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Cuda Scott P - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 •  This study was performed to histologically determine the rate of arterial injury in varicocele ligation surgery and to determine the clinical significance of these arterial injuries. •  41 men who underwent varicocele ligation surgery, and had segments of each ligated ...
Chen Wei - - 2012
Retrospective review of arterial injury with prospective intra-observer and inter-observer analyses. To introduce a new classification system for arterial injuries in the extremities and trunk. Retrospective review of all patients with arterial injuries treated at a level I trauma centre during a 3.5-year period. Major arteries were located and coded, ...
Britton George L GL Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Science Center at Houston, 6431 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Ischemia-related neurological injury is a primary cause of stroke disability. Studies have demonstrated that xenon (Xe) may have potential as an effective and nontoxic neuroprotectant. Xe delivery is, however, hampered by lack of suitable administration methods. We have developed a pressurization-freeze method to encapsulate Xe into echogenic liposomes (Xe-ELIP) and ...
Keilani Zeid M - - 2010
Blunt cerebrovascular injuries, defined as blunt injuries to the internal carotid or vertebral arteries, are uncommon and usually occur in victims of high-speed deceleration motor vehicle crashes. A blunt cerebrovascular injury after an equestrian accident is an extremely unusual presentation. In recent years, advances in screening and treatment with pharmacologic ...
Kim Jong-Woo - - 2010
Failure to recognize popliteal artery injury and restore vessel continuity of flow after blunt trauma is a major cause of lower extremity amputation and morbidity. A high index of suspicion and early recognition of the injury are paramount for limb salvage. We experienced a rare case of poplitial artery occlusion ...
Zhang Xu - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: The objective of this study is to report a temporary, ex vivo, distal extremity revascularization technique providing distal perfusion and allowing for a staged repair of complex iliofemoral injury. In addition, the objective of this report is to provide outcome data after this novel procedure including mortality, limb salvage, ...
Garcia-Toca Manuel - - 2010
Management of zone I gunshot injuries to the neck is controversial. Endovascular and endoscopic therapies are appealing minimally invasive alternatives, but they are still evolving. This case report demonstrates effective stent grafting of an arterial and an esophageal zone I neck injury after a civilian gunshot.
Cohn Stephen M - - 2010
Pulmonary contusion is a common finding after blunt chest trauma. The physiologic consequences of alveolar hemorrhage and pulmonary parenchymal destruction typically manifest themselves within hours of injury and usually resolve within approximately 7 days. Clinical symptoms, including respiratory distress with hypoxemia and hypercarbia, peak at about 72 h after injury. ...
Alessi Alexandre - - 2010
Rosiglitazone has been the focus of extensive discussion. To evaluate the effects of rosiglitazone on iliac arteries, both at the injury site and the contralateral artery, of hypercholesterolemic rabbits undergoing balloon catheter injury. White male rabbits were fed a hypercholesterolemic diet by oral gavage for 6 weeks and divided into ...
Murakami Shigeru - - 2010
The sulfur-containing amino acid, taurine, has been shown to ameliorate the vascular disorders. We examined the effects of taurine ingestion on intimal thickening following balloon injury. Balloon injury was induced in the left common carotid artery of Wistar rats. Taurine (3% (w/v)) was mixed in the drinking water from 2 ...
Petrocheilou Glykeria - - 2010
Injury to the inferior thyroid artery (ITA) is an extremely rare complication of blunt neck trauma. The subtle initial clinical presentation and the potential life-threatening sequelae make it a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We report a case of an ITA pseudoaneurysm caused by seat-belt injury. Imaging findings and successful treatment ...
Fox Charles J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Popliteal artery war wounds can bleed severely and historically have high rates of amputation associated with ligation (72%) and repair (32%). More than before, casualties are now surviving the initial medical evacuation and presenting with severely injured limbs that prompt immediate limb salvage decisions in the midst of life-saving ...
Englot Dario J - - 2010
Nail-gun injuries have become an increasingly prevalent source of penetrating intracranial trauma. Few cases of intracranial nail-gun injuries disturbing major cerebrovascular structures have been reported, and none entailing basilar artery involvement. We report here the case of a 51-year-old male with an intracranial nail-gun injury involving penetration of the distal ...
Wall Matthew J MJ - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Blunt injury to the thoracic aorta continues to carry significant mortality and the diagnostic algorithms are evolving as new technology is developed. With improved pre-hospital care, patients with unusual blunt injuries to the aorta may survive to evaluation. While current algorithms for screening focus on the more common blunt ...
Ball Chad G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Trauma to the common or external iliac arteries has a mortality rate of 24% to 60%. "Damage control" options for these severely injured vessels are either ligation or temporary intravascular shunts (TIVSs). Complications of ligation include a 50% amputation rate and up to 90% mortality. The primary goal of ...
Yonetsu Taishi - - 2010
Transradial coronary intervention (TRI) introduces a trauma to the radial artery (RA), possibly influencing quality as a bypass conduit if subsequently used. We sought to determine the acute and chronic effects of TRI on the RA by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Immediately after TRI completion, 73 RAs in 69 patients ...
Mazeh Haggi - - 2010
Vascular injuries caused by subclavian central venous catheter (CVC) insertion can be associated with major complications. Such injuries differ in clinical presentation as well as optimal management, which ranges from observation only to surgical or endovascular repair. We report an injury to a branch of the internal mammary artery following ...
Hamahata Atsumori - - 2010
In burned sheep, we showed more than a 10-fold increase in bronchial blood flow following smoke inhalation. It was previously reported that sclerosis of the bronchial artery prior to smoke exposure reduces the pathophysiology of the inhalation insult. We hypothesized that sclerosis of the bronchial artery after insult attenuates smoke/burn-induced ...
Feng Wenguang W Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2010
The transcription factor ETS-1 is a critical mediator of vascular inflammation and hypertrophy in hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that ETS-1 is a mediator of proinflammatory responses and neointimal hyperplasia after balloon injury of the carotid artery. For this study, we took advantage of the availability of an ETS-1 dominant-negative ...
Setacci C - - 2010
Ischemic foot is a condition of decreased arterial perfusion. It has several etiologies, atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease, including that secondary to diabetes mellitus, being the most common. Other potential causes of ischemic foot are acute embolism from cardiac, arterial or paradoxical sources, and thrombosis secondary to arterial blood clots due ...
Zhu Yue-liang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical application of the medial approach for repairing popliteal artery injuries. METHODS: From 2002 to 2008, 11 cases of popliteal artery injuries had been repaired via the medial approach. Of these cases, 8 had limb fractures, 1 had knee dislocation, and 2 had visceral injuries. Ten ...
Pond Franklin - - 2010
Thoracic aortic transection (TAT) is the second commonest cause of death from blunt trauma surpassed only by head injury and is associated with a mortality of 80% to 90%. The injury site is typically anteromedial at the aortic isthmus where differential shear forces act during rapid deceleration. The authors report ...
Abulaban Osama - - 2011
Pelvic fractures secondary to blunt trauma are associated with a significant mortality rate due to uncontrolled bleeding. Interventional radiology (IR) can play an important and central role in the management of such patients, offering definitive minimally invasive therapy and avoiding the need for high-risk surgery. Rapid access to whole-body computed ...
Suzuki Jun-ichi - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficiency of small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) in murine arteries. We transfected it using a nonviral ultrasound-microbubble-mediated in vivo gene delivery system. BACKGROUND: siRNA is an effective methodology to suppress gene function. The siRNA can be synthesized easily; however, a ...
Luo Wenbo - - 2011
Background: Hemorrhage from wounds in the extremities is the leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield. To successfully treat these injuries, the exact source of bleeding must be localized. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of using Doppler ultrasound to precisely detect and localize ...
Karaikovic Eldin E - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Case study. OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the role that interventional radiology can perform in stemming bleeding to vascular structures injured during spine surgery without altering patient position. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: Injury to the lumbar artery or aorta may occur during lumbar disc surgery. Occasionally the site of bleeding ...
Jagetia Anita - - 2010
Vascular complications following trans-sphenoidal surgery can occur due to injury of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery, external carotid artery and its branches or an aneurysm rupture. The incidence of vascular complications in trans-sphenoidal surgery is 0.4% to 1.4%. Vascular injury was encountered in a patient with giant ...
Hejna Petr - - 2010
A rare case of a big cat fatal attack is presented. A male leopard that had escaped from its unlocked cage attacked a 26-year-old male zoo worker. The man sustained penetrating injuries to the neck with consequent external bleeding. The man died while being transported to the hospital as a ...
Wang Huan H Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2010
To use the mice deficient in both adenosine receptor A(2A)(A(2A)R(-/-)) and apolipoprotein E (apoE(-/-)) to investigate the role of A(2A)R in mediating the interactions of leukocytes with injured arterial walls and the formation of arterial neointima induced by a guide wire. In apoE(-/-) mice, A(2A)R deficiency increased the size of ...
Chander Rajiv K - - 2010
We describe a case of innovative endovascular techniques to repair traumatic bilateral axillary artery disruption. A 36-year-old male construction worker fell eight stories from a scaffold and sustained bilateral axillary artery injuries. The injuries between the brachial and axillary arteries were bridged using long bare self-expanding stents (Zilver). To the ...
Firstenberg Michael S - - 2010
We report a case of a patient who developed an aortic dissection with rupture. This presumably was a delayed injury following blunt thoracic trauma and highlights that concerns for aortic pathology even in this patient population.
Verrills Paul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent cannulation or penetration of the cervical radicular arteries during cervical transformaminal epidural injections (TFESIs) is a serious clinical risk, and purportedly, the cause of possible spinal cord injury sustained during this procedure. CASE: Here, we present a case of inadvertent intravascular penetration of a cervical radicular artery during ...
Marmor Meir - - 2010
Percutaneous iliosacral screws are considered the standard of care for disruptions of the sacroiliac joint. This article describes a case of iatrogenic injury to the superior gluteal artery during iliosacral screw insertion and analyzes the possible reasons for this complication.A 32-year-old man diagnosed with an unstable pelvic ring injury underwent ...
Osada Hisato - - 2010
Blunt gallbladder injury is rare, and bleeding from the cystic artery due to blunt trauma is even rarer. We report herein a case of extraluminal bleeding of the gallbladder in a patient following blunt abdominal trauma. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed pericholecystic fluid and extravasation of contrast material in the subcapsular ...
G?nc? Tu?rul - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of ticlopidine and clopidogrel on the development of neointimal hyperplasia after experimental arterial injury. METHODS: This experimental, prospective, randomized controlled study was performed on twenty-seven rabbits, which were divided into three groups, each of which contained nine subjects. Following ...
Ventura Francesco - - 2010
A 36-year old male was found dead inside a pub bath lying in a pool of blood. A small single-edged knife was discovered on the top of the water cistern. Multiple sharp weapon wounds at the usual sites of self-inflicted injuries were reported. It was possible to hypothesize a carotid ...
Padayachy V - - 2010
A retrospective analysis of operatively managed brachial artery injuries spanning a five-year period from January 2003 to December 2007. The medical records of all patients who had operative management of brachial artery injuries were reviewed. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, pathology of injury, associated injuries, duration of injury, operative management ...
Chan Y C - - 2010
Development of pseudo-aneurysm of the popliteal artery usually results from trauma, infection, or iatrogenic causes after orthopedic operations. This is to our knowledge the first reported case in the world's literature of a delayed presentation of a large above-knee popliteal artery pseudo-aneurysm following a soccer football injury. The pseudo-aneurysm severely ...
Bell Randy S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Operation Iraqi Freedom has resulted in a significant number of closed and penetrating head injuries, and a consequence of both has been the accompanying neurovascular injuries. Here we review the largest reported population of patients with traumatic neurovascular disease and offer our experience with both endovascular and surgical management. ...
Tollefsen Douglas M - - 2010
Heparin cofactor II (HCII) is a plasma protease inhibitor of the serpin family that inactivates thrombin by forming a covalent 1:1 complex. The rate of complex formation increases more than 1000-fold in the presence of dermatan sulfate (DS). Endothelial injury allows circulating HCII to enter the vessel wall, where it ...
Cao Richard Y - - 2010
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an enlargement of the greatest artery in the body defined as an increase in diameter of 1.5-fold. AAAs are common in the elderly population and thousands die each year from their complications. The most commonly used mouse model to study the pathogenesis of AAA ...
Kumar A - - 2010
We report a case of internal carotid arterial damage following blunt neck trauma. This rare mechanism of injury demands a high index of suspicion to enable prompt specialist management. A 22-year-old man presented to hospital after sustaining blunt neck trauma. Rapid onset of stridor necessitated an emergency tracheostomy. Computed tomography ...
Sanchez Guillermo Parra - - 2010
The optimal management strategy of an unstable penetrating thoracic trauma remains a debate. It is unclear whether a 'stay and treat' or 'scoop and run' to the nearest operating theatre with cardiothoracic expertise is the best strategy. We describe a successful outcome of a young patient with injuries to the ...
Klocker J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In contrast to upper extremity stab and gunshot wounds, data on management and outcome in blunt trauma (BT) are limited by small numbers and short follow-up periods. METHODS: This study is a retrospective data analysis. All patients who had undergone arterial repair after upper-limb BT were included. Exclusion criteria ...
Shih Po-Yuan - - 2009
Iatrogenic intra-abdominal vascular injury can result from lumbar discectomy via the posterior approach. Although it is well known and documented in the literature, few anesthesiologists have personal experience with this life-threatening incident. Here, we report a patient who sustained perforation of the left internal iliac artery at the L(4-5) level ...
Reid David - - 2009
Axillary arterial injury is a rare complication of non-recurrent glenohumeral joint dislocation. Previously this type of injury would have required open exploration of the axillary artery with associated risk of iatrogenic injury to the axillary vein or brachial plexus. We present the case of a 75-year-old lady, who following a ...
Kim John Y S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The brachial artery is the most common vascular injury encountered in upper extremity trauma. If not treated promptly, it can result in compartment syndrome (CS) and long-term disability. Here, we report an institutional experience of traumatic brachial artery injuries and establish risk factors for the development of upper extremity ...
Prijon Ticijana - - 2010
Blunt (non-penetrating) aortic injuries, in which the arterial wall is damaged in the direction from the intima towards the adventitia, are most commonly the result of a traffic accident. The various forms of blunt aortic injuries, from limited laceration of the intima to complete transection of the aorta, depend on ...
Tang Xiao-Feng - - 2010
Vascular intervention-induced neointimal formation is a major drawback for managing atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases using invasive vascular procedures. Our previous studies demonstrated that hirulog-like peptide (HLP) reduced balloon catheter dilation-induced neointimal formation or restenosis in carotid arteries of rats or atherosclerotic rabbits with less interruption in coagulation or bleeding than heparin ...
Jones Helen A - - 2009
To discuss existing disparity of practice and clinical implications of measuring cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) from differing reference points thus highlighting the need for standardized benchmarks. When managing traumatic brain injury (TBI), the arterial transducer level is a key to an accurate CPP reading; however, there is a lack of ...
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