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Kumar A A Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Ganga Ram Institute for Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (GRIPMER), Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
Portal vein obstruction may be due to portal vein thrombosis (PVT) or its sequale, the portal cavernoma. PVT is a common complication in liver cirrhosis, however, it may also occur as a primary vascular disorder, in absence of any liver disease. To review the current knowledge on nomenclature, etiology, pathophysiology, ...
Koleilat Issam I Department of Vascular Surgery, Greenville Health Systems, 701 Grove Road, Greenville, SC, USA - - 2014
A 57-year-old woman presented with neurologic deficits consistent with a cerebrovascular accident. Her workup demonstrated the simultaneous occurrence of three uncommon cerebrovascular congenital anomalies in a single patient: (1) persistent trigeminal artery, (2) persistent fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery and (3) bilateral occurrence of the vertebral arteries terminating ...
Aksu Tolga T Department of Cardiology, Kocaeli Derince Education and Research Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey, - - 2014
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder. Intracardiac thrombus formation (ICTF) is an uncommon but important complication of BD. To highlight recent insights into this disease, we aimed to review ICTF and other systemic involvements associated with ICTF in BD. We conducted a comprehensive review of the relevant literature ...
Smer Aiman A Cardiology Department, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, - - 2014
Saphenous vein graft (SVG) pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. A review of literature indicates that almost one third of patients are asymptomatic at detection and a history of operative complications and need for re-exploration after the initial surgery may serve as useful predictors ...
Sivasankar Rajeev - - 2014
We present two cases of Hereditary Hemmorhagic Telengiectasia (HHT), one pediatric and the other adult, with a view to highlight the myriad cerebral and spinal vascular manifestations of this disease. The syndrome and its various findings will be reviewed including the utility of angiography in assessing the various vascular abnormalities ...
Ueshima Eisuke E Center for Endovascular Therapy, Kobe University Hospital, Kobe, Japan; Department of Radiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endovascular treatment for arteriocaval fistula (ACF) has become the preferred alternative to open repair. However, endoleaks sometimes occur and maintain the ACF. A 64-year-old man presented with persistent fistula after placement of a bifurcated stent-graft for ACF complicating an aortoiliac aneurysm that was maintained by endoleaks from the inferior mesenteric ...
Lu Steven S From the The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
Abdominal aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms represent an important finding every emergency radiologist must detect. True aneurysms are usually incidental to the presenting complaint, whereas pseudoaneurysms are nearly always symptomatic. We review the demographics, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, computed tomographic appearance, treatment approaches, and prognosis of visceral aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms involving splenic, gastroduodenal, ...
Lopez Daniel D Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Ave., Desk F30, Cleveland, OH 44195. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms are a rare entity in the adult population. Very little information is known in the pediatric population. We present a case of a 15 year old male with an isolated internal carotid artery aneurysm and a review of the literature.
Smith Brandon M BM Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, 1540 East Hospital Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Vascular rings and pulmonary artery slings are rare congenital anomalies that often present with symptoms of tracheal and esophageal compression. These can involve the aortic arch branches and pulmonary arteries, respectively. This review illustrates the current role of MR imaging, highlights its advantages, and provides insight into the diagnosis of ...
Verde Franco F From the Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
Arterial pseudoaneurysm formation of visceral arteries as a vascular complication of pancreatitis, either acute or chronic, is an uncommon phenomenon. This review article discusses the incidence, pathophysiology, imaging, treatment strategies, and prognosis of mesenteric pseudoaneurysms complicating pancreatitis.
Hughes Mary J MJ Department of Osteopathic Medical Specialties, Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, Michigan, United - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the prevalence of silent pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) limited to the calf veins. This is a systematic review. We attempted to identify all published investigations that reported the prevalence of silent PE in patients with infrapopliteal ...
Delasotta Lawrence A LA Mount Sinai Medical Center, 4300 Alton Road, Miami, FL, 33140, USA, - - 2014
Variations in the course of paired renal arteries are common and are known causes of iatrogenic injury. However, a thoracic origin of the renal artery is rare and poses a greater risk for iatrogenic injury especially during thoracic endovascular or surgical interventions. To describe a renal artery variant, its clinical ...
Patel Bhaumik B BB From the Department of Pharmacy, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease that remains incurable. The past two decades have witnessed many advances in PAH-directed therapies. More recently, three new oral agents have become available in the United States within the past two years. Treprostinil is now available in extended-release oral tablets. Macitentan is ...
Deiss Robert R Department of Internal Medicine, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA. - - 2014
Reports of pulmonary embolism in the setting of acute pancreatitis are rare. We present three cases of acute pancreatitis associated with pulmonary embolism and review the literature. Two of the three patients had severe acute pancreatitis with bilateral pulmonary emboli, and to our knowledge, these cases represent the first report ...
Narang Bawneet K BK Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Indo-Soviet Friendship College of Pharmacy , Ghal Kalan, Moga, Punjab , India - - 2014
Abstract Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a life-threatening condition distinguished by elevated pressure of pulmonary arteries and increased vascular resistance. The management of patients with PAH and CTEPH has advanced rapidly over last decade but despite the progress in the treatment, the survival of ...
Restrepo M Santiago MS Department of Pediatrics,Division of Pediatric Cardiology,University of Iowa Children's Hospital,Carver College of Medicine,Iowa City,Iowa,United States of - - 2014
Persistent primitive hepatic venous plexus is an anomaly of the systemic venous return characterised by postnatal persistence of the foetal intrahepatic venous drainage. Scimitar syndrome is a condition that consists of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return of the right pulmonary venous drainage into the systemic veins, associated with pulmonary artery ...
Hughes G Chad GC Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Type B dissection accounts for 25% to 40% of all aortic dissections. The current brief review presents an update on this disease, focusing on new data and insights that have come to light in the past 2 years since the topic was last reviewed at the 2012 AATS Aortic Symposium. ...
Dindyal S S Academic department of circulatory sciences, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Barts and The London NHS Trust, The Royal London Hospital, Whitechappel, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
Endovascular repair for aortic aneurysm (EVAR) is rapidly increasing in popularity. The nature of this intervention requires significant exposure to ionizing radiation both during the procedure and for postoperative surveillance, generally in the form of computed tomography. Here the authors review the literature for radiation exposure during EVAR, both for ...
Lew Susie Q SQ Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia - - - 2014
This article reviews the conventional vascular access types in the upper extremities for hemodialysis. We performed a literature search for autogenous arteriovenous fistula in the upper extremities. The upper extremities have four potential sites: radio-cephalic or radio-basilic transposition in the forearm, and brachio-cephalic or brachio-basilic transposition in the upper arm. ...
van Stee Lucinda L Universiteitskliniek voor Gezelschapsdieren, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 108, 3584 CM, Utrecht, The Netherlands (van Stee); Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainsville, Florida, USA (Boston); Ontario Veterinary College Teaching Hospital, Department of Clinical Studies (Singh, Richardson, Abrams-Ogg), Department of Pathobiology and Animal Health Laboratory (Vince), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario; Animal Referral Hospital, Homebush and Baulkam Hills, Australia - - 2014
We describe 3 cases of cats that were presented with a sudden onset of monoparesis as a result of arterial thromboembolism without evidence of cardiovascular disease that were subsequently diagnosed with a primary pulmonary carcinoma. Arterial tumor thromboemboli due to pulmonary carcinoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis in ...
Lee Jae Seung JS Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Pulmonary Hypertension and Venous Thrombosis Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this review is to summarize the findings from clinically important publications over the last year in the area of VTE. In this review, we discuss 11 randomized controlled ...
Raygor Kunal P KP UCSF Center for Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease, Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United - - 2014
Hemangioblastomas are World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I neoplasms of the hindbrain and spinal cord, whose management can be complicated by preoperative hemorrhage. We report on a case of a young female in extremis with posterior fossa hemorrhage following rupture of a fusiform posterior meningeal artery aneurysm embedded within a ...
Veraldi G F - - 2014
Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) is a rare vascular disease that causes a localized stenosis or occlusion in absence of alterations of blood vessels in other sites of the body. CAD is predominantly located to the popliteal artery, although cases have been described involving other arteries. Typically it affects young men ...
Saaquib Bakhsh B Departments of Neurological Surgery and Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
An accurate determination of the natural history of a cerebral aneurysm has implications on management. Few risk factors other than female gender and cigarette smoking have been identified to be associated with cerebral aneurysm progression, particularly rapid progression. This case series and literature review serves to illustrate a relationship between ...
Sen Supratim S 1Institute of Cardiac Sciences,The Mission Hospital,Durgapur,West - - 2014
We describe two cases of anomalous origin of the left lower-lobe pulmonary artery from the right pulmonary artery. The primary diagnosis was mitral atresia, hypoplastic left ventricle, aortic arch hypoplasia in the first child, and tetralogy of Fallot in the second. In both cases, the pulmonary trunk gave rise to ...
Krishna Rama K RK From the Columbia University Division of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, - - 2014
The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are used extensively in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. They have also demonstrated a secondary benefit in a variety of other disease processes, actions which are known as pleiotropic effects. Review of the current pulmonary literature suggests a potential advantage of statin usage in a variety ...
Kanaganayagam Gajen Sunthar GS Imperial College Healthcare Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0HS, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obstructive coronary artery disease due to atherosclerosis remains the commonest cause of chest pain, although several other conditions involving the coronary arteries, cardiac and non-cardiac structures can also result in chest pain syndromes. CT coronary angiography (CTCA) provides a non-invasive method for anatomical imaging of coronary artery disease. Whilst it ...
Paraskevas G K GK Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. - - 2014
The aberrancies concerning the number, origin and course of the testicular arteries are found in an incidence of approximately 4.7-20% in the literature and are documented less frequently than the respective variations of the homonymous veins. In the current study, a very rare complex of testicular arteries' variations isdescribed, in ...
Xu Jiaping J Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China ; Institute of Neuroscience, Soochow University, Suzhou, - - 2014
In recent decades, with the improvement of radiotherapy (RT) technology and comprehensive treatment, the survival rate of head and neck malignancies has gained remarkable progress. Vascular injury and subsequent carotid stenosis following RT, as the backbone of treatment, have received increasing attention. Many investigations have demonstrated that radiation can result ...
Farrokh Donya D Medical Imaging Department, Imam Reza University Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare chronic pulmonary infection caused by actinomyces, a Gram-positive, microaerophilic bacterium. Pulmonary involvement other than cervicofacial or abdominopelvic actinomycosis is uncommon and often leads to a misdiagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis or lung cancer. Endobronchial involvement is very rare in pulmonary actinomycosis. Here in, we describe the ...
Alves Nilton N CIMA Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de La Frontera Temuco, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of common carotid artery calcifications (CCAC) detected by panoramic radiographs (PR) in the population and main risk factors with review of the literature. Furthermore, the reliability of PR was verified to detect these calcifications. CCAC detected on PR was powerful ...
Abdulrahman Aisha A Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
Splenic artery aneurysm is a rare condition, however, potentially fatal. The importance of splenic artery aneurysm lies in the risk for rupture and life threatening hemorrhage. This is a case of a ruptured splenic artery aneurysm in a 58-year-old lady. She presented with hypovolemic shock and intra-peritoneal bleeding. Diagnosis was ...
Herrick Ariane A Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, - - 2014
Raynaud's phenomenon is episodic vasospasm of the peripheral vessels. It presents as episodic colour changes of the digits (sometimes accompanied by pain and paraesthesia), usually in response to cold exposure or stress. The classic triphasic colour change is white (ischaemia), then blue (de-oxygenation), then red (reperfusion). Raynaud's phenomenon can be ...
Xi Er-Ping EP Department of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Command Wuhan, 430070, Hubei Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
Endovascular aortic repair was first performed nearly two decades ago and has become a well-established alternative therapy for many thoracoabdominal aortic diseases. Early survival results with the endovascular aortic repair were impressive, but it also brought many complications. Aortoesophageal fistula is little-known and may be underestimated because it is an ...
Yan Jun J Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Iwate Medical - - 2014
A variation artery was observed in a Japanese cadaver. The celiac and superior mesenteric arteries arose from a common trunk (also referred to as the celiacomesenteric trunk), but not from the abdominal aorta, respectively. From the common trunk, the common hepatic artery was distributed in the right part of the ...
Xianjun Huang H Department of Neurology, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, - - 2013
We conducted a review of the safety and outcomes of endovascular intervention in patients with internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD). A literature review was performed. PubMed and Medline databases were searched from inception to September 2012 with the key words 'carotid artery' (title), 'dissection' (title) and 'endovascular' (title/abstract). All studies ...
Feng Wenjing - - 2013
Cytochrome P450 epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) have multiple biological functions in cardiovascular homeostasis. The anti-inflammatory, anti-migratory and pro-proliferative effects of EETs suggest a possible beneficial role for EETs in the apoptosis, proliferation and migration of pulmonary vascular cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of exogenous EETs and cytochrome P450 2J2 ...
Kantarci Mecit - - 2012
In this review, we aimed to outline the clinical and pathological conditions for which multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (MDCT-CA) should be the preferred method because of its advantages over conventional coronary angiography (CCA). A consistent body of literature suggests that MDCT-CA is more than just complementary to CCA and ...
Alsaadi M - - 2012
We describe 10-month-old identical female twin infants, one with primary left-sided pulmonary agenesis and the other with primary left-sided pulmonary hypoplasia. They came to our outpatient clinic complaining of persistent dry cough. The clinical examination revealed decreased air entry over the left hemithorax. Chest x-rays showed complete left-sided radio-opacity in ...
Funder Jonas Amstrup - - 2012
Introduction of stentless valves into clinical practice has not replaced stented valve prosthesis as expected a decade ago. With respect to clinical parameters such as transvalvular pressure differences, left ventricular mass regression as well as a possible survival benefit, there are many contradictory studies published. The overall dilemma is the ...
Lacroix G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vasospasm is the main cause of neurological mortality and morbidity following subarachnoid hemorrhage. Basilar artery vasospasm (BAVS) is associated with a high morbidity and may have multiple clinical presentations. METHODS: We report the case of a 43 years-old man with BAVS presenting as a reversible locked-in syndrome (LIS) after ...
Neequaye Simon K - - 2011
Atherosclerotic disease of the carotid bifurcation is associated with an increased risk of both stroke and transient ischaemic attack. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) offers an alternative approach to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in both symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. The National Institute for Health and Clinical excellence (NICE) guidance for CAS in ...
Izzat Mohammad Bashar - - 2012
Based on the natural mathematical relationships between the components of the human tri-leaflet aortic valve, new calibrated cusp sizers were developed in order to facilitate aortic valve assessment in the operating room and enhance the chance for a perfect restoration of aortic valve competence. These sizers were used clinically to ...
Rohde S - - 2011
Stent retrievers are increasingly used for flow restoration and thrombectomy in acute embolic stroke. First clinical results support the potential of these new devices, in particular the ability to rapidly restore flow and effectively retrieve clots from large intracranial arteries, with favorable clinical results in preliminary patient series. This article ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2011
PURPOSE: The medial tentorial artery (MTA) of Bernasconi-Cassinari has been associated with many neurosurgical pathologies, including tentorial and petroclival meningiomas, dural arteriovenous fistulae, hemangioblastomas, moyamoya disease, arteriovenous malformations, trigeminal neuromas, and malignant gliomas. This vessel may function as a source of collateral blood supply for the posterior circulation. Our goal ...
Peck Marissa - - 2012
Dacron® (polyethylene terephthalate) and Goretex® (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene) vascular grafts have been very successful in replacing obstructed blood vessels of large and medium diameters. However, as diameters decrease below 6 mm, these grafts are clearly outperformed by transposed autologous veins and, particularly, arteries. With approximately 8 million individuals with peripheral arterial ...
Abdel-Wahab Mohamed - - 2011
Background:  Despite widespread penetration of drug-eluting stents (DES) in clinical practice, a relevant percentage of patients with coronary artery disease are still treated with bare-metal stents (BMS). Contemporary BMS, however, are less well investigated and comparative data on clinical outcome are lacking. Methods and Results:  This single-center registry aimed to ...
Margey Ronan - - 2011
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis is a common clinical problem for which the optimal therapeutic strategy remains to be defined. However, renal artery stenting procedures have significantly increased as one approach to treat this clinical problem. Despite improvements in device design and technical performance of the procedure, the benefits and results ...
Schnorr B - - 2011
The use of drug-coated balloons (DCB) for preventing restenosis in both coronary and peripheral arteries has received increasing attention. The first successful clinical outcomes in inhibiting restenosis have been reported for paclitaxel-coated balloons. Paclitaxel is a lipophilic substance characterized by rapid intracellular uptake and irreversible binding to microtubules. In this ...
Kandzari David E - - 2011
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been considered the standard therapy for unprotected (nonrevascularized) left main coronary disease (ULM). However, increasing experience with ULM percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has resulted in high procedural success and favorable early and late clinical outcomes. In particular, reduction in clinical restenosis with drug-eluting stents, ...
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