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Poynter Jeffrey A JA Congenital Heart Surgeons Society Data Center, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) encompasses a wide morphologic spectrum, which has impeded consensus regarding indications for the diverse repair strategies. We constructed a profile of current surgical techniques and explore their application to morphologic variants. Patients <30 years old (n = 113) with isolated AAOCA who ...
Soyer T T Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) is widely used in ductus-dependant congenital heart disease to maintain the patency of ductus. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) due to gastric mucosal proliferation is a rare complication of prolonged PGE infusion. A male newborn who developed HPS during PGE1 infusion is presented to discuss the clinical features ...
Zimmet Jeffrey J San Francisco VA Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street, Cardiology 111C, San Francisco, CA 94121 USA. - - 2014
This is the first reported case of partial aortic valve and annulus rupture during transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and its successful management through percutaneous means. It stresses the fact that even severe procedural complications can often be treated by a heart team endovascularly, without requiring sternotomy.
Tomanek Robert J RJ Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
Background: Coronary anomalies are frequently associated with congenital cardiac defects. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that the development of the tunica media of coronary arteries/arterioles is compromised in mice with cardiac defects of the outflow tract (persistent truncus arteriosus, double outlet right ventricle and transposition of the great arteries) by ...
- - 2014
Fractional Flow Reserve-Guided PCI for Stable Coronary Artery Disease Original Article, N Engl J Med 2014;371:1208-1217. In the list of authors (page 1208), the surname "Riouffol" should have been Rioufol. The article is correct at NEJM.org.
Zamorano Jose L JL University Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, - - 2014
Mitral regurgitation is a common valvular heart disease and its prevalence is expected to increase with population ageing. Percutaneous techniques for the treatment of mitral regurgitation are emerging as an alternative therapeutic option. However, the mitral valve is a complex structure, and a comprehensive understanding of the anatomy of the ...
Mylotte Darren D Department of Interventional Cardiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada Department of Cardiology, Galway University Hospital, Galway, - - 2014
A comprehensive description of transcatheter heart valve (THV) failure has not been performed. We undertook a systematic review to investigate the aetiology, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of THV failure. The systematic review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines using EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Scopus. Between December 2002 and March ...
Huang C C Department of Rheumatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Key Laboratory of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Ministry of Education, Beijing, - - 2014
A 35-year-old female patient was diagnosed with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) by right heart catheterization (RHC) in the 3rd month of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) duration with high disease activity. Through methylprednisolone pulse therapy, she got total recovery from PAH proven by repeat catheterization and follow-ups. This is the first ...
Abou Zahr Riad R Department of Pediatrics, section of Pediatric Cardiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Trans-catheter balloon angioplasty is a well-established treatment modality for pulmonary artery stenosis in children with congenital heart disease. We report a case of an unusual complication where a fistula developed between the left pulmonary artery and the left atrium during balloon angioplasty in a patient with history of tetralogy of ...
Loukas Marios M Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, Grenada, West Indies; Department of Anatomy, Varmia and Mazuria Medical School, Olsztyn, - - 2014
Coronary arteries have been extensively described and recognized by gross anatomic studies. However, in the clinical setting, the recognition of the conal artery is essential during coronary angiography, as well as certain congenital heart conditions such as tetralogy of Fallot. In order to provide a complete anatomic and physiologic correlation ...
Morsi Yosry S YS Biomechanics and Tissue Engineering Group, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne - - - 2014
The occurrence of dysfunctional aortic valves is increasing every year, and current replacement heart valves, although having been shown to be clinically successful, are only short-term solutions and suffer from many agonizing long-term drawbacks. The tissue engineering of heart valves is recognized as one of the most promising answers for ...
Tanemoto Kazuo K Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki City, Okayama, 701-0192, Japan, - - 2014
For successful repeated valve replacement surgery, it is essential issue that the preoperative evaluation includes an assessment of the previous operation record, computed tomography (CT: including 3D-CT), ultrasound cardiography, coronary artery angiography, and so on. Although it is especially needed for repeated valve replacement surgery, setting up of the external defibrillation ...
D'Alto Michele M Department of Cardiology, Second University of Naples - Monaldi Hospital, Naples, - - 2014
Echocardiography is a key screening tool in the diagnostic algorithm of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). It provides an estimate of right ventricular function and pulmonary artery pressure, either at rest or during exercise, and is useful in ruling out secondary causes of pulmonary hypertension (PH) such as left heart disease ...
Godinho Ana Rita AR Serviço de Cardiologia, Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The authors present the case of a 68-year-old man with predominantly right heart failure in the context of severe aortic stenosis associated with pulmonary hypertension. Anemia was diagnosed which, after endoscopic study, was considered to be secondary to angiodysplasia and a diagnosis of Heyde syndrome was made. After valve replacement ...
Yerebakan Can C Pediatric Heart Center Giessen, Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, - - 2014
This article presents the long-term results of our patients with a diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), hypoplastic left heart complex (HLHC), and variants who received a biventricular repair following hybrid stage I with ductal stenting and bilateral pulmonary artery banding. Between June 1998 and June 2013, a total ...
Li Yang Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2014
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and ACE2 are key regulators of the renin-angiotensin system, which has been shown to participate in a series of cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that dysregulated gene expression of ACE and ACE2 contribute to the formation of thoracic aortic dissection and aneurysm. We assessed ACE plasma concentration in ...
Keyte Anna L AL Brumley Neonatal Perinatal Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, North - - 2014
The cardiac neural crest cells (CNCCs) have played an important role in the evolution and development of the vertebrate cardiovascular system: from reinforcement of the developing aortic arch arteries early in vertebrate evolution, to later orchestration of aortic arch artery remodeling into the great arteries of the heart, and finally ...
Cozzi Corin T CT 1Division of Neonatology,Nationwide Children's Hospital,Columbus,Ohio,United States of - - 2014
Background: Altered mesenteric perfusion may be a contributor to the development of necrotising enterocolitis in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The goal of this study was to document mesenteric flow patterns in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome pre- and post-hybrid procedure. Methods: A prospective study on all patients ...
Ruttkay Tamas T Department of Cardiac Surgery, Sana Cardiac Surgery Stuttgart GmbH, Stuttgart, - - 2014
Background An increasing number of experimental beating heart animal studies describe simple transapical mitral valve repairs based on the direct endoscopic visualization of the left ventricle. The aim of our human cadaveric study was to develop a method for more complex transapical endoscopic procedures by on-pump heart operations. Materials and Methods After ...
Serio Paola P Respiratory Endoscopy Unit, Department of Paediatric Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Meyer Children Hospital, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly in which left coronary artery arises from the pulmonary artery resulting in progressive myocardial ischemia and dysfunction of the left ventricle. We report a case of ALCAPA with severe cardiac and respiratory failure and huge heart dilation ...
Berthelot E E Department of cardiology, Bicetre Hospital, AP-HP, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, - - 2014
Coupled arterial and left ventricular properties are poorly documented in acute heart failure. The aim of this prospective non invasive study was to document early changes in ventricular-arterial coupling in patients with acutely decompensated HF (ADHF). We studied 19 patients hospitalized for ADHF (age 62±15 years, NYHA class 3 or ...
Emren Zeynep - - 2014
ObjectivesThe aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the prevalence of concurrent coronary artery disease in patients who underwent surgery due to severe valvular heart disease. The study also investigated the association of coronary artery disease with the type of valvular heart disease.Materials and methodsA total of 241 ...
Mackman Chad A CA Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA, - - 2014
Cor triatriatum dexter is a rare congenital heart defect that can lead to cyanosis in a newborn with an otherwise normal exam. The initial evaluation of these patients typically focuses on searching for a pulmonary etiology for arterial desaturation, which often leads to a negative work up. When cardiac evaluation ...
Guo Xiaojuan X Department of Radiology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. - - 2014
We aimed to determine the correlation between flow characteristics of the proximal pulmonary arteries and vena cava obtained by 3.0 T phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and hemodynamic characteristics by right heart catheterization in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Twenty consecutive patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and 20 ...
Dai Jian J Department of Cardiology, Shu Guang Hospital Bao Shan Branch, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
A single coronary artery (SCA) arising from the sinus of Valsalva and supplying the entire heart is a rare congenital anomaly. According to the modified Lipton's classification, R-1 is by far the most rare subtype of SCA, with an incidence of 0.0008% in patients undergoing coronary angiography. We present a ...
Noorani Alia A Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is an accepted and established alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement for patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis and multiple comorbidities that would make open surgery a high-risk option. It has also evolved as a suitable treatment option for degenerative surgical heart valve disease, with ...
Liao Ying Y Department of Cardiology, Longyan First Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Longyan 364000, - - 2014
A 22-year-old young man with a history of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) was admitted to our hospital due to difficult-to-control heart failure. A thoracic X-ray showed multiple nodules at the both pulmonary hilus and upper lobe of the right lung. Computed tomography (CT) angiography of the thorax confirmed arteriovenous malformation ...
Moon Sung Woo SW Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has shown favorable outcomes in patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis who are at high surgical risk or are unsuitable candidates for open heart surgery. However, concerns exist over treating patients who have previously undergone mitral valve surgery due to the potential interference between ...
Mohanan Sandeep S Senior Resident, Department of Cardiology, Calicut Government Medical College, Kerala, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
A patient presented with chest pain and clinical features of acute right heart failure. Initial work up revealed the presence of severe PAH. Acute pulmonary embolism is the commonest and most life-threatening cause for acute cor pulmonale. Even though the clinical picture suggested pulmonary embolism, a subtle sign was missed ...
Kato Takayoshi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Gifu Heart Center, Gifu, Japan - - 2014
Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is an uncommon entity and especially rare when it dissects into the intraventricular septum. This uncommon clinical manifestation often takes a drastic clinical course with life-threatening arrhythmia, coronary ischemia, rupture, and heart failure. We present the case of a 36-year-old man with an aneurysm ...
Filsoof David M - - 2014
Bioprosthetic heart valves can degenerate and fail over time. Repeat surgery as a means of replacement increases morbidity and mortality rates, and some patients are not candidates for reoperation. A newer treatment, percutaneous transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation, might delay or substitute for invasive procedures. We present the case of a 51-year-old ...
Kang Young Ran YR Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, - - 2014
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a systemic disorder associated with various extrarenal complications. The major cardiovascular complications of ADPKD include valvulopathies and vascular ectasia. A 64-year-old man who was diagnosed with ADPKD seven years previously was admitted to our hospital for heart failure. Pelvic computed tomography revealed multiple ...
Furutachi Akira A Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, National Hospital Organization Ureshino Medical Center, Saga, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) often have severe ischemic heart disease. The determination of which condition to treat first is based on disease severity, but in some cases the conditions are equally severe. A 78-year-old woman received a diagnosis of a 59-mm TAAA and coronary artery stenosis. We performed ...
Pishgoo Bahram B Associate Professor, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, School of Medicine AND Cardiovascular Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) at childhood is one of the five major and frequent congenital abnormalities, but it can be rarely seen in adults. Pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) and other presentations such as heart failure and edema are the identified complications of longstanding PDA, but adult case with no permanent heart ...
Gibyeli Genek Dilek D Department of Nephrology, Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Izmir, - - 2014
Primary failure, early thrombosis, and inadequate maturation are the main complications encountered in arteriovenous fistulas. Doppler ultrasonographic assessment of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) is currently used for the early diagnosis of atherosclerosis. Clinical experience in the use of FMD for preoperative assessment of vasculature is rather limited; therefore, we sought to ...
Watanabe Taiju T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519, - - 2014
Mitral valve repair is the preferred surgical treatment for mitral regurgitation. Cardiac surgeons must increasingly pursue high-quality mitral valve repair, which ensures excellent long-term outcomes. Intraoperative assessment of a competency of the repaired mitral valve before closure of the atrium is an important step in accomplishing successful mitral valve repair. ...
Hata Toshiyuki T Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, Kagawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Miki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The investigators present their experience with normal fetal cardiac structures and congenital heart anomalies reconstructed using 4-dimensional color Doppler with glass-body rendering mode and spatiotemporal image correlation. Two normal fetuses and 6 fetuses with congenital heart anomalies (1 case each of ventricular septal defect, Ebstein's anomaly, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, and ductus ...
Pellegrino Vincent V aDepartment of Intensive Care and Hyperbaric Medicine, The Alfred Hospital bDivision of Clinical Sciences and Department of Surgery, Central Clinical School, Monash University cSchool of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University dAustralian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Research Centre, Melbourne, - - 2014
To examine the utility and technical challenges of applying veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute cardiovascular failure in adults with acute and chronic causes of heart failure. The role of mechanical circulatory support in acute cardiovascular continues to evolve as technology and clinical experience develop. There is increasing interest in ...
Lam John C JC John C Lam, Michael Giuffre, Kimberley A Myers, Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta T3B 6A8, - - 2014
Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is most commonly diagnosed within the first year of life with congestive heart failure symptomatology reflecting left ventricle (LV) dysfunction. The late diagnosis of ALCAPA is presented in a 5-year-old without significant LV dysfunction, mild LV dilatation and only mild mitral ...
Matsushita Kunihiro K Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; - - 2014
Whether inclusion of the coronary artery calcium score improves cardiovascular risk prediction in individuals with CKD, a population with unique calcium-phosphate homeostasis, is unknown. Among 6553 participants ages 45-84 years without prior cardiovascular disease in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, coronary artery calcium score was assessed for cardiovascular risk prediction ...
Nagaoka Ryo R Department of Biomedical Imaging, Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aramaki Aza Aoba, Aobaku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulse-wave velocity (PWV) is an important index for diagnosing cardiovascular diseases. The pulse wave is volumetric change induced by heartbeat or inflowing blood, and significantly depends on the propagating path and stiffness of the artery. In this study, PWV of the propagating wave was visualized using spatial compound imaging with ...
Yukawa Satomi S Osaka City Public Health Office, Abeno-ku, Osaka, - - 2014
A 36-year-old man presented with acute cerebral infarction in the right frontal lobe associated with right internal carotid artery dissection (CAD). Enhanced computed tomography revealed right greater horn of the hyoid bone in close proximity to the right internal carotid artery (ICA). It was speculated that mechanical compression of the ...
Derk Gwendolyn G Ahmanson/UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, UCLA Division of Cardiology, United States; UCLA Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Currently available ventricular assist devices are designed primarily for use in patients with left sided heart failure. This study evaluated the efficacy of the Jarvik 2000 ventricular assist device (VAD) as a pulmonary pump to power a Fontan circuit in a large animal model. Without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, ...
Forbang Nketi I NI Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hispanic Americans (HA) are a significant and increasing segment of the population who must be considered in future health planning. HA, compared to European Americans (EA), have a lower prevalence of coronary artery disease, but higher burden of cardiovascular disease risk factors. It remains unclear if this observation termed the ...
Lee Chee-Hoon CH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of - - 2014
Retroesophageal aortic arch, in which the aortic arch crosses the midline behind the esophagus to the contralateral side, is a rare form of vascular anomaly. The complete form may cause symptoms by compressing the esophagus or the trachea and need a surgical intervention. We report a rare case of a ...
Baig Shoukat Ali - - 2014
Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is characterised by arousal of the aorta and the pulmonary vessel from the right ventricle, and is always accompanied by a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Our patient, a twenty days-old female child, presented to the Paediatrics Unit I of Civil Hospital, Karachi, with complaints of ...
Ryu C-W CW From the Departments of Radiology (C.-W.R., G.-H.J.) and Neurosurgery (H.S.S.), Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. - - 2014
High-resolution MR imaging can depict intracranial arterial atherosclerotic plaques. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between the degree of enhancement of MCA plaques on contrast-enhanced high-resolution MR imaging and ischemic stroke and stenosis severity. This study enrolled 36 patients diagnosed with moderate-to-severe atherosclerotic MCA stenosis. A contrast-enhanced T1-weighted volume ...
Boddu S R SR From the Departments of Radiology and Imaging Sciences (S.R.B., F.C.T., S.D., J.E.D., A.M.S.) and Neurological Surgery (F.C.T., J.E.D.), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. - - 2014
Endovascular reconstruction and flow diversion by using the Pipeline Embolization Device is an effective treatment for complex cerebral aneurysms. Accurate noninvasive alternatives to DSA for follow-up after Pipeline Embolization Device treatment are desirable. This study evaluated the accuracy of contrast-enhanced time-resolved MRA for this purpose, hypothesizing that contrast-enhanced time-resolved MRA ...
Ajami Gholamhossein - - 2014
Endothelin-1 is a potent endogenous vasoconstrictor and an important remodeling factor in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Bosentan, a nonselective and active dual endothelin receptor antagonist, is used as a vasodilator in treatment of such patients. This study aimed to evaluate acute response to a single oral dose ...
Patel Bhavin - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a group of disorders characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance leading to right heart failure and premature death. We present an unusual case of PAH diagnosed initially as Idiopathic PAH (IPAH) after secondary causes were excluded which was successfully managed for a ...
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