Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3019
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Kobayashi Junjiro - - 2009
The radial artery (RA) graft was revived in late 1980 s when it was found that the graft was patent 13-18 years after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) after improvement of the technique in harvesting and the use of calcium-channel blockers. Recently, the RA became a reasonable alternative to the ...
Yamaguchi Shohjiro - - 2009
PURPOSE: We report our initial experience with the PAS-Port proximal anastomosis system (Cardica Inc, Redwood City, CA) using full-skeletonized radial artery (RA) in patients requiring off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. DESCRIPTION: The PAS-Port system (Cardica Inc) was used in 25 patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. All patients received ...
Mirensky Tamar L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Use of prosthetic vascular grafts in pediatric vascular surgical applications is limited because of risk of infection, poor durability, potential for thromboembolic complications, and lack of growth potential. Construction of an autologous neovessel using tissue engineering technology offers the potential to create an improved vascular conduit for use in ...
Auguadro Carla - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multislice computed tomography (CT) is a promising new noninvasive technique for the detection of atherosclerotic disease within a vessel's wall. The present study was designed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice CT in detecting graft disease and in the evaluation of native vessels distally to the grafts. METHODS: ...
Iwami D - - 2009
A 40-year-old woman who had been suffering from type II diabetes mellitus and consequent end-stage renal disease underwent living related kidney transplantation. The graft renal artery was anastomosed to the right internal iliac artery (end-to-end). Postoperative renoscintigraphy demonstrated normal graft perfusion. The serum lactate dehydrogenase level increased abruptly at postoperative ...
Lantelme Pierre - - 2009
Graft-prosthesis and stentgraft placements are effective modalities for treating abdominal aortic aneurysm, but related changes in arterial stiffness are not well established. The present study sought to assess aortic stiffness after aneurism repair by measuring pulse wave velocity (PWV). The graft-related variation of carotid-femoral PWV was compared with that of ...
Jones Brandon B Division of Cardiac Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2009
The purpose of this review is to outline the most common objections about robotic coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), often expressed by cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, and administrators who have little direct knowledge of the procedure. The summarized objections include the high intraoperative costs of robotic versus traditional CABG, a prolonged ...
Kratzberg Jarin A JA Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1527, - - 2009
The role of endovascular graft oversizing on risk of distal graft migration following endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm is poorly understood. A controlled in vitro investigation of the role of oversizing in graft-aorta attachment strength for endovascular grafts (EVGs) with barbs was performed. Barbed stent grafts (N = ...
Chen Xin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cerebral embolization as a result of aortic manipulation has emerged as an important risk factor for the incidence of stroke after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPACB). METHODS AND RESULTS: A new surgical technique for proximal anastomosis without using a side-biting clamp or any proximal anastomotic device in OPACB ...
Novotn? Jir? - - 2010
We present the case of a 77-year-old male patient who had undergone a bilateral venous aortorenal bypass graft 30 years previously. Thirteen years previously, the patient was shown to have a decrease in renal function, with mild shrinking of both kidneys; additionally, a stenosis was found in the left proximal ...
Acharya Sanjukta - - 2009
Arteriovenous grafts used for hemodialysis can produce high-output cardiac failure as a result of shunting of blood through the dialysis access. The following case demonstrates that the problem can occur shortly after graft formation and improved with graft ligation. It caused haemodynamic compromise because of previously undiagnosed, underlying valvular heart ...
Yamamoto Yusuke - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection for pancreatic and hepatic cancer sometimes involves combined resection and reconstruction of the major veins using venous grafts. Autologous venous grafts made from the bilateral gonadal veins (BGVs) have never been utilized or discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reconstructed the portal vein (PV), superior mesenteric vein (SMV), ...
Shimamura Yoshiei - - 2009
We describe the construction and use of a novel side graft holder for coronary artery bypass grafting. The device is a hammer head-shaped clip used to hold the graft side securely but atraumatically during sequential or composite graft anastomosis. The side graft holder provides gentle stabilization and excellent visualization of ...
Baaj Ali A - - 2009
Cerebral revascularization constitutes an important treatment modality in the management of complex aneurysms, carotid occlusion, tumor, and moyamoya disease. Graft selection is a critical step in the planning of revascularization surgery, and depends on an understanding of graft and regional hemodynamics, accessibility, and patency rates. The goal of this review ...
Waseda Katsuhisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the intraoperative fluorescence imaging (IFI) system in the real-time assessment of graft patency during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft. BACKGROUND: Intraoperative fluorescence imaging is an intraoperative angiography-like imaging modality using fluorescent indocyanine green excited with laser light. Recently, assessment of graft ...
Khalifa A A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of ischemic diabetic foot lesions for which distal arterial bypass grafting was considered as the first-line vascular procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 2004 and November 2006, 19 lower limbs of 17 diabetic patients with lower limb critical ischemia were operated in our department. The ...
Bacchetta Matthew D - - 2009
The efficacy of vein grafts used in coronary and peripheral artery bypass is limited by excessive hyperplasia and fibrosis that occur early after engraftment. In the present study, we sought to determine whether low-dose spironolactone alleviates maladaptive vein graft arterialization and alters intimal reaction to coronary artery stenting. Yorkshire pigs ...
Subramanian Sreekumar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether coronary reintervention confers a survival advantage when a previously placed left internal thoracic artery graft to the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) is patent. We compared survival after medical therapy, percutaneous intervention, and reoperative coronary artery bypass grafting in such patients who developed non-LAD ...
Nordgaard Håvard - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on transit-time flow measurements of sequential saphenous vein grafts. The aim of the study was evaluation of mean blood flow and pulsatility index of sequential saphenous vein grafts in a large population of patients operated on with coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: In 581 patients ...
Glineur David - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Y-graft configuration with left and right ITA (RITA) allows complete arterial revascularisation. We previously compared two types of ITA revascularisation in a prospective randomised trial with a systematic 6-month angiographic follow-up study. The present study is a secondary analysis of these populations to evaluate the angiographic parameters influencing the ...
Matar Fadi A - - 2009
Between January 2003 and September 2006, a total of 2,541 patients had percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Of these, 202 (226 grafts) had at least one saphenous vein graft (SVG) intervention. Adjunctive distal embolic protection (DEP) devices were attempted in 123 SVGs (54.4%). The 30-day major adverse cardiac event (occurrence of ...
Ehsan O - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infected prosthetic grafts and mycotic aneurysms carry a high mortality and morbidity rate, with a substantial risk of persistent graft infection, but there is evidence that this can be minimised by using femoro-popliteal vein for arterial reconstruction after debridement and graft excision. We present our 10-year experience of this ...
Takami Yoshiyuki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated flow characteristics of right gastroepiploic arterial grafts, widely used to extend in situ arterial conduits in coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Intraoperative transit-time measurements and postoperative angiographic findings were obtained for 111 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with gastroepiploic artery and bilateral internal thoracic arteries: mean, ...
Mustafa Ricardo Migliorini - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the coronary vascular resistance (CVR) and to analyze the flow differences through grafts in coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Between 17 June and 15 July 2005, we assessed the coronary vascular resistance profile in 10 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery ...
Karthikeyan Ganesan - - 2009
Grafts to the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) are generally placed in the distal, most accessible part of the vessel. As a result, there is a segment of variable length between the site of stenosis on the LAD and the site of graft placement. This segment is perfused in ...
Bahçivan Muzaffer - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The term "competitive flow" defines the flow from a partially stenosed native artery that "competes" with the flow from a graft to perfuse the distal tissues. The purpose of our study is to investigate the effects of competitive flow at different degrees of stenosis at common carotid artery, in ...
Silva Roberto Rocha E - - 2009
Left internal thoracic artery (LITA) grafting has become the gold standard in coronary artery bypass graft procedure (CABG). In order to optimize the use of LITA or other grats, sequential anastomosis has been used. There is no consensus on equivalence of results between isolated and sequential grafts. The aim of ...
Allon Michael M Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA. - - 2009
Most arteriovenous grafts fail due to irreversible thrombosis, and most clotted grafts have an underlying stenotic lesion. These observations raise the plausible hypothesis that early detection of graft stenosis with preemptive angioplasty will reduce the likelihood of graft thrombosis. A number of noninvasive methods can be used to detect hemodynamically ...
Bhindi Ravinay - - 2009
The authors describe treating a 6-cm right coronary artery bypass graft aneurysm that was causing recurrent angina. With use of the combined skills of interventional radiologists and cardiologists, the aneurysm was successfully occluded by using a stent-graft typically used to treat aneurysms in the peripheral circulation. One month after the ...
Abbasi Mohammad - - 2009
Aneurysm of a saphenous vein graft (SVG) is a rare but fatal complication of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The development of SVG aneurysms appears usually about 10-20 years after the operation at an estimated rate of <1%. A 68-year-old male was referred to the emergency department after frequent ...
Puskas John D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: During coronary surgery, proximal vein graft anastomoses have been performed by using an aortic partial occlusion clamp to allow for a hand-sewn anastomosis. The purpose of this multicenter, prospective, randomized trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the PAS-Port device (Cardica, Inc, Redwood City, Calif), which allows an automated ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The intra-aortic balloon pump is used worldwide as an anti-ischemic strategy. However, little is known about the modifications of the graft flowmetry during use of intra-aortic balloon pump. METHODS: An observational study aimed at analyzing transit-time flow measurements during 1:1 intra-aortic balloon pump use and during its cessation in ...
Santarpino Giuseppe - - 2010
Although general agreement exists on internal mammary graft as the first conduit, the second choice is still questioned. Despite radial artery (RA) grafting has been suggested, saphenous veins (SV) continue to be extensively used. A prospective series of isolated RA-CABG (150 patients) or SV-CABG (180 patients), performed either off-pump (OP-CABG) ...
Santarpino Giuseppe - - 2009
Due to the limited life expectancy and the supposed higher morbidity with complete arterial grafting, extensive arterial graft in the elderly is still questioned. It was the aim of this study to evaluate transit time flow and clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic results of elderly patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting ...
Biceroglu S - - 2009
The left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is the most commonly used arterial graft for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, and occluding the LIMA side branches during surgery is important to avoid myocardial ischaemia afterwards. In this study we investigated the incidence of patent LIMA graft side branches in our ...
Orihashi Kazumasa - - 2009
Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) assessment of coronary artery graft anastomosed to posterior descending artery (PDA) was evaluated. Twenty-one patients with a saphenous vein (SV) graft (n=17) or right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) graft (n=4) anastomosed to the PDA were examined. In the transgastric mid short-axis view, the graft was depicted as ...
Buxton Brian F - - 2009
Long-term patency of a bypass graft is an important determinant in reducing morbidity and increasing survival after coronary bypass surgery. The purpose of this review is to analyse factors contributing to improved outcomes of commonly used conduits. Progress has been limited by the lack of uniform definitions of graft failure ...
Wippermann J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Tissue-engineered blood vessels (TEBVs) represent an innovative approach for overcoming reconstructive problems associated with extended vascular diseases by providing small-calibre vascular grafts. This study aimed to evaluate a novel biomaterial of bacterially synthesised cellulose (BC) as a potential scaffold for TEBV. METHODS: Highly crystalline cellulose was produced by a ...
Reisinger Ute U Cardiac Surgery Research Laboratory, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Innrain 66, A-6020 Innsbruck, - - 2009
Despite the lower patency of venous compared with arterial coronary artery bypass grafts, approximately 50% of grafts used are saphenous vein conduits because of their easier accessibility. In a search for ways to increase venous graft patency, we applied the results of a previous pharmacological study screening for non-toxic compounds ...
Ballotta Enzo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze our experience of bypass procedures to an isolated ("blind") popliteal artery segment (IPAS) to revascularize the perigeniculate arteries in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), to establish whether such revascularizations could yield acceptable results in terms of patency and limb salvage ...
Nasso Giuseppe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear (1) whether the use of 2 arterial conduits rather than a single conduit in multivessel coronary artery bypass grafting significantly improves results despite the concomitant use of saphenous vein grafts and (2) whether any among different configurations of composite grafts (left/right thoracic arteries and radial artery) ...
Parang Pirouz - - 2009
Not long after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery was described, several reports presented follow-up angiographic data on large cohorts of patients, demonstrating that approximately one-half of saphenous vein grafts fail within 10 to 15 years of surgery and that graft failure is associated with worse clinical outcomes. Three processes are ...
Ozdemir Bülent - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aortic distensibility is an elasticity index of the aorta, and reflects aortic stiffness. Coronary artery disease has been found to be substantially associated with increased aortic stiffness. In this study we aimed to retrospectively analyze the association of angiographically determined aortic distensibility with the patency rates of coronary bypass ...
Yan Hede - - 2009
In this retrospective study, the survival rates of fingertip replantation with and without vein grafting were evaluated along with their postoperative functional and cosmetic results. One hundred twenty-one-fingertip amputations were performed in 103 patients between September 2002 and July 2007. Thirty-four amputated fingertips were replanted without vein grafting, while 87 ...
Chu Danny - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Incomplete myocardial revascularization decreases survival for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The effects of constructing multiple grafts to each major diseased artery territory are unknown. We aimed to determine the impact on long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting of placing multiple grafts to each myocardial territory. METHODS: ...
Chlup?c J - - 2009
The gold standard material in bypass surgery of blood vessels remains the patient's own artery or vein. However, this material may be unavailable, or may suffer vein graft disease. Currently available vascular prostheses, namely polyethylene terephthalate (PET, Dacron) and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), perform well as large-caliber replacements, but their long-term ...
Bassri Hosseinali - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the standard of care in the treatment of advanced coronary artery disease, and its long-term results are affected by the failure of bypass grafts. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the early patency rate in coronary bypass grafts. METHODS: ...
Kloppenburg Geoffrey - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Venous grafts are commonly used to treat drug-resistant coronary artery disease, although long-term functionality is limited because of proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMC). As proliferating SMC are particularly susceptible for the stimulating effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV), we hypothesized that CMV infection may enhance cell proliferation and ...
Zacharias Anoar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Use of one or more arterial grafts to revascularize two-vessel and three-vessel coronary artery disease has been shown to improve coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) survival. Yet, the presumed long-term survival benefits of all-arterial CABG have not been quantified. METHODS: We compared propensity-adjusted 12-year survival in two contemporaneous ...
Leacche Marzia - - 2009
Graft patency strongly influences early and late outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The current standard of care in CABG surgery does not require intraoperative imaging. Because coronary angiography is rarely available in the operating room (OR), other techniques have been developed to assess graft integrity intraoperatively. The ...
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