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Gray Russell D - - 2003
Languages, like genes, provide vital clues about human history. The origin of the Indo-European language family is "the most intensively studied, yet still most recalcitrant, problem of historical linguistics". Numerous genetic studies of Indo-European origins have also produced inconclusive results. Here we analyse linguistic data using computational methods derived from ...
Störk C K - - 2003
A 3-year-old cat was presented with increasing dyspnoea over the past four days. Unilateral pleural effusion was diagnosed and a modified transudate was drained several times. Surgical exploration revealed intra-thoracic prolapse of the left kidney and partial herniation of the spleen through a dorsal, circumferential diaphragmatic tear. Biochemical analysis of ...
Gerlach Klaus - - 2003
The Dörges universal laryngoscope blade has several features designed to facilitate tracheal intubation. The number of laryngoscope blades may be reduced from four to two, or even one, which indicate less space requirement and costs. This new universal laryngoscope blade, has a lower profile (height 15 vs. 22 mm) than ...
Isaza Ramiro - - 2003
In the elephant, there is concern that lateral recumbency (LR) impairs respiratory muscle and lung function resulting in clinically significant arterial hypoxemia. Using healthy adult female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus, n=6), the hypothesis was tested that, given the O(2) binding characteristics of elephant blood, substantial reductions in arterial O(2) pressure ...
Duran Carlos M G - - 2003
Repair of degenerative mitral insufficiency has extensively been shown to be superior to replacement. In the majority of cases, the culprit lesion is limited to the posterior mitral leaflet (PML), which is treated with quadrangular resection of the prolapsing PML, annular plication of the corresponding segment of the annulus, and ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The literature is deficient in studies aimed at quantifying the occurrence of a suprascapular artery traversing the suprascapular notch with the suprascapular nerve. MATERIAL/METHODS: We have performed a cadaveric study using 60 adult specimens (120 sides). Thirty-eight specimens were male and twenty-two were female. RESULTS: Our findings conclude that ...
Grimble S A J - - 2003
AIM: To compare patterns of referral for arterial disease in two areas in the UK. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was used to survey general practitioner (GP) referral patterns for arterial disease. Questionnaires were sent to West Berkshire GPs in 1993 and 2000 and to Llantrisant GPs in 2000. RESULTS: A ...
Sato Yoshihiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluation of leaflet dysfunction in aortic valve repair is important. In eccentric aortic regurgitation (AR), it is unclear whether leaflet dysfunction other than prolapse exists. The study aim was to validate the hypothesis that eccentric AR correlates with leaflet dysfunction. METHODS: Both anyplane 2-D ...
Vats Abhay N - - 2003
The glomerular structural factors associated with progression of congenital nephrotic syndrome of Finnish type (CNF) are incompletely understood. We studied glomerular volume and the proportion of various glomerular subtypes in seven CNF patients (aged 4 months to 3 years). Glomerular tubular connections (GTC) were analyzed in two patients early and ...
Longas María O - - 2003
The antiproliferative activity of Heparin (HP) on bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (BPASMC) in vitro requires both N-acetylation and N-sulfonation. This was demonstrated by quantifying the relative N-acetylation of three commercial heparins of known antiproliferative activities, using their Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) band areas at 1381-1378 and 1320-1317 cm(-1), which ...
Nöthling J O - - 2002
A 5-year-old cheetah suffered a complete prolapse of the left uterine horn after the birth of her second litter. Two attempts to reduce the prolapse transvaginally failed. The animal was hospitalized 13 days after the prolapse first occurred, and an ovariohysterectomy was performed to resolve the prolapse. The prolapsed uterine ...
Llewellin Peter - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: International consensus guidelines suggest that in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), measurements of FEV1 and PEF are equivalent in the assessment of the degree of airflow obstruction when expressed as the per cent of predicted values. METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective study, 2,587 paired measurements of PEF and ...
Schäfers Hans-Joachim - - 2002
BACKGROUND: For aortic dilatation with morphologically intact leaflets, valve-preserving aortic replacement has become an accepted treatment modality. Leaflet prolapse, however, may be present, making composite replacement the most frequent choice. Alternatively, valve preservation may be combined with correction of leaflet prolapse. The results of this approach should be comparable with ...
Mya Min Min - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We report the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) associated with subclinical hypothyroidism in older persons. METHODS: We investigated the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism and its association with dyslipidemia and with CAD in 170 women and 110 men, mean age 75 +/- 9 years, in an academic nursing home. ...
Nyska Meir M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2002
We evaluated the change in position of the first metatarsal head using a three-dimensional digitizer on sawbone models. Crescentic, closing wedge, oblique shaft (Ludloff 8 degrees and 16 degrees), reverse oblique shaft (Mau 8 degrees and 16 degrees), rotational "Z" (Scarf), and proximal chevron osteotomies were performed and secured using ...
Gabeler Edward E E - - 2002
Balloon injury (BI) of the rat carotid artery (CCA) is widely used to study intimal hyperplasia (IH) and decrease in lumen diameter (LD), but CCA's small diameter impedes the evaluation of endovascular therapies. Therefore, we validated BI in the aorta (AA) and iliac artery (CIA) to compare it with CCA. ...
Nishida N - - 2002
We examined the pathology findings of the cardiac conduction system in 42 human autopsies who were considered to have died an accidental death. Abnormalities in serial sections of the conduction system were found in seven and of these three had an accessory pathway in the conduction system. In one of ...
Omran Ahmad S - - 2002
Mitral valve (MV) repair is the procedure of choice for MV prolapse or flail. However, valve repair is more technically demanding and requires a precise definition of MV morphology to determine the timing, complexity, and feasibility of repair. We prospectively examined 170 consecutive patients with MV prolapse or flail referred ...
Skulstad Helge - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Postsystolic shortening in ischemic myocardium has been proposed as a marker of tissue viability. Our objectives were to determine if postsystolic shortening represents active fiber shortening or passive recoil and if postsystolic shortening may be quantified by strain Doppler echocardiography (SDE). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 15 anesthetized dogs, we ...
Oztuna Volkan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In this study, a simple and reliable radiographic method is described to determine the torsional profile of the humeral head. METHODS: First, by using a specially developed frame, the humeral head retroversion angles (HRAs) of 20 dry humeri were measured by an anatomist and an orthopedist. Then the HRA ...
Bray Rodney A - - 2002
Synaptobothrioides sardinellae n. g., n. sp. is described from Sardinella melanura off Fiji. The new genus differs from other plerurine hemiurid genera in having entire or angular, rather than lobed to digitiform, vitelline masses. It appears closest to Synaptobothrium, but differs in the lack of a presomatic pit and the ...
Mills William R - - 2002
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the most common cause of severe mitral regurgitation necessitating surgical correction. Unileaflet prolapse (ULP), usually involving the posterior leaflet, is more common than bileaflet prolapse (BLP), which is more difficult to repair. Little is known about clinical, echocardiographic, and biomechanical differences between ULP and BLP. ...
Felbinger Thomas W - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac index (CI) measurement by arterial pulse contour analysis using two different algorithms (CI(PC), CI(PCnew)) with pulmonary arterial thermodilution values (CI(PA)) so as to evaluate the difference between the conventional algorithm, CI(PC), and a new algorithm, CI(PCnew), that accounts for patients' individual aortic compliance. DESIGN: Prospective, ...
Pollo Fabian E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee may be treated nonoperatively with adjustable valgus bracing. HYPOTHESIS: Valgus bracing reduces load on the medial compartment through the application of an external valgus moment about the knee, resulting in pain relief. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Eleven patients were ...
Weyman Arthur E - - 2002
Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) was examined in relationship to age, body mass index (BMI), the effects of comorbid disease, and standard echocardiographic measurements of cardiac chamber size, left ventricular filling patterns, and left ventricular systolic function in 5 large cohorts presenting with a primary problem of obesity. For subjects ...
Kirschvink N - - 2002
This study aimed to test whether shredded cardboard is an appropriate minimum-dust bedding material for heaves-affected horses. Results of standardized in vitro measurement of airborne dust and aeroallergen concentrations of cardboard bedding were significantly lower than those of common bedding materials. Six heaves-affected horses in clinical remission after pasturing were ...
Sarsam Mazin A I - - 2002
Artificial chordal replacement using polytetrafluoroethylene sutures has become an established component in the technique for mitral valve replacement with good long-term results. Although various techniques have been described to determine the length of the artificial chordae, this has remained somewhat problematic. A neo-chordae that is too short will, in effect, ...
Radford Dorothy J - - 2002
A child with pseudoxanthoma elasticum had mitral valvar prolapse with severe regurgitation necessitating replacement with a prosthetic valve. Extensive formation of pannus caused obstruction of two mechanical valves, one after twenty months and the second after three years. Histology of the pannus was similar to the endocardial lesions that are ...
Milanov I - - 2002
The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the controversial clinical and electromyographic findings of cerebellar and midbrain tremors. Neurological examination and surface electromyographic tremor recordings were performed on 46 patients (24 with midbrain and 22 with cerebellar tremor). Our results revealed that the midbrain tremor has involved the hand, ...
Veinot John P - - 2002
Intramyocardial small vessel abnormalities are not commonly recognized. The best known abnormality is fibromuscular dysplasia involving the sinoatrial or atrioventricular nodal arteries. Small vessel disease has been reported as an isolated cardiac anomaly in individuals with sudden death, and may also be associated with other cardiac conditions including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ...
Goldberg L L Helen Joseph Hospital and Department of Cardiology, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 2002
This report presents clinical observations and brings up for discussion the differential diagnosis of echocardiographic features of extreme mitral valve prolapse and inflammatory and non-inflammatory mitral valve aneurysms.
Aversa Antonio - - 2002
Penile pharmacotesting (PPT) with alprostadil (PGE1) represents the most common diagnostic approach to male erectile dysfunction (ED). A positive response - i.e. normal erectile rigidity of sustained duration - is presumed to exclude venous or arterial pathology with enough accuracy. To test this assumption we compared PPT vs. flowmetric results ...
Cellere Eduardo F - - 2002
A new myxoporean species is described from a freshwater fish in Brazil. Myxobolus absonus sp. n. was found infecting Pimelodus maculatus captured in the river Piracicaba, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Cysts were found free in the opercular cavity. The spores are large (length--15.7 +/- 1.5 microns, width--10.2 +/- 0.7 ...
Sato Kiyotaka - - 2002
To clarify the epileptogenicity of sevoflurane, electrocorticograms were monitored in seven patients with unruptured cerebral aneurysm under sevoflurane anesthesia. They had no history of epilepsy or other complications. Spike activities on electrocorticography were seen in all seven patients at 3.3% end-tidal sevoflurane. These results suggest that further study is required ...
Berghella V - - 2001
A 29-year-old G6 P3023 woman presented at 37 weeks' gestation with rupture of membranes and oligohydramnios. After informed consent was obtained, a successful external cephalic version (ECV) was performed. The patient went into spontaneous labor, but about 2h after the ECV, the umbilical cord prolapsed, necessitating cesarean section. Umbilical cord ...
Cho E G - - 2001
The role of pregrowth and preculture treatments in terms of both medium composition and exposure duration on survival of embryonic axes of Citrus madurensis after cryopreservation using the vitrification procedure was investigated. The optimal pregrowth treatment for excised embryonic axes was a 3-day treatment with 0.1M sucrose. Preculture was also ...
de Dominicis C - - 2001
Use of the Mainz pouch II technique leads to a reduction in the complications frequently observed because of the high pressure associated with ureterosigmoidostomy. A technical variation of the procedure is described in which reimplantation of the left ureter in the rectosigmoid is carried out to avoid the risk of ...
Messas E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) conveys adverse prognosis in ischemic heart disease. Because such MR is related to increased leaflet tethering by displaced attachments to the papillary muscles (PMs), it is incompletely treated by annular reduction. We therefore addressed the hypothesis that such MR can be reduced by cutting a limited ...
Kelly R G - - 2001
Development of the arterial pole of the heart is a critical step in cardiogenesis, yet its embryological origin remains obscure. We have analyzed a transgenic mouse line in which beta-galactosidase activity is observed in the embryonic right ventricle and outflow tract of the heart and in contiguous splanchnic and pharyngeal ...
Chau E M - - 2001
Bland-White-Garland syndrome refers to the rare congenital cardiac abnormality whereby the left coronary artery arises from the pulmonary artery. The natural history of this condition is highly variable, ranging from death in early infancy to asymptomatic adult survival. It is sometimes diagnosed in adults with mitral regurgitation thought to be ...
Misawa Y - - 2001
Primary tissue failure of bioprosthetic heart valves refers primarily to calcification of the leaflets of the bioprosthesis. A 75 year old patient underwent reoperation 15 years after mitral valve replacement with a Carpentier-Edwards porcine bioprosthesis. The extracted bioprosthetic valve was found to have one prolapsed leaflet and a small amount ...
Varela J A - - 2001
[reaction: see text] The hydroboration of tetrasubstituted alkenes and, in particular, bicyclic alkenes with BH(3).THF at 50 degrees C provides, via a highly stereoselective 1,2-rearrangement and a remote C-H activation, a diol in which the relative stereochemistry of three centers has been controlled. A mechanistic study provides general rules for ...
Van Dessel P F - - 2001
Ventricular tachycardia occurs frequently in patients with mitral valve prolapse. If antiarrhythmic drug therapy fails or mitral valve surgery is indicated, concomitant arrhythmia surgery may be considered. This report describes the first clinical use of an atrial transseptally inserted multielectrode basket catheter, placed across the mitral valve, to guide intraoperative ...
Adams D H - - 2001
Mitral valve repair techniques are now widely applied in patients with myxomatous valve disease. The use of artificial chords to achieve correct height adjustment of the prolapsing anterior leaflet segment can often be challenging. We describe a simple method of artificial chord reconstruction performed after annuloplasty, which allows for easy ...
Pfarrer A M - - 2001
A series of pH cycling "profile" laboratory studies was conducted to confirm the anticaries potential of an enhanced cleaning and whitening dentifrice based on a novel abrasive polishing silica and pyrophosphate tartar control source, with sodium fluoride as the anticaries ingredient. Under pH cycling remineralization conditions, the whitening dentifrice produced ...
Wallace A - - 2001
The biological characterization of bloodstream forms of eleven Trypanosoma cruzi cloned stocks, corresponding to two genetically similar clonets (19 and 20) and one distant clonet (39), according to multilocus enzyme electrophoresis analysis, showed dissimilar parasitemia in an experimental isogenic mouse model. While clonet 39 stocks gave low parasitemias, clonets 19 ...
Valeriani M - - 2001
The harmony of the lower limbs basically depends on the gluteal-trochanteric region. The authors intend to analyze the space geometry of the gluteal-trochanteric region, and describe the technique of liposculpture and lipofilling of this area. 4917 patients were treated since 1983. 3416 patients performed only liposculpture procedure, 1501 patients performed ...
Lembo T M - - 2001
An adult domestic female pig (Sus scrofa) exhibited clinical signs of right-sided Horner's syndrome after experimental placement of a woven aortic stent followed by aortic catheterization. The clinical signs included a miotic pupil, ptosis of the upper eyelid, prolapse of the nictitating membrane, and enophthalmos. Necropsy revealed a large mass ...
Cho L - - 2000
Recent data suggest that posterior leaflet repair alone corrects mitral regurgitation in patients with bileaflet prolapse and normal anterior chordae. The purpose of this study was to use echocardiography to define the anatomic differences between posterior and bileaflet prolapse and to determine if posterior leaflet repair alone leads to correction ...
Wier A - - 2000
We describe two new pillotinaceous spirochetes (Canaleparolina darwiniensis, Diplocalyx cryptotermitidis) and identify for the first time Hollandina pterotermitidis from both the subterranean termite Cryptotermes cavifrons and the wood-eating cockroach Cryptocercus punctulatus based on morphometric analysis of transmission electron micrographic thin sections. C. darwiniensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., limited to near ...
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