Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 3019
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Nakajima Hiroyuki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To help optimize graft arrangement, we examined the effects of target vessel characteristics, conduit type, and interactions between the target vessels on the occurrence of flow reversal or occlusion. METHODS: The postoperative angiograms of 458 patients after total arterial revascularization with an off-pump, no aortic manipulation technique beginning in ...
Baker Andrew H - - 2006
The poor patency rates for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using autologous saphenous vein necessitate the need for continued research into the potential clinical utility of gene therapy. Bypass grafting is ideally suited for gene therapy, as graft can be genetically modified ex vivo prior to grafting in the coronary ...
Pulli Raffaele - - 2006
Popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) is uncommon. The clinical presentation of PAA includes rupture, embolism, and thrombosis. In this article, we evaluate the results of our 20-year experience with surgical management of PAAs, analyzing the role of anatomic, clinical, and surgical factors that potentially affect early and long-term results. From January ...
Yamamoto Masato - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sixteen-channel multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT), with higher spatial and temporal resolution, enables noninvasive visualization of images with reduced motion artifact and breath-holding time. We compared images of 16-channel MDCT and selective bypass graft angiography among patients who had off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: The study, conducted from ...
Sayar Hamid - - 2006
A 56-year-old man underwent replacement of the ascending aorta with a sutureless intraluminal graft, for a Stanford type A aortic dissection. Eight years after the operation, he developed gross hemoglobinuria, associated with an intravascular hemolytic anemia. Due to numerous schistocytes in the peripheral blood, the hemolysis was attributed to mechanical ...
Hakyemez B - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of table-moving contrast-enhanced three-dimensional MR angiography in the evaluation of lower extremity peripheral arterial bypass grafts. Twenty-two lower extremity peripheral arterial grafts (13 autologous saphenous vein, 7 polytetrafluoroethylene and 2 Dacron) in 18 patients were evaluated. Preoperative diagnosis were occlusive ...
Maya I D - - 2006
The usual radiologic approach to thrombosed grafts is a combination of thrombectomy and angioplasty of the underlying lesion. However, the primary (unassisted) graft patency after thrombectomy is quite poor. We evaluated whether graft patency following thrombectomy is improved by placement of a stent in the stenotic lesion. Using a prospective, ...
Berceli Scott A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Arteries and vein grafts respond differently to reductions in flow, with arteries demonstrating inward remodeling through only limited structural reorganization of the media and vein grafts developing a thickened intima, with little change in the external diameter. In an effort to mechanistically explore the biology of this contrasting behavior, ...
Wan Li - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Placement of an external support has been reported to prevent intimal hyperplasia of vein grafts. However, it is limited by potential complications. In the present study, we investigated the effect of fibrin glue on preventing vein graft failure as perivenous application. METHODS: Twenty-four rabbits were divided into non-supported group ...
Berardinelli L - - 2006
Apart from long-term central venous catheterisation, the insertion of an arteriovenous graft (AVG) remains the only option to allow continued haemodialysis when the patient's superficial veins have been exhausted. Although, expanded PTFE has become the graft of choice for haemodialysis access throughout the world, many other organic or semi-organic materials ...
Shimamura Yoshiei - - 2006
Two new graft holders and an anastomosis assist mirror, designed for coronary artery bypass grafting, are described. The graft holders are pinching devices with sponges inside to prevent graft injury. The anastomosis assist mirror is a small circular mirror designed to show a reflective view of the lateral or posterior ...
Sigala F - - 2006
Femoral anastomosis following either an aortofemoral or femoropopliteal bypass, is a common site for anastomotic aneurysms occurring with an incidence of 2% to 5%. Among the factors contributing to the pathogenesis of such aneurysms, graft infection should be considered as a major one. We report the case of a 74 ...
Anders Katharina - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of 16-slice multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) to visualize coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patency and to detect bypass stenoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with 94 grafts (20 mammary artery grafts, 74 venous grafts) were investigated by 16-slice MDCT using a scan protocol with 12 ...
Cho Kwang Ree - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We studied retrospectively the patency of grafts after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using serial angiographies performed one year and five years after surgery. METHODS: One hundred and nine patients who had available coronary angiographies at both one year and five years after CABG were included. Morphologic changes of ...
Deglise Sebastien - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography in the follow-up of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) that have been operated on. Aneurysm exclusion and progression, graft patency and graft-related complications were analyzed. Fourteen patients with 21 surgically excluded PAAs were evaluated with ...
Burgstahler Christof - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) scanners permit visualization of the coronary arteries and coronary artery bypass grafts. The latest MSCT generation with true 16-detector slices (Sensation 16 Speed 4 D, Siemens, Forchheim, Germany) provides improved temporal and spatial resolution, as well as significantly reduced scan time. To assess, whether ...
Isenberg Brett C - - 2006
Although the need for a functional arterial replacement is clear, the lower blood flow velocities of small-diameter arteries like the coronary artery have led to the failure of synthetic materials that are successful for large-diameter grafts. Although autologous vessels remain the standard for small diameter grafts, many patients do not ...
Baldwin Zachary K - - 2006
Vein grafts respond to low flow and shear stress (tau(w)) by generating thicker walls and smaller lumens through the processes of neointimal hyperplasia and remodeling. Clinically, however, vein grafts with obviously low tau(w), such as those distal to high-grade proximal obstructions, are not infrequently found to be widely patent and ...
Meyers Rebecka L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Aortic reconstruction in infants and small children has been reported with Dacron or polytef prosthetic material, hypogastric artery autograft, and saphenous vein autograft. In children, synthetic grafts are limited by a concern for late infection and a lack of potential growth. Available autogenous vessels have a limited length and ...
Schachner Thomas - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine is an immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory drug, and it has been shown to induce apoptosis in human T-lymphocytes. We investigated whether local treatment with azathioprine can inhibit neointimal hyperplasia in experimental vein grafts. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice underwent interposition of the inferior vena cava from isogenic donor mice into the ...
Manabe Susumu - - 2006
The radial artery (RA) is gaining popularity as a bypass conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting, and its impact on clinical practice has been extensively explored. In the present article, we provide a review of postoperative hand circulation, vascular biological characteristics of the RA graft, the efficacy of vasodilator therapies, ...
Van Tricht Ilse - - 2006
The aim of our study is to investigate with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) whether different arterial anastomotic geometries result in a different hemodynamics at the arterial (AA) and venous anastomosis (VA) of hemodialysis vascular access grafts. We have studied a 6mm graft (CD) and a 4-7 mm graft (TG). A ...
Loesch Andrzej - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) using conventionally harvested saphenous vein (SV) as a graft is characterised by a high graft failure rate. It is believed that vein handling during harvesting is responsible for this, as damage to the vein's structure including its sources of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) ...
Murai Sachiko - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the patency of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in Japanese patients, who have narrower coronary arteries than Caucasians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients (12 men and 7 women, mean age: 63 +/- 12 years) with 33 coronary bypass grafts were examined with ...
Morishige Noritsugu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The U-Clip was found to facilitate the interrupted anastomosis of coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG). This device may be beneficial especially in multivessel off-pump CABG (OPCAB) using composite grafts or sequential anastomosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate our early clinical experience using the U-Clip in OPCAB ...
Song Min-Ho - - 2006
Because a suction-type stabilizer does not move once it is attached to the heart in either on-pump or off-pump coronary surgery, we have been using a simple method of stabilizing mammary radial, or epigastric artery grafts with a suction stabilizer in anastomosis of coronary artery grafts. This method excludes the ...
Boova Robert S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The utilization of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) has resulted in the development of new technology to facilitate the creation of aorto-coronary graft anastomoses. Proximal aortic devices (PADs) enable the construction of a proximal aortic anastomosis without the use of a side-biting aortic clamp, thus reducing the risk ...
Carroll Patricia B - - 2006
The creation of successful vascular anastomoses is of primary importance in many surgical fields. Numerous attempts to automate this process have been made. These techniques have slowly gained acceptance, but their use is still limited. This report details feasibility testing of a new prototype stapler that automates the rollover sleeve ...
Akan Mithat - - 2006
For the last 20 years, free tissue transfers have increasingly become the mainstay of plastic surgery. Size discrepancy between the vessels during tissue transfers are frequently encountered in clinical practice, and this may potentially be an important factor in the patency of anastomosis. In our clinic, we first studied a ...
Eagleton Matthew J - - 2006
The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) versus open surgical repair of anastomotic strictures affecting infrainguinal bypasses. Anastomotic strictures affecting 39 bypasses in 36 patients were identified among 593 consecutive infrainguinal arterial reconstructions performed between 1994 and 2004. The mean age of ...
Lahtinen Jarmo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The use of aortic connector devices for proximal vein graft anastomosis has been shown to be associated with a relevant rate of early graft complications. Cardica PAS-Port is a new aortic connector whose preliminary clinical results seem promising. The safety and efficacy of this aortic connector device have been ...
Chong William C F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The morphological and functional differences between arteries and veins may have implications on coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) survival. Although subjective differences have been observed between radial artery (RA) and long saphenous venous (LSV) grafts, these have not been quantified. This study assessed and compared the flow characteristics and ...
Pelosi Augusta - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether autologous jugular veins provide functional grafts with high 30-day patency rates in an experimental model of systemic-to-pulmonary shunting performed with a modified Blalock-Taussig procedure. ANIMALS: 15 healthy Beagles. PROCEDURE: A segment of the left jugular vein was implanted between the left subclavian and pulmonary arteries. Echocardiograms ...
Nezic Dusko - - 2006
A patient presented with severe triple-vessel coronary artery disease, including multiple lesions on the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), which supplied a well-contracting myocardium. In approaching our patient, we judged that a pedicled left internal thoracic artery (LITA) would not provide enough length for sequential grafting of the multisegment-diseased ...
Brochado-Neto F C - - 2006
The distal zone of the deep femoral artery has been used as an inflow site for femorodistal bypass grafts. Eleven such bypass grafts were performed in patients who had critical limb ischemia either to avoid a hostile groin (n=7) or because of an insufficient length of vein (n=4). The posteromedial ...
Poston Robert S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The predominant mechanism of early graft failure after coronary artery bypass grafting remains in doubt. Aspirin administered in the initial hours after coronary artery bypass grafting improves graft patency, implicating prostanoid synthesis in the pathogenesis. We hypothesized that synergy between endothelial disruption in the venous conduit and aspirin resistance ...
Iancu Adrian C - - 2005
The no-reflow phenomenon is often found in venous grafts and every effort to prevent it is worthwhile. We performed an angioplasty on a venous graft in a patient with a NSTE acute coronary syndrome with previous inferior myocardial infarction (1996) and CABG (3 venous grafts ), respectively. The native coronary ...
Izumi Chisato - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intervention therapy has been recently performed on the left internal thoracic artery graft stenosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the natural course of the left internal thoracic artery graft stenosis at the anastomotic site and clarify whether intervention therapy should be performed early after surgery. METHODS: ...
Wiemer P - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the biological behaviour of vascular grafts replacing a section of the jugular vein in order to improve the results of the surgical treatment of complete thrombosis of the jugular vein in the horse. Seven graft types: fresh allograft, home frozen allograft, glutaraldehyde-fixed ...
Ballard Jeffrey L - - 2005
At the present time, infrainguinal bypass using autogenous vein is the most effective and durable treatment for chronic limb ischemia caused by long-segment, diffuse, atherosclerotic occlusive disease. Quality of the vein conduit is the most important factor that determines operative success. Preoperative vein mapping is useful to identify an optimal ...
Okamoto H - - 2005
We describe a case of acute renal failure caused by extension of an atherosclerotic occlusive process to the suprarenal aorta. A 68-year-old man underwent bypass grafting from the ascending aorta to the femoral arteries using straight and Y-grafts. Additional saphenous vein grafts were placed from the intra-abdominal portion of the ...
Pintucci Giuseppe - - 2006
Vein graft failure following bypass surgery is a frequent and important clinical problem. The vascular injury caused by arterialization is responsible for vein graft intimal hyperplasia, a lesion generated by medial smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration into the intima, increased extracellular matrix deposition, and formation of a thick neointima. ...
Lepidi Sandro - - 2006
The difficulty of obtaining significant long-term patency and good wall mechanical strength in vivo has been a significant obstacle in achieving small-diameter vascular prostheses. The aim of the present study was to develop a prosthetic graft that could perform as a small-diameter vascular conduit. Tubular structures of hyaluronan (HYAFF-11 tubules, ...
Maselli Daniele - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine, by a mathematical model, the ideal theoretical degree of ascending aortic graft oversizing needed to obtain normal sinuses dimension in the reimplantation type of valve-sparing aortic operations. METHODS: To define a normal-range value, size of sinuses of Valsalva was conventionally expressed as the area surrounding ...
Murakami Mikiko - - 2005
Although conventional bypass grafting is commonly used to treat ischemia in lower extremities, graft failure often occurs. This study retrospectively analyzed the factors that affect graft patency to help establish more effective treatment of obstructive arterial disease of the lower limbs. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate graft patency in ...
Iwai Shigemitsu - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To solve several problems with artificial grafts, we sought to develop a novel bioengineered material that can promote tissue regeneration without ex vivo cell seeding and that has sufficient durability to be used for artery reconstruction. Here, we tested whether this biodegradable material could accelerate the in situ regeneration ...
Devereux P D - - 2005
Intimal hyperplasia (IH) development is a primary cause of failure of reconstructive bypass surgery. While the exact mechanism by which IH initiates and proliferates has yet to be fully elucidated, it is clear that the abnormal haemodynamics present in the downstream graft/artery junction are intrinsic in its development. Mass transport ...
Cagiannos Catherine - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that rapamycin coated onto, and eluted from, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts would diminish neointimal hyperplasia in a porcine model. Rapamycin (also called sirolimus) was coated onto the luminal surface of 6-mm-internal-diameter thin-walled ePTFE grafts by using an adhesive polymer that allows timed release of the drug. ...
Orlov Boris - - 2005
The tangential K graft is a comfortable surgical technique aiming to increase cardiac surgeons' versatility in performing multiple arterial grafting using only two arterial conduits. One end of the free graft--either the right internal thoracic artery (RITA) or the radial artery (RA)--is attached to a marginal circumflex branch. Its other ...
Inaba Hirotaka - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aortic connector system was used to minimize cerebrovascular complications when performing the proximal anastomosis of vein grafts during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The goal of this study was to investigate the intermediate outcomes of patients undergoing CABG with the aortic connector system. METHODS: The aortic connector was ...
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