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Chang Yun Hee - - 2012
Airway compression by dilated right pulmonary artery (RPA) in infants with congenital heart disease can cause severe respiratory insufficiency and increase postoperative morbidity. Anterior aortopexy can be a good solution. However, in a case in which aortic arch repair is required, anterior aortopexy might not be effective or can be ...
Sarkar A - - 2012
Introduction: The superficial and deep palmar arterial arches are the main sources of blood supply to all structures in the human hand, and variations in these arterial arches are quite common. Although several studies have reported diameters and variations of these arches, to the authors' knowledge, no study has correlated ...
de Oliveira Denise Machado - - 2012
The anomalous origin of the right coronary artery is a common finding. With its origin in the left coronary sinus, the right coronary artery can have a route between the aorta and pulmonary artery trunk and can cause myocardial ischemia and sudden death. The anomalous origin of the artery and ...
Aburahma Ali F - - 2012
There is no specific duplex ultrasound (DUS) criteria for the diagnosis of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) stenosis. This study will define the optimal duplex velocity values with the best overall accuracy (OA) in detecting ≥50% stenosis of the IMAs. Eighty-five IMAs with both DUS and mesenteric arteriography were analyzed. Eighty-five ...
Akun E - - 2012
To evaluate the spectrum of liver transplantation-related vascular complications that occurred in a single center over the past 14 years. Vascular complications and their clinical outcomes were reviewed among 744 liver transplant recipients. All patients underwent Doppler ultrasound with findings correlated with conventional or computed tomography angiography (CTA) in 111 ...
Fisher Rebecca - - 2012
We report a rare finding of a pair of coronary artery anomalies noted on computed tomography coronary angiography in an asymptomatic 75-year-old woman. This patient had a single coronary artery that bifurcated into a left main coronary artery (with an unfavorable interarterial course) and a right coronary artery. This gave ...
Yang Chenzi - - 2012
Aberrant subclavian artery (ASA) is one of the most common congenital vascular anomalies of the aortic arch. The incidences of aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) and aberrant left subclavian artery (ALSA) are 0.4% to 2.3% and 0.05%, respectively. Approximately 60% of ARSA patients will have a Kommerell's diverticulum at the ...
Laurent Stephane - - 2012
Classical risk scores may underestimate the risk of cardiovascular events in specific risk groups suitable for early prevention, such as asymptomatic hypertensive subjects. Arterial stiffness and wave reflection are now well accepted as the most important determinants of increasing systolic and pulse pressures in aging societies, thus affording a major ...
Prakashini K - - 2012
Coronary artery anomalies are rare, and their incidence varies from 0.6% to 1.3%. Conventional angiography is a commonly used modality for the assessment of coronary artery anomalies, but it may not identify and define the anatomy of anomalous arteries due to the complexity of the course and three-dimensional orientation of ...
Abdulamit T - - 2012
Extend thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) involving arch vessels and the visceral arteries remains a challenging operation when affecting high risk patients (HRP). Recently, hybrid surgery has gained popularity for HRP. The conventional surgical repair is the gold standard for low risk patients with previous mortality from 6% to 15% in ...
Lai Edward Cs - - 2012
With the improvement of perioperative management over the years, pancreatico-duodenectomy has become a safe operation despite its technical complexity. The presence of concomitant visceral artery occlusion unrelated to the underlying malignancy and concomitant major venous infiltration by tumor poses additional hazards to resection which could compromise the postoperative outcome. A ...
Ventoruzzo Giorgio - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a tailored approach to fit access and engagement techniques to the individual arch anatomy in patients with bovine-type aortic arch (BTAA) to overcome the perceived increased risk of technical failure and cerebral embolization during left internal carotid artery (LICA) stenting. Methods: ...
Jiang Li - - 2012
The drugs that are currently used to treat pulmonary hypertension (PH) lack the ability to inhibit or reverse the pulmonary vascular remodeling that occurs during the course of the disease. We propose a novel method that combines the therapeutic powers of the potassium channel opener pinacidil and the statin drug ...
Kluess H A - - 2012
This study examined factors contributing to increased vascular resistance and plexiform lesion formation in broiler chickens susceptible to idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). A diet supplemented with excess tryptophan (high-Trp diet), the precursor for serotonin, was used to accelerate the development of IPAH. Broilers fed the high-Trp diet had higher ...
Ishikawa Noboru - - 2012
The elephant trunk technique is a well-established procedure, but aortic wall injury or aneurysmal rupture may occur if the graft is forcibly pushed to insert it into the distal aorta. We have developed simple and safe insertion technique using a syringe.
Sun Hongtao - - 2012
We describe a case of acute type B dissection associated with coarctation of the aorta. An intimal tear was located just distal to the coarctation. Aortic dilatation started below the coarctation and extended to the level of the diaphragm. We performed descending aorta replacement from the distal aortic arch to ...
Lin Y-Y - - 2012
Objective:We report an extremely rare case of an aberrant internal carotid artery in the middle ear, together with a dehiscent high jugular bulb, a combination never previously reported.Methods:Case report with a review of the literature.Results:A 24-year-old man presented with a five-year history of aural fullness, pulsatile tinnitus and mild hearing ...
Defillo A - - 2012
Pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare complication following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Arterial pseudoaneurysms lack all three layers of the arterial wall that include the intima, media and adventitia. Pseudoaneurysms are most commonly seen after injuries to the artery in the form of blunt trauma and puncture, and are less common after ...
Alessandri N - - 2012
Myocardial Bridging (MB) is defined as a segment of a major epicardial coronary artery, the "tunnelled artery", that goes intramurally through the myocardium beneath the muscle bridge. A 69-year-old male patient with a story of arterial hypertension and dyslipidemia in treatment with converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), antiplatelet therapy and HMG-CoA ...
Setacci Carlo - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with carotid stenosis undergoing carotid artery stenting (CAS). Methods: In a prospective study, 25 consecutive patients (15 men; mean age 74±4 years) undergoing protected CAS were enrolled and underwent high-definition (homoaxial resolution 10 µm) OCT image acquisition ...
Manzara Carla - - 2012
Idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary artery (IDPA) is an uncommon anomaly occurring in 0.6% of patients with congenital heart disease. IDPA is characterized by the enlargement of the main pulmonary artery with or without dilatation of the right and left pulmonary arteries. We describe 2D and Real-Time 3D Echocardiography findings ...
Marrocco-Trischitta M M - - 2012
Occlusion of the infrarenal aorta (IAO) represents from 3% to 8.5% of aortoiliac occlusive diseases, and is a variant of TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) Type D lesions. Two different patterns of IAO can be identified: Distal and proximal, or iuxtarenal. The former typically spares the origin of the inferior mesenteric ...
Kaya A - - 2012
The corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly characterised by atrio-ventricular and ventriculo-arterial discordance and is related to the largest incidence of cardiological complications. We report on a 40-year-old woman with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, situs inversus, atrial septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, ...
Avital S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Doppler ultrasonography enables accurate identification of the terminal branches of the superior rectal artery prior to hemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL). However, since the positions of these branches have been found to be relatively constant, the question arises as to the necessity of ultrasonography for their identification. The aim of ...
Kappert Utz - - 2012
We report the case of a 74-year-old man with a large aneurysm (60 mm) of the descending thoracic aorta. Because of severe calcification and kinking of the iliac vessels, the expected access-related complication during the endovascular repair urged us to search for an alternative strategy. Having good experience with transcatheter ...
Tirilomis Theodor - - 2012
Venous anomalies involving the inferior vena cava are very rare. The case of a 74-year-old man with coronary artery disease is presented. Interestingly, a double inferior vena cava was incidentally discovered during coronary artery bypass grafting. Persistence of the left hepatic segment vein appeared as a left inferior vena cava-a ...
Ergenoglu Mehmet U - - 2012
We report the case of an adult referred to our center with an initial diagnosis of stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA). A preoperative investigation disclosed an atrial septal defect (ASD) with pulmonary artery hypertension. The angiographic studies confirmed the diagnosis and showed external compression of the LMCA ...
Verhoeven Eric L - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To present our initial experience treating post-dissection thoracoabdominal aneurysms with fenestrated and branched grafts. Methods: Six patients (all men; mean age 62 years, range 44-71) with post-dissection thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms were selected for treatment with fenestrated and branched grafts. All patients were initially treated with open surgery or endovascular ...
Hayashi Hironori - - 2012
The most serious, life-threatening complication after living-donor liver transplant is a hepatic arterial thrombosis. Although possible therapies for acute hepatic arterial thrombosis include revascularization to salvage the graft, or retransplant, these may be difficult to perform owing to technical aspects and donor shortages. Previously, we reported the usefulness of partial ...
d'Udekem Yves - - 2012
A 9-month-old infant presented with transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum. His left ventricle was thin and deconditioned. He underwent an arterial switch operation and was electively supported with a left ventricular assist device for 8 days. He subsequently made a full recovery. Elective use of left ...
Menéndez Suso Juan José - - 2012
The association of pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease with nonketotic hyperglycinemia is rare. We describe 5 infants diagnosed with nonketotic hyperglycinemia, in whom pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease was the main presenting feature, and who developed severe pulmonary edema in response to pulmonary vasodilators.
Suh William M - - 2012
Transradial cardiac catheterization in patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery can be technically challenging. The presence of a left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft was previously considered a relative contraindication for a right radial procedure, but there are several reports demonstrating the feasibility and safety of LIMA angiography ...
Piazza Michele - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To describe modification of the Viabahn Padova Sutureless (ViPS) technique for challenging anastomosis between a prosthetic graft and a circumferentially calcified target artery. Technique: The technique is demonstrated in a 75-year-old man with complete superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusion and reconstitution of a circumferentially calcified above-knee popliteal artery. ...
Sung Won-Kyung - - 2012
Anomalous pulmonary venous return is an uncommon congenital malformation, and may be partial or total. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is more common than total anomalous pulmonary venous return, and is often associated with other congenital cardiac anomalies. Whilst many patients with PAPVR remain asymptomatic, some may present in ...
De Caluwe E - - 2012
We report a case of an 80-year-old female with dysphagia lusoria caused by oesophageal compression by a right-sided atheromatous aorta. The relationship between aortic root vascular anomalies and dysphagia has been clearly established in literature and can be diagnosed by a barium swallowing study, followed by CT or MRI. Aortic ...
Lundgren F - - 2012
Randomized studies evaluating the effect of a vein collar at the distal anastomosis of PTFE-grafts show conflicting results. The study of the Joint Vascular Research Group (JVRG) of UK found improved primary patency while the Scandinavian Miller Collar Study (SCAMICOS) found neither any effect on patency nor on limb salvage ...
Lioulias A - - 2012
Severe haemoptysis due to infective subclavian arteritis has, to our knowledge, never been documented. We report a case of subclavian arterial vasculitis that eroded into the left lung apex, causing a large intraparenchymal mycotic pseudoaneurysm. The patient presented with high fever and blood expectoration. An emergent left lateral thoracotomy was ...
Gavin Andrew R - - 2012
We report a case of vertebral artery dissection presenting 2 days after ICD implantation with defibrillation threshold testing in a 57-year-old man with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The association between vertebral artery dissection and neck trauma and the role of DFT testing in ICD implantation are discussed.
Levarge Barbara L - - 2012
Treprostinil is a prostacyclin derivative approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension by intravenous, subcutaneous and inhalational administration. Unlike its precursor epoprostenol, treprostinil is chemically stable at room temperature and neutral pH, and its plasma half-life is longer. In addition to promoting smooth muscle relaxation in the pulmonary vasculature, ...
Lu Jia-Kai - - 2012
For patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG), it is important to establish a hemodynamic monitoring system to obtain powerful parameters for better intraoperative treatment. This study aimed to observe the clinical feasibility of arterial pressure-based cardiac output (APCO) for cardiac output (CO) monitoring and to evaluate the correlation ...
Kamenskiy Alexey V - - 2012
Accurate characterization of carotid artery geometry is vital to our understanding of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Three-dimensional computer reconstructions based on medical imaging are now ubiquitous; however, mean carotid artery geometry has not yet been comprehensively characterized. The goal of this work was to build and study such geometry based ...
Guler A - - 2012
We present here the fourth patient in the literature, over the age of 50 years old, with an abnormal right coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery, who was successfully treated with surgery. Pre-operative computerised tomography (CT) angiography revealed an abnormal right coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery. The ...
Tada Norio - - 2012
Percutaneous transcatheter aortic valvuloplasty is seriously limited by high restenosis rates. We report a case where the use of a buddy-catheter technique during balloon inflation allowed increased focused force onto calcified stiff commissures with an increase in resultant valve area. This technique may result in further valve area enlargement and ...
Kazuno Kei - - 2012
A 69-year-old lady was discovered unconscious. Computed tomography showed pericardial effusion and a coronary artery aneurysm of 25 mm in diameter in front of the main pulmonary artery. Emergency surgery revealed a coronary-pulmonary artery fistula and coronary aneurysm surrounded by a large hematoma. The inflow and outflow of the fistula ...
Deo Salil - - 2012
Aortic valve replacement in the setting of critical aortic valve stenosis with cardiogenic shock is associated with high mortality, yet surgery is the only definitive treatment. We present the case of a patient with critical aortic valve stenosis and cardiogenic shock who received a short period of percutaneous mechanical support ...
Rha Seung-Woon - - 2012
Although the use of heterogeneous overlapping drug-eluting stents (DES) is not uncommon in clinical practice, whether the implantation sequences of heterogeneous DES will influence the endothelialization or arterial responses differently remains unclear. Twenty-one rabbits were randomized to receive overlapping stents in the iliac artery for 3 months {distal sirolimus-eluting stent ...
Gunduz Huseyin - - 2012
The incidence of multivessel coronary artery ectasias (CAEs) among patients undergoing coronary artery angiography is very rare. All three coronary vessels can be affected by CAE, but most patients have an isolated arterial ectasia, commonly the right coronary artery. In this report we present two cases with inferior myocardial infarction ...
Kim Kyoungsub - - 2012
The blood supply to the medulla oblongata is distinct from that of other areas of the brainstem, and thus the mechanism underlying medullary infarctions may be distinct. However, few studies have investigated this. Of 3833 stroke patients who were on the stroke registry between February 1999 and April 2008, those ...
Majidi Shahram - - 2012
Intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) has been shown as a valuable adjunct imaging tool during endovascular procedures but its value in detection of any recurrence during follow up after endovascular coil embolization of large and giant intracranial aneurysms is not reported. A 41 years old man who had been treated using stent ...
Chen Jian-Ling - - 2012
To investigate the role of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), Smad2/3 and Smad7 expressions in carotid artery remodeling in renovascular hypertensive rats, and also the therapeutic effect of Enalapril and Amlodipine. The renovascular hypertensive rat (RHR) models with "two-kidney and one-clip" were established, including model group (n = 6), sham-operated group ...
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