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Levine H J - - 1982
This study considers the implications that two types of mitral valve prolapse exist. One is primary, and consists of a basic abnormality of the mitral apparatus. While the etiology of this lesion may not always be the same, the major gross abnormalities are usually constant. Secondary mitral valve prolapse generally ...
Srinivasan V - - 1982
M-mode echocardiography in a 68-year-old man with a permanent transvenous pacemaker revealed intermittent mitral valve prolapse. The mitral valve prolapse was present during normal sinus rhythm as well as during pacemaker beats either preceded by or not associated with any P wave activity. During pacemaker beats followed by retrograde P ...
Morise A P - - 1982
We analyzed the use of amyl nitrite as a provocative factor in the diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse in a population of healthy young adults. Sixty-five men and 11 women underwent continuous M-mode echocardiographic and phonocardiographic monitoring before, during and after the administration of inhaled amyl nitrite. All of the ...
Nagata S - - 1982
Mitral valve prolapse is diagnosed in real-time two-dimensional echocardiograms when there are discrepancies in the coaptation zone of the anterior mitral leaflet and the posterior mitral leaflet. Out of the 100 cases of mitral valve prolapse diagnosed in this way, 65 had prolapsed anterior mitral leaflets, 28 prolapsed posterior mitral ...
Ogawa S - - 1982
The patterns of aortic and tricuspid valve motion in 50 patients with mitral valve prolapse were analyzed by wide-angle, phased-array, two-dimensional echocardiography. Twelve patients (24%) had redundant aortic leaflets bulging into the left ventricular outflow tract during diastole. Eight of 12 patients had aortic regurgitation and seven of 12 had ...
Leor R - - 1981
Patients with neurocirculatory asthenia share common symptoms with patients having evidence of mitral valve prolapse. A link between these two conditions has been suggested but never documented. We have evaluated the prevalence of mitral valve prolapse among 42 young soldiers suffering from the neurocirculatory asthenia syndrome, using auscultation and echocardiography ...
Klein H O - - 1981
A mid-systolic click was present in a patient during three years of follow-up after implantation of a permanent transvenous pacemaker. Echocardiography revealed posterior motion of the anterior leaflet which resembled mitral valve prolapse. Both the click and echocardiographic evidence of prolapse disappeared simultaneously with resumption of sinus rhythm and during ...
Chisholm J C JC - - 1981
This report describes the first case of mitral valve prolapse associated with lentiginosis profusa.
Schutte J E - - 1981
We examined the hypothesis that mitral valve prolapse is often associated with an inherited, anthropometrically distinct habitus. Using standard echo- and phonocardiographic techniques, we identified 60 subjects with mitral valve prolapse, 21 first-degree relatives (12 with mitral valve prolapse and nine normal) and a control group of 57 normal women. ...
Baker R S - - 1981
A 63-year-old hypertensive woman with a prolapsing mitral valve developed sudden blindness of the left eye secondary to a central retinal artery embolus. The decision to perform carotid arteriography led to discovery of an ulcerated plaque in the left internal carotid artery, which was found at the time of endarterectomy ...
Cooper M J - - 1981
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) consists of prolapse or billowing of the mitral leaflet(s) into the left atrium during ventricular systole associated with a mid-to-late systolic click and/or a late systolic murmur. Thoracic skeletal abnormalities, progressive mitral regurgitation, ventricular arrhythmia, and sudden death have been associated with an autosomal dominant "MVP ...
Beasley B - - 1981
An association between rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease and mitral prolapse has been suggested. Since mitral stenosis in adults is a reliable indicator of rheumatic heart disease, we undertook this study to define the association between rheumatic heart disease and prolapse by estimating the frequency with which mitral stenosis and mitral ...
Jaffe A S - - 1981
To evaluate whether abnormal production of type III collagen, the characteristic biochemical feature of patients with the type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, consistently predisposes to mitral valve prolapse, we evaluated the family of a proband with classic type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Production of type III collagen was assessed with the use ...
Sarma K P - - 1981
The technique developed to study the microangiography of healthy bladders has been applied to study the known vagaries of papillary tumours their associated changes and their genesis. Epithelial hyperplasia (reactive hyperplasia), which develops as a from mucosal self-defence, is a general, non-specific tissue response to an adverse environment. The conversion ...
Lesser R L - - 1981
Because there have been reports of ocular and/or cerebral ischemic events associated with mitral valve prolapse, we reviewed a series of patients with mitral valve prolapse to determine the frequency of amaurosis fugax. Among 59 patients, 13 (22%) had symptoms while among 75 controls, only one had amaurosis fugax. We ...
Desser K B - - 1981
Mitral valve clicks with or without late systolic murmurs were detected in genetically unrelated marital partners of 5 families. The first family represented 2 successive nonconsanguineous marital unions with 3 generations of mitral valve clicks. The second family included 1 natural and 2 adopted children with clinical and echographic evidence ...
Victor M F - - 1981
A midsystolic click occurred in a patient with a type 1 dissecting aneurysm. The mechanism of production of the systolic click may be related to rapid deceleration of blood against the intimal flap. Combined phonocardiography and echocardiography (using a new second right intercostal space approach) proved to be helpful in ...
Kennett J D - - 1981
The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the angiocardiographic diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse by measuring agreement between observers using defined diagnostic criteria. Sixty high-quality left ventriculograms, selected to include many that showed possible mitral valve prolapse, were reviewed by three angiocardiographers. Disagreement between observers as ...
Mardelli T J - - 1981
Cross-sectional echocardiography utilizing the apical and longitudinal right ventricular inflow tract views was used to investigate the tricuspid valve in 64 patients with mitral valve prolapse and 16 controls who had no angiographic or echocardiographic evidence of mitral valve prolapse. The tricuspid valve leaflets and their coaptation point in systole ...
Hickey A J - - 1981
The prevalence of mitral-valve prolapse in 200 volunteers (100 men and 100 women) was investigated by means of a combination of clinical, phonocardiographic, and echocardiographic findings. Mitral valve prolapse was documented on M-mode echocardiography in four men and four women, giving an over-all prevalence of 4%. In addition, symptoms and ...
Starek P J - - 1981
Disc immobilization by a prolapsed suture end was observed in a laboratory animal with a pivoting disc heart valve. An identical occurrence was experienced in a clinical situation by other investigators. These experiences prompted a review of sutures and suturing techniques in implanting disc heart valves, in an effort to ...
Gardin J M - - 1981
Systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve in the absence of asymmetric septal hypertrophy or concentric left ventricular hypertrophy has been reported in several conditions. In this report we describe the clinical and echocardiographic findings in 15 patients who demonstrated SAM without associated organic heart disease (group 1, 10 ...
Morganroth J - - 1980
The mitral valve prolapse syndrome may present with a variety of clinical manifestations and has proved to be a common cause of nonspecific cardiac symptoms in clinical practice. Primary and secondary forms must be distinguished. Myxomatous degeneration appears to be the common denominator of the primary form. The diagnostic standard ...
Ellenbogen R - - 1980
We have suggested visual criteria for achieving and assessing success in platysma cervical lift. We believe it is now possible to satisfy these criteria in most patients, even those with a low-lying hyoid. Anterior adjustment of the platysma is more important for desirable results than posterior adjustment or posterior closure ...
Lahtinen R - - 1980
Bone marrow sideroblasts and haemosiderin were studied in 19 thyrotoxic patients before therapy and in the euthyroid state. The proportion of sideroblasts and the amount of haemosiderin were significantly higher in the hyperthyroid than in the euthyroid phase. Pathological sideroblasts with coarse perinuclear iron granules were found before therapy but ...
Reeves W C - - 1980
Routine echocardiographic examinations were performed on 53 individuals with muscular dystrophy (29 with myotonic muscular dystrophy [MMD] and 24 with Duchenne's dystrophy [DD]). Five of 29 (17%) with MMD and six of 24 (25%) with DD had typical mitral valve prolapse evidenced by echocardiography. All patients with DD and mitral ...
Magee M C - - 1980
A critical review of the literature on psychogenic impotence is undertaken with special reference to recent advances in objective evaluation of erectile function and radiographic visualization of the penile arteries. Standardization of nomenclature, subclassification of acute versus insidious erectile dysfunction, insistence on objective criteria for declaring erectile dysfunction or a ...
Kerin N Z - - 1980
The echocardiographic features of patients with parachute mitral valve have revealed the combination of an early systolic movement of the mitral valve and late systolic prolapse. Cross-sectional echocardiographic and angiographic studies showed that the early systolic anterior motion was produced by the presence of a flail scallop of the anterior ...
Towne W D - - 1980
A patient of faintly marfanoid habitus with left venticular failure, aortic regurgitation, and rate-related left bundle-branch block was found to have a midsystolic click and echocardiographic findings suggestive of mitral valve prolapse; however, the click did not move earlier in systole in response to head-up tilt or atrial pacing. Cardiac ...
Leier C V - - 1980
Nineteen patients with types I and III Ehlers-Danlos syndrome were hospitalized at our institution between 1973 and 1978. Chest roentgenogram, electrocardiogram, and echocardiogram were done; 11 patients underwent cardiac catheterization. Thirty-five cardiac or great vessel abnormalities were detected. Fifteen patients had nitral valve prolapse; six also had tricuspid valve prolapse. ...
Ringer M - - 1980
A 53 year old man died of cerebral hemorrhage while being treated for Streptococcus mutans endocarditis. At autopsy the only endocarditic lesion was on the left atrial mural endocardium. The noninfected mitral valve demonstrated prolapse and mucinous degeneration. The latter had led to rupture of several chordae tendineae, with the ...
Niederle P - - 1980
An echocardiographic finding presenting itself as a ruptured noncoronary aortic cusp is described. The basic finding included a constant diastolic echo separation of the right coronary and noncoronary cusps, noncoronary cusp prolapse in the direction of the posterior aortic wall and its high-frequency diastolic flutter. The diagnosis was confirmed at ...
Vuthoori Surender - - 1979
Both congenital pyloric stenosis and the mitral valve prolapse syndrome are reported to have a familial incidence. Although mitral valve prolapse has been documented in twins, only one case has received echocardiographic confirmation. The present account describes typical symptomatic mitral valve prolapse in identical twins, both of whom had undergone ...
Sinclair M A - - 1979
This paper is the combination of three separate discussion documents, presented amongst others at a parallel session at the Ergonomics Society Annual Conference, 1979, at Oxford. The discussion documents were general in tone and followed logically after one another, and the authors were asked to provide a joint paper for ...
Allen P R - - 1979
Chloroprocaine hydrochloride 2% and bupivacaine hydrochloride 0.375% in 10-ml doses of plain solutions were studied in a randomised blind manner as the agents for continuous lumbar extradural analgesia in labour. Twenty-four patients were assessed for the speed of onset, duration of action, degree of motor blockade, dermatomal spread, arterial hypotension, ...
Chandraratna P A - - 1979
Clinical and echocardiographic examinations were performed on 100 clinically stable, newborn baby girls. Mitral valve prolapse was noted on the echocardiograms of seven babies. Three subjects had systolic clicks, two of whom had systolic murmurs following the click. The four other babies who had echocardiographic evidence of mitral valve prolapse ...
Schott G D - - 1979
The present study concerns neuropsychological aspects of the handwriting of Leonardo da Vinci. The evidence for Leonardo's left handedness is considered, and a critical appraisal of his mirror writing and its underlying mechanism is presented. The relationship between Leonardo's sinistrality, mirror writing and certain aspects of localisation of cerebral function ...
ZuWallack R - - 1979
We studied the pulmonary function and chest x-ray films of 20 nonsmokers with idiopathic prolapse of the mitral valve. Forty-five percent of these patients complained of dyspnea. Of the 16 chest films reviewed, 44 percent had radiographic evidence of pectus excavatum and 25 percent thoracic scoliosis. The most common pulmonary ...
Bartall H - - 1979
A 47-year-old man experienced palpitations and shortness of breath following push-up exercises. Because of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and fatigue, the patient underwent investigation. Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization indicated the diagnoses of mitral valve prolapse and rupture of the chordae tendineae. This report represents the first description of such a sequence ...
Inoh T - - 1979
Eighty cases with mitral valve prolapse excluding the secondary prolapse of the mitral valve caused by known underlying diseases were studied by real-time ultrasoundcardiotomography and M-mode technic. It was thought that observation of the left ventricle with long axis sector scan was useful and sensitive technic to diagnose the mitral ...
Vengsarkar A
This is a case report of a patient who presented clinically with features of mitral valve prolapse. Echocardiography revealed, in addition to a systolic mitral valve prolapse, variegated shadows be-hind the anterior mitral leaflet characteristic of a myxoma. At sur-gery the prolapse of the posterior mitral leaflet was confirmed, but ...
Pileggi F - - 1979
The relationship between mitral valve prolapse, segmental and total ventricular function was studied in 121 patients with severe coronary artery disease, 21 of whom had angiographically documented mitral prolapse. The position and movement of the inferior papillary muscle were also analyzed. Mitral valve prolapse in association with severe coronary artery ...
Mori K - - 1979
Echocardiography was of great value in establishing the correct diagnosis in a patient with symptoms of congestive heart failure due to a prolapsing right atrial myxoma. The movement of the tumor into the right ventricle through the atrioventricular orifice during diastole was identified by the echocardiogram and confirmed by angiography ...
Sando I - - 1979
A histologic study of the para-vestibular canaliculus (PVC), its contents, and its relationship to the vestibular aqueduct (VA), is presented. 20 normal human temporal bones were fixed in 10% formalin solution, embedded in celloidin, and sectioned horizontally at intervals of 20 micrometers. Every tenth section was stained with hematoxylin and ...
Rizzon P - - 1978
The prevalence of atrioventricular (AV) conduction disturbances amongst patients with mitral valve prolapse is higher than may be expected by chance, thus implying the existence of a true association. The main clinical and electrophysiologic findings in 4 patients with mitral valve prolapse showing chronic AV conduction disturbances are presented. Supra-His ...
Venables G S - - 1978
A patient with subclinical hypothyroidism who presented with true myotonia is described. There was no evidence that either he or members of his family had dystrophia myotonica or myotonia congenita. Treatment with thyroxine resolved his symptoms completely.
Werner J A - - 1978
Echocardiograms from 562 patients were examined for evidence of the pattern of tricuspid valve prolapse. Criteria for the diagnosis can be established similar to those applicable to mitral prolapse. In 500 consecutive patients without mitral valve prolapse, there were no cases of isolated tricuspid valve prolapse. Eleven of 53 (21%) ...
Chandraratna P A - - 1978
The echocardiograms of 52 patients with atrial septal defects were reviewed. Six patients were noted to have prolapse of the tricuspid valve. Three of these subjects had associated prolapse of the mitral valve. The diagnosis of tricuspid valvular prolapse was confirmed by angiograms in one patient. Four patients had midsystolic ...
Chung S M - - 1978
In a 51/2 year old boy with unilateral coxa vara who died of unrelated causes histological sections were made of the proximal femora and pelvic growth plates. The proximal femora were also perfused to study the pattern of arterial supply. Evidence of active endochondral ossification was not detectable in growth ...
Towne W D - - 1978
The effects of passive head-up tilt on systolic time intervals were assessed in 18 patients with mitral valve prolapse. In addition to causing prolongation of the pre-ejection period and shortening of left ventricular ejection time, this circulatory stress led to progressive shortening of the Q to click interval. In 1 ...
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