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Prakasa Kalpana R - - 2005
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a genetic cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and structural abnormalities of the right ventricle (RV). The most important aspect in the treatment of ARVD/C is establishing a correct diagnosis based on the International Task Force criteria. In our experience, cardiologists are not aware of ...
Jiang Y W - - 2005
A 42-d floor pen study was conducted with broiler chickens comparing the effects on bird performance of 12 ppm TAMUS 2032 (also known as BT) and 55 ppm bacitracin methylene disalicyclate (BMD) when fed alone or in combination with 99 ppm monensin (MON). Unmedicated and 99 ppm MON treatments were ...
McFarlane Dianne - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a deficiency in systemic or local (pars intermedia) antioxidant capacity is associated with pituitary pars intermedia oxidative stress and pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) in horses. SAMPLE POPULATION: Blood samples from 20 horses with PPID and 20 healthy client-owned horses, archived paraffin-embedded adrenal gland and substantia ...
Pravica David W - - 2005
A shearing zonal flow of viscous fluid near a boundary perturbation can generate vortices that either remain attached near the boundary or detach to be abruptly carried downstream. At low speed a stationary attached vortex develops downstream from the perturbation. At higher speeds an array of traveling vortices forms, with ...
Daniell Anthony L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to compare MDCT with electron beam tomography (EBT) for the quantification of coronary artery calcification (CAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-eight patients underwent both MDCT and EBT within 2 months for the quantification of CAC. The images were scored in a blinded fashion and ...
David Tirone E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of mitral valve repair for mitral regurgitation in patients with degenerative disease of the mitral valve with posterior, anterior, or bileaflet prolapse. METHODS: Patients underwent operations from 1981 through 2001: 359 had posterior (mean age, 60.4 years), 92 had anterior ...
Urbanski P P - - 2005
The appropriate length of the artificial chordae is crucial for the proper functioning of the mitral valve after chordal replacement. In the technique described here, the artificial chordae are assembled during surgery and their lengths fixed according to the individual anatomy; they are then first attached to the margin of ...
Pak-art Rattaplee - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to identify the location of the lateral ligaments of the rectum and to reveal its contents. METHODS: From 18 human soft cadavers (9 males), 18 pelves were sagittally sectioned into 36 hemipelvic specimens affording good anatomic view of the lateral aspect of the rectum. All ...
Bekerecioglu Mehmet - - 2005
Inconspicuous penis is an umbrella term used to categorize several anatomic anomalies that occur in newborn boys. The consequences of this anomaly may be catastrophic unless it is accurately diagnosed. Repeated circumcisions will accentuate the problem without any solution. Keloid formation on the penis is exceptionally rare even though circumcision ...
Madder M - - 2005
Two ixodid tick species, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Neumann) and Rhipicephalus zambeziensis (Walker et al.) (Acari: Ixodidae), both originating from the southern province of Zambia, were used to study the survival time of adults at a range of different humidities and temperatures. In general, the experiment clearly demonstrates the different survival times ...
Portier Guillaume - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Antegrade colonic enema, via a caecal access [Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE)], is proposed to selected patients suffering from incontinence and/or constipation when other therapeutic modalities have failed. METHODS: We compared complication rates after three MACE techniques: appendicostomy, caecal neoappendicostomy, and ileal neoappendicostomy in 28 adult patients having 31 ...
Martin Matthew J - - 2005
HYPOTHESIS: Serum bicarbonate (HCO(3)) measurement may accurately and reliably be substituted for the arterial base deficit (BD) assay in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: Retrospective criterion standard analysis. SETTING: Surgical ICU in a tertiary care facility. PATIENTS: Consecutive sample of non-trauma-related surgical ICU admissions from January 1996 to ...
Gehlen Heidrun - - 2005
To describe removal of guttural pouch chondroids through a laser fenestrated mesial septum in a pony with an obstructed pharyngeal ostium of the left guttural pouch. Case report. Pony. Transendoscopic laser neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) fenestration of the mesial guttural pouch septum was made by contact method (bare fiber, 15-25 ...
Francès Camille - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe dermatologic manifestations of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and to investigate possible correlations between livedo reticularis and other APS manifestations. METHODS: We conducted a single-center study of 200 consecutive patients with primary or systemic lupus erythematosus-related APS. To qualify for the study, patients had to fulfill clinical and ...
Volokh K Y - - 2005
Recently Volokh and Lev (2005) argued that residual stresses could appear in growing arteries because of the arterial anisotropy. This conclusion emerged from a continuum mechanics theory of growth of soft biological tissues proposed by the authors. This theory included Lagrangian constitutive equations, which were formulated directly with respect to ...
Gulcan Oner - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and aneurysmectomy in the same session have on QT dispersion (QTd) in moderate or severe left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Forty-four patients underwent QT interval analyses before and 1 month after aneurysmectomy and CABG. ...
Arnaud Claire - - 2005
1. Myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion in humans is associated with increased formation of 15-F(2t)-isoprostane and 5-F(2t)-isoprostane (15-F(2t)-IsoP and 5-F(2t)-IsoP, respectively). Whether this formation is relevant clinically remains controversial. The present study was performed in order to evaluate the ability of the isoprostanes 15-F(2t)-IsoP and 5-F(2t)-IsoP to reduce myocardial ischaemic injury in rat ...
Espinola-Zavaleta Nilda - - 2005
Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder of connective tissue with manifestations in various organ-systems including cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to characterize and determine the frequency of cardiovascular alterations by echocardiography in 2 age cohorts of Mexican patients with Marfan syndrome and their comparisons with control groups. ...
Cheng Sha-Yen - - 2005
Kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus Bate, under the stress of 0.36 and 1.39 mM nitrite at 30 per thousand (parts per thousand, g kg(-1)) for 48 h, were examined for nucleotide-related compounds, specific activities of xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH), xanthine oxidase (XOD), and uricase. The levels of total nucleotide-related compounds, including xanthine ...
Hyun Changbaig - - 2005
A 5 year-old spayed female Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was presented after a 3- to 5-day onset of severe respiratory distress. The dog also had a history of several episodes of syncope prior to presentation. A comprehensive diagnostic investigation revealed a midsystolic click sound on cardiac auscultation, signs of left ...
Sagi H C - - 2005
We present the case of an intraforaminal iliosacral screw placed percutaneously with aid of C-arm using inlet, outlet, and lateral views of the pelvis. The iliosacral screw was placed above the S1 foramen on the outlet view, into the middle of S1 via the ala on the inlet view, and ...
Borrill Z - - 2005
Increasingly, exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is being used to sample airway fluid from the lower respiratory tract. EBC pH may be a biomarker of airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, the reproducibility of EBC pH in COPD was investigated. A total of 36 COPD patients ...
Rajesh Ramesh - - 2005
Mock arteries also called as mock vessels are one of the best alternatives available to researchers in evaluating the mechanical characteristics and durability of intravascular medical products without having to use animal and human clinical studies. The behavior of mock arteries depends on the frequency of loading. This makes it ...
Tatu Laurent - - 2005
Up until the 17th century, ideas surrounding the discovery of encephalic arteries were to remain largely influenced by the political and religious ideologies of the era. Parts of the encephalic arterial system have been called after several anatomists from this earlier period. From the 18th century onwards, scientists and doctors ...
Pirró N - - 2005
This study dissected 42 cadavers to investigate the level of the iliocava junction and the relationship with the lumbosacral spine and the aortic bifurcation. The iliocava junction was between L4 and S1, most often at the level of L5 (64%) and on the median third of the spine (55%). The ...
Majerović Mate - - 2004
In order to evaluate the possibility of compression of axillar artery by medial and lateral fascicle of brachial plexus, authors performed 26 axillar dissections on cadavers. Second part included analysis of 24 selective angiograms of axillar artery of patients with diagnosis of TOS. Third part included the use of modified ...
Weyman Arthur E - - 2004
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), an abnormal displacement into the left atrium of a thickened and redundant mitral valve during systole, is a relatively frequent abnormality in humans and may be associated with serious complications. A recent study implicates fibrillin-1, a component of extracellular matrix microfibrils, in the pathogenesis of a ...
Dogné Jean-Michel - - 2004
Thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) is a labile product formed from arachidonic acid by cyclooxygenase. The pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular, pulmonary, and thromboembolic diseases can be related to this metabolite. Therefore, TXA(2) modulators have been developed for 20 years. This review will highlight the evolution in the field of TXA(2) modulators.
Lo Ian K Y - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the neurovascular structures at risk when performing surgery about the coracoid. TYPE OF STUDY: Anatomic cadaveric study. METHODS: Five fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders were dissected to determine the dimensions of the coracoid and the distance from the coracoid to adjacent neurologic and ...
Kugler Florian - - 2004
The betalain pattern of differently colored Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. cicla [L.] Alef. cv. Bright Lights) was investigated for the first time. Nineteen betaxanthins and nine betacyanins were identified by RP-HPLC and positive ion electrospray mass spectrometry, co-injection experiments with semisynthetic reference compounds, and standards derived from authentic ...
Baczynski Tomasz P - - 2004
Cyclodiene pesticides: aldrin, isodrin, dieldrin and endrin were dechlorinated by methanogenic granular sludge in spiked batch tests. Initial pesticides concentration was 7 or 9 mgl(-1). Two monodechlorinated analogues were formed during the conversions of aldrin and isodrin. Dieldrin was transformed into two monodechlorinated products as well as into aldrin and ...
Peeters A C T M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We recently described a new autosomal recessive type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) based on a deficiency of the extracellular matrix protein tenascin-X (TNX). TNX-deficient patients have hypermobile joints, hyperextensible skin and show easy bruising. Because of the reported cardiovascular abnormalities in other EDS types and the excessive haematoma formation ...
Olfert I Mark - - 2004
The phase III slope of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) in a single-breath washout (SBW) is greater than that of helium (He) under normal gravity (i.e., 1G), thus resulting in a positive SF6-He slope difference. In microgravity (microG), SF6-He slope difference is smaller because of a greater fall in the phase III ...
Schiff Jonathan - - 2004
PURPOSE: Microsurgical vasovasostomy and vasoepididymostomy remain technically challenging procedures. Refinements in technique have continually improved patency and pregnancy rates for the 2 procedures in experienced hands. Advances in surgical robotics produced the Da Vinci robot (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, California) with motion reduction and no tremor, features that may improve ...
Lin-Chan Suh-Jen - - 2004
The force-driven harmonic oscillator (FDHO) model states that the driving force is minimum at the resonant period of an oscillator. By manipulating prosthetic mass, this study explored the compromise of resonant periods between the two legs in persons with unilateral traumatic transtibial amputation (TTA) at self-selected walking velocity (SSWV), with ...
Murase Kenya - - 2004
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be quantified non-invasively using the brain perfusion index (BPI) determined from radionuclide angiographic data generated with 99mTc-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO). When measuring the BPI, manual drawing of regions of interest (ROIs) (manual ROI method) for the extraction of the arterial input function (AIF) can lead ...
Tan Eng-King - - 2004
Bruxism characterized by clenching and grinding of teeth can lead to toothwear, headaches and depression. While bruxism has been associated with a number of neurological diseases, it has not been highlighted following cerebral infarction. An elderly man presented with an acute onset of tooth grinding and jaw clenching associated with ...
Bergamaschi R - - 2004
We studied repeated cerebrospinal fluids of patients with Devic's neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Variations of oligoclonal bands (OBs) had opposite trends in the two groups. In MS, OBs were detected in 399 of 411 patients (97%) and never disappeared. In NMO, OBs were detected in three of ...
Mueller Thomas - - 2004
The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and amino terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) for the detection of mild/moderate and severe impairment of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). In 180 subjects BNP and NT-proBNP were measured by two novel fully automated chemiluminescent ...
Nasuti Joseph F - - 2004
Unlike myxomatous degeneration in Marfan syndrome, which has been reported to result from a mutation in the gene that codes for the extracellular structural protein fibrillin, no specific molecular abnormality has been documented to be the underlying cause of myxomatous degeneration in mitral valve prolapse syndrome (MVPS). The present study ...
Lau E W - - 2004
Mitral valve prolapse is a common condition often associated with mitral regurgitation. Intuitively, one would expect a positive correlation between the severity of mitral valve prolapse and the associated regurgitation. This assumption is overturned by an unusual case of functional ventricularisation of the left atrium due to severe mitral valve ...
Gillinov A Marc - - 2004
A variety of techniques have been developed for repair of prolapse of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. At The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, we favor chordal transfer for this entity. In most instances, normal chordae with a strip of leaflet tissue are transferred from the posterior leaflet to the ...
Mathieu Patrick - - 2004
Repair of commissural prolapse associated with chordal rupture may represent a challenging problem for the cardiac surgeon. The case of a patient with chronic mitral regurgitation and prolapse of the posterior commissural area associated with chordal rupture is presented. A technique was proposed that involved partial resection of the degenerative ...
De Nardo L - - 2004
A mini-tissue-equivalent proportional-counter (TEPC) has been constructed to study the possibility to manufacture mini-counters without field-shaping tubes for radiation therapy. The mini-TEPC can be assembled with and without field-shaping tubes. It can be equipped with a mini-alpha source for a precise lineal energy calibration. After the positive conclusions of this ...
López-Candales Angel - - 2004
The diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse still remains a challenging proposition in some patients, particularly when the superior and posterior displacement of the mitral valve leaflets across the plane of the mitral valve annulus into the left atrium during systole is questionable. Therefore, additional reliable and reproducible echocardiographic criteria to ...
Keegan Jennifer - - 2004
PURPOSE: To develop high temporal resolution coronary artery spiral phase velocity mapping sequences and to compare the results obtained with those from FLASH sequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Velocity curves were obtained in eight left and eight right coronary arteries using breath-hold interleaved spiral (BH_SP), free-breathing interleaved spiral (FB_SP), breath-hold segmented ...
Arinc Huseyin - - 2004
A 37-year-old man presented with a three-week history of chest pain. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated a mitral valve prolapse and mild mitral insufficiency. Coronary angiography showed normal left main, circumflex, left anterior descending and right coronary arteries; however, the right ventricular branch of the right coronary artery had a separate ostium. ...
Gray Russell D - - 2003
Languages, like genes, provide vital clues about human history. The origin of the Indo-European language family is "the most intensively studied, yet still most recalcitrant, problem of historical linguistics". Numerous genetic studies of Indo-European origins have also produced inconclusive results. Here we analyse linguistic data using computational methods derived from ...
Störk C K - - 2003
A 3-year-old cat was presented with increasing dyspnoea over the past four days. Unilateral pleural effusion was diagnosed and a modified transudate was drained several times. Surgical exploration revealed intra-thoracic prolapse of the left kidney and partial herniation of the spleen through a dorsal, circumferential diaphragmatic tear. Biochemical analysis of ...
Gerlach Klaus - - 2003
The Dörges universal laryngoscope blade has several features designed to facilitate tracheal intubation. The number of laryngoscope blades may be reduced from four to two, or even one, which indicate less space requirement and costs. This new universal laryngoscope blade, has a lower profile (height 15 vs. 22 mm) than ...
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