Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1532
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Cosar Murat - - 2008
Vertebral arteries form the basilar artery at the pontobulbar junction. The vertebral artery may have dominancy in one of them. The branches of basilar arteries supply blood for the vestibular nuclei and its connections. Vertigo is seen generally in the upper middle aged patients. Vertigo can be observed in dolichoectasia ...
Kwon Bae Ju - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anatomic details and therapeutic implications of the double origin of the posteroinferior cerebellar artery (DOPICA). METHODS: A total of 131 patients with intracranial posterior circulation aneurysms were consecutively treated using endovascular techniques during an 8-year period. We retrospectively searched the ...
Tabatabai Seyed Ali Fakhr - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Aneurysms of the extracranially originating posterior inferior cerebellar artery are very rare. An anatomic insight of its possible course and variations is necessary when confronting such extraordinary lesions. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old man presented with the sudden onset of severe headaches. A physical examination was positive only for neck ...
Gokduman Cem Atilla - - 2007
Aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) are rare, and may arise in unusual locations due to the complex and variable anatomy of this artery. The PICA does not usually originate from the extracranial vertebral artery. Of the few reported extracranial PICA aneurysms, all affected the distal segment. We ...
Dodick D W - - 2008
Migraineurs with frequent aura (>or=1 per month) are at a 12-fold increased risk of posterior circulation infarctions. Although the mechanism is unclear, these lesions are located in the arterial borderzone of the cerebellum. This case illustrates, for the first time, crossed cerebellar diaschisis in a patient with migraine with prolonged ...
Dabus Guilherme - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Vertebrobasilar insufficiency caused by head rotation is an uncommon event. The mechanism is obstruction of the vertebral artery resulting in flow limitation or, less frequently, thromboembolism. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 41-year-old male developed dizziness and light-headedness during chiropractic manipulation when his head was turned to the extreme right position. Computed ...
Eluvathingal Muttikkal T J - - 2007
Persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) is the most frequent type of persistent primitive carotid-basilar artery anastomoses. Persistent trigeminal artery is usually associated with small or absent posterior communicating artery (Pcom). It may also be associated with hypoplastic vertebral and basilar arteries. Patients may present with symptoms related to hypo-perfusion of posterior ...
Hassan A - - 2007
Acute vertebrobasilar artery occlusion is a life-threatening event, even after thrombolytic treatment with local intraarterial (IA) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. We report a 70-year-old man with acute vertebral artery occlusion in which IA thrombolysis resulted in partial recanalisation and revealed pre-existing severe stenosis as the underlying cause. Stenosis was managed ...
Lee June Ho - - 2007
A significant drawback of atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation is a potential risk of vertebral artery injury, especially with a high-riding type. The authors propose a relatively safe trajectory in cases of high-riding vertebral artery by using the 3-dimensional computerized tomography image reconstruction programs. Twelve consecutive patients with a pathologic condition ...
Burger I M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bilateral vertebrobasilar junction agenesis is an exceptional anatomic variation. This article explores the angiographic characteristics of this variant and its embryologic mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two observations of bilateral agenesis of the vertebrobasilar junction are reported. A case of atheromatous disease of the vertebrobasilar junction is shown ...
Bruneau Michaël - - 2008
Foramen magnum meningiomas are challenging tumors, requiring special considerations because of the vicinity of the medulla oblongata, the lower cranial nerves, and the vertebral artery. After detailing the relevant anatomy of the foramen magnum area, we will explain our classification system based on the compartment of development, the dural insertion, ...
Halstead James C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sacrifice of intercostal and lumbar arteries simplifies thoracoabdominal aneurysm surgery and enables endovascular stenting. Little is known about alterations in cord perfusion after extensive segmental artery sacrifice. We explored this question using hypothermia to reduce metabolism. METHODS: Twelve juvenile Yorkshire pigs (mean weight, 22.3 kg) were randomized to segmental ...
Peyre Matthieu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is known to be associated with vascular lesions. Association with an extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm is very rare. We report the case of such an aneurysm mimicking a cervical neurofibroma in NF1. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An 18-year-old woman with previously diagnosed NF1 presented with a C6 ...
Ikegami Akiko - - 2007
During the dissection course for second year medical students at the University of Toyama in 2005, we encountered variations of the bilateral vertebral arteries: the left directly came off from the aortic arch as the third branch between the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery and entered ...
Dabus Guilherme - - 2007
Approximately 20% to 40% of patients who have cerebral vascular disease have a vertebral artery-origin stenosis. Atherosclerotic lesions of vertebral arety origin are a potential cause of posterior circulation ischemia, which can be disabling or deadly. Endovascular treatment of vertebral artery-origin and innominate/subclavian artery stenosis has changed in the last ...
Turowski B - - 2007
A 37-year-old woman presented with cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (CVST). During the period of anticoagulation she developed asymptomatic dissection of the intracranial segments of both vertebral arteries with an enlarging false aneurysm on the right side. Endovascular occlusion of the pathological segment of the right vertebral artery including the ...
Baik Seung Kug - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We describe a case involving technical success with internal trapping using controllable detachable coils yet antegrade recanalization of the occluded vertebral artery, in the vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm. Possible explanations for the antegrade recanalization of the occluded vertebral artery and lessons from the case are also discussed. CASE DESCRIPTION: ...
Bernard Timothy J - - 2007
Fenestration of vertebral arteries has been reported in association with thromboembolic brain infarctions. However, few cases have been reported in which recurrent infarction occurred in spite of adequate anticoagulation. We report a young man with fenestrated vertebral arteries and stroke who failed to respond to standard anticoagulation therapy but did ...
Hayashi Takahito - - 2007
We describe an autopsy case of sudden unexpected death due to severe brainstem compression by an unruptured giant vertebral aneurysm. A 71-year-old male was found dead in his bedroom. The forensic autopsy revealed no severe trauma leading to his death. On internal examination, a giant intracranial aneurysm (3.4 x 2.6 ...
Shimizu Satoru - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether proximity of the occipital artery to the greater occipital nerve can act as a cause of occipital neuralgia, analogous to the contribution of intracranial vessels due to compression in cranial nerve neuralgias, represented by trigeminal neuralgias due to compression of the ...
Silva N N - - 2007
Summary: We described a case of chronic spinal cystic arachnoiditis after subarachnoid haemorrhage in a 54-year-old woman with a ruptured vertebral artery aneurysm treated by coils. At three months she complained of lumbar pain.At twelve months she presented lower limbs paresthesia then a rapidly bilateral motor deficit. MR showed a ...
Siclari F - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A certain number of anatomic variants involving the distal vertebral artery (VA) are explained by variations in size and connection of the lateral spinal artery (LSA). This study examined the possible role of another branch of the VA, the posterior spinal artery (PSA), in the development of ...
Mysior Marek - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Numerous publications have documented the usefulness of carotid ultrasonography. However, few studies report on criteria of flow evaluation in vertebral arteries. One reason is the greater anatomical variety of vertebral arteries, particularly the often encountered diameter asymmetry between sides. The purpose of this study was to assess the dependence ...
Satti S R - - 2007
In this article, we present 5 cases of uncommon anomalous vertebral arteries and discuss the possible embryologic etiologies. These cases include a left vertebral artery as the 2nd branch off the left subclavian, a left vertebral artery with 2 origins, a right vertebral artery arising as the last branch off ...
Hieda M - - 2007
Extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm is uncommon, and the common cause is penetrating trauma. Rupture of extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm into the thoracic cavity is extremely rare and fatal due to haemorrhagic shock by massive haemothorax. We report an intrathoracic rupture of the extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm with neurofibromatosis Type 1, ...
Barkhordarian Siamak - - 2007
Traumatic vertebral pseudoaneurysm is a rare occurrence. Such case with an enlarging symptomatic vertebral arteriovenous (AV) fistula was successfully treated with a covered endostent. Presentation, diagnosis and different acceptable treatment plans to this condition are further discussed. Stentgrafts can play an important and effective role in therapy of traumatic vertebral ...
Cademartiri Filippo - - 2007
We present a case of a 78-year-old male referred presented to our institution with amaurosis fugax after walking 20 steps ("visual claudicatio"). Duplex ultrasound was not able to visualize the carotid arteries. Multislice computed tomography (Sensation 64 Cardiac, Siemens, Germany) of the cerebro-vascular circulation was performed from its origin at ...
Hiramatsu H - - 2007
Summary: Extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm associated with neurofibromatosis (NF1) is very rare. The aneurysm was successfully treated by endovascular trapping of the aneurysm and proximal vertebral artery with coils.
Maranhão-Filho Péricles - - 2007
The article describes a woman with 53 year-old that has presented diplopia when looking down and adopted a tilted head position in order to read for the last six months. The neuro-ophthalmic examination shows isolated right superior oblique muscle paresis. The magnetic resonance and the angioresonance show the dolicoectatic basilar ...
Kang H-S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report 6 cases of retrograde flow through the anterior spinal artery (ASA) from cervical vertebral artery (VA) to intracranial distal VA because the perfusion from bilateral vertebral arteries was tenuous. Its hemodynamic and clinical implications are discussed. METHODS: In association with bilateral steno-occlusive disease of vertebral ...
Uhl Eberhard - - 2007
Vascular abnormalities or dissection of the vertebral artery are rare causes for cervical monoradiculopathy. We present the case of a 44-year-old female patient with a short history of radiculopathy of the right C5 root with radicular pain and a severe motor deficit. CT-imaging showed a hyperdense structure at the C4/C5 ...
Titlic M - - 2007
A 73-year old man presented with the tinnitus in the left ear for 11 months. Computer tomography (CT) showed an enlarged dolichoectasia of the left vertebral artery. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain shows dolichoectasia of the left vertebral artery and the initial part of the basilar artery. Multi-slices ...
Hagiwara Noriko - - 2007
We report a patient with dissection of the bilateral intracranial vertebral artery (VA) that did not present any symptoms other than occipital headache, which was probably associated with sleeping overnight in a car seat with unsteady head position. Although cerebral angiography revealed extensive dissection of the bilateral VA after branching ...
Krishnamurthy A - - 2007
Arcuate foramen is less known trait of the human atlas vertebra formed by a delicate bony spiculum, which arches backward from the posterior end of the superior articular process. Examination of 1044 human atlas vertebra revealed that the trait was present in 13.8% of the samples. The mean length of ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
The foramen arcuale is infrequently found and is potentially a clinically/surgically significant anatomical variation of the atlas. When present, the vertebral artery travels through this bony ring after exiting the transverse foramen of the atlas and prior to entering the cranium. We present a case of an adult female skeleton ...
Pai Balaji S - - 2007
CONTEXT: The microsurgical anatomy of the posterior circulation is very complex and variable. Surgical approaches to this area are considered risky due to the presence of the various important blood vessels and neural structures. AIMS: To document the microsurgical anatomy of the posterior circulation along with variations in the Indian ...
Matsubara Takeshi - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A case of atlantoaxial fusion using an intralaminar (unilateral-crossing laminar screw) screw is presented in a patient with unilateral vertebral artery communication with the basilar artery. OBJECTIVES: To document the significance of the intralaminar screw technique in the aforementioned case. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral artery injury is ...
Owolabi Mayowa O - - 2007
Vascular risk factors predispose to vertebrobasilar ischemia. Cervical osteophytes can impinge on the vertebral artery causing mechanical occlusion during head turning. Presentation with vertigo in such instances is a common finding. A patient with obesity, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cervical spondylosis, and vertigo triggered by head rotation is presented. She responded to ...
Lee Jin Soo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical and angiographic characteristics and stroke patterns between spontaneous intracranial vertebral artery dissection (VAD) and vertebral large artery disease (LAD) (atherosclerosis). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for cerebrovascular diseases. Patients Twenty-two patients with spontaneous VAD and 25 with LAD in the intracranial portion of the ...
Uz Aysun - - 2007
The anatomy of the thalamoperforating arteries located in the interpeduncular fossa must be well understood by surgeons to enable safe surgical treatment of basilar and posterior cerebral artery aneurysms. Therefore, we studied 30 posterior cerebral arteries obtained from 15 fresh adult cadaver brains. By filling the vertebral and internal carotid ...
Choudhari Kishor A - - 2007
The author describes a rare case of trigeminal neuralgia where four major named vessels of the posterior circulation were detected to be in close approximation to the trigeminal nerve. The quadruple vessel compression included a tortuous dilated basilar trunk, ipsilateral anterior inferior cerebellar artery, a superior cerebellar artery and superior ...
Park Jong-Ho - - 2007
In patients with posterior inferior cerebellar artery infarction (PICAI) or lateral medullary infarction (LMI), the ipsilateral vertebral artery is often hypoplastic and therefore at an increased risk of ischaemic stroke. To investigate the frequency and clinical relevance of hypoplastic vertebral artery (HVA) in patients with ischaemic stroke with or without ...
Whitmore Robert G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bow hunter's syndrome refers to symptomatic vertebrobasilar insufficiency provoked by physiologic head rotation. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a unique case of bow hunter's syndrome caused by an accessory cervical ossification and the first use of intraoperative Doppler ultrasonography directly upon the vertebral artery during the surgical repair. After a ...
Kerry Roger - - 2006
In this paper, we present a clinical overview of cervical arterial dysfunction (CAD) for manual therapists who treat patients presenting with cervical pain and headache syndromes. An overview of vertebrobasilar arterial insufficiency (VBI) is given, with reference to assessment procedures recommended by commonly used guidelines. We suggest that the evidence ...
Paolini Sergio - - 2006
OBJECT: During surgical procedures focused on the cervical nerve roots, the surgeon works in proximity to the V2 segment of the vertebral artery (VA). Depending on the specific surgical approach, it may be necessary to identify, expose, or mobilize the artery. In most cases, the artery may be left undisturbed. ...
Ogasawara Kuniaki - - 2006
The authors describe transposition of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) to the vertebral artery (VA) combined with parent artery occlusion for the treatment of VA aneurysms in cases in which a clip could not be applied because of the origin of the ipsilateral PICA. The aneurysm is trapped through ...
Murakami Takenobu - - 2006
We report a patient with anterior and posterior inferior cerebellar artery infarction, which manifested as profound deafness, transient vertigo, and minimal cerebellar signs. We suspect that ischaemia of the left internal auditory artery, which originates from the anterior inferior cerebellar artery, caused the deafness and transient vertigo. A small lesion ...
Al-Okaili Riyadh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bilateral aortic origins of the vertebral arteries are a rare anatomic variant, with fewer than 20 cases reported in the literature. This particular variant has only been reported twice. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 35-year-old woman presented to the emergency department after trauma to the head and a witnessed convulsion. Subsequent ...
Alt Burkhard - - 2006
During vertebrate development, the thyroid gland undergoes a unique relocalisation from its site of induction to a distant species-specific position in the cervical mesenchyme. We have analysed thyroid morphogenesis in wild-type and mutant zebrafish and mice, and find that localisation of growing thyroid tissue along the anteroposterior axis in zebrafish ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
OBJECT: Surgical exposure of the extracranial part of the vertebral artery (VA) is occasionally necessary. Historically, the greater portion of the extracranial portion of the VA has been approached by traversing the anterior cervical triangle. The authors speculated that this entire segment of the VA could be reached with equal ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >