Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1336
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Yao Kunming - - 2005
A 40-year-old woman was involved in a traffic accident and was admitted to another hospital with a severe head injury with a Glasgow Coma Scale score 1 of 8. Skull radiographic film showed extensive temoralbasal fracture unilaterally. Two months later, she presented with left ophthalmoplegia and exophthalmos and with chemosis ...
Fracasso T - - 2006
A 31-year-old woman was found dead by her daughter, lying in the living room which showed a large pool of blood, secondary droplets and stains from arterial blood spatter, dropping and contact. This bloody scene and two puncture wounds at the anterior aspect of the neck, one of them transecting ...
Tulis D A - - 2005
Recent studies indicate that systemic induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which oxidatively degrades heme into iron, biliverdin, and carbon monoxide (CO), or adenoviral-mediated gene transfer of HO-1 inhibits neointima formation after experimental vascular injury. In the present study, we investigated whether the acute, local administration of the HO-1 product, CO, ...
Cyron Kristen - - 2005
A potentially serious consequence associated with blunt force trauma to the neck is an injury to the carotid artery. Initially the blunt carotid injury may be missed or it may be delayed in presentation; therefore one must have a heightened index of suspicion when considering the patient's mechanism of injury. ...
Miller-Thomas Michelle M - - 2005
Computed tomographic (CT) angiography is a reliable and convenient imaging modality for diagnosing arterial injuries after blunt and penetrating trauma to the extremities. It is a noninvasive modality that could replace conventional arteriography as the initial diagnostic study for arterial injuries after trauma to the extremities. The technique requires scanning ...
Yong R L - - 2005
Carotid and vertebral artery dissections from blunt cervical trauma are uncommon injuries that in recent years are becoming increasingly recognized as a result of angiographic screening protocols in trauma patients. Traumatic carotid cavernous fistulas are even less common events, but represent the most common intracranial vascular anomaly after head injury. ...
Bub Lawrence D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) has been widely considered the "gold standard" for diagnosing blunt cerebral vascular injury, but recent advances in multidetector computed tomographic angiography (CTA) may have led to improved accuracy compared with DSA. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who underwent CTA and DSA for suspected blunt ...
Lee Chi-Ho CH Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine and Medical Science Research Center, Korea University, Seoul, - - 2005
Some replanted fingers show occlusion of the anastomosed arteries, although they are successfully replanted and ultimately survive. They seem to be perfused by the soft-tissue vasculature and not by the anastomosed arteries. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the fate of microanastomosed digital arteries after successful replantation. The authors ...
Dorobisz A T - - 2005
Iatrogenic trauma of the carotid artery (CA) is a dangerous intraoperative complication, especially during oncological and endocrinological procedures. In these cases massive hemorrhage and severe neurological complications may occur. The outcome of reconstructive procedures is often fatal because of the long delay of surgery after the injuries occuring in non-vascular ...
Bloch K E - - 2005
A free running circadian rest-activity cycle is rare in sighted individuals living in a normal environment. Even more rare is a periodicity shorter than 24 hours, as observed in actigraphic recordings in a female patient during convalescence after a whiplash injury in a car accident. The documented free running period ...
Aksoy M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transcatheter arterial embolization (PTE) in lower extremity arterial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2000 to June 2004, patients who presented with a penetrating trauma of the lower limbs, along with bleeding and with no sign of ischemia or hemodynamic instability, ...
Lawlor D Kirk - - 2005
Endovascular surgery has recently been extended to the treatment of blunt traumatic aortic injuries. Since most of these injuries occur at the aortic isthmus, graft fixation in proximity to the origin of the left subclavian artery (LSA) has been a concern. Covering the LSA with graft fabric lengthens the proximal ...
Wang Dajun - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Previously we established that the vascular injury response was attenuated in ovariectomized wild-type rodents treated with 17beta-estradiol (E2). We also showed that the response to acute vascular injury in transgenic mice expressing human C-reactive protein (CRPtg) is exaggerated compared with their nontransgenic (NTG) counterparts. Herein we tested the hypothesis ...
Nakao Atsunori - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Autologous vein grafts and balloon angioplasty are still commonly used for arterial reconstructive procedures. Their success is limited by the development of intimal hyperplasia (IH). Biliverdin (BVD), one of the by-products of heme degradation, has been shown to have potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects. We hypothesized that BVD administration ...
Haddad Vidal V - - 2005
The authors report an injury caused by a spiny dogfish (Squalus sp) in a professional fisherman that was got hurt in the left hand for a spine in the dorsal fin of the fish and felt excruciating local pain for 6 h and manifested local edema and erythema. The sharks ...
Teruya Theodore H - - 2005
Abdominal aortic injuries are rarely encountered in blunt abdominal trauma. The traditional treatment of these injuries has been surgical exploration and repair. Endografts are commonly used in the repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We present a case of a blunt abdominal aortic injury treated successfully with a commercially available endograft. ...
Staller Brett - - 2005
Penetrating injuries with resultant trauma to the subclavian and axillary arteries have traditionally been evaluated with direct contrast angiography. Physical examination has a low sensitivity for detection of vascular injuries in stable patients and surgical exploration is challenging. With advancements in CT technology, a less invasive and more rapid approach ...
Brasselet Camille - - 2005
Constrictive remodeling after arterial injury is related to collagen accumulation. Cross-linking has been shown to induce a scar process in cutaneous wound healing and is increased after arterial injury. We therefore evaluated the effect of cross-linking inhibition on qualitative and quantitative changes in collagen, elastin, and arterial remodeling after balloon ...
Liu Peng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pathological characteristics of gunshot wounds concomitant seawater immersion in rabbits' femoral arteries. METHODS: Thirty rabbits were divided randomly into 3 groups: simple gunshot-wound group (Group I, n = 10), gunshot wound with seawater immersion for 30 mins (Group II, n = 10), and 60 mins group (Group ...
Mancini G B John - - 2005
PURPOSE: Pulmonary damage and fibrosis may be the result of diverse forms of injury and there is an association between pulmonary diseases and cardiovascular events. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, valsartan, on systemic, cellular, and fibrotic consequences ...
Liu Wen-Pin - - 2005
Blunt injury to the carotid artery is rare but may produce a devastating outcome with longterm morbidity. Initial recognition by clinicians is often difficult because of the diverse clinical manifestations, the delay in presentation of symptoms, and the associated multi-organ system injuries that accompany carotid injury. Early diagnosis and successful ...
Davidovic Lazar B - - 2005
We sought to analyze the early results of civil and war peripheral arterial injury treatment and to identify risk factors associated with limb loss. Between 1992 and 2001, data collected retrospectively and prospectively on 413 patients with 448 peripheral arterial injuries were analyzed. Of these, there were 140 patients with ...
Hadeed Josef G - - 2005
Bicycle handlebar-related blunt trauma to the femoral vessels with resulting arterial injury has been described previously. However, significant injury to the ileofemoral tree with underlying arterial occlusive disease in the face of handlebar-related trauma has not been reported. We present the case of an all-terrain vehicle accident with isolated injury ...
de Ravignan David de la Croix Dde - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although ionizing radiation has been proposed for the prevention of intimal hyperplasia in coronary and peripheral arteries, information is lacking on how irradiation affects arterial histology and neointimal smooth-muscle cell proliferation-the hallmark of restenosis. We chronologically investigated early histological changes and quantitative changes in arterial wall cell proliferation after ...
Ozumi Kiyoshi - - 2005
The mechanisms of neointimal formation in cuff-injury models are still uncertain. To examine whether extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) can reduce neointimal formation in a cuff-injury model, adenoviruses expressing EC-SOD (AxCAEC-SOD) or Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase (AxCALacZ) was injected between the cuff and the adventitia of rat femoral arteries. As a result, ...
Franga Dion L - - 2005
Injuries of the subclavian and proximal axillary arteries are potentially devastating but account for a minority of vascular injuries presenting to trauma centers in the United States. We have reviewed our recent experience with management of subclavian and axillary artery injuries in a state-designated level 1 academic trauma center and ...
Steinke Karin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effect of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) on pulmonary vessels with respect to potential of injury of these structures, to assess perfusion-mediated "heat sink" effect, and to consider acute and chronic complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: RFAs targeted to perihilar, middle third, and peripheral lung regions were ...
Cillo Joseph E JE - - 2005
Complications associated with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement surgery may include injury to nerves, blood vessels, and otologic structures. Vascular injuries can be associated with trauma to the carotid artery and its terminal branches, the superficial temporal artery, and the internal maxillary artery. Suggested management to control hemorrhage has included uniand ...
Vignesh T, Arun Kumar ...
ABSTRACT: Severe pulmonary contusions occur in blunt chest trauma, especially with high velocity injuries. Pulmonary contusions following trauma may result in significant hypoxemia and decreased compliance which may progress over several days. Extensive contusions may result in respiratory difficulty or progress to adult respiratory distress syndrome, which increases mortality. We ...
Vaidyanathan S - - 2005
A case report. Regional Spinal Injuries Centre, Southport, UK. A 56-year-old male with complete paraplegia at T-4 underwent visual internal urethrotomy of bulbous urethral stricture with a cold knife at 12 o'clock position. There was brisk arterial bleeding. Despite receiving antibiotics, this patient developed hypotension, tachycardia and tachypnoea. He was ...
Pillay W R - - 2005
Gunshot wounds may result in intimal arterial injury without breach of the arterial wall integrity. Haemorrhage, haematoma and a pulse deficit are therefore not always found. We report on two cases of lower extremity gunshot wounds with temporal variations in the clinical and radiological assessment of the pedal pulses. In ...
Martin David J - - 2005
Acute dislocations of the elbow complicated by brachial artery involvement are rare but serious injuries. Rapid assessment and a high index of suspicion are essential to facilitate prompt treatment, as delay in diagnosis is associated with a poorer outcome. We present two cases of brachial artery transection after closed and ...
Andrassy Martin - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that PKCbeta contributes to vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation; processes central to the pathogenesis of restenosis consequent to vascular injury. Homozygous PKCbeta null (-/-) mice or wild-type mice fed the PKCbeta inhibitor, ruboxistaurin, displayed significantly decreased neointimal expansion in response to acute femoral ...
Asuman B. Yesilay
Although cardiac trauma is one of the leading causes of death among victims of blunt injury, it is frequently ovelooked. or missed because of other obvious injuries. Therefore, it is very important to specifically look for heart-related injuries in these patents. We present a patient with aortic valve insufficiency due ...
Aksoy Murat - - 2005
PURPOSE: By reviewing our experience, we evaluated the presentation, management, and long-term outcome of patients with subclavian and axillary artery injuries resulting from trauma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 38 patients who received treatment for subclavian or axillary artery injuries in the Emergency and Trauma Department of Medical ...
Werre Andries - - 2005
Surgical repair of penetrating injuries of the thoracic outlet with combined arterial and venous involvement is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. A 37-year-old man presented to the emergency room with a left-sided penetrating zone I neck injury caused by a close-range handgun shot. This had resulted in an injury ...
Edlich Richard F - - 2005
Lightning is the second most common cause of weather-related death in the United States. Lightning is a natural atmospheric discharge that occurs between regions of net positive and net negative electric charges. There are several types of lightning, including streak lightning, sheet lightning, ribbon lightning, bead lightning, and ball lightning. ...
Kamiya Hiroyuki - - 2005
A novel skeletonization technique using the scissors-type harmonic scalpel (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH, USA) is presented. This "samurai technique," which uses the harmonic scalpel by frequently turning over the scissors, facilitates the handling of the gastroepiploic artery, enlarges the caliber size, and allows easy skeletonization without any vessel injury.
Turillazzi Emanuela - - 2005
Penetrating chest trauma leading to selective coronary artery injury is uncommon. Their incidence is not accurately established because the clinical diagnosis is difficult and the lesion is often revealed only during autopsy. The mortality rate remains high. We report a fatal case of selective right coronary artery injury due to ...
Thomas Anita C - - 2004
There is an urgent need to treat restenosis, a major complication of the treatment of arteries blocked by atherosclerotic plaque, using local delivery techniques. We observed that cross-linked fibrin (XLF) is deposited at the site of surgical injury of arteries. An antibody to XLF, conjugated to anti-restenotic agents, should deliver ...
Stewart Craig L - - 2004
Significant facial soft tissue injury can result from trauma to the head and neck. The long-term sequelae of such injuries include vascular anomalies, which may present weeks or months following the initial injury. We report here a case of a post-traumatic facial artery aneurysm which developed in a pediatric patient ...
Wong Poo-Sing - - 2004
We report the case of a 29-year-old man with left blunt chest trauma resulting in an intimal tear of the proximal descending aorta, for which he underwent successful thoracic endovascular graft stenting. He subsequently developed progressive left lung collapse, and bronchoscopy revealed left bronchial disruption. A left thoracotomy with end-to-end ...
Kelley S P - - 2004
Injury to the axillary artery following anterior shoulder dislocation is a very rare occurrence. This review serves to illustrate the now classical case of an elderly gentleman with a recurrent dislocation, transection of the axillary artery and its invariable association with a severe brachial plexus lesion, which is the most ...
Kopko Patricia M - - 2004
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a clinical constellation of signs and symptoms associated with transfusion. In severe cases, the most prominent feature is acute onset of pulmonary edema. Two mechanisms have been advanced to explain pulmonary injury in this syndrome. One mechanism involves the presence of antibodies to white ...
Koçak Ayhan - - 2004
Septorhinoplasty is a very common operation in the practice of plastic surgery and otolaryngology. We report a case with massive subarachnoid hemorrhage originating from carotid artery injury, following corrective septorhinoplasty. The carotid rupture is a very rare but life-threatening, major complication of nasal surgery. Therefore, surgeons performing surgery in this ...
Baker William E - - 2004
Blunt arterial injury provides a tremendous challenge to the emergency physician and traumatologist. The overall incidence of these injuries, even with more modern and aggressive screening, is low. Often, they are clinically occult on initial presentation, and untreated, they frequently result in devastating consequences. Great potential exists, however, for averting ...
Bochinski Derek J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A 46-year-old man presented with erectile dysfunction following a blunt perineal injury sustained 1 year previously. Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors failed to improve his erections. The remainder of the patient's history, physical examination and laboratory tests were unremarkable except for a moderate tenderness in the left perineum and ...
Negoro Hiromitsu - - 2004
A 15-year-old boy, who tumbled from a fourth-floor window, was transported to our hospital. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) 1.5 h after the injury showed a non-contrasted right kidney, and a repeat CT 6 h after the injury showed a growing retroperitoneal hematoma. The angiography showed complete obstruction of the right ...
Comi Anne M - - 2004
Ischemic brain injury from stroke is an important cause of disability in infants and children, but current experimental models for the disorder are complex. These preparations require occlusion of small intracerebral vessels or common carotid artery ligation combined with exposure to reduced levels of oxygen. Unilateral carotid artery ligation alone ...
Mehta C - - 2004
Balloon aortic valvuloplasty is now the treatment of choice for congenital aortic stenosis. Balloon stability may be difficult to achieve and this may result in a suboptimal result or even valve damage. We describe the technique of rapid ventricular pacing as a safe and effective option for achieving balloon stability ...
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