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Llewellin Peter - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: International consensus guidelines suggest that in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), measurements of FEV1 and PEF are equivalent in the assessment of the degree of airflow obstruction when expressed as the per cent of predicted values. METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective study, 2,587 paired measurements of PEF and ...
Schäfers Hans-Joachim - - 2002
BACKGROUND: For aortic dilatation with morphologically intact leaflets, valve-preserving aortic replacement has become an accepted treatment modality. Leaflet prolapse, however, may be present, making composite replacement the most frequent choice. Alternatively, valve preservation may be combined with correction of leaflet prolapse. The results of this approach should be comparable with ...
Mya Min Min - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We report the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) associated with subclinical hypothyroidism in older persons. METHODS: We investigated the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism and its association with dyslipidemia and with CAD in 170 women and 110 men, mean age 75 +/- 9 years, in an academic nursing home. ...
Nyska Meir - - 2002
We evaluated the change in position of the first metatarsal head using a three-dimensional digitizer on sawbone models. Crescentic, closing wedge, oblique shaft (Ludloff 8 degrees and 16 degrees), reverse oblique shaft (Mau 8 degrees and 16 degrees), rotational "Z" (Scarf), and proximal chevron osteotomies were performed and secured using ...
Gabeler Edward E E - - 2002
Balloon injury (BI) of the rat carotid artery (CCA) is widely used to study intimal hyperplasia (IH) and decrease in lumen diameter (LD), but CCA's small diameter impedes the evaluation of endovascular therapies. Therefore, we validated BI in the aorta (AA) and iliac artery (CIA) to compare it with CCA. ...
Nishida N - - 2002
We examined the pathology findings of the cardiac conduction system in 42 human autopsies who were considered to have died an accidental death. Abnormalities in serial sections of the conduction system were found in seven and of these three had an accessory pathway in the conduction system. In one of ...
Omran Ahmad S - - 2002
Mitral valve (MV) repair is the procedure of choice for MV prolapse or flail. However, valve repair is more technically demanding and requires a precise definition of MV morphology to determine the timing, complexity, and feasibility of repair. We prospectively examined 170 consecutive patients with MV prolapse or flail referred ...
Skulstad Helge - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Postsystolic shortening in ischemic myocardium has been proposed as a marker of tissue viability. Our objectives were to determine if postsystolic shortening represents active fiber shortening or passive recoil and if postsystolic shortening may be quantified by strain Doppler echocardiography (SDE). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 15 anesthetized dogs, we ...
Oztuna Volkan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In this study, a simple and reliable radiographic method is described to determine the torsional profile of the humeral head. METHODS: First, by using a specially developed frame, the humeral head retroversion angles (HRAs) of 20 dry humeri were measured by an anatomist and an orthopedist. Then the HRA ...
Bray Rodney A - - 2002
Synaptobothrioides sardinellae n. g., n. sp. is described from Sardinella melanura off Fiji. The new genus differs from other plerurine hemiurid genera in having entire or angular, rather than lobed to digitiform, vitelline masses. It appears closest to Synaptobothrium, but differs in the lack of a presomatic pit and the ...
Mills William R - - 2002
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the most common cause of severe mitral regurgitation necessitating surgical correction. Unileaflet prolapse (ULP), usually involving the posterior leaflet, is more common than bileaflet prolapse (BLP), which is more difficult to repair. Little is known about clinical, echocardiographic, and biomechanical differences between ULP and BLP. ...
Felbinger Thomas W - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac index (CI) measurement by arterial pulse contour analysis using two different algorithms (CI(PC), CI(PCnew)) with pulmonary arterial thermodilution values (CI(PA)) so as to evaluate the difference between the conventional algorithm, CI(PC), and a new algorithm, CI(PCnew), that accounts for patients' individual aortic compliance. DESIGN: Prospective, ...
Pollo Fabian E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee may be treated nonoperatively with adjustable valgus bracing. HYPOTHESIS: Valgus bracing reduces load on the medial compartment through the application of an external valgus moment about the knee, resulting in pain relief. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Eleven patients were ...
Weyman Arthur E - - 2002
Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) was examined in relationship to age, body mass index (BMI), the effects of comorbid disease, and standard echocardiographic measurements of cardiac chamber size, left ventricular filling patterns, and left ventricular systolic function in 5 large cohorts presenting with a primary problem of obesity. For subjects ...
Kirschvink N - - 2002
This study aimed to test whether shredded cardboard is an appropriate minimum-dust bedding material for heaves-affected horses. Results of standardized in vitro measurement of airborne dust and aeroallergen concentrations of cardboard bedding were significantly lower than those of common bedding materials. Six heaves-affected horses in clinical remission after pasturing were ...
Sarsam Mazin A I - - 2002
Artificial chordal replacement using polytetrafluoroethylene sutures has become an established component in the technique for mitral valve replacement with good long-term results. Although various techniques have been described to determine the length of the artificial chordae, this has remained somewhat problematic. A neo-chordae that is too short will, in effect, ...
Radford Dorothy J - - 2002
A child with pseudoxanthoma elasticum had mitral valvar prolapse with severe regurgitation necessitating replacement with a prosthetic valve. Extensive formation of pannus caused obstruction of two mechanical valves, one after twenty months and the second after three years. Histology of the pannus was similar to the endocardial lesions that are ...
Milanov I - - 2002
The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the controversial clinical and electromyographic findings of cerebellar and midbrain tremors. Neurological examination and surface electromyographic tremor recordings were performed on 46 patients (24 with midbrain and 22 with cerebellar tremor). Our results revealed that the midbrain tremor has involved the hand, ...
Veinot John P - - 2002
Intramyocardial small vessel abnormalities are not commonly recognized. The best known abnormality is fibromuscular dysplasia involving the sinoatrial or atrioventricular nodal arteries. Small vessel disease has been reported as an isolated cardiac anomaly in individuals with sudden death, and may also be associated with other cardiac conditions including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ...
Goldberg L L Helen Joseph Hospital and Department of Cardiology, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 2002
This report presents clinical observations and brings up for discussion the differential diagnosis of echocardiographic features of extreme mitral valve prolapse and inflammatory and non-inflammatory mitral valve aneurysms.
Aversa Antonio - - 2002
Penile pharmacotesting (PPT) with alprostadil (PGE1) represents the most common diagnostic approach to male erectile dysfunction (ED). A positive response - i.e. normal erectile rigidity of sustained duration - is presumed to exclude venous or arterial pathology with enough accuracy. To test this assumption we compared PPT vs. flowmetric results ...
Cellere Eduardo F - - 2002
A new myxoporean species is described from a freshwater fish in Brazil. Myxobolus absonus sp. n. was found infecting Pimelodus maculatus captured in the river Piracicaba, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Cysts were found free in the opercular cavity. The spores are large (length--15.7 +/- 1.5 microns, width--10.2 +/- 0.7 ...
Sato Kiyotaka - - 2002
To clarify the epileptogenicity of sevoflurane, electrocorticograms were monitored in seven patients with unruptured cerebral aneurysm under sevoflurane anesthesia. They had no history of epilepsy or other complications. Spike activities on electrocorticography were seen in all seven patients at 3.3% end-tidal sevoflurane. These results suggest that further study is required ...
Berghella V - - 2001
A 29-year-old G6 P3023 woman presented at 37 weeks' gestation with rupture of membranes and oligohydramnios. After informed consent was obtained, a successful external cephalic version (ECV) was performed. The patient went into spontaneous labor, but about 2h after the ECV, the umbilical cord prolapsed, necessitating cesarean section. Umbilical cord ...
Cho E G - - 2001
The role of pregrowth and preculture treatments in terms of both medium composition and exposure duration on survival of embryonic axes of Citrus madurensis after cryopreservation using the vitrification procedure was investigated. The optimal pregrowth treatment for excised embryonic axes was a 3-day treatment with 0.1M sucrose. Preculture was also ...
de Dominicis C - - 2001
Use of the Mainz pouch II technique leads to a reduction in the complications frequently observed because of the high pressure associated with ureterosigmoidostomy. A technical variation of the procedure is described in which reimplantation of the left ureter in the rectosigmoid is carried out to avoid the risk of ...
Messas E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) conveys adverse prognosis in ischemic heart disease. Because such MR is related to increased leaflet tethering by displaced attachments to the papillary muscles (PMs), it is incompletely treated by annular reduction. We therefore addressed the hypothesis that such MR can be reduced by cutting a limited ...
Kelly R G - - 2001
Development of the arterial pole of the heart is a critical step in cardiogenesis, yet its embryological origin remains obscure. We have analyzed a transgenic mouse line in which beta-galactosidase activity is observed in the embryonic right ventricle and outflow tract of the heart and in contiguous splanchnic and pharyngeal ...
Chau E M - - 2001
Bland-White-Garland syndrome refers to the rare congenital cardiac abnormality whereby the left coronary artery arises from the pulmonary artery. The natural history of this condition is highly variable, ranging from death in early infancy to asymptomatic adult survival. It is sometimes diagnosed in adults with mitral regurgitation thought to be ...
Misawa Y - - 2001
Primary tissue failure of bioprosthetic heart valves refers primarily to calcification of the leaflets of the bioprosthesis. A 75 year old patient underwent reoperation 15 years after mitral valve replacement with a Carpentier-Edwards porcine bioprosthesis. The extracted bioprosthetic valve was found to have one prolapsed leaflet and a small amount ...
Varela J A - - 2001
[reaction: see text] The hydroboration of tetrasubstituted alkenes and, in particular, bicyclic alkenes with BH(3).THF at 50 degrees C provides, via a highly stereoselective 1,2-rearrangement and a remote C-H activation, a diol in which the relative stereochemistry of three centers has been controlled. A mechanistic study provides general rules for ...
Van Dessel P F - - 2001
Ventricular tachycardia occurs frequently in patients with mitral valve prolapse. If antiarrhythmic drug therapy fails or mitral valve surgery is indicated, concomitant arrhythmia surgery may be considered. This report describes the first clinical use of an atrial transseptally inserted multielectrode basket catheter, placed across the mitral valve, to guide intraoperative ...
Adams D H - - 2001
Mitral valve repair techniques are now widely applied in patients with myxomatous valve disease. The use of artificial chords to achieve correct height adjustment of the prolapsing anterior leaflet segment can often be challenging. We describe a simple method of artificial chord reconstruction performed after annuloplasty, which allows for easy ...
Pfarrer A M - - 2001
A series of pH cycling "profile" laboratory studies was conducted to confirm the anticaries potential of an enhanced cleaning and whitening dentifrice based on a novel abrasive polishing silica and pyrophosphate tartar control source, with sodium fluoride as the anticaries ingredient. Under pH cycling remineralization conditions, the whitening dentifrice produced ...
Wallace A - - 2001
The biological characterization of bloodstream forms of eleven Trypanosoma cruzi cloned stocks, corresponding to two genetically similar clonets (19 and 20) and one distant clonet (39), according to multilocus enzyme electrophoresis analysis, showed dissimilar parasitemia in an experimental isogenic mouse model. While clonet 39 stocks gave low parasitemias, clonets 19 ...
Valeriani M - - 2001
The harmony of the lower limbs basically depends on the gluteal-trochanteric region. The authors intend to analyze the space geometry of the gluteal-trochanteric region, and describe the technique of liposculpture and lipofilling of this area. 4917 patients were treated since 1983. 3416 patients performed only liposculpture procedure, 1501 patients performed ...
Lembo T M - - 2001
An adult domestic female pig (Sus scrofa) exhibited clinical signs of right-sided Horner's syndrome after experimental placement of a woven aortic stent followed by aortic catheterization. The clinical signs included a miotic pupil, ptosis of the upper eyelid, prolapse of the nictitating membrane, and enophthalmos. Necropsy revealed a large mass ...
Cho L - - 2000
Recent data suggest that posterior leaflet repair alone corrects mitral regurgitation in patients with bileaflet prolapse and normal anterior chordae. The purpose of this study was to use echocardiography to define the anatomic differences between posterior and bileaflet prolapse and to determine if posterior leaflet repair alone leads to correction ...
Wier A - - 2000
We describe two new pillotinaceous spirochetes (Canaleparolina darwiniensis, Diplocalyx cryptotermitidis) and identify for the first time Hollandina pterotermitidis from both the subterranean termite Cryptotermes cavifrons and the wood-eating cockroach Cryptocercus punctulatus based on morphometric analysis of transmission electron micrographic thin sections. C. darwiniensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., limited to near ...
Piérard-Franchimont C - - 2000
The assessment of many aspects of the structure and biological dynamics of the stratum corneum can be conducted using calibrated stripping with adhesive-coated discs (SACD). Squamometry entails staining SACD samples with a toluidine blue-basic fuschsin ethanol-based solution and reading the colorimetric variable Chroma C* representing the squamometry index. Four main ...
Lin S S - - 2000
Identification of thrombus-related mechanical prosthetic valve dysfunction (MPVD) has important therapeutic implications. We sought to develop an algorithm, combining clinical and echocardiographic parameters, for prediction of thrombus-related MPVD in a series of 53 patients (24 men, age 52 +/- 16 years) who had intraoperative diagnosis of thrombus or pannus from ...
Hůrková L - - 2000
Eimeria motelo sp. n. is described from faeces of the yellow-footed tortoise, Geochelone denticulata (L.). Oocysts are irregularly ellipsoidal or cylindrical, with slightly expressed lobed protrusions and irregularities at the poles, possibly caused by wrinkling of the oocyst wall, 17 (15-19) x 9.4 (8.5-11) microm, shape index (length/width) being 1.81 ...
Ruan B - - 2000
Minor aberrant pathways of cholesterol biosynthesis normally produce only trace levels of abnormal sterol metabolites but may assume major importance when an essential biosynthetic step is blocked. Cholesta-5,8-dien-3beta-ol, its Delta(5,7) isomer, and other noncholesterol sterols accumulate in subjects with the Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS), a severe developmental disorder caused by a ...
Min H - - 2000
High systemic levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG) in OPG transgenic mice cause osteopetrosis with normal tooth eruption and bone elongation and inhibit the development and activity of endosteal, but not periosteal, osteoclasts. We demonstrate that both intravenous injection of recombinant OPG protein and transgenic overexpression of OPG in OPG(-/-) mice effectively ...
Nolte K B - - 2000
A 26-year-old woman collapsed and died suddenly while dancing. Autopsy findings included the cutaneous lesions of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), a rare genetic disease with autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance patterns. Pathologic findings of PXE (degenerated elastic fibers) were seen in the stenotic epicardial coronary arteries, the intramyocardial arterioles, the subendocardium, ...
Wakai R T - - 2000
Foetal electrocardiograms (fECGs) and foetal magnetocardiograms (fMCGs) were recorded in the 26th, 29th and 31st weeks of gestation from a foetus with ectopia cordis-a rare condition in which the heart lies outside the chest wall. This provided an opportunity to study foetal cardiograms uninfluenced by the insulating effects of the ...
Bouknight D P - - 2000
Mitral valve prolapse is a pathologic anatomic and physiologic abnormality of the mitral valve apparatus affecting mitral leaflet motion. "Mitral valve prolapse syndrome" is a term often used to describe a constellation of mitral valve prolapse and associated symptoms or other physical abnormalities such as autonomic dysfunction, palpitations and pectus ...
Robicsek S A - - 2000
The majority of patients undergoing pectus excavatum repair can be safely anesthetized with routine clinical preoperative evaluation and chest radiography. Electrocardiography, echocardiography, arterial blood gas, and pulmonary function tests should be reserved for patients with suspected coexisting conditions, such as mitral valve prolapse, skeletal abnormalities, Marfan's syndrome, and pulmonary disease. ...
Feinberg T E - - 2000
To clarify the relation between anosognosia for hemiplegia and confabulation, 11 patients with acute right cerebral infarctions and left upper limb hemiparesis were assessed for anosognosia for hemiplegia, illusory limb movements (ILMs), hemispatial neglect, asomatognosia, and cognitive impairment. Five of 11 patients had unequivocal confabulation as evidenced by ILMs. The ...
Cook T M - - 2000
A new practical classification of laryngeal view at laryngoscopy is presented and evaluated. The best laryngeal view obtained with or without anterior laryngeal pressure is recorded. The laryngeal view is easy (E) when the laryngeal inlet is visible. The view is restricted (R) when the posterior glottic structures (posterior commissure ...
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