Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1325
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Pillai Anil Kumar - - 2007
A case of brachial plexus injury after brachial arteriography is reported. Percutaneous catheterization of the brachial artery for angiography and intervention is performed when contraindications for the femoral approach exist. Access-related complications include injuries to the infraclavicular brachial plexus. This is often a result of a hematoma within the medial ...
Enkhbaatar Perenlei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE:: Acute lung injury is a detrimental complication for victims of burn accidents. Airway obstruction plays an important role in pulmonary dysfunction in these patients. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that aerosolized anticoagulants will reduce the degree of airway obstruction and improve pulmonary function in sheep with severe ...
Bechara C - - 2007
Past and current military experience has contributed considerably to the advances made in the treatment of extremity vascular injuries. However, the management of arterial injuries of the lower extremity is still associated with significant rates of limb loss and functional deficits. The incidence of civilian arterial limb injuries, including those ...
Fuse A - - 2007
Summary: This report documents the management of a traumatic carotid aneurysm (TCA) with a traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (T-CCF) of the contralateral internal carotid artery (ICA) following a closed head injury. A 38-year-old man presented with severe traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage and pneumocephalus due to a severe head injury. Four months after ...
Khanmoradi Kamran - - 2007
The frequency and significance of right hepatic artery injury associated with bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is unknown. Many reports suggest that a concomitant arterial injury worsens the outcome and prognosis of the bile duct injury even after an initially successful biliary repair. The optimal management of this complicated ...
Narang Subina - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral simultaneous central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) following head injury in a young 29-year-old man. METHODS: A 29-year-old man presented with head injury following road traffic accident. Posterior segment evaluation revealed CRAO in both eyes. RESULTS: The patient was treated for CRAO in the ...
Hyza Petr - - 2007
Out of 262 hands with total finger amputations treated by replantation of finger/fingers from January 2001 until January 2006, there were only 6 cases of type III ring avulsion injuries, all of which were replanted. Radical resection of the damaged part of the artery with primary vein grafting was used ...
Tokdemir Mehmet - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report an uneventful sudden death because of a periorbital pellet injury. Method: Review of autopsy findings. RESULTS: A 20-year-old hunter was shot accidentally during hunting. At autopsy, the body showed no significant injuries or deformity except for the pellet injuries and ecchymosis on the medial side of the ...
Mulligan Joanne M - - 2007
Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality is uncommon even in major paediatric trauma. A case is described of a 4-year-old girl sustaining multiple injuries from blunt trauma including spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality. She was profoundly shocked with extensive thoracic, abdominal and pelvic injuries. An MRI performed 8 days ...
Nitecki Samy S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Reports on venous trauma are relatively sparse. Severe venous trauma is manifested by hemorrhage, not ischemia. Bleeding may be internal or external and rarely may lead to hypovolemic shock. Repair of major extremity veins has been a subject of controversy and the current teaching is to avoid venous repair ...
Narouze Samer N - - 2007
Intrathecal baclofen is an invaluable therapeutic modality in the management of severe spasticity, especially in patients with cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord and brain injuries. This case report presents a rare complication of long-term intrathecal infusion with the development of a huge anterior abdominal wall hematoma with extension ...
Yan Ji-Geng - - 2007
Despite recent advances in microsurgery, the incidence of thrombosis of repaired digital vessels following crush injury is higher than that of uncrushed arteries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of traumatic crush injury on uncrushed segments of artery adjacent to crushed segments. Sprague-Dawley rat-tail arteries were ...
Yamaguchi Satoshi - - 2007
A 35-year-old man presented with penetrating spinal injury after attempting suicide by stabbing a wooden chopstick into his mouth. The object penetrated the pharynx, and the tip entered the spinal canal of the atlantoaxial vertebrae. Emergent surgery disclosed that the tip of the chopstick had penetrated between the dural sac ...
Spinelli Francesco - - 2007
Management of vascular traumas is frequently delayed. Vascular injuries after elective operation for bone lengthening or correction of a deformity are very'rare situations. We describe 3 cases. Case 1: male, aged 22, undergoing corticotomy for bone lengthening; immediately presented acute limb ischaemia due to a partial lesion of the popliteal ...
Jie Qiang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biomechanical effect of major extremity vessels to choose appropriate repair methods for vascular injuries of the extremities. METHODS: The data of 385 patients (337 males and 48 females, aged 18-71 years, mean=32.6 years) including 403 injured vessels, who suffered from vascular injuries of the extremities and ...
Chen Neal C - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of lateral geniculate artery injury during suture passage through the lateral meniscus. METHODS: Sutures were passed via inside-out and outside-in techniques in 11 embalmed cadaveric knees. The number of punctures of the lateral geniculate artery and quantitative distances of ...
Piffaretti Gabriele - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The continued advances in imaging and stent/stent-graft technology have considerably expanded the indications for endovascular approach also in vascular trauma. We report our institutional experience with endovascular treatment of peripheral arterial injuries after blunt trauma. METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2006 out of a series of 81 patients, ...
Budhani Faisal - - 2007
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a multifunctional, extracellular matrix protein that has been implicated in the regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration and differentiation during vascular development and injury. Vascular injury in wildtype and TSP-1 null mice was carried out by insertion of a straight spring guidewire into the femoral artery ...
Chung Eric - - 2008
High-flow or arterial priapism is an uncommon condition resulting from perineal or penile trauma. The classical features are a painless erection of the cavernous bodies while the corpus spongiosum stays flaccid. This case highlights a 11-year-old boy who presented with painless semi rigid erection of 3 days duration following a ...
Agrawal A - - 2007
Low velocity traumatic dissection of the carotid artery is an infrequent but serious complication of blunt cranio-cervical injury. A 25-year-old man was hit by a blunt sickle over his chest and left side of his neck, and sustained open wounds over zone II of the neck. At that time, he ...
Da Col Uberto - - 2007
A frequent reason of admission to the emergency room is blunt chest trauma following car accidents. Chest injuries may cause a wide range of cardiac lesions, extending from myocardial contusion, to heart or great vessels rupture, to valvular lesions. We present a case of aortic valve rupture after blunt chest ...
Zehtabchi Shahriar - - 2007
Increase in lactate (LAC) within the central nervous system after head trauma is an established marker of traumatic brain injury (TBI). To investigate the utility of arterial base deficit (BD) and LAC in identifying TBI in patients with isolated head injury (IHI). Materials and TBI was defined as Glasgow Coma ...
Mohammed Kedir M.D., Abebe ...
Background: The traditional approach to severe vascular injuries in Ethiopia has been ligation. This paper presents the results of an alternative approach in which Ethiopian surgeons with some basics of vascular reconstruction techniques used vein patch-repair, whenever possible, during the Ethio-Eritrean war between 1997-2000. Patients and methods: The population study ...
Oç Mehmet - - 2007
The intimal damage of the axillary artery due to an acute, single blunt trauma is very rare without concomitant bone, brachial plexus, venous and soft tissue injuries. Early diagnosis and appropriate management of the arterial injury is essential to avoid permanent disability. The clinical signs are usually occult and do ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2007
A 53-year-old woman was involved in a traffic accident while driving her car. She had chest oppressive sensation 6 h after the accident, and was admitted to our hospital. On admission, she had no external injury. She was fully conscious, and felt anxiety about the accident. Twelve-lead electrocardiogram showed mild ...
Mei Lin - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study tested the possibility of localized intravascular infusion of positive charged paclitaxel-loaded nanoparticles (NPs) to better prevent neointimal formation in a rabbit carotid artery injury model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NPs were prepared by oil-water emulsion/solvent evaporation technique using biodegradable poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). A cationic surfactant, didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DMAB), ...
Shohji T - - 2007
Summary: Coil embolization is the treatment of choice for cerebral artery aneurysms at our institution. The duration of a fluoroscopic study and frequency of radiation exposure are varied, and the safety measures against radiation injury have not yet been established. Guidelines about radiation injury prevention with IVR have been published. ...
Schulman Carl I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aortic injuries were traditionally thought to be the result of severe frontal crashes. Newer data has suggested other crash types such as nearside crashes may also be important in aortic injury. We hypothesized the implementation of recent safety measures would decrease the incidence of aortic injury associated with fatal ...
Moore Forrest O - - 2007
Coronary artery injuries after penetrating cardiac trauma are rare. The standard approach to these injuries has traditionally been coronary artery ligation. When cardiac perfusion is profoundly compromised, cardiopulmonary bypass has been used to facilitate revascularization, although with serious morbidity. We report a case of traumatic left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Byard Roger W - - 2007
Commonly available items including a ball point pen, a plastic knife, a broken wine bottle, and a broken wine glass were used to inflict stab and incised wounds to the necks of 3 previously euthanized Large White pigs. With relative ease, these items could be inserted into the necks of ...
Allott R - - 2007
A 35 year old male presented 9 months after sustaining a penetrating injury to the neck with a false aneurysm of the common carotid artery (CCA). At exploration, a 5mm piece of granite was embedded in the posterior wall of the CCA with overlying endothelialisation. He was treated with segmental ...
Nitecki Samy S - - 2007
Arterial injury during treatment of varicose veins is a rare but devastating complication that can lead to leg amputation. Approximately 6,000 patients were treated by either surgery (4,800 patients treated by ligation, stripping, and stub avulsion) or ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (USGS) (1,200 patients) in the last 7 years for venous ...
Young Yui-Rwei - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic cardiopulmonary complications associated with acute brain injury other then subarachnoid hemorrhage were seldom reported, especially in the pediatric population. We report a child who developed cardiac arrhythmia, severe myocardial injury and neurogenic pulmonary edema after cerebellar hemorrhage. METHODS AND RESULTS: An 11-year-old girl had abrupt onset of spontaneous ...
Ball C G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Emergency room arteriography (ERA) is a safe, accurate, simple and cost-effective method of defining arterial injuries. Limitations include the difficulty of evaluating limb vasculature distal to the suspected site of injury. Statscan is a novel, low-dose digital X-ray machine that can rapidly obtain a whole body image in a ...
Rudström Håkan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic vascular injuries during varicose vein surgery are serious. The aim of this study was to investigate their nature and consequences. METHOD: A systematic literature research was performed. RESULTS: The incidence is low (0.0017%-0.3%). We found 81 patients suffering from 87 vascular injuries-44 arterial and 43 deep vein injuries. ...
Konstantinos Stamatiou - - 2007
Rupture of the diaphragm is almost always due to major trauma. Diaphragmatic injuries are rare (5-7%), usually secondary to blunt, or more rarely to penetrating, thoracic or abdominal trauma. No single investigation provides a reliable diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture when a patient first arrives at hospital. Almost 33% are suspected ...
Kusada Akiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Murine models of arterial thrombosis have gained utility with applications in genetically manipulated mice. Implementation of current models requires specialized equipment and provides limited outcome measures. A new murine model of continuously monitored arterial thrombosis was created. METHODS: An electric injury was delivered to the exterior surface ...
Hutto John D - - 2007
Blunt popliteal arterial injury is uncommon and is usually associated with surrounding soft tissue and orthopedic injuries, which may complicate traditional open operative repair. We present the successful management of a blunt popliteal artery injury through an endovascular approach, where we imaged the lesion, extracted the thrombus, protected against distal ...
Baril Donald T - - 2007
Penetrating extremity injuries can result in the development of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), whereby normal blood flow through the capillary bed is bypassed. Late complications of untreated AVFs include proximal arterial dilatation, venous congestion, congestive heart failure, and distal ischemia. We report the case of a 57-year-old man who was referred ...
Sahin D A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: LigaSureand SurgRx are bipolar vessel sealing devices providing hemostasis by denaturating collagen and elastin from the vessel wall and surrounding connective tissue. We aimed to histopathologically evaluate the lateral injury during rat liver resection with LigaSure and SurgRx. METHODS: Suture technique was used in group A, LigaSure was used ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A previous study in which fibrin sealant dressing (FSD) secured hemostasis in major arterial hemorrhage for 96 hours suggested the applicability of this dressing in damage control operations after severe trauma. The objective of this study was to determine the effective duration of FSD hemostatic function in vivo and ...
Field Mark L - - 2007
Based on literature, clinical observation and the analysis of material properties of the aorta, we hypothesize that the aortic isthmus is intrinsically susceptible to blunt trauma because it has a higher density of tributary vessels than other elements of the aortic tree, the avulsion of which during trauma, is a ...
Park Jung Je - - 2007
Vertebral artery injuries are the least common arterial injuries because of the deep location of the vessel in a bony canal. Injury of this vessel has not been associated with neurological deficits, and it is thought that many of these injuries are not recognized. The incidence of vertebral artery injury ...
Stemper Brian D - - 2007
Blunt carotid artery injuries occur in 0.3% of blunt injured patients and may lead to devastating neurological consequences. However, arterial mechanics leading to internal layer subfailure have not been quantified. Twenty-two human carotid artery segments and 18 porcine thoracic aorta segments were opened to expose the intimal side and longitudinally ...
Vasdekis Spyros N - - 2006
Tennis is a popular, safe sport that exposes amateur or professional players to minimal risk of injury. Most of this risk is related to musculoskeletal injuries, and vascular trauma is extremely rare. We present a case of a 68-year-old man in whom intermittent claudication developed after his right groin was ...
Thompson J Keith - - 2006
Endograft repair for blunt thoracic aortic injuries is becoming the treatment of choice for this often-fatal injury. Options for endografts are currently limited due to sizing constraints based on patient aortic diameters and initial lack of accessibility of the Gore TAG device for use in trauma. We report our experience ...
Mishra Anuj - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of multidetector (16-row) computed tomography (MDCT) in imaging the upper and lower limb arterial tree in trauma and peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). METHODS: Thirty-three patients underwent MDCT angiography (MDCTA) of the upper or the lower limb on 16-row MDCT scanner between November, 2004 and ...
Steenburg Scott D - - 2007
Blunt ascending aortic injuries are rare in clinical practice. We have encountered two types of injuries to the ascending aorta with multidetector computed tomography: (1) a tear of the wall of the aortic root with a contained rupture and associated hemopericardium and (2) a tear at the level of the ...
Hardy Warren N - - 2006
Traumatic rupture of the aorta (TRA) is an important transportation-related injury. This study investigated TRA mechanisms using in situ human cadaver experiments. Four quasi-static tests and one dynamic test were performed. The quasi-static experiments were conducted by perturbing the mediastinal structures of the cadavers. The mechanisms investigated included anterior, superior, ...
Alvarez-Tostado Javier - - 2006
We report a case of acute limb-threatening ischemia from blunt traumatic tibial arterial disruption managed with endoluminal techniques. An otherwise healthy 37-year-old man involved in a motorcycle crash sustained a compound fracture of his right tibia and fibula. Arterial insufficiency developed after surgical reduction of the orthopedic injuries that warranted ...
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