Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3012
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Garcia-Tejada Julio - - 2009
In patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft surgery, it is unknown whether better results may be obtained with percutaneous interventions of grafts versus native arteries. The clinical outcomes in 84 patients undergoing percutaneous interventions of either grafts (n = 31) or native arteries (n = 53) were compared. Procedural ...
Collins Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Graft patency is a fundamental predictor of long-term survival after coronary artery bypass surgery. Left and right internal thoracic artery (arterial) graft patency has been shown to be superior to that of saphenous vein grafts. More recently, the radial artery has been used as an aortocoronary graft, but little ...
Dosluoglu Hasan H - - 2008
Peroneal artery bypass is effective for limb salvage (LS), however, the efficacy of peroneal artery-only runoff (PAOR) following endovascular (EV) interventions is unknown. The goal of our article was to compare the efficacy of EV interventions with PAOR to those with other runoff vessels for LS in patients presenting with ...
Puehler Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aortic connector devices (ACDs) for proximal anastomoses of vein grafts during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have widely failed during recent years. As a consequence ACDs have been withdrawn from the market. METHOD: We report on an 81-year-old patient who had undergone CABG for three-vessel disease. The proximal anastomosis ...
Glineur David - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Despite its theoretic advantage over saphenous vein grafts, the right gastroepiploic artery graft has not been accepted as the ideal conduit to revascularize the right coronary artery. We therefore prospectively randomized these 2 grafts types to compare their clinical, functional, and angiographic evolution at 6 months and 3 years. ...
Aizawa Kei - - 2008
A 42-year-old man, who 25 years previously underwent grafting of the descending aorta because of traumatic rupture after a traffic accident, was admitted to our hospital complaining of fever and hemoptysis. Computed tomography (CT) scans showed a low density area around the prosthetic graft. We diagnosed a graft infection. We ...
Gulkarov Iosif - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Vein graft arterialization results in activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) extracellular signal-regulated kinases-1 and -2 (ERK1/2), which have been implicated in cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis. The goal of our study was to characterize the effect of MAPK inhibition on intimal hyperplasia (IH) in arterialized vein grafts ...
Malikov Sergueï - - 2008
Major tissue loss caused by the critical limb ischemia requires improvement of distal perfusion and cover of large tissue defects. We propose a new method, the y-shaped subscapular artery flow-through (Y-SCAFT) muscle flap using the subscapular artery that yields an arterial graft and a free muscle flap sustained by a ...
Damgaard Sune - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The in-hospital safety of total arterial revascularization for coronary artery bypass surgery seems to be comparable to conventional revascularization, but randomized trials evaluating this are few and data on complications in the postoperative months are sparse. METHODS: In a randomized single-center trial, 331 patients underwent total arterial revascularization using ...
Spark J I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess the results of a decellularized bovine ureter graft (SynerGraft) for complex venous access. METHODS: Bovine ureter conduits were implanted in patients with a failed fistula or access graft in whom native vessels were unsuitable as conduits. Graft histories were obtained from all patients who ...
Jaquinandi Vincent - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of proximal (hip, buttock, lower back) claudication after aortobifemoral bypass (AF2B) grafting and its hemodynamic effects at the buttock level. METHODS: Forty-eight patients performed a treadmill test before and within 6 months after AF2B. The San Diego Claudication Questionnaire and the chest-corrected decrease ...
Owens Christopher D CD Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2008
The remodeling of vein bypass grafts after arterialization is incompletely understood. We have previously shown that significant outward lumen remodeling occurs during the first month of implantation, but the magnitude of this response is highly variable. We sought to examine the hypothesis that systemic inflammation influences this early remodeling response. ...
Schneider Peter A - - 2008
The optimal treatment for hemodynamically significant infrainguinal vein bypass graft stenosis is not known. This study compares three options as first choice for the revision of failing infrainguinal vein grafts: cutting balloon angioplasty (CBA), standard percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTA), and open surgical revision (OS). Infrainguinal vein bypass graft lesions ...
Chung Sung Woon - - 2008
There has been widespread initial enthusiasm for peripheral atherectomy using the SilverHawk device. We sought to evaluate our midterm patency following infrainguinal atherectomy. Nineteen consecutive patients underwent 23 separate atherectomy procedures on 20 limbs from March 2005 through June 2006 (11 males, age 66 +/- 14 years). The primary lesions ...
Kapadia Muneera R - - 2008
Atherosclerosis in the form of peripheral arterial disease results in significant morbidity. Surgical treatment options for peripheral arterial disease include angioplasty, endarterectomy, and bypass grafting. For bypass grafting, vein remains the conduit of choice; however, poor quality and limited availability have led to the use of prosthetic materials. Unfortunately, because ...
Zavan Barbara - - 2008
Vascular tissue engineering has emerged as a promising technology for the design of an ideal, responsive, living conduit with properties similar to that of native tissue. The missing link in tissue-engineered blood vessels is elastin biosynthesis. Several biomaterials are currently used but few support elastin biosynthesis in a 3-D array. ...
Schachner T - - 2008
AIM: The extracellular matrix plays an important physiological role in the architecture of the vascular wall. In arterialized vein grafts severe early changes, such as thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia occur. Paclitaxel is in clinical use as antiproliferative coating of coronary stents. We aimed to investigate the early connective tissue changes ...
Lenton James - - 2008
An adolescent male sustained a severe penetrating injury to the external iliac artery. Emergency surgical revascularization was with a reversed long saphenous vein interposition graft. The primary graft and the subsequent revision graft both became aneurysmal. The second graft aneurysm was successfully excluded by endovascular stent-grafts with medium-term primary patency. ...
Tutun Ufuk - - 2008
The internal thoracic artery (ITA) is the gold-standard conduit for coronary artery bypass surgery. It stays patent well in the long-term period, and this evidence is directly related to the superior later outcome in terms of longevity. Coronary artery bypass grafting with multiarterial grafts can be performed safely, and better ...
Suzuki Tomoaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: All arterial off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) with in situ bilateral skeletonized internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) may become a standard procedure that would provide better long-term results without affecting early results. METHODS: Our study included 404 consecutive patients who underwent OPCAB with one or two ITAs. We compared ...
Anand Dhakshinamurthy Vijay - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Accelerated atherosclerosis occurs in aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts, contributing to increased morbidity and mortality rates. We estimated the prevalence of asymptomatic graft failure in patients 5 years or more after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using electron-beam computed tomographic angiography (EBA). METHODS AND RESULTS: EBA was performed in 45 ...
García-Honduvilla Natalio - - 2008
The search for vessel substitutes to replace small-/medium-caliber vessels is an ongoing concern for vascular surgeons. Engineered vessels were designed for use as arterial equivalents and assessed in an in vivo model in dog. Three study groups were established: clinical expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE; control, n = 24), ePTFE seeding with ...
Eda Tadahito - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Use of the free gastroepiploic artery (GEA) graft for coronary revascularization is not very popular because of its tendency to vasospasm. We hypothesize that the cause of free GEA spasm is graft damage caused by an interruption of venous drainage from the graft. To overcome this problem, we anastomosed ...
Balacumaraswami Lognathen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Despite profound differences in the neurohumoral milieu in patients undergoing on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, it is uncertain how this affects graft blood flow. METHODS: We prospectively recorded intraoperative transit-time flow measurements (MediStim BF 2004; MediStim AS, Oslo, Norway) in all internal thoracic artery, radial artery, and ...
Korach Amit - - 2008
Proximal anastomosis of conduits to the ascending aorta in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting may be hazardous or impossible in the presence of complex aortic pathology. We describe a technique of the excision of a segment of the diseased aortic wall, reconstruction with a bovine pericardial patch, and attachment ...
Chen Xu-jun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Total arterial revascularization (TAR) was widely utilized in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as a result of its better long-term effect compared with vein grafts. Of the arterial conduits, radial artery (RA) gained popularity for its easy availability and reported long-term patency. Thus, the objective of this study was ...
Yie Kilsoo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Radial arteries are gaining widespread acceptance as complementary arterial conduits for surgical myocardial revascularization, but there are limited reports about its angiographic patency compared with that of the internal thoracic artery or saphenous vein according to the degree of native coronary stenosis. Therefore, we tried to evaluate the mid-term ...
Magee Mitchell J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This analysis compares 1-year vein graft patency and major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE [death, myocardial infarction, or stroke]) in on-pump and off-pump patients enrolled in PREVENT IV (the PRoject of Ex-vivo Vein graft ENgineering via Transfection IV). METHODS: The PREVENT IV was a multicenter (107 sites) randomized ...
Kim Ki-Bong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the angiographic changes of the anastomotic sites at three time points for 5 years after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: Of the 402 patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery between January 1998 and December 2001, 240 patients who received the early, 1-year, and 5-year ...
Patel Dineshkumar - - 2008
Several techniques exist for surgical reimplantation of the coronary arteries to a composite aortic graft for repair of the ascending aorta. The Cabrol graft is an attachment of a Dacron tube between the coronary arteries and the composite aortic graft in aortic root replacement. Very late presentation of myocardial ischemia ...
Ranson Mark E - - 2008
We present a case of Viabahn (W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz) collapse during popliteal artery aneurysm treatment. An elderly man with severe comorbidities presented with a 34-mm popliteal artery aneurysm. Proximal and distal landing sites of 11 and 9 mm, respectively, demonstrated by preoperative computed tomography angiography were ...
Lykoudis Efstathios G - - 2008
A new combined interrupted-continuous microvascular anastomotic technique is introduced, using four interrupted stay stitches and continuous suturing in between. Its efficacy is compared with the simple interrupted and continuous techniques. Microanastomoses were performed in the femoral artery and vein of rats. The patency, anastomosis time, and blood loss from the ...
Paran Thambipillai Sri - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Total or near total resection of high-risk, stage 4 abdominal neuroblastoma has been correlated with improved local control and overall survival but may be complicated by vascular injury. We describe our experience in the management of significant aortic injuries during this procedure. METHODS: With the institutional review board waiver, ...
Suzuki Nobuaki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A paucity of data exists with respect to changes in whole saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) despite accelerated atherosclerosis within grafted saphenous vein conduits. In the present study, we evaluated the one-year change in SVGs by means of quantitative coronary analysis. METHODS: This study enrolled consecutive 52 patients with 109 ...
Dosluoglu Hasan H - - 2008
Isolated groin infection following crossover femoral bypass is not uncommon, and its management may be challenging, especially in medically high-risk patients. When an in situ replacement is appropriate, using an autologous vein (femoral or saphenous) would be the preferred method; however, this may not always be feasible. The authors used ...
Owens Christopher D - - 2008
Patients with the most severe manifestations of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease often require peripheral bypass surgery for limb salvage and preservation of function. Although good quality saphenous vein offers the most durable conduit for reconstruction, 5-year failure rates are 30-50% and have remained largely unchanged for the past two ...
Misra Sanjay S Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. misra.sanjay@mayo.edu - - 2008
It is well recognized that arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) used for hemodialysis access have better primary patency rates with less restenosis than polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts; however, the mechanism responsible for this is not known. Recent data suggest that hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) is associated with vascular restenosis, possibly through ...
Disini L - - 2008
AIM: To determine the factors predicting amputation of the affected lower limb 12 months after thrombolysis for acute arterial occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical endpoints of 39 patients (24 men, 15 women; average age 69 years) 1 year after catheter-directed thrombolysis with alteplase (mean dose 30 mg, mean duration ...
Thaunat Olivier - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lumen loss in graft arteriosclerosis is the consequence of the development of a thick neointima and constrictive arterial remodeling. The latter is due to adventitial chronic inflammation and excessive perivascular collagen deposition. We reasoned that blockade of the portal of entry of inflammatory effectors may constitute a strategy to ...
Maya Ivan D - - 2008
Treatment of thrombosed dialysis ateriovenous (AV) grafts in the radiology interventional suite requires percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy, along with angioplasty of the underlying stenotic lesion. We analyzed the anatomic reasons for unsuccessful percutaneous thrombectomy of AV grafts, and assessed the feasibility of surgical salvage. The radiologic reports of all thrombosed AV ...
Glineur David - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to define the pre-operative angiographic variables that could influence graft patency and flow pattern. BACKGROUND: Saphenous vein grafts (SVG) and pedicled right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) grafts are routinely used to revascularize the right coronary artery (RCA). Little is known about the predictive value ...
Shrestha Malakh - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Coronary angiography is regarded as the gold standard in evaluating graft patency, Multi-slice CT (MSCT) which enable rapid imaging of cardiac structures, including coronary arteries may be a less invasive technique. Therefore in our institution a prospective pilot study was performed combining these procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Starting from ...
Nishida Satoru - - 2008
We have developed a simple technique for establishing high-quality intraoperative fluorescence imaging in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. The technique of transaortic injection of indocyanine green is an effective method of achieving clear fluorescence imaging and for evaluating the quality of graft anastomoses. We consider the images obtained with this ...
Alaraj Ali - - 2008
OBJECT: The superficial temporal artery (STA) is the mainstay of donor vessels for extracranial-intracranial bypass in cerebral revascularization. However, the typically used STA anterior or posterior branch is not always adequate in its flow-carrying capacity. In this report the authors describe the use of the STA trunk at the level ...
Simms M - - 2008
AIM: To illustrate the use of autologous femoral vein for grafting ilio-caval vein defects following abdomino-pelvic tumour resections. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: Durable restoration of ilio-caval patency was achieved, with minimal morbidity from graft harvesting. CONCLUSIONS: Autologous femoral vein presents a viable graft option for the immediate ...
Kocaeli Hasan - - 2008
Cerebral revascularization procedures have been used in the clinical management of actual or threatened cerebral ischemic states and unclippable cerebral aneurysms. An alternative to a low-flow bypass graft (for example, with the superficial temporal artery) is the use of high-flow grafts created using the saphenous vein (SV) or radial artery ...
Bedi Harinder Singh - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In dissection aorta involving the whole aorta from the left subclavian artery surgical repair may be a high risk procedure while an endovascular procedure would not be feasible by itself in view of the absence of a safe landing zone and the risk of blocking the brain ...
Yuan Shi-Min - - 2008
The aim of this review is to present the configurations and classifications of composite arterial grafts in coronary bypass surgery. Articles were collected by tracking references cited in the literature with regard to the configurations of composite arterial grafts in coronary bypass surgery. Figures of the configurations were drawn in ...
Inoue Yoshinori - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the patency and limb-salvage rates associated with cuffed anastomosis in above-knee femoropopliteal (FP) bypasses using prosthetic grafts. METHODS: Between January 1997 and December 2005, 96 patients (99 limbs) underwent above-knee FP bypass grafting for peripheral vascular disease, with disabling claudication in 81%. All grafts were 6-mm, thin-walled, ...
Uva Miguel Sousa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of 16-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to assess coronary artery bypass graft patency and to detect bypass stenosis by comparison with coronary angiography. METHODS: Thirty patients underwent both conventional coronary bypass angiography and retrospective ECG gated 16-slice multidetector computed tomography after surgery using 0.4 seconds ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >