Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 521
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Nolte K B - - 2000
A 26-year-old woman collapsed and died suddenly while dancing. Autopsy findings included the cutaneous lesions of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), a rare genetic disease with autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance patterns. Pathologic findings of PXE (degenerated elastic fibers) were seen in the stenotic epicardial coronary arteries, the intramyocardial arterioles, the subendocardium, ...
Wakai R T - - 2000
Foetal electrocardiograms (fECGs) and foetal magnetocardiograms (fMCGs) were recorded in the 26th, 29th and 31st weeks of gestation from a foetus with ectopia cordis-a rare condition in which the heart lies outside the chest wall. This provided an opportunity to study foetal cardiograms uninfluenced by the insulating effects of the ...
Bouknight D P - - 2000
Mitral valve prolapse is a pathologic anatomic and physiologic abnormality of the mitral valve apparatus affecting mitral leaflet motion. "Mitral valve prolapse syndrome" is a term often used to describe a constellation of mitral valve prolapse and associated symptoms or other physical abnormalities such as autonomic dysfunction, palpitations and pectus ...
Robicsek S A - - 2000
The majority of patients undergoing pectus excavatum repair can be safely anesthetized with routine clinical preoperative evaluation and chest radiography. Electrocardiography, echocardiography, arterial blood gas, and pulmonary function tests should be reserved for patients with suspected coexisting conditions, such as mitral valve prolapse, skeletal abnormalities, Marfan's syndrome, and pulmonary disease. ...
Feinberg T E - - 2000
To clarify the relation between anosognosia for hemiplegia and confabulation, 11 patients with acute right cerebral infarctions and left upper limb hemiparesis were assessed for anosognosia for hemiplegia, illusory limb movements (ILMs), hemispatial neglect, asomatognosia, and cognitive impairment. Five of 11 patients had unequivocal confabulation as evidenced by ILMs. The ...
Cook T M - - 2000
A new practical classification of laryngeal view at laryngoscopy is presented and evaluated. The best laryngeal view obtained with or without anterior laryngeal pressure is recorded. The laryngeal view is easy (E) when the laryngeal inlet is visible. The view is restricted (R) when the posterior glottic structures (posterior commissure ...
Ratajska A - - 2000
The aim of this work was to address morphometric patterns of coronary artery (c.a.) development in the rat based on serial section analysis of hearts at different stages of prenatal development. Studies were performed on foetal hearts 15-21 days (ED) post-conception. Paraffin sections were stained with haematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and frozen ...
Jensen S M - - 2000
Since myocardium at risk (MAR) is the major prognosticator of final infarct size and outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction, it is highly desirable to estimate the size of the acutely ischemic myocardium, that is the MAR, in these patients. We assessed MAR size by Tc-99m-sestamibi-SPECT and computerized vectorcardiography ...
Appelbaum P S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: A dimensional approach to the characterization of delusions was used to examine the use of non-content-related descriptors of delusions in revealing differences across diagnostic categories and delusion types. METHOD: Interviews with 1,136 acutely hospitalized psychiatric patients identified subjects as definitely or possibly delusional on the basis of screening questions ...
Shahid M S - - 1999
Aneurysm formation in the left ventricular outflow tract related to the proximal end of the pulmonary autograft after the Ross procedure was present in 2 patients. Both occurred late after operation and were associated with prolapse of a leaflet of the autograft and significant regurgitation. Both were repaired with no ...
Boyce W - - 1999
Two bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) in New Mexico (USA) were found to be naturally infected with Elaeophora schneideri. An adult ram examined in 1997 in the Fra Cristobal Mountains had 26 nematodes in the carotid and iliac arteries, and microfilariae were present in the skin, nasal mucosa, brain, and lungs. ...
Davies L C - - 1999
Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) conveys useful prognostic information in patients with heart disease, yet methods for its quantification suffer from poor reproducibility and test failure in some patients with heart failure. We set out to compare the short-term reproducibility and success rate of four different methods of assessing BRS in normal ...
Ondero─člu S - - 1999
The facial artery together with the surrounding tissue in the modiolus was examined under the light microscope. The specimens were obtained from 15 formalin fixed human cadavers in our department. Each specimen was excised as a 1 cm3 cubic mass from the region where the facial artery bisected the line ...
Rose K D - - 1999
A substantially complete skull and mandible of the primitive adapiform Cantius is reported from the Early Eocene Willwood Formation of Wyoming. The mandible contains an almost complete lower dentition in which the lower incisors are strongly inclined and have spatulate crowns, I(2) is larger than I(1), and the canine is ...
Adibi A - - 1999
We show that when a dynamic hologram is read out by illumination at the Bragg nulls of a previously recorded grating the diffracted beam inside the medium can result in the recording of two secondary gratings that alter the final selectivity curve. This is confirmed experimentally. This effect can cause ...
Freed L A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Mitral-valve prolapse has been described as a common disease with frequent complications. To determine the prevalence of mitral-valve prolapse in the general population, as diagnosed with the use of current two-dimensional echocardiographic criteria, we examined the echocardiograms of 1845 women and 1646 men (mean [+/-SD] age, 54.7+/-10.0 years) who ...
Luetke-Stahlman B - - 1999
The researchers studied a method of mediation with a deaf second grader. Language needs were identified through transcription of the child's retellings of weekly basal stories. These were either targeted for adult-mediated conversations during reading activities or left "untargeted but tracked." During two intervention phases, the student's performance on semantic ...
Adams J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The ability to predict the level of the true vocal cords based on external landmarks is crucial to the success of many laryngeal surgical procedures. This study examines the reliability of one such landmark on the thyroid cartilage. METHODS: Twenty-four cadaver larynges were examined. A pin was placed through ...
Tareco J M JM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 1999
Pes planus is a term frequently used in describing flatfoot; however, no study has objectively defined flatfoot. We evaluated the single leg stance footprint of 40 feet in 21 people with no history of foot problems, using pressure-sensitive film and a Harris mat. The medial and lateral aspects of the ...
Stevens J F - - 1999
The fate of three prenylated flavonoids of the chalcone type, xanthohumol, desmethylxanthohumol, and 3'-geranylchalconaringenin, was monitored with LC/MS-MS from hops (Humulus lupulus L.) to beer in two brewing trials. The three prenylchalcones were largely converted into their isomeric flavanones, isoxanthohumol, prenylnaringenins, and geranylnaringenins, respectively, in the boiling wort. Losses of ...
Furui E - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) can detect circulating microembolic signals (MES). We focused our attention on tail signs (TS), a signal associated with MES that appeared as a small reversal signal after MES on the high time resolution spectral display. We examined MES and artifacts in an animal ...
Burgess P W - - 1999
This report describes a person who confabulated following an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. His confabulation was limited to one very circumscribed area of his life and remained stable for twelve weeks, eventually improving with rehabilitation. It is argued that a content-specific confabulation of this nature challenges current theories of confabulation, ...
Pedersen H D - - 1999
This study investigated the epidemiology and prognostic significance of mitral valve prolapse, detected by ultrasonography, in 153 cavalier King Charles spaniels which were screened consecutively during a period of one year. Seventy-five of the dogs, which had either no murmur or a grade I murmur on screening, were reexamined three ...
Morales P - - 1999
A blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) with a history of recurrent eversion or prolapse of the valvular intestine, arrived at the Steinhart Aquarium in June 1996 and was placed in a mixed species shark display. The eversion soon reappeared, and the animal became thin and anorexic. The everted portion of ...
Patel P - - 1999
In order to develop a suitable reactor for the biomethanation of high-strength salty cheese whey, the performance of anaerobic upflow fixed-film reactors packed with different support materials, such as charcoal, gravel, brick pieces, pumice stones, and PVC pieces, has been studied. The charcoal-bedded reactor gave the best performance, with the ...
Bresters D - - 1999
An infant with neonatal Marfan syndrome is described who presented with arachnodactyly, distinctive dysmorphic features and prolapse of both atrioventricular valves and dilatation of both the aortic and pulmonary root. She died in cardiac failure shortly after pacemaker implantation, due to dysrhythmia and severe mitral insufficiency. At autopsy, apart from ...
Stergiopulos N - - 1999
In earlier studies we found that the three-element windkessel, although an almost perfect load for isolated heart studies, does not lead to accurate estimates of total arterial compliance. To overcome this problem, we introduce an inertial term in parallel with the characteristic impedance. In seven dogs we found that ascending ...
Irschick D J - - 1999
We analyzed footprints on the surface of a sand dune to estimate maximal running speeds and the incidence of bipedality in nature, as well as to investigate the effects of incline on the escape locomotion of the lizard Callisaurus draconoides. Previous laboratory tests predicted that inclines would negatively affect sprinting ...
Simmons J R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine how the loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) compares to cold knife conization in providing an adequate diagnostic specimen. STUDY DESIGN: Between 1991 and 1995, 95 patients underwent either diagnostic LEEP or cold knife conization at Allegheny University Hospitals. The indications for the procedure were a cytologic/histologic discrepancy, ...
Zuppiroli A - - 1998
To determine whether mitral valve prolapse (MVP) with or without mitral leaflet thickening (> or =5 mm) represents distinct heritable conditions, 13 patients with MVP with leaflet thickening and their relatives were compared with 67 patients with MVP with normal leaflets and their relatives. The 2 groups of relatives had ...
Hicks C - - 1998
Carcass and live measurements of 165 market hogs that represented seven genotypes were used to investigate genotype and sex biases associated with the prediction of fat-free lean mass (FFLM) and carcass value. Carcass value was determined as the sum of the product of weight of individual cuts and their average ...
Bergman D L - - 1998
The purpose of the present work is to establish a basic knowledge about the scaling properties of the placenta's arterial tree. For this end we have analysed X-ray angiograms of 22 normal arterial trees by box counting. All the investigated arterial trees scale closely according to a power-law over a ...
Barletta G - - 1998
The study aim was to assess whether post-ejection thickening (PT) is an useful marker of viable myocardium in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. Twenty-three patients with critical coronary stenoses were submitted to dobutamine and dipyridamole stress-echocardiographies and dipyridamole-early-redistribution 201Tl SPECT within 15 days from coronary arteriography. They were selected ...
Keeton P I - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the behaviour of the spectral broadening index (SBI) derived from spectra obtained using autoregressive (AR) modelling compared to that of SBI based on fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis of clinical Doppler ultrasound scans. METHODS: Doppler signals from internal carotid arteries of patients with normal and diseased ...
Gödje O - - 1998
A pulse-contour-based method for continuous measurement of cardiac output (CO) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) was tested and arterial thermodilution, used for calibration, was compared to pulmonary artery thermodilution. In 30 patients CO and SVR were measured by pulse contour analysis (COpc, SVRpc) 270 times in 24 h and compared ...
Suwa T - - 1998
Microporella speciosa sp. nov. is described from Alaska, USA. The new species is characterized by the following combination of features: 1) semicircular orifice with slightly curved and faintly denticu-late proximal edge having a straight, shallow groove, 2) two distal oral spines, 3) laterally directed avicularian rostrum with a broad, channeled ...
Tischler M D - - 1998
Quantitative 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography was used to assess the longitudinal effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition in asymptomatic patients with chronic, severe mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse. Over a 6-month period, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition therapy resulted in significant reductions in left ventricular volumes and mass in association with ...
Butterworth J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The authors hypothesized that shorter-acting opioid and neuromuscular blocking drugs would be associated with reductions in duration of intubation, length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) after tracheal extubation, or postoperative (exclusive of ICU) LOS, and that shorter durations of intubation would be associated with reduced ...
Goldstein I - - 1998
The first phase of the female sexual response, associated with neurotransmitter-mediated vascular smooth muscle relaxation, results in increased vaginal lubrication, wall engorgement and luminal diameter as well as increased clitoral length and diameter. Specific physiologic impairments of vasculogenic female sexual dysfunction include vaginal engorgement and clitoral erectile insufficiency syndromes. These ...
Strayhorn V - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if peak expiratory flow (PEF) is higher using incorrect technique versus correct technique with five marketed peak flowmeters. DESIGN: Randomized, nonblinded study. SETTING: University pulmonary medicine clinic. PATIENTS: Twenty adults with clinically stable asthma. INTERVENTIONS: After inhaling 2 puffs of albuterol via a valved aerosol holding ...
Georgiadis D - - 1998
The purpose of this study was the comparison between 1 MHz and 2 MHz transducers in the detection of Doppler microembolic signals (MES). Intraoperative monitoring was performed over the arterial tubing of the extracorporal circulation circuit in 10 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery, using a pulsed ultrasound machine (DWL ...
Hawley G - - 1998
The aim of the research was to discover the experience and meaning of prayer of patients in hospital when undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Ethnographic-type post discharge interviews with 13 participants formed the major data source. Using the grounded theory method, the basic social psychological process was labeled seeking ...
Sherman C - - 1998
Chlorine bleach and detergent are routinely used by householders in El Progreso, Honduras in the process of cleaning washbasins and drums, the two most important larval habitats of Aedes aegypti in the city. The efficacy of these materials in eliminating eggs, larvae, and pupae of Ae. aegypti was assessed under ...
Langholz D - - 1998
Though qualitative transthoracic echocardiographic criteria for abnormal systolic leaflet motion are widely accepted as diagnostic characteristics of mitral valve prolapse, transesophageal echocardiographic criteria have not been evaluated against such a standard. Because transesophageal imaging planes are not identical to transthoracic imaging planes, validation of transesophageal echocardiographic criteria for mitral valve ...
Worth L T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical signs of pericarditis in horses and to determine whether there were any relationships among clinical signs, echocardiographic findings, treatment, and outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: 18 horses. RESULTS: Physical examination was performed on 16 horses. Cardiovascular abnormalities included tachycardia (n = 16), pericardial friction rub (10), ...
Conkin J - - 1998
HYPOTHESIS: Information about venous gas emboli (VGE) detected in the pulmonary artery such as the occurrence of VGE, Grade of VGE, the time when VGE first appear, and the time course of the Grade or occurrence of VGE, could be used to better assess the probability of decompression sickness [P(DCS)] ...
Bertulezzi G - - 1998
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare heritable disorder of the connective tissue characterized by marked clinical heterogeneity. Common cardiovascular complications of PXE include renovascular hypertension, premature coronary artery disease and calcification of peripheral arteries frequently leading to claudicatio intermittens; fibrous thickening of the endocardium and atrioventricular valves, leading to restrictive ...
Santoro G M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: To overcome the relatively low accuracy of exercise stress testing (EST) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD), both echocardiography and perfusion scintigraphy have been evaluated in conjunction with pharmacologic stress, but there is still uncertainty of the relative value of these tests as possible first-line examinations for suspected CAD. ...
Kenney C A - - 1998
When Thomas Willis published Cerebri Anatome in 1664, he demonstrated within its pages the greatest insight to date into the structure and function of the circular arterial anastomosis that later came to bear his name. For centuries prior, others had described and illustrated the vascular arrangement on the base of ...
Eishi K - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: In terms of valve-related complication and ventricular function, mitral valve repair (MVR) is superior to valve replacement. To date, chordae shortening and transposition have been used for diffuse prolapses. We have used artificial chordae implantation for MVR since 1986, and here review our long-term ...
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