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Shimamura Yoshiei - - 2012
We report an unusual case of intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia 2 years after coronary artery bypass surgery with the right gastroepiploic artery. Herniation through the orifice created for the right gastroepiploic artery caused small bowel strangulation and secondary volvulus requiring extensive small bowel resection due to acute mesenteric ischemia. This case highlights ...
Nakamura Hiromasa - - 2012
Pulmonary artery aneurysms are rare and often arise in the left main trunk. Because they are uncommon, standardized treatment and clinical management are not clearly established. We present the case of a pulmonary artery aneurysm arising intraparenchymally and its surgical reconstruction using autologous pericardium. In terms of preserving pulmonary function, ...
Jacques Frederic - - 2012
We report 4 cases of left main coronary artery (LMCA) compression after remote repair of conotruncal lesions and their successful surgical management.
Lee Sang Yeub - - 2012
Hydrophilic guide wire-related renal artery perforation (RAP) and subsequent retroperitoneal hemorrhage (RPH) during coronary angiography (CAG) is very rare. We present the case of a 68-year-old woman who suffered accidental hydrophilic 0.035-inch guide wire piercing-related RAP and RPH during CAG and coronary intervention. This RAP was diagnosed by bedside ultrasonography ...
Okada Kenji - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The effect of an atherothrombotic aorta on the short- and long-term outcomes of total aortic arch replacement, including postoperative neurologic deficits, remains unknown. We evaluated this relationship and also elucidated the synergistic effect of multiple other risk factors, in addition to an atherothrombotic aorta, on the neurologic outcome. METHODS: ...
Egan K R - - 2012
We describe an infant with D-transposition of the great arteries with an intact ventricular septum who developed coarctation of the aorta 13 days after arterial switch operation. A mildly hypoplastic aortic isthmus was present on echocardiogram at the time of the arterial switch operation, but there was no echocardiographic or clinical ...
Saba Luca - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potentialities of a semi-automated technique in the detection and measurement of the carotid artery plaque. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive patients (18 males, 4 females; mean age 62 years) examined with MDCTA from January 2011 to March 2011 were included in this retrospective ...
Khurana Jasjit - - 2012
Splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) is the most common (60%) of all visceral artery aneurysms. The majority of these cases are asymptomatic, but the presentation of their rupture can vary from abdominal/chest pain to cardiovascular collapse (Sadat U, Dar O, Walsh S, Varty K. Splenic artery aneurysms in pregnancy-a systematic review. ...
Panaro Fabrizio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) represents the most common vascular complication occurring after liver transplantation (LT). Herein, we report the results of a prospective study of hepatic artery flow (HAF) measurement during abdominal wall closure after LT along with the results of an international survey of procedures adopted, in order ...
Bottorff Bryan - - 2012
Vascular ring anomalies (VRA) are relatively uncommon cardiovascular disorders in canine patients. The most common VRA is a persistent right aortic arch (PRAA) with a left ligamentum arteriosum, however various other vascular anomalies resulting in tracheoesophageal compression have also been reported. We report a case of a dog with a ...
Matchkov Vladimir V - - 2012
The specific role of different isoforms of the Na,K-pump in the vascular wall is still under debate. We have previously suggested that the α2 isoform of the Na,K-pump (α2), NCX and connexin43 form a regulatory microdomain in smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which controls intercellular communication and contractile properties of the ...
Benyakorn Thoetphum - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that there was a correlation between low ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) and the presence of the coronary artery disease (CAD). However, few studies have investigated the correlation between ABPI and the severity of CAD by using a scoring system. The authors aimed to investigate this ...
Teo Mario - - 2012
A 53-year-old hypertensive female smoker presented with a WFNS grade II subarachnoid haemorrhage. Angiography showed a left persistent hypoglossal artery with multiple intracranial aneurysms. She underwent successful coil embolisation of the ruptured aneurysm. We reviewed the literature on persistent hypoglossal artery and found 26% of them have associated intracranial aneurysms. ...
Mangukia Chirantan V - - 2012
Although coronary arterial fistula is rare, it is one of the most common among the coronary artery anomalies. Coronary arterial fistula most commonly affects the right side of the heart. It may occur isolated or along with congenital heart diseases. Angiography remains the best investigation for diagnosing the disease. Unless ...
Kim Joon Bum - - 2012
The aim of the study was to determine the risk factors for descending aortic aneurysmal changes following surgery for acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection. A total of 129 patients who underwent surgery for acute type I aortic dissection between 2000 and 2010 were evaluated by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) ...
Morimoto Hironobu - - 2012
Single coronary artery (SCA) in the absence of other major congenital cardiovascular anomalies is rare. We report an extremely rare case of acute aortic dissection in an octogenarian who had a single left coronary artery with the right coronary artery originating from the distal circumflex. A single ostium was incidentally ...
Croccia Maria Grazia - - 2012
Endovascular stent-graft repair is emerging as the treatment of choice for complicated type B aortic dissection. In this report we describe a patient who presented with type B aortic dissection involving a right-sided aortic arch (RAA), a rare congenital vascular anomaly. The initial aggressive medical treatment proved unsuccessful due to ...
Smolock Christopher J - - 2012
Sclerosing mediastinitis is a rare, progressive condition characterized by extensive fibrotic reaction. We report the first known case of symptomatic, extrinsic compression of the carotid artery by fibrotic extension of sclerosing mediastinitis. A 54-year-old woman began experiencing neurologic symptoms from extension of a known mediastinal mass resulting in 70% to ...
Li Jing - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relation between biomechanical properties of the proper hepatic artery and sex in pigs and humans to provide the theoretical basis for selecting suitable donor in pig-to-human liver xenotransplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proper hepatic arteries of 32 Chinese Hubei white pigs (8 males, 8 females, ...
Darsaut T E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:FDs are new intracranial stents designed to occlude aneurysms while preserving flow to jailed arterial branches. We tested this fundamental principle in a new aneurysm model.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Canine lateral wall aneurysms, featuring a branch located immediately opposite the aneurysm, were created in 16 animals to study the effects ...
Chen Zhengyong - - 2012
To demonstrate the potential usefulness of radial arterial line monitoring in detection of brachial plexus injury in spinal surgery. Multiple neuromonitoring modalities including SEPs, MEPs and EMG were performed for a posterior thoracicolumbar surgery. Radial arterial line (A-line) was placed on the right wrist for arterial blood pressure monitoring. Reliable ...
Meakin James A - - 2012
Velocity-selective (VS) arterial spin labeling is a promising method for measuring perfusion in areas of slow or collateral flow by eliminating the bolus arrival delay associated with other spin labeling techniques. However, B(0) and B(1) inhomogeneities and eddy currents during the VS preparation hinder accurate quantification of perfusion with VS ...
Saba L - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Previous articles have demonstrated that carotid artery plaques may have enhancement after administration of contrast material. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of enhancement in carotid artery classification.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Three hundred eighty consecutive patients (235 men, 145 women; median age 64, age range 32-87 ...
Coleman Dawn M - - 2012
Developmental coarctation, hypoplasia, and occlusion of the abdominal aorta is a rare disease encompassing many differing etiologies and diverse methods of treatment. Long segment thoracoabdominal aortic occlusion, an extreme manifestation of this disorder, has not previously been reported in children. Two pediatric patients with this entity, a 5- and 13-year-old ...
Mukherjee Dayal - - 2012
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the right internal thoracic artery (RITA) provides a superior outcome for revascularization of the right coronary artery (RCA) compared with the saphenous vein graft (SVG). Using a designated search strategy, 226 articles were found, ...
Osiro Stephen S Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, St. George's University, Grenada, West - - 2012
Lungs receive the bulk of their blood supply through the pulmonary arteries. The bronchial arteries, on the other hand, vascularize the bronchi and their surroundings. These two arteries anastomose near the alveolar ducts. Contrary to the pulmonary circulation which is fairly well studied, the bronchial arteries have been appreciated more ...
Schriefl A J AJ Institute of Biomechanics, Center of Biomedical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Graz, - - 2012
Fibrillar collagen endows the normal aortic wall with significant stiffness and strength and similarly plays important roles in many disease processes. For example, because of the marked loss of elastic fibers and functional smooth cells in aortic aneurysms, collagen plays a particularly important role in controlling the dilatation of these ...
Patel Tejas - - 2012
Angiography and intervention of a LIMA (left internal mammary artery) graft cannot be performed easily while working through right transradial approach (TRA), because of complexity in anatomical relations of right and left subclavian arteries with arch of aorta. We demonstrate two simple and innovative techniques for the same using right ...
Schiavon Marco - - 2012
An anomalous pulmonary vein anatomy could represent a challenge for the thoracic surgeon. In these cases, the incidence of complications during lung surgery is increased, especially the need to perform a pneumonectomy due to a wrong section of the vascular elements. All attempts to reduce this risk must be undertaken, ...
Nasser Maher - - 2012
Diastolic segmental compression of a native coronary artery is an uncommon cause of chest pain. Here we describe a 24-year-old woman with constrictive pericarditis who had retrosternal chest pain, progressive dyspnea, tachycardia, and bilateral leg edema. She was diagnosed with compression of the first and second obtuse marginal branches of ...
Low K W - - 2012
We report a 38-year-old man with previous Kawasaki disease who presented with exertional dyspnoea and was found to have multivessel coronary aneurysm and stenoses on coronary angiography. Coronary artery bypass surgery was subsequently performed. This case highlights the angiographic and intravascular ultrasonographic imaging features of this relatively uncommon condition presenting ...
Babaev Anvar - - 2012
To report a technique for endovascular treatment of pudendal artery stenoses in medically refractory erectile dysfunction. Three men with known peripheral arterial disease and erectile dysfunction that was non-responsive to treatment with phosphodiesterase inhibitors underwent angiography and stent placement of the pudendal artery. Stent placement was performed using standard endovascular ...
Soylu Korhan - - 2012
Abstract  Woven coronary artery is characterized by the twisting course of multiple thin channels along the vessel in any coronary artery with a TIMI-III blood flow. It is an extremely rare coronary anomaly, which is generally considered to be benign. We present a 48-year-old male patient with a woven coronary ...
Jae Sae Young - - 2012
We tested the hypothesis that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness are inversely associated with carotid artery intima media thickness in 746 (age 53 ± 7 yrs) men with type 2 diabetes. We measured common carotid intima media thickness and defined carotid atherosclerosis as a carotid intima media thickness > 1.0 ...
Avirmed A - - 2012
Knowledge of morphometric quantities of coronary arteries in infants is an increasingly vital component in managing congenital and acquired heart disease. Because of considerable heterogeneity of coronary vasculature, what is considered atypical and aberrant or insignificant anatomy is often unclear. The purpose of our present study is to define normal ...
Lorchirachoonkul T - - 2012
Introduction: Complications occur in over 15% of central venous cannulations, often a result of anatomical variations. This study aimed to determine the anatomical variations of the internal jugular vein (IJV), demonstrate the likely success of cannulation and assess the risk of carotid artery (CA) injury when catheterising the IJV using ...
Bonatti Johannes - - 2012
Multivessel robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting is currently under development. Quadruple totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass has so far not been reported. A 75-year-old patient with multivessel coronary artery disease underwent daVinci Si-assisted completely endoscopic placement of a left internal mammary artery bypass to the left anterior descending ...
Gupta Amit - - 2012
Coronary artery fistula is a rare condition where a fistulous communication exists between the coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or vein. Mostly they are of congenital origin, but rarely may be acquired due to trauma, post cardiac surgery or angioplasty, or very rarely, because of coronary aneurysm rupture. Ours ...
Aikoye A A - - 2012
Objective pulsatile tinnitus is a rare condition with an often dramatic presentation. We present the case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with over two years' history of unilateral distressing objective pulsatile tinnitus. Carotid arteriography revealed a highly tortuous internal carotid artery. Computed tomography of the ipsilateral temporal bones showed ...
Zander Tobias - - 2012
This report describes the use of transcollateral retrograde revascularization in two patients after failed recanalization of the tibioperoneal trunk in one and superficial femoral artery occlusion in the other. Retrograde recanalization was successfully achieved via a distal branch of the profunda femoris artery in the first case and a medial ...
Hatemi A C - - 2012
A routine pre-operative chest X-ray of a patient admitted to our institution for an elective coronary artery bypass operation revealed a mildly dilated mediastinal silhouette, which led the cardiovascular surgery resident to schedule emergency transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), with a special note asking for detailed evaluation of the ascending aorta and ...
Goda Motohiko - - 2012
Pulmonary artery aneurysms are rare. We describe 2 adult patients with pulmonary artery aneurysm with normal pulmonary pressure associated with bicuspid pulmonary valve and atrial septal defect. One patient presented with moderate pulmonary valve stenosis and was treated with open surgery; the other patient had a small atrial septal defect ...
Debonnaire G - - 2012
Non-aneurysmatic aberrant right subclavian artery is a rare cause of dysphagia. We report a case of a 65-year-old female patient having a symptomatic lusorian artery. We reviewed literature as for indications and operative techniques for type I lusorian arteries. Different types of surgical approaches have been reported but there is ...
Joshi Deepak - - 2012
We compared findings from intraoperative live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) and two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2DTEE) with surgery in 67 patients having aortic aneurysm and/or aortic dissection. Of these, 20 patients had aortic aneurysm without dissection, 21 aortic aneurysm and dissection, and 26 aortic dissection without aneurysm. 3DTEE diagnosed the ...
Finsterer J - - 2012
Whether arteries are affected in mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) was under debate for years but meanwhile there are strong indications that large and small arteries are primarily or secondarily affected in MIDs. When reviewing the literature for appropriate studies it turned out that vascular involvement in MIDs includes primary or secondary ...
Malyar Nasser M - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become an increasingly used alternative to conventional surgical valve replacement in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) and high operative risk. We here describe a case of a TAVI performed in local anesthesia causing intraprocedural thromboembolic occlusion of non-stenotic crural arteries and its ...
Garaliene Vida - - 2012
Background: The goal of this study was to investigate the modulation of the contraction-relaxation effects in isolated human thoracic artery samples of three calcium-channel antagonists, amlodipine (CAS [88150-42-9]), cerebrocrast (CAS [118790-71-9]) and diltiazem (CAS [42399-41-7]), and two calcium-channel agonists, CGP 28392 (CAS [89289-93-0]) and benzimidazole derivative. To estimate the endothelial ...
Herrera Marissa - - 2012
A patient with history of coronary bypass surgery was admitted with chest discomfort and noted to have decreased left arm blood pressure. She was found to have severe subclavian artery stenosis causing coronary-subclavian steal syndrome. Subclavian stenting led to resolution of symptoms and normalization of blood pressure.
Acikel Sadik - - 2012
A single left coronary artery is an extremely rare congenital anomaly that is commonly associated with other congenital cardiac malformations. We present a case involving a single left coronary artery and coronary sinus anomaly demonstrated on coronary angiography and multidetector computed-tomography angiography. To the best of our knowledge, this rare ...
Marshall Lachlan - - 2012
A 28-year-old male presenting with a hypertensive crisis was found to have synchronous right atrial and retrocaval masses. Serum normetadrenaline was elevated in keeping with functional paragangliomas. After preoperative optimization both masses were successfully excised, including a saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery. Serum catecholamines returned to the ...
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