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Results 301 - 350 of 526
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Kobayashi N - - 1993
The distribution of actin filaments (AFs) in arterial and arteriolar endothelial cells (ECs) was examined in situ by staining with rhodamine-phalloidin in the rat kidney after perfusion-fixation under physiological pressure. ECs possessed two populations of AF bundles, namely, peripheral bands (PBs) at the cell border and stress fibers (SFs) in ...
Christ M - - 1993
Adult polycystic kidney disease is frequently associated with gastrointestinal and cardiovascular abnormalities. These include hypertension, mitral valve prolapse, mild dilation of the aortic root, abdominal aneurysms, and predisposition to aortic, mitral, and tricuspidal valve regurgitation reminiscent of Marfan's syndrome. Although the exact molecular mechanisms of adult polycystic kidney disease are ...
Hirota Y - - 1993
Marfan's syndrome is a dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular abnormalities, such as arachnodactyly, dolichostenomelia, kyphosis, scoliosis, pectus excavatum, ectopia lentis, aortic aneurysm and dissection, aortic valve incompetence, and mitral valve prolapse. This report describes the systemic management during dental treatment of a 26-year-old man ...
Henneke K H - - 1992
Presynaptic as well as postsynaptic adrenergic regulation abnormalities are reported in symptomatic patients with mitral valve prolapse. This study was undertaken to evaluate presynaptic sympathetic supply by m-[123I]iodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy in 17 preselected patients with mitral valve prolapse and symptoms suggestive of hyperadrenergic dysautonomia as compared to normal scintigraphic findings. Mitral ...
Salati M - - 1992
From 1986 to 1992 102 mitral valve repairs were done for mitral regurgitation due to a degenerative disease. Forty-eight patients had an anterior prolapse or prolapse of both leaflets at initial presentation and underwent chordal transposition from the mural leaflet to the anterior leaflet. The corrective procedure was completed by ...
Kai H - - 1992
The incidence of and the Doppler color-flow echocardiographic characteristics of aortic valve prolapse with nonrheumatic aortic regurgitation were examined. Aortic valve prolapse was observed in 21 of 243 patients (15 men and 6 women) with aortic regurgitation as detected by Doppler color-flow echocardiography (rheumatic, 112; nonrheumatic, 131) in 1247 consecutive ...
Barlow J B - - 1992
Three decades after it was demonstrated that nonejection systolic clicks and late systolic murmurs have a mitral valve origin and that a specific syndrome is associated with the primary degenerative mitral lesion, numerous questions remain unanswered. A principal cause of confusion is the use of the term 'prolapse', which essentially ...
Feigenbaum H - - 1992
Echocardiography plays a major role in the management of patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP). The technique has greatly enhanced our understanding of the pathophysiology, epidemiology and natural history. There are major and minor echocardiographic diagnostic criteria for prolapse. Major criteria involve the mitral leaflets and include late systolic posterior ...
Huang A L - - 1992
BACKGROUND: The manner in which molecules are transported across the arterial endothelial layer has been a subject open to much interpretation and controversy. Further elucidation and clarification of these mechanisms are of primary interest. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To investigate the ultrastructural features of arterial endothelial junctions and to evaluate their functional ...
Wu W T - - 1992
Fifteen Oriental noses were examined macrosurgically and microscopically. Five soft tissue layers overlying the osseocartilaginous framework are identified: the skin, the subcutaneous areolar plane, the vascular-fibromuscular layer, the deep areolar plane and perichondrium/periosteum. Two natural planes of dissection are represented by these areolar planes which separate the nose into an ...
Gobbi H - - 1992
Serial histological sections of the interatrial septum and basal heart vessels of the weaned and juvenile white-belly opossum (Didelphis albiventris) were obtained in order to study the presence of paraganglia and their content of regulatory peptides and serotonin. Paraganglion groups were mapped between the aorta and pulmonary arteries and close ...
Munier F - - 1992
The clinical features of an infective embolic choroidopathy are described, from its early onset to late complications in a 45-year-old man with acute Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis of the aortic valve. Initial fundus examination revealed, in addition to fresh choroidal lesions, stigmata of a previous embolic episode secondary to endocarditis from ...
Serbanesco F - - 1991
The complex and sometimes severe metabolic, haemodynamic or blood modifications induced by cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB), can result in alteration of cerebral electrogenesis and even in epileptic paroxyms. Nineteen epileptics (EP) and 41 risk patients (PR), 31 with a family history of epilepsy (FHE) and 10 prone to epilepsy (PPE) were ...
Nouh M S - - 1991
Cross-sectional echocardiography was used to identify and quantify different cardiac abnormalities in 85 patients with hypothyroidism. Pericardial effusion was the most common and was found in 32 patients (37.6%), while abnormal increase in left ventricular dimensions with impairment of function followed next in frequency (16.4%). Asymmetrical septal hypertrophy as well ...
Weber J A - - 1991
A technique was developed in which the accessory sex glands of stallions were visualized with transrectal ultrasonography during ejaculation. The technique was judged to be effective, since 10 of 11 stallions were trained to tolerate transrectal ultrasonography during ejaculation; they ejaculated during 195 of 200 attempts, and acceptable visualization of ...
Murayama Y - - 1991
Polyepoxy compounds (PC) have been introduced as new cross-linking agents to overcome some of the disadvantages of glutaraldehyde (GA). In this study, we investigated the relationship of the reaction time to the immunogenicity and mechanical properties of canine and bovine common carotid arteries cross-linked with one of PC, namely, glycerol ...
Pupi A - - 1991
Arterial radioactivity content after the intravenous administration of HMPAO in seven human subjects was analyzed. Arterial sampling of 99mTc-HMPAO was performed on each subject over a 25-min period postinjection. The lipophilic fraction of the tracer present in the blood was rapidly extracted with octanol. An analysis of the time course ...
Ilfeld F W - - 1991
Separating the distal anterior tip and lateral edges of an ingrown toenail from the adjacent soft tissue with a wisp of absorbent cotton coated with collodion gives immediate relief of pain and provides a firm runway for further growth of the nail. The collodion coating fixes the cotton in place, ...
Thomas D R - - 1991
Natural populations of 3rd-stage Nematodirus battus larvae were present on pastures in North Wales throughout the year; highest numbers were present in late spring, with smaller peaks occurring in autumn. Inter-site variation was observed in the timing and magnitude of these peaks. Hatching on experimental plots occurred 2 months to ...
Matthews N S - - 1991
Short term anaesthesia induced with xylazine and ketamine was compared to a combination of xylazine, ketamine and temazepam (a benzodiazepine) in six adult horses. Duration of recumbency was significantly prolonged when temazepam was administered with xylazine and ketamine. No significant differences in heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure or arterial ...
McCroskery J H - - 1991
Patients with chest pain and normal coronary arteries (NCA) score higher on measures of neuroticism than patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This relationship, coupled with findings linking mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and anxiety disorders, led us to examine prospectively the possibility that a greater incidence of MVP among NCA ...
Welker F H - - 1990
The second heart sound was evaluated in conscious, normal horses using intracardiac and external sound detection devices and echocardiography. The second heart sound (S2) in the normal horse is single or split by a narrow interval, not usually detected by external phonocardiographic evaluation. Splitting of S2 was classified as normal ...
Maaroos H I - - 1990
A series of 143 subjects representing an Estonian urban population was examined for the occurrence and extent (absent, mild, moderate, severe) of Helicobacter pylori colonization in antral and body biopsy specimens (Giemsa staining). These data were correlated with the presence and grade of chronic gastritis (normal, mild, moderate, or severe ...
Shindo K - - 1990
To investigate whether leukotriene B4 is present in the arterial blood of asthmatic patients during wheezing attacks, 20 ml of arterial blood was drawn from the inguinal artery of five patients. Leukotriene B4 was detected in all five individuals, and its identity was confirmed by a combination of high pressure ...
Toriello H V - - 1990
A brother and sister with Tel Hashomer camptodactyly and mitral valve prolapse are described. Mitral valve prolapse is heterogenous, but appears to occur more frequently in individuals with connective tissue disorders. The presence of mitral valve prolapse as a component manifestation of Tel Hashomer camptodactyly suggests that abnormal connective tissue ...
Casarin P - - 1990
The mechanisms of the bilirubin formation, transport, conjugation and biliary excretion have been extensively studied in the recent past, thereby allowing a more complete and rational approach to the old, but still somehow unknown symptom of jaundice and cholestasis. Based on the most recent physiologic and biochemical data, jaundice and ...
Clayton H M - - 1990
High speed cinematography was used to describe the stride kinematics in a group of six, sound horses subjected to two farriery treatments, designated 'normal' and 'acute' hoof angulation. Normal was defined as having the dorsal hoof wall aligned with the pastern axis, whereas the acute hoof angulation was approximately 10 ...
Rimoldi O - - 1990
We studied the neural determinants of the second (i.e., high frequency, HF)- and third-order (i.e., low frequency, LF) spontaneous oscillations of heart period (R-R interval) and arterial pressure (AP) in conscious dogs, with the hypothesis that they might furnish quantitative markers of autonomic controlling activities. Spectral analysis of simultaneous R-R ...
Somanath H S - - 1990
The records of 362 patients of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) were analysed to find out the incidence of aortic regurgitation (AR) and their hemodynamic and angiographic features. Thirty-seven patients (10.2%) were found to have AR, whose mean age was 13.4 years (range: 2-45) and male to female ratio was 5:1. ...
Pretterklieber M L - - 1990
The arterial supply of the ossa sesamoidea hallucis was studied in 13 subjects of both sexes by gross anatomical dissection. The majority of the ossa sesamoidea, i.e. 63% of the medial and 58% of the lateral sesamoid bones (SB), were supplied by a single artery. 26% of the medial and ...
Schatz I J - - 1990
The reported association of mitral valve prolapse with autonomic dysfunction and neuroendocrine abnormalities is derived from studies of patients selected because of symptoms or specifically referred for investigation. To determine whether such associations occur in nonreferred and unselected women with mitral valve prolapse, we measured blood pressure, heart rate, and ...
Motomura M - - 1989
Deflection area vectors of QRS (Aqrs) and T (At) and ventricular gradient (G) calculated from vectorcardiographic leads were compared in single vessel coronary artery diseases divided into subgroups of normokinetic, hypokinetic and akinetic by left ventriculography. In the LAD group, Aqrs shifted posteriorly, At were smaller and shifted to the ...
Froom P - - 1989
The degree of systolic movement of the tricuspid valve (TV) leaflets was measured in 100 consecutive apparently healthy men 18-20 years old at the time of maximum posterosuperior motion toward or into the right atrium. Backward bowing of greater than 0.20 mm2 of the anterior leaflet, and greater than 0.15 ...
Takatsu F - - 1989
The concept of high lateral myocardial infarction (HLMI) has not been clearly defined, so criteria for its vectorcardiographic (VCG) diagnosis have had no firm basis. However, we have reported that HLMI, expressed as abnormal Q waves in lead aVL on the electrocardiogram, corresponds to necrosis of the area usually supplied ...
Schmidt S B - - 1989
Mitral valve prolapse is a relatively common cardiac finding which, unfortunately, is often overdiagnosed and overtreated. For most patients, it can be regarded as an incidental observation without significance in terms of symptoms or prognosis. This article reviews our current understanding of what has been aptly called "the mitral prolapse ...
Boosman R - - 1989
The arteriographic appearance of 76 bovine hind digits, obtained from a slaughterhouse, was related to the macroscopic signs of chronic laminitis in the digits. There were statistically significant correlations between the macroscopic and the arteriographic appearance of the claws. Subsequent histological examination of the radiographically abnormal arteries revealed features indicative ...
Hassadi M F - - 1989
Echocardiographic observations in 200 subjects with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) are presented. The diagnostic criteria used were: (1) abrupt late systolic posterior motion of one or both leaflets of the mitral valve, and (2) holoor pansystolic posterior motion of 3 mm of one or both leaflets of the mitral valve. ...
Akasaka T - - 1989
To assess the timing and duration of mitral regurgitation in mitral valve prolapse, 20 patients with a mid-systolic click or late systolic murmur, or both (Group 1) and 16 patients with a pansystolic murmur with late systolic accentuation (Group 2) were studied with phonocardiography and echocardiography including various Doppler techniques. ...
Gross C M - - 1989
There is general acceptance of a causal connection between mitral valve prolapse and systemic embolic events. The precise mechanism, however, remains controversial, with current hypotheses favoring the embolization of thrombotic deposits from the abnormal mitral valve. It might be surmised that echocardiography could easily document the presence of such thrombi, ...
Fig L M - - 1989
A prominent filling defect was depicted on a radionuclide ventriculogram in a patient with mitral regurgitation. This defect was later shown, by cardiac ultrasound, to be due to mitral valve prolapse into the left ventricle during diastole. This case illustrates that mitral valve prolapse should be added to the list ...
Sugiura Y - - 1989
An 11-year-old girl with dystelephalangy (Kirner deformity) of the right middle, ring, and little, and the left index through little fingers is reported. To the author's best knowledge, such polytopic affection with dystelephalangy has not yet been reported. The parents, one of the siblings and maternal grandfather showed dystelephalangy of ...
Ogata Y - - 1988
Enamelins were extracted from developing bovine enamel with 0.5 M EDTA, 4 M guanidine HCl, and purified by DEAE-Sephacel, Sephacryl S-200, and high-performance gel filtration chromatography. Four distinct enamelins having molecular weights of 70, 45, 30, and 28 K daltons were isolated. Their amino acid compositions were found to be ...
Tomaru T - - 1988
As etiologic factors for mitral valve prolapse, papillary muscle dysfunction due to coronary artery disease, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, atrial septal defect and trauma have been reported. Connective tissue diseases such as Marfan's syndrome. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or Turner's syndrome may also result in mitral valve prolapse. In the majority of patients ...
Matsuo T - - 1988
A 32-year-old man with distal skeletal manifestations of Marfan's syndrome had experienced shortness of breath and orthopnea for one month. Physical examination showed the presence of severe aortic regurgitation. Both noninvasive and invasive studies revealed that the aortic regurgitation was induced by previously undescribed peculiar and unusual etiology: diastolic prolapse ...
Rueda B - - 1988
Incorporating prognostically related auscultatory, M-mode, 2DE and recent Doppler echocardiographic features, the following strict criteria for establishing the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) have been advanced: 1. auscultatory; mid-to-late systolic clicks and a late systolic murmur at the apex or mid-to-late systolic clicks at the apex which move appropriately ...
Chu C S - - 1988
The therapeutic and prophylactic effects of nylon dressings coated with metallic silver in a direct current circuit have been examined in a rat model of fatal burn wound sepsis. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 325 +/- 25 grams with 20% full-thickness scald injuries were used. Therapeutic effects were examined at 4 ...
Sakuma H - - 1988
The ability of computed radiography (CR) with photostimulable phosphor to detect coronary artery calcification (CAC) was compared with conventional radiography with the film-screen method. Posteroanterior and lateral chest radiographs were reviewed that had been obtained with both methods in 77 patients with a variety of heart diseases. Cineangiography confirmed that ...
Saunders R L - - 1988
The incidence and severity of coronary arteriosclerosis were studied in 209 wild and cultured Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) during various stages of recovery of bodily condition after spawning. All recently spawned fish had lesions of moderate to extreme severity. The incidence of lesions for each fish was high (73% ...
Hallidie-Smith K A - - 1988
We have described some of the cardiological findings in 66 patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome and analysed the two dimensional cross sectional echocardiograms in 61 of them in comparison with normal controls. Supravalvar aortic narrowing was shown in all patients examined echocardiographically and may be a useful diagnostic sign. We documented ...
Barron J T - - 1988
Auscultation was compared to two-dimensional echocardiography (2D echo) and Doppler ultrasonography in 140 consecutive patients referred for evaluation for suspected mitral valve prolapse (MVP) to asses the precision of the two diagnostic methods. Ninety patients (64%) had midsystolic clicks, of which 42 (47%) had MVP by echocardiography; 6 patients (4%) ...
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