase is the standard therapy for thrombosis; however, this method is time-intensive, and amputation of the affected limb is still needed in 10-30% of cases. Furthermore, ...
Rylander Helena H 1Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Five cats presented with acute-onset neurological signs. Magnetic resonance imaging in four cats showed a T2-weighted hyperintense spinal cord lesion that was mildly contrast-enhancing in three cats. Owing to inflammatory cerebrospinal fluid changes three cats were treated with immunosuppression. One cat was treated with antibiotics. All cats improved initially, but ...
Anderson Mark M Department of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, - - 2014
This case highlights the utility of agitated saline studies during transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for detection of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) as a viable alternative to contrast-enhanced imaging studies. By carefully studying each pulmonary vein individually during saline contrast studies, TEE is able to demonstrate and localize PAVM. In addition, this ...
Izamis Maria-Louisa ML Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, - - 2014
Handling of donor organs frequently introduces air into the microvasculature, but little is known about the extent of damage caused as a function of embolism size and distribution. Here we introduced differently-sized embolisms into either the portal vein and hepatic artery, or both, during the flushing stage of porcine liver ...
Knight Jason S JS Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical - - 2014
Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation promotes vascular damage, thrombosis, and activation of interferon-α-producing plasmacytoid dendritic cells in diseased arteries. Peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) inhibition is a strategy that can decrease in vivo NET formation. To test whether PAD inhibition, a novel approach to targeting arterial disease, can reduce vascular damage and ...
Shibukawa Narihiro N Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Osaka General Medical Center, Osaka, - - 2014
An 84-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a massive lower intestinal bleeding (LIB). The enhanced CT showed extravasation of blood in the sigmoid colon during the arterial phase. After discussion with the interventional radiologists, we proceeded to perform emergency colonoscopy that demonstrated massive gushing of blood from a ...
Toba Michie M Department of Pharmacology and Internal Medicine, the Center for Lung Biology, University of South Alabama, College of Medicine, Mobile, - - 2013
A major limitation in the pharmacological treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is the lack of pulmonary vascular selectivity. Recent studies have identified a tissue-penetrating homing peptide, CARSKNKDC (CAR), which specifically homes to hypertensive pulmonary arteries but not to normal pulmonary vessels or other tissues. Some tissue-penetrating vascular homing peptides ...
Ghista Dhanjoo N - - 2013
In this paper, coronary arterial bypass grafting hemodynamics and anastomosis designs are reviewed. The paper specifically addresses the biomechanical factors for enhancement of the patency of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs). Stenosis of distal anastomosis, caused by thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia (IH), is the major cause of failure of CABGs. ...
Itagaki Michael W - - 2013
Particle embolotherapy for liver cancers, such as chemoembolization and yttrium-90 radioembolization, depends on microcatheter selection of the treatment vessel for injection of the embolic. Individually selecting vessels with a microcatheter can be time-consuming and difficult, especially when multiple branches are present in the treatment zone. This article describes a technique ...
Amano Masashi - - 2013
We report a case of a 35-year-old woman who was diagnosed with a giant coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) with a fistula and followed-up using the contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan and 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography. The diameter and volume cubic content of the giant CAA had increased linearly during the 12-year follow-up ...
Nakanishi Koji - - 2013
Non-anastomotic graft rupture is a rare but critical complication after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Therefore, identifying the rupture sites is important to perform endovascular stent grafting. A 78-year old man who had undergone Y-grafting for infrarenal AAA before 17 years was referred to our hospital with the complaints of ...
Tzeis Stylianos S Cardiology Department, Henry Dunant Hospital, Athens - - 2013
In the present case, we describe the abrupt transformation of intra-pulmonary vein activity from rapid firing to dissociated ectopic activity during sinus rhythm, as an easily identifiable, though rare to encounter, sign which documents the achievement of bidirectional block.
Leonard Sean - - 2013
Dynamic control of maternal blood flow to the placenta is critical for healthy pregnancy. In many tissues, microvasculature arteries control flow. The uterine/endometrial vascular bed changes during pregnancy include physiological remodeling of spiral arteries from constricted artery-like structures to dilated vein-like structures between gestation days (gd) 8 and 12 in ...
Kay Fernando Uliana - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of different respiratory maneuvers in computed tomography pulmonary angiography for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) on the contrast enhancement of pulmonary circulation and on the quality of lung window images. A retrospective analysis of 520 examinations, half obtained after ...
Xia Yang - - 2013
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is characterized by increased vascular tone, altered vasoreactivity, and vascular remodeling, which are associated with alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells. We have previously shown that classical transient receptor potential 1 and 6 (TRPC1 and TRPC6) are upregulated in pulmonary arteries (PAs) of ...
Renne Julius - - 2013
Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is used most often in routine clinical practice for the assessment of a suspected pulmonary embolism. The diagnostic accuracy relies on sufficient contrast enhancement.Purpose: To evaluate whether image acquisition during shallow breathing can improve the image quality in patients with insufficient contrast enhancement during breath-hold ...
Horie Kenji - - 2013
Recently, transient inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have been employed to protect against pulmonary embolism (PE) in pregnant women with deep vein thrombosis. A 34-year-old primiparous Japanese woman with a history of myomectomy was diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis by ultrasound at 27 weeks of gestation. Unfractionated heparin was administered, ...
Ueda Yuichiro - - 2013
Azygos vein aneurysm is very rare and most cases are detected incidentally. We report a safe resection of azygos vein aneurysm by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) under preoperative evaluation of thrombus by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). A 60-year old woman presented to our department due to a mediastinal mass revealed ...
Ou Hsin-You - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Fibrosis leads to altered liver hemodynamics. The arterial enhancement fraction, which is defined as the ratio of hepatic arterial perfusion to the total hepatic perfusion, can provide noninvasive assessment of hepatic perfusion. The aim of this study was to show that the arterial enhancement fraction values correlate with histopathologic ...
Paramasivam Srinivasan - - 2013
Onyx as an embolization agent for the management of vascular malformation is well established. We report our initial experience with dimethyl-sulphoxide (DMSO) compatible double lumen balloon catheters used for Onyx embolization. Between December 2011 and March 2013, we treated 22 patients aged between 1.5 to 70years with two types of DMSO ...
Fina Caroline - - 2013
Canine pulmonary eosinophilic granulomatosis is a rare inflammatory pulmonary disease characterized by formation of eosinophilic granulomas that tend to obliterate the normal pulmonary architecture. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the CT characteristics of confirmed idiopathic pulmonary eosinophilic granulomatosis in a group of dogs. Five dogs met ...
van Amerongen M J - - 2013
MR angiography is proposed as a safer and less expensive alternative to the reference standard, DSA, in the follow-up of intracranial aneurysms treated with endovascular coil occlusion. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the accuracy of TOF-MRA and contrast-enhanced MRA in detecting residual flow in the follow-up ...
Ribeiro Henrique B - - 2013
We report two cases of high-risk aortic stenosis treated with the SAPIEN 3 valve. This is the first procedure performed with this type of valve through the transapical approach. This new balloon-expandable valve incorporates a lower profile cobalt-chromium stent and an additional outer skirt to enhance paravalvular sealing. The procedure ...
Hori Daijiro D Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fujigaoka Hospital, Showa University, Kanagawa, - - 2013
Rupture of a bronchial artery aneurysm occurs rarely and may mimic aortic dissection. A 78-year-old-man was admitted with sudden chest pain. Chest radiography showed widening of the mediastinum, suggestive of aortic dissection, but contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed hemomediastinum and bronchial artery aneurysm. Although open surgery has been the first choice ...
Takayama Toshio - - 2013
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Approximately 80% of AAAs occur in the infrarenal abdominal aorta. Most are caused by a degenerative process in the aortic wall, and smoking is the risk factor most strongly associated with AAA. Contrast-enhanced computed ...
Chau Katherine H - - 2013
Thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) are a prevalent and deadly disease that, without diagnosis and treatment, eventuates in life-threatening aortic dissection or rupture. While TAAs normally grow in an indolent manner, once a certain size (a "hinge point") is reached, the risk of dissection, rupture, and death increases dramatically. By virtue ...
Mineyko Aleksandra - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Large/medium vessel vasculitis is an important etiology of childhood stroke. Early research suggests vessel wall enhancement on postcontrast MRI may be a marker of intracranial vasculitis yet no systematic descriptions of normal periarterial enhancement exist in the literature. The aim was to describe normal periarterial enhancement in the pediatric ...
Phillips Helen M - - 2013
AIMS: Anomalies of the arterial valves, principally bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), are the most common congenital anomalies. The cellular mechanisms that underlie arterial valve development are poorly understood. Whilst it is known that the valve leaflets derive from the outflow cushions, which are populated by cells derived from the endothelium ...
Ueyama Takeshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ischemia suppresses action potentials (AP) by elevating interstitial K(+) and activating KATP channels, and alters cytosolic Ca(2+) transients (CaT) via metabolic inhibition. OBJECTIVE: This study tested the hypothesis that AP and CaT respond to ischemia with different spatiotemporal courses and patterns. METHODS: Thirty-four transmural wedges were isolated from canine ...
Meinel Felix G - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of technical and demographic parameters on quantification of pulmonary perfused blood volume (PBV) in dual energy computed tomography pulmonary angiography (DE-CTPA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulmonary PBV was quantified in 142 patients who underwent DE-CTPA for suspected pulmonary embolism but in whom no thoracic pathologies were ...
Cao Bing-Sheng - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to describe the findings of juxtapleural pulmonary tuberculoma on contrast-enhanced sonography and investigate their correlation with histologic findings. Methods- From April 2008 to April 2012, 21 patients with biopsy or clinically proven juxtapleural pulmonary tuberculomas underwent contrast-enhanced sonography with an intravenous bolus injection ...
Larocca Thomas J - - 2013
Arterial aging, characterized by stiffening of large elastic arteries and the development of arterial endothelial dysfunction, increases cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. We tested the hypothesis that spermidine, a nutrient associated with the anti-aging process autophagy, would improve arterial aging. Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), a measure of arterial stiffness, was ...
Daneshi Mohammad - - 2013
We present a case of a biliary-arterial communication as a consequence of the placement of an internal-external biliary drainage catheter in a liver transplant patient diagnosed on contrast-enhanced ultrasound using a novel application by injecting microbubble contrast into the catheter tube. We postulate that this method may be sensitive in ...
Howard Adam Q - - 2013
Iliac artery endofibrosis is an uncommon condition, which should be considered in young athletes with exertional lower limb symptoms. Imaging often appears normal at rest, and the diagnosis can be missed if clinical assessment is inadequate. We report a successful case of entirely minimally invasive surgical treatment for iliac artery ...
Taimeh Ziad - - 2013
Left circumflex coronary artery anomalies are rare causes of cardiac symptoms, especially in the adult population. Herein we describe a case of a 40-year-old man presenting with stable angina who was found to have aneurysmal formation and fistulization of the left circumflex coronary artery to the coronary sinus. Contrast-enhanced multislice ...
Judd Eric - - 2013
We present the case of a 21-year-old man who developed a renal artery pseudoaneurysm following a 7-foot fall onto his back. He initially presented with gross hematuria, left flank pain, and back pain. He was observed in the hospital for 3 days and discharged. One week later, he was readmitted ...
Lucking Andrew J - - 2013
Using a clinical model of deep arterial injury, we assessed the ability of exogenous and endogenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) to limit acute in situ thrombus formation. Ex vivo thrombus formation was assessed in the Badimon chamber at low and high shear rates in 2 double-blind randomized cross-over studies of ...
Asai Katsuyuki - - 2013
We report a rare case of a pulmonary vein stump thrombus detected by a contrast-enhanced computed tomography for transient syncope 2 days after upper division segmentectomy of the left lung for metastatic pulmonary tumor. The thrombus disappeared without embolic events after anticoagulation with intravenous heparin followed by oral warfarin. Considering this ...
Taylor Curtis R - - 2013
Evidence indicates that cerebral blood flow is both increased and diminished in astronauts on return to Earth. Data from ground-based animal models simulating the effects of microgravity have shown that decrements in cerebral perfusion are associated with enhanced vasoconstriction and structural remodeling of cerebral arteries. Based on these results, the ...
Pignataro Giuseppe - - 2013
It has recently been hypothesized that a sub-lethal ischemic insult induced in one organ is able to protect from a harmful ischemia occurring in a different organ. Objective of this study is to identify new putative mechanisms of neuroprotection elicited by remote ischemic femoral postconditioning. A 50% reduction in the ...
Hashimoto Rintaro - - 2013
A 76-year-old woman with hepatitis C cirrhosis presented with tarry stools and hematemesis. An endoscopy demonstrated bleeding duodenal varices in the second portion of the duodenum. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed markedly tortuous varices around the wall in the duodenum. Several afferent veins appeared to have developed, and the right ovarian ...
Sasaki Osamu - - 2013
Aortopulmonary artery fistula is uncommon, but the clinical outcome is often lethal. A 76-year-old man with a history of acute thoracic aortic dissection 6 years previously was admitted with dyspnea. A chest x-ray showed pleural effusion and pulmonary congestion. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed preserved systolic function, but continuous and abnormal flow from ...
Suzuki Hidenori - - 2013
Introduction: Matricellular protein (MCP) is a class of nonstructural and secreted extracellular matrix proteins that exert diverse functions, but its role in vascular smooth muscle contraction has not been investigated. Material and Methods: First, rat subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) models were produced by endovascular perforation and examined for tenascin-C (TNC) and ...
Suzuki Hidenori - - 2013
Introduction: It is still controversial if the selection of treatment modality (clip or coil) affects cerebral vasospasm development following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 579 SAH patients in the Prospective Registry of Subarachnoid Aneurysms Treatment project, and these patients were treated either microsurgically or endovascularly within ...
Kodama Koichi - - 2013
We report a case of acute aortic dissection leading to compression of the left renal vein (LRV), thereby resulting in the nutcracker phenomenon. A 49-year-old previously healthy woman presented with intermittent gross hematuria and mild left flank pain of five days' duration. Laboratory examinations were within normal limits, except for ...
Kawashima Saki - - 2013
Background: Recent studies have shown that prolonged Th2-type immune inflammation in the lung induces pulmonary arterial remodeling, in part through the induction of resistin-like molecule α (RELMα) expression. However, the role of interleukin-25 (IL-25; which promotes this inflammation) in the development of the pulmonary arterial remodeling remains unknown. Methods: Ovalbumin ...
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