Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 3011
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Kloppenburg Geoffrey T L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Along with angioplasty, autologus vein grafts are commonly used for artery bypass grafting in patients with advanced arterial stenosis and drug-resistant angina pectoris. Although initially a successful procedure, long-term functionality is limited due to proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells. Like in atherosclerosis, common chronic infections caused by ...
Alexiou Christos - - 2007
For the construction of a distal "open" anastomosis during ascending aortic replacement, a tube-graft is placed opposite to the transected aorta. We describe an alternative technique. The tube-graft is inverted and positioned within the aortic arch in a way that brings the entire circumference of the distal end of the ...
Jones Catherine M - - 2007
Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) has become an alternative to coronary angiography in diagnosis of graft occlusion and stenosis after coronary artery bypass. A literature search was performed for studies comparing angiography to 8-slice, 16-slice, and 64-slice MDCT in the assessment of coronary grafts. In assessing occlusion, 14 studies produced pooled ...
Park Young Kwang - - 2007
This study focuses on the development of self-training system for surgical operation and quantitative evaluation of the surgical skills. Our group has developed a self-training system for anastomotic technique in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) to contribute the education of cardiovascular surgery without a risk to patients. The self-training system ...
Takami Yoshiyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is best indicated for chronic total occlusion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) with collaterals. We investigated angiographic changes in the collateral circulation after CABG. METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative angiograms were reviewed in 42 patients who underwent grafting onto occluded LADs. We described ...
Eifell Ron - - 2007
Kinking of reversed vein grafts is a recognized cause of early graft failure following femoropopliteal bypass. The commonly employed technique of marking one side of the vein prior to tunneling does not prevent graft twisting and kinking with absolute certainty, as proven by postoperative sonographic evidence. The authors herein describe ...
Fukui Toshihiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Early outcomes of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting have been documented by numerous studies. However, there have been few reports concerning midterm outcomes after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 602 consecutive patients (24.8% female) who underwent isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting ...
Watanabe Taiji - - 2007
We are developing functional autologous tubular tissues, called biotubes, as ideal small-caliber vascular grafts that have growth potential without immunological rejection. In this study, to improve surgical handling, a novel biotube reinforced at the anastomosis regions was designed. Silicone rods, 2 mm in diameter and used as a mold, were ...
Kim Wook Sung - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Surgery or intervention therapy has been performed to correct kinks of internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural course of the ITA graft kink and to clarify whether surgery or intervention therapy should be performed in asymptomatic patients during the early ...
Tran-Son-Tay Roger - - 2007
When vein graft is implanted in the arterial system, the vein graft wall becomes thicker as an adaptive process. We have developed a model of early adaptive vein graft intimal thickening induced by shear stress. Intimal thickness and the rate of intimal thickening are expressed as functions of shear stress ...
Siedlecki Andrew - - 2007
Aneurysms are a common complication of arteriovenous grafts in hemodialysis patients, resulting from repetitive needle sticks in the graft material. Although aneurysms are thought to contribute to graft failure, there are no prospective studies evaluating their risk factors or impact on graft survival. The present study evaluated aneurysms in 117 ...
Bitigen Atilla - - 2007
A 75-year-old man, with a previous history of myocardial infarction and three-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting, presented with an acute anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The vein graft to the left anterior descending artery was occluded with heavy thrombus burden, and the other grafts were patent. After administering a bolus dose ...
Konishi Yukiko - - 2007
Recently, the right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) has been used in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as an alternative arterial graft. Unfortunately, an increased incidence of gastric cancers has been reported after CABG using the RGEA. Handling of the RGEA during gastrectomy in these patients may cause lethal complications, which sometimes ...
Duran Cihan - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of multislice computed tomography in detecting graft stenosis or occlusion after coronary artery bypass grafting, using coronary angiography as the standard. From January 2005 through May 2006, 25 patients (19 men and 6 women; mean age, 54 +/- 11.3 years) ...
Teng Zhong-zhao - - 2007
Autogenous vein grafting is widely used in regular bypassing procedures. Due to its mismatch with the host artery in both mechanical property and geometry, the graft often over expands under high arterial blood pressure and forms a step-depth where eddy flow develops, thus causing restenosis, fibrous graft wall, etc. External ...
Houslay Emma S - - 2007
Invasive coronary angiography is the gold standard means of imaging bypass vessels and carries a small but potentially serious risk of local vascular complications, including myocardial infarction, stroke and death. We evaluated computed tomography as a non-invasive means of assessing graft patency. Fifty patients with previous coronary artery bypass surgery ...
Nakajima Hiroyuki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In arterial conduits, graft flow is one of the major determinants of long-term patency. We sought to delineate the effect of strategy for graft arrangement and design to three-vessel disease by evaluation of the dominant flow direction in each segment of a bypass graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed ...
Purohit Manoj - - 2007
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether using the cephalic vein from the arm for coronary artery bypass grafts achieves an adequate patency rate. Only 219 papers were identified on Medline using the reported search and hand-searching of ...
Elhendy Abdou - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of real-time myocardial contrast perfusion imaging (MCPI) during dobutamine stress echocardiography, for the diagnosis of coronary artery bypass graft disease. METHODS: MCPI was performed using commercially available ultrasound contrast agents (Optison or Definity) at rest and at peak dobutamine-atropine ...
Sugimoto Tsutomu - - 2006
We report on a case of a 65-year-old man who was admitted for anterior chest pain on effort. He had received coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery 20 years ago with saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and right coronary artery (RCA). An angiography demonstrated ...
Jeremy Jamie Y - - 2007
Autologous saphenous vein is used as a conduit to bypass atherosclerotic lesions in both the coronary artery (coronary artery bypass graft surgery [CABG]) and in femoral arteries (infrainguinal bypass graft surgery [IIBS]). Despite the undoubted success and benefits of the procedures, graft failure occurs in 50% of cases within 10 ...
Murphy Gavin J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Neointima formation and wall thickening caused by smooth muscle cell proliferation compromise long-term patency of human aorto-coronary vein-grafts. We investigated short- and long-term effects of anti-proliferative pharmacological agents on experimental pig vein-grafts with similar dimensions and kinetics to human coronary grafts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Saphenous veins were treated for ...
Ropers Dieter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCT) has been shown to allow detection of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) occlusions and stenoses. However, the assessment of native coronary arteries in addition to CABG has thus far not been sufficiently validated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty patients with a total of 138 CABG ...
Matsuura Kaoru - - 2006
Surgical revascularization for coronary artery lesions secondary to Kawasaki disease is relatively uncommon. The late stenosis of the saphenous vein graft is the problem to be solved. We report a case of redo off-pump coronary bypass grafting in a 35-year-old man, 20 years after bypass grafting using a saphenous vein ...
Kouzi-Koliakos Kokkona - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Twenty percent of the long saphenous vein (LSV) grafts that are employed as coronary bypass conduits occlude during the first year after the operation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological parameters of the LSV grafts before implantation as predictors for the early occlusion of the ...
Reinert Michael - - 2006
OBJECT: Patients with complex craniocerebral pathophysiologies such as giant cerebral aneurysms, skull base tumors, and/or carotid artery occlusive disease are candidates for a revascularization procedure to augment or preserve cerebral blood flow. However, the brain is susceptible to ischemia, and therefore the excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique has been ...
Griffin Nick M R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postoperative surveillance of infra-inguinal vein grafts has arisen because of the high incidence of vein graft stenoses, which frequently progress to vein graft occlusion. The use of duplex ultrasound as the primary imaging method for graft surveillance is well established. This study aims to compare the accuracy of duplex ...
Wang Jianwen - - 2006
This study examined the feasibility of Doppler transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to detect collateral flow to the myocardium supplied by the right coronary artery (RCA) in the inferior left ventricular wall. Forty-four patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were prospectively studied. Presence of collateral flow to the RCA ...
Vicol Calin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The magnetic vascular positioner (MVP), a device for distal bypass anastomosis in coronary surgery, was developed to allow a simple and rapid procedure and to improve graft patency. We analyze our mid-term results with this device. METHODS: Eighteen distal anastomoses were performed by using the MVP, and 18 with ...
Huilgol Ravi L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bypass for extra-cranial arterial disease is infrequently carried out. We reviewed our experience to determine the outcome of carotid artery grafting using either an autogenous vein or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). METHODS: Details of patients were recorded prospectively as part of a vascular surgical registry. Patients identified from the registry as ...
Banno Hiroshi - - 2006
Intimal hyperplasia is a major obstacle to patency after vein grafting. Despite of a diverse array of trials to prevent it, a satisfactory therapeutic strategy for clinical use has not been established. However, sufficient inhibition of early stages of intimal hyperplasia may prevent this long-term progressive disease. Midkine (MK) is ...
Kusch B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bypass graft stenosis after venous revascularisation procedures is characterised by massive neointimal and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation triggered via endothelin-1 synthesis in the vessel wall. Decoy oligodesoxynucleotides (ODN) against the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) inhibits pre-pro-endothelin-1 expression. METHODS: In 20 rabbits, an end-to-side jugular vein bypass to ...
Stone Patrick A - - 2006
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of duplex ultrasound surveillance on the patency of femorofemoral bypasses performed for symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). A retrospective review was conducted of 108 patients (78 men, 30 women) with a mean age of 62 +/- 10 years who underwent femorofemoral ...
Chan Y C - - 2006
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is a well recognised problem, especially in vascular surgical patients with synthetic bypass grafts. This is to our knowledge the first report in the literature of the development of anastomotic false aneurysms at both ends of an autologous vein graft, as a result of MRSA ...
Minakawa Masahito - - 2006
Preoperative evaluation of the right gastroepiploic artery was performed by abdominal ultrasonography to determine whether the graft was adequate for coronary artery bypass. The gastroepiploic artery was used when the graft diameter was greater than 2 mm with pulsatile flow. Postoperative angiography revealed the gastroepiploic artery dominant, and the graft ...
Oz Bilgehan SavaƟ - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The mid-term patency rates for individual and sequential grafts as coronary bypass conduits for diagonal arteries were angiographically compared; the impact of native coronary vessel and type of the conduit characteristics are investigated. METHODS: Between March 1992 and April 2000, we performed a total number of 811 distal anastomosis ...
Lopez January K - - 2006
Massive hemoptysis is an emergent and life-threatening condition with a broad range of underlying causes. Fortunately, massive hemoptysis accounts for a minority of cases of hemoptysis, ~5%. Unlike hemorrhage in other areas of the body, the primary cause of death from pulmonary hemorrhage is most commonly asphyxiation rather than exsanguination. ...
Ciszewski Andrzej - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that endothelial dysfunction is critical to saphenous vein graft (SVG) occlusion. AIM: To evaluate in vivo endothelium-mediated vasoreactivity in angiographically non-stenotic SVG. METHODS: The group consisted of 31 patients (pts), aged 58.7+/-8.7 years, 54+/-38 months after coronary bypass surgery. In each patient one angiographically normal ...
George Sarah J - - 2006
The early success of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is limited by disappointing long-term patency rates of autologous saphenous vein grafts. Because current pharmacological interventions have only limited impact on vein graft patency rates, there remains a clear clinical need for effective agents to prevent failure of vein grafts in ...
Souza Domingos S R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Conventional harvesting of the saphenous vein in coronary artery bypass surgery produces vessel damage that contributes to graft failure. A novel "no touch" technique provides high short- and long-term patency rates. METHOD: This randomized longitudinal trial compares graft patency of two patient groups undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Conventional: ...
Nishizaki Kazuhiko - - 2006
This reports a case of a 68-year-old woman who had undergone coronary artery bypass 5 years previously. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed that the ascending aorta was dilated to about 8 cm in diameter, with type A dissection, and with a patent left internal thoracic artery (LITA) graft to the ...
Nishinari Kenji - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: When trunk arteries are affected by malignant neoplasia, and surgical treatment involving tumor and arterial resection is used, the vascular reconstruction must be performed immediately to avoid ischemia in the brain and large tissue masses. The objective of this study was to analyze the results obtained with the treatment ...
Probst H - - 2006
AIM: Chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI) often requires venous bypass grafting to distal arterial segments. However, graft patency is influenced by the length and quality of the graft and occasionally patients may have limited suitable veins. We investigated short distal bypass grafting from the superficial femoral or popliteal artery to ...
Iliopoulos Dimitrios - - 2006
The objective of the study was to investigate the alterations of aortic function after interposition of a tubular graft in the descending porcine thoracic aorta. Eight healthy Landrace pigs were subjected to thoracotomy under sterile conditions. A 5-cm-long segment of descending thoracic aorta was replaced with a Dacron graft. Pulse ...
Cetin S M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the prognostic value of intraoperative ultrasonic graft flow determination during CABG for mid-term patency. METHODS: From 01/2000 to 08/2003 3146 CABG procedures were performed at our institution. Graft flow was determined in all patients. Lumen diameter was given in mm and a sclerosis score was applied for ...
Schachner Thomas - - 2006
Despite the very important use of arterial bypass conduits, vein grafts remain one cornerstone in coronary surgery. Newer studies show a saphenous vein graft patency of about 60% at 10 years postoperatively. This article reviews the in vivo (animal) models of vein graft disease. According to the different models, the ...
Chaouat Marc - - 2006
Cardiovascular diseases may require surgery such as arterial bypasses that are usually performed with synthetic PTFE and Dacron grafts with diameter above 6mm. For smaller diameter replacement, healthy vascular tissue from the patient is not always available to carry out this type of graft. The purpose of this study was ...
Malagutti Patrizia - - 2007
AIMS: Although previous generations of multislice computed tomography (CT) have demonstrated accurate detection of obstructive bypass graft disease, progression of coronary disease is a more frequent cause for ischaemic symptoms late after bypass graft surgery. We explored the diagnostic performance of 64-slice CT in symptomatic patients after bypass surgery, for ...
Lotun Kapildeo - - 2006
Axillobifemoral bypass is a well-established surgical procedure performed in conditions that preclude direct arterial reconstruction due to aortic sepsis, aortoenteric fistula, or other hostile abdominal pathology or prohibitive surgical risk. The choice of prosthetic graft used is either knitted Dacron(R) or polytetrafluoroethylene, with equally good results. Although externally supported grafts ...
Marx Roger - - 2006
Minimally invasive surgery for coronary revascularization using the left internal thoracic artery (ITA) has gained increasing interest. For control of graft function the established transcutaneous color-Doppler echocardiography in combination with a stress-test was performed to test the ability of this novel technique. Twenty-one patients having received a single ITA-graft were ...
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