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Results 401 - 450 of 521
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Dias L S - - 1985
An abnormal shortening of the fibula, leading to a valgus deformity of the ankle joint, is a common finding in the paralytic ankle. This article analyzes 173 ankles in which shortened fibulae were present. Analysis of several factors that interfere with fibular growth showed that soleus strength and anatomical continuity ...
James T N - - 1985
In two patients with Whipple's disease a variety of abnormalities were found in the testis. In both there was a thickened tunica albuginea containing macrophages filled with Schiff-positive bacilli, and both exhibited Whipple bacilli alone or in small clumps within the tunica media of the testicular arteries. One patient had ...
Jeresaty R M - - 1985
To determine the causes of ruptured chordae tendineae and a suspected etiologic role for mitral valve prolapse (MVP), the mitral valve in 25 consecutive and surgically proved cases of chordal rupture were examined. The diagnosis of MVP was made on the basis of redundancy and marked hooding of the mitral ...
Slocombe J O - - 1984
The efficacy of ivermectin against later fourth-stage Strongylus vulgaris larvae was studied in pony foals at 14 and 35 days after treatment. These foals had been reared parasite-free, inoculated with 500 infective larvae and 56 days later given either ivermectin at 200 micrograms/kg or a placebo intramuscularly. At necropsy, foals ...
Robinson P J - - 1984
Many patients with congenital heart disease now undergo cardiac surgery based solely on clinical and echocardiographic findings, but those with intracardiac shunts still frequently require cardiac catheterisation because there is no reliable non-invasive method of measuring the pulmonary artery pressure. Blinded to the haemodynamic results two independent observers retrospectively studied ...
Fairbanks D N - - 1984
Eighteen children were treated for snoring. Surgical removal of enlarged tonsils and/or adenoids resulted in prompt and total elimination of snoring in 17 of these patients. One child required nasal and sinus surgery to gain relief from snoring. Eighty-three adults were interviewed, examined, and treated for snoring. Correction of anatomical ...
Beaver P C - - 1984
A 2-year-old boy from a rural community of Costa Rica was admitted to hospital with a rash of increasing severity over an area of the flank about 8 cm in diameter. Sections of a biopsy from the center of the affected area revealed a necrotic mature, infertile, female filaria about ...
Sraow J S - - 1984
A 59 year old man presented with dyspnea and a new murmur of aortic regurgitation. Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated a to and fro motion of the intimal flap as it prolapsed into the left ventricle and was thrust into the aorta during diastole and systole, respectively. At surgery, the echocardiographic and ...
Gould L - - 1984
Mitral valve prolapse is a very common condition. It occurs in 4-5% of the population. It may be idiopathic or associated with a number of other conditions. Myxomatous degeneration is the underlying mechanism of mitral valve prolapse. Most patients with mitral valve prolapse have no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, ...
Levinsohn E M - - 1984
The arterial pattern in chicken hatchlings was investigated by microangiography and microscopic analysis of cleared specimens. The hatchling arterial pattern was found to resemble strongly the pattern that has been described for the adult chicken. Several minor variations in this pattern were found which were probably due to species, strain, ...
Aprin H - - 1984
In 45 patients with chronic knee problems arthrograms of the knee were obtained with emphasis on plica views. Thirty arthrograms showed radiographic evidence of plica syndrome. Three patients had thin bands in the proximal part of the suprapatellar pouch. Four patients had infrapatellar plicae. Eighteen patients had suprapatellar plicae, and ...
Steen S - - 1984
End-to-end anastomoses of the iliac arteries in growing pigs were constructed with interrupted 7-0 absorbable polydioxanone (PDS) or polypropylene (Prolene) sutures. Comparison between the two monofilament suture materials was made with respect to macroscopic and microscopic examinations, angiographic findings, recorded tensile breaking forces, and calculated blood flow values within the ...
Iarussi D - - 1984
A woman suffering from TCGV associated with steno-insufficiency with a prolapse of left atrioventricular valve (tricuspid) and an insufficiency with a prolapse of right atrioventricular valve (mitral) presented a systolic honk which was to be registered in all the precordial area. The increase of this noise at the end of ...
Mavissakalian M - - 1983
Of 46 female agoraphobic patients, three had definite and four had probable mitral valve prolapse--a total prevalence of only 15%. There were no significant differences between patients with mitral valve prolapse and the rest of the sample on demographic and clinical variables, nor did the groups differ significantly on measures ...
Hickey A J - - 1983
An association has been claimed between mitral valve prolapse and the neuroses, especially the anxiety states, panic disorders, and agoraphobia. In this study 103 patients with echocardiographically confirmed mitral valve prolapse were tested with the Eysenck Personality Inventory for neuroticism and with the General Health Questionnaire for the presence of ...
Primiano F P FP - - 1983
Thirty-six children and adolescents with early stages of idiopathic scoliosis underwent evaluation by echocardiography and pulmonary function testing. Mildly increased pulmonary vascular resistance was inferred from an elevated ratio of right preejection period to right ventricular ejection time, an increased right ventricular dimension, and a decreased left ventricular dimension. Since ...
Tomoike H - - 1983
Double-radionuclide autoradiography proved to be feasible using combinations of Tc-99m and I-125, or Tc-99m and C-14. Because of the short half-life of Tc-99m (6 hr), we first registered Tc-99m on x-ray film. Given an adequate Tc-99m:I-125 activity ratio of 20:1, the exposure duration for Tc-99m was still too short for ...
Windle J R - - 1983
M-mode echocardiography in a 3-year-old patient with suspected pericardial effusion was negative for the presence of an effusion. A subsequent 2-dimensional echocardiogram demonstrated a large effusion lateral to the right atrium and right ventricle. The reasons for the false-negative M-mode echocardiogram and a discussion of the literature are presented.
Thiagarajah S - - 1983
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), reported as occurring in up to 17% of healthy individuals, is considered to be the commonest cardiac valvular abnormality. Although the anaesthetic course may be uneventful, complications may arise for the first time in the peri-operative period and include life threatening dysrhythmias, mitral regurgitation and infective ...
Smith P A - - 1983
The handrim propulsion system of most manual wheelchairs has been shown to be inefficient and stressful to the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. Arm crank propulsion has been suggested to reduce these stresses. In order to compare conventional handrim wheelchair propulsion to arm crank type wheelchair propulsion, 16 volunteers (9 able-bodied, ...
Jackson A C - - 1983
This paper describes five patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and intracranial aneurysms. Patients with MVP frequently have evidence of a more generalized disorder of connective tissue. An association of intracranial aneurysms and MVP could be related to mesodermal disturbances involving collagen and elastic tissue in the vasculature. Further study ...
Wann L S - - 1983
In order to establish the relative prevalence of mitral valve prolapse as diagnosed by two dimensional echocardiography, we studied 100 presumably healthy young women with two dimensional echocardiography and M-mode echocardiography, history, physical examination, electrocardiography, and phonocardiography. Two dimensional echocardiograms were obtained from parasternal, apical, and subcostal acoustic windows. Mitral ...
Grenadier E - - 1983
Echocardiographic studies were performed on 134 consecutive patients with idiopathic mitral valve prolapse syndrome. Fifteen patients (11.2%) were noted to have ruptured chordae tendineae on M-mode examination and in 12 of them the diagnosis was confirmed by bidimensional studies. Only four patients were referred for surgery as a result of ...
Chan F L - - 1983
One hundred and fifteen Chinese patients with mitral-valve prolapse were evaluated for skeletal abnormalities, to determine their prevalence and interrelation. Measurements of thoracic dimensions from radiographs differed significantly from the normal population. The commonest thoracic abnormality was the straight back, being present in 37.5% of the male and 26.9% of ...
Takenaka K - - 1983
A family in which the five members including the identical twins had a mitral valve prolapse was described. None of these members had any known stigmata of Marfan syndrome and their auscultatory findings were different each other. M-mode echocardiograms disclosed a midsystolic buckling of the mitral valve in the identical ...
Boudoulas H - - 1983
Sixty-one patients (pts) with sleep apnea (SA), 35 with narcolepsy (N) and 24 with idiopathic hypersomnolence (H) were studied in the Clinical Research Center. The height to body weight ratio was less than normal in SA pts (0.32 +/- 0.01 vs 0.45 +/- 0.01, p less than 0.01), but normal ...
Ajmani M L - - 1983
The arterial blood supply, position and length of appendix were studied in 100 Indian (Uttar Pradesh region) cadavers. In 39% more than one appendicular artery was demonstrated. The retrocaecal and retrocolic positions of the appendix were by far the commonest (58%). Incidence of postilial position was also fairly common (10%). ...
Satoh Y - - 1983
Although mucolipidosis, a fatal metabolic storage disorder, is associated with cardiovascular abnormalities, detailed, non-invasive cardiac examinations have not been well documented. We studied 4 children with type II and type III mucolipidosis, 3 of whom had unequivocal evidence of aortic regurgitation characterized by phonocardiography and M-mode echocardiography. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed ...
Noble L M - - 1982
False-negative supine M-mode echocardiograms occur in some patients with proved mitral valve prolapse. To investigate further, we performed M-mode echocardiography (MME) during standing and after the inhalation of amyl nitrite in 17 patients (group 1) selected for auscultatory evidence of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) but negative supine MME. To validate ...
Roux H - - 1982
The results of a previous study led us to believe that the association of HLA-DR4 and rheumatoid arthritis could be of particular interest in our region. In this work we typed 58 caucasoid patients in the Marseilles area by microlymphocytotoxicity assay in B-cells. HLA-DR4 was found to be at the ...
Levine H J - - 1982
This study considers the implications that two types of mitral valve prolapse exist. One is primary, and consists of a basic abnormality of the mitral apparatus. While the etiology of this lesion may not always be the same, the major gross abnormalities are usually constant. Secondary mitral valve prolapse generally ...
Srinivasan V - - 1982
M-mode echocardiography in a 68-year-old man with a permanent transvenous pacemaker revealed intermittent mitral valve prolapse. The mitral valve prolapse was present during normal sinus rhythm as well as during pacemaker beats either preceded by or not associated with any P wave activity. During pacemaker beats followed by retrograde P ...
Morise A P - - 1982
We analyzed the use of amyl nitrite as a provocative factor in the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse in a population of healthy young adults. Sixty-five men and 11 women underwent continuous M-mode echocardiographic and phonocardiographic monitoring before, during and after the administration of inhaled amyl nitrite. All of the ...
Nagata S - - 1982
Mitral valve prolapse is diagnosed in real-time two-dimensional echocardiograms when there are discrepancies in the coaptation zone of the anterior mitral leaflet and the posterior mitral leaflet. Out of the 100 cases of mitral valve prolapse diagnosed in this way, 65 had prolapsed anterior mitral leaflets, 28 prolapsed posterior mitral ...
Ogawa S - - 1982
The patterns of aortic and tricuspid valve motion in 50 patients with mitral valve prolapse were analyzed by wide-angle, phased-array, two-dimensional echocardiography. Twelve patients (24%) had redundant aortic leaflets bulging into the left ventricular outflow tract during diastole. Eight of 12 patients had aortic regurgitation and seven of 12 had ...
Leor R - - 1981
Patients with neurocirculatory asthenia share common symptoms with patients having evidence of mitral valve prolapse. A link between these two conditions has been suggested but never documented. We have evaluated the prevalence of mitral valve prolapse among 42 young soldiers suffering from the neurocirculatory asthenia syndrome, using auscultation and echocardiography ...
Klein H O - - 1981
A mid-systolic click was present in a patient during three years of follow-up after implantation of a permanent transvenous pacemaker. Echocardiography revealed posterior motion of the anterior leaflet which resembled mitral valve prolapse. Both the click and echocardiographic evidence of prolapse disappeared simultaneously with resumption of sinus rhythm and during ...
Chisholm J C JC - - 1981
This report describes the first case of mitral valve prolapse associated with lentiginosis profusa.
Schutte J E - - 1981
We examined the hypothesis that mitral valve prolapse is often associated with an inherited, anthropometrically distinct habitus. Using standard echo- and phonocardiographic techniques, we identified 60 subjects with mitral valve prolapse, 21 first-degree relatives (12 with mitral valve prolapse and nine normal) and a control group of 57 normal women. ...
Baker R S - - 1981
A 63-year-old hypertensive woman with a prolapsing mitral valve developed sudden blindness of the left eye secondary to a central retinal artery embolus. The decision to perform carotid arteriography led to discovery of an ulcerated plaque in the left internal carotid artery, which was found at the time of endarterectomy ...
Cooper M J - - 1981
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) consists of prolapse or billowing of the mitral leaflet(s) into the left atrium during ventricular systole associated with a mid-to-late systolic click and/or a late systolic murmur. Thoracic skeletal abnormalities, progressive mitral regurgitation, ventricular arrhythmia, and sudden death have been associated with an autosomal dominant "MVP ...
Beasley B - - 1981
An association between rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease and mitral prolapse has been suggested. Since mitral stenosis in adults is a reliable indicator of rheumatic heart disease, we undertook this study to define the association between rheumatic heart disease and prolapse by estimating the frequency with which mitral stenosis and mitral ...
Jaffe A S - - 1981
To evaluate whether abnormal production of type III collagen, the characteristic biochemical feature of patients with the type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, consistently predisposes to mitral valve prolapse, we evaluated the family of a proband with classic type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Production of type III collagen was assessed with the use ...
Sarma K P - - 1981
The technique developed to study the microangiography of healthy bladders has been applied to study the known vagaries of papillary tumours their associated changes and their genesis. Epithelial hyperplasia (reactive hyperplasia), which develops as a from mucosal self-defence, is a general, non-specific tissue response to an adverse environment. The conversion ...
Lesser R L - - 1981
Because there have been reports of ocular and/or cerebral ischemic events associated with mitral valve prolapse, we reviewed a series of patients with mitral valve prolapse to determine the frequency of amaurosis fugax. Among 59 patients, 13 (22%) had symptoms while among 75 controls, only one had amaurosis fugax. We ...
Desser K B - - 1981
Mitral valve clicks with or without late systolic murmurs were detected in genetically unrelated marital partners of 5 families. The first family represented 2 successive nonconsanguineous marital unions with 3 generations of mitral valve clicks. The second family included 1 natural and 2 adopted children with clinical and echographic evidence ...
Victor M F - - 1981
A midsystolic click occurred in a patient with a type 1 dissecting aneurysm. The mechanism of production of the systolic click may be related to rapid deceleration of blood against the intimal flap. Combined phonocardiography and echocardiography (using a new second right intercostal space approach) proved to be helpful in ...
Kennett J D - - 1981
The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the angiocardiographic diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse by measuring agreement between observers using defined diagnostic criteria. Sixty high-quality left ventriculograms, selected to include many that showed possible mitral valve prolapse, were reviewed by three angiocardiographers. Disagreement between observers as ...
Mardelli T J - - 1981
Cross-sectional echocardiography utilizing the apical and longitudinal right ventricular inflow tract views was used to investigate the tricuspid valve in 64 patients with mitral valve prolapse and 16 controls who had no angiographic or echocardiographic evidence of mitral valve prolapse. The tricuspid valve leaflets and their coaptation point in systole ...
Hickey A J - - 1981
The prevalence of mitral-valve prolapse in 200 volunteers (100 men and 100 women) was investigated by means of a combination of clinical, phonocardiographic, and echocardiographic findings. Mitral valve prolapse was documented on M-mode echocardiography in four men and four women, giving an over-all prevalence of 4%. In addition, symptoms and ...
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