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Rakotomalala G - - 2013
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Different parts of Mimosa pigra (MPG) are used in traditional medicine in Madagascar, tropical Africa, South America and Indonesia for various troubles including cardiovascular disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the mechanisms underlying the vascular effects of MPG by assessing in vitro its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, ...
Tanaka Hiroki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Triglyceride (TG) accumulation in arterial tissue is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Cilostazol (CLZ), a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 3, has antiplatelet and vasodilating effects and may decrease serum TG levels. We examined the effect of CLZ on TG accumulation in ...
Shirai Mikiyasu - - 2013
Synchrotron radiation microangiography is a powerful tool for assessing adverse changes in pulmonary vessel density associated with primary pulmonary hypertension (PH). Congestive heart failure (CHF) leads to a `secondary' onset of PH, yet it is unknown whether secondary PH is also associated with reduced vessel density. This study utilized synchrotron ...
Iguchi Hiroyoshi - - 2013
The pathophysiology of arterial capillary proliferation accompanying fibrosis in human cirrhosis remains unclear. However, evidence regarding the molecules participating in the pathophysiological process has been accumulating. Water channel proteins known as aquaporins (AQP)s, notably AQP-1, appear to be involved in the arterial capillary proliferation in the cirrhotic liver.
Ge Jian-Jun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Following bypass surgery vein grafts undergo a remodelling process that can lead to restenosis and ultimately vein graft failure. Signalling through mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) is a key mechanism involved in vein graft failure. Here, we investigated whether CBS3830 (c-a-i-r biosciences GmbH, Tübingen, Germany), a new highly selectively ...
Li Jia-Si - - 2013
This study compared three β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) treatment rats to find the optimal BAPN model for thoracic aortic dissection and aneurysm in one study. Sixty rats were divided into five groups: control, injected control, 0.25% and 0.4% BAPN treatment (orally), and 667 mg/kg/day BAPN injection subcutaneously. Incidence of aortic dissection and ...
Wappler Edina A - - 2013
AIMS: To identify the geometrical alterations in the age-remodeled rat coronary artery network and to develop a useful technique to analyze network properties in the rat heart. Methods and results: We analyzed the networks of the left anterior descendent coronary arteries on in situ perfused hearts of young (3 months) ...
Luo Liman - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important pathophysiological process in the development of many diseases. However, the mechanism responsible for the development of PH remains unknown. The objective of the study was to explore the possible impact of sulfur dioxide (SO2) on the endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) pathway in rats with ...
Yagami Kei K Department of Cardiac Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2013
Arterial graft spasm occasionally causes circulatory collapse immediately following coronary artery bypass graft. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of our developed materials, which were composed of milrinone (phosphodiesterase III inhibitor) or diltiazem (calcium-channel blocker), with nano-scaled fibre made of biodegradable polymer to prevent arterial spasm. ...
Ormiston Mark L - - 2013
The capacity of imatinib mesylate to reverse established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has been attributed to a reduction in pulmonary arterial muscularization via inhibition of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β on vascular smooth muscle cells. However, there is also a significant immunomodulatory component to the action of imatinib that may account ...
Bowen Patrick K - - 2013
Zinc is proposed as an exciting new biomaterial for use in bioabsorbable cardiac stents. Not only is zinc a physiologically relevant metal with behavior that promotes healthy vessels, but it combines the best behaviors of both current bioabsorbable stent materials: iron and magnesium. Shown here is a composite image of ...
Umetani K - - 2013
An X-ray intravital microscopy technique was developed to enable in vivo visualization of the coronary, cerebral, and pulmonary arteries in rats without exposure of organs and with spatial resolution in the micrometer range and temporal resolution in the millisecond range. We have refined the system continually in terms of the ...
Densmore John C JC Children's Research Institute, Milwaukee, WI, USA. - - 2013
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP), a morbid condition when associated with lung transplant and chronic lung disease, is believed to be a complication of ischemia. Our goal was to develop a simple and reliable model of lung ischemia in the Sprague-Dawley rat that would produce BOOP. Unilateral ischemia without airway ...
Wei Lai - - 2013
Hemodynamic pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is a common symptom in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with a left-to-right shunt. Endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and endothelial-like progenitor cells result in significant improvement of right ventricular systolic pressure in established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) models. We hypothesized that bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial ...
Liu Ai-Jun AJ Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, - - 2013
Dietary restriction (DR) protects against neuronal dysfunction and degeneration, and reduces the risk of ischemic stroke. This study examined the role of silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1) and arterial baroreflex in the beneficial effects of DR against stroke, using two distinct stroke models: stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SP-SHRs) and Sprague-Dawley ...
Pereira Sharlene L - - 2013
This work investigates the actions of LASSBio-1289, (E)-N-methyl-N'-(thiophen-3-methylene)benzo[d][1,3]dioxole-5-carbohydrazide), on monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in rats. Two weeks following the MCT injection, LASSBio-1289 (50 or 75mg/kg, p.o.) or vehicle was administrated once daily for 14 days. LASSBio-1289 (75mg/kg) treatment caused a significant decrease in right ventricular systolic pressure (31.89±0.82mmHg) ...
Meng Liukun - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The characteristic morphologic lesions observed in the lungs of patients with congenital cardiac anomalies have not been closely modeled in rat shunt-related models, except for the reversible grade 1 changes. The present study reported an original rat model of unilateral pulmonary hypertension surgically induced by combined surgery to reproduce ...
Ren Jin - - 2013
To investigate ultrastructural changes in pulmonary tissue of a rat model of pulmonary fibrosis following treatment with compound Carapax trionycis (C. trionycis; Biejia in Chinese) formula. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=15): compound C. trionycis formula high-, middle-, and low-dose groups as well as model ...
Li Tian Zhi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Simulated Microgravity and its Associated Mechanism on Pulmonary Circulation in Rats). METHODS: Rat tail-suspension model was used to simulate the physiological effects of microgravity and changes in pulmonary blood vessel morphology, pulmonary arterial and venous blood pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, pulmonary vasomotoricity, as well ...
Kristek F - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of 7-nitroindazole on the heart, kidneys, thoracic aorta, and carotid arteries from the progeny of mothers that had been treated with 7-nitroindazole (7NI) (10 mg/kg/day in drinking water) during gestation and nursing. The offspring were also treated with 7NI ...
Xiong Jiang - - 2013
The pathological characteristics of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) involved the regression of extracellular matrix (ECM) in aortic walls, especially elastic structure in medial layer. As the major structural protein of aorta, elastin contributes to the extensibility and elastic recoil of the vessels. We hypothesized that overexpression of elastin in vessel ...
San Cheang Wai - - 2013
Menthol, a naturally occurring compound in mint, is known to give cold sensation. However, previous findings about its pharmacological activity in blood vessels are full of paradox. The present study investigated the action of menthol on vascular reactivity in different arteries isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats, e.g. aortae, main mesenteric ...
Kodama Tomonobu - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with detachable coils has been accepted widely. Problems of coil compaction, recanalization and rare endothelialization at the aneurysm orifice are not yet solved. We investigated the efficacy of a simvastatin coating applied without any additional matrix to coils to accelerate thrombus organization in the cavity ...
Gupta Vivek V Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1300S Coulter, Amarillo, TX-79106, - - 2013
Current pharmacological interventions for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) require continuous infusions, multiple inhalations, or oral administration of drugs that act on various pathways involved in the pathogenesis of PAH. However, invasive methods of administration, short duration of action, and lack of pulmonary selectivity result in noncompliance and poor patient outcomes. ...
Ravi Yazhini Y Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) that occurs after left-heart failure (LHF), classified as Group 2 PH, involves progressive pulmonary vascular remodeling induced by smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. However, mechanisms involved in the activation of SMCs remain unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the involvement of peroxynitrite and phosphatase-and-tensin ...
Fujimoto Masashi - - 2013
Tenascin-C (TNC), a matricellular protein, is induced in association with cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The aim of this study was to assess the vasoconstrictive effects of TNC and its mechanisms of action on cerebral arteries in vivo. Two dosages (1 and 10μg) of TNC were administered intracisternally to healthy ...
Serna Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Increased basal release of nitric oxide (NO) in the splanchnic circulation contributes to elevated plasma levels of NO observed in decompensated cirrhosis. We evaluated in rat mesenteric arteries whether the differences in basal release of NO, revealed by asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)- and N(G) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced ...
Wang Zhuo - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disorders and in some cases is complication of pulmonary hypertension. We simulated OSA by exposing rats to cyclic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) to investigate its effect on pulmonary vascular endothelial dysfunction. Sprague-Dawley Rats were exposed to CIH (FiO2 9% for 1 ...
Jenkins John - - 2013
The adult lung is perfused by both the systemic bronchial artery and the entire venous return flowing through the pulmonary arteries. In most lung pathologies, it is the smaller systemic vasculature that responds to a need for enhanced lung perfusion and shows robust neovascularization. Pulmonary vascular ischemia induced by pulmonary ...
Luo Ying - - 2013
We previously showed that tanshinone IIA ameliorated the hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH) partially by attenuating pulmonary artery remodeling. The hypoxia-induced proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is one of the major causes for pulmonary arterial remodeling, therefore the present study was performed to explore the effects and underlying ...
Beretta Simone - - 2013
The translational potential of pre-clinical stroke research depends on the accuracy of experimental modeling. Cerebral perfusion monitoring in animal models of acute ischemic stroke allows to confirm successful arterial occlusion and exclude subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral perfusion monitoring can also be used to study intracranial collateral circulation, which is emerging as ...
Xu Dunquan - - 2013
Exogenous estrogen was shown to exert various beneficial effects on multiple diseases including hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH). However, the effect of endogenous estrogen on HPH was seldom investigated. In the present study, we explored the protective effects and mechanisms of endogenous estrogen on hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Male, female, pregnant and ...
Ji Ying-Qun - - 2013
The experimental studies of venous thromboembolism (VTE) as an entity and the response of the pulmonary arterial endothelium after VTE are still rare. The objective of this study was to observe changes in the pulmonary arterial endothelium using a novel rat model of VTE. Rats were allocated to the VTE ...
Rouer Martin - - 2013
Endovascular aneurysm exclusion is a validated technique to prevent aneurysm rupture. Long-term results highlight technique limitations and new aspects of Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) pathophysiology. There is no abdominal aortic aneurysm endograft exclusion model cheap and reproducible, which would allow deep investigations of AAA before and after treatment. We hereby ...
Chen Yuh-Fung - - 2013
Paeonia lactiflora is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine. Paeoniflorin is an active component found in Paeonia lactiflora, which is used to treat smooth muscle spasms and pain and to protect the cardiovascular system. The objective of this study was to determine if Paeonia lactiflora would be protective in rodent models ...
Andrade Geisielle Pereira - - 2013
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, in which the elastic properties of arteries are subjected to high pressure levels, and networks of elastic fibers may develop cleft longitudinal, transverse, breaks and fragmentation, and such structural changes (fibrosis and degradation of elastin) may lead to a decrease in ...
Yin Jun - - 2013
Stable analogs of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) have been proposed as novel line of therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) based on their bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory effects. We speculated that VIP analogs may provide additional benefits in that they exert vasodilatory properties in the lung, and tested this hypothesis ...
Sheu Alexander Y AY Department of Radiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Chicago, IL, - - 2013
This study demonstrated invasive and reproducible hepatic artery catheterization in rats. A rigorously documented guide and pictorial essay describes the performance of an invasive hepatic artery catheterization technique suitable for the study of liver-targeted interventional procedures in rodent models of liver cancer. The goal was to produce a well-illustrated guide ...
Van Winkle Jessica A JA Department of Neurology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8730 Alden Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. - - 2013
Pre-clinical development of therapy for acute ischemic stroke requires robust animal models; the rodent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) model using a nylon filament inserted into the internal carotid artery is the most popular. Drug screening requires targeted delivery of test substance in a controlled manner. To address these needs, ...
Kroigaard Christel - - 2012
Calcium-activated potassium channels of small (KCa2, SK) and intermediate (KCa3.1, IK) conductance are involved in endothelium-dependent relaxation of pulmonary arteries. We hypothesized that KCa2 and KCa3.1 function and expression increase as a compensatory mechanism to counteract hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. For functional studies, pulmonary arteries were mounted in microvascular ...
Yao Li - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a life-threatening disease lacking effective therapies. Osthole is a natural coumarin compound isolated from Angelica pubescens Maxim., which possesses hypotensive effect. Although its effects on isolated thoracic aorta (systemic circulating system) are clarified, it remains unclear whether Osthole relaxes isolated pulmonary arteries (PAs) (pulmonary circulating system). ...
Showpittapornchai Udomsri - - 2012
About eighteen percent of cirrhotic patients come along with decreased systemic arterial oxygenation and expansion of pulmonary venous plexus which triggered by nitric oxide. The level of nitrate and iNOS significantly increase in the cirrhotic patients. However the localization of nNOS and iNOS in the lung tissue has not yet ...
Mátrai Máté - - 2012
It is well known that sex differences occur in both the pathogenesis and therapy of hypertension. A deeper understanding of the underlying processes may be helpful when planning a personalized therapeutic strategy. In laboratory animal experiments, we studied the early mechanisms of vascular adaptation of the intramural small coronary arteries ...
Grände Gustaf - - 2012
Background:Dilatation of cranial vessels has been proposed as a part of the cascade that initiates an episode of migraine. This is based on the observation that intravenous administration of several substances with vasodilator properties can trigger migraine-like symptoms in migraineurs.Methods:We used in vitro myography of human cerebral arteries and in vitro pressurized ...
Chen Qi-Zhi - - 2012
This study sought to determine if apocynin, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase inhibitor, would attenuate arterial stiffness in salt-sensitive hypertensive rats via structural and functional changes in conduit arteries. We showed that tail blood pressure was significantly higher in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt-induced hypertensive (DSH) rats compared with the sham control ...
Wang Han-Ming - - 2012
Activation of the small GTPase Ras homolog gene family member A (RhoA) and Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) are important in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors inhibit activation of RhoA and ROCK in vitro, and ameliorate PAH and pulmonary arterial remodeling in vivo. However, little is ...
Zhang Zhao-Hua - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transp1antation on lung and heart damage in a rat model of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The animals were randomly divided into 3 groups: control, PAH and BMSC implantation groups. Structural ...
Yao Jianping - - 2012
It remains controversial as to whether simvastatin has a beneficial effect on pulmonary artery hypertension. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of simvastatin on haemodynamic changes, pulmonary vascular remodelling and expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 and -9 (MMP-1,9) in a carotid artery-jugular vein (CA-JV) shunt pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) model ...
Onat Ahmet Mesut - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive and a life-threatening disease with its high morbidity and mortality ratios. On searching for new shining targets in pathogenesis, we noticed, in our previous studies, urotensin-II (UII) in systemic sclerosis with potent angiogenic and pro-fibrotic features. Owing to the mimicking properties of UII ...
Razavi Hedi - - 2012
Pulmonary artery (PA) stenosis is a difficult obstructive defect to manage as clinicians cannot know a priori which obstructions to treat and when. Prognosis of PA stenosis and its chronic effects on lung development are poorly understood. This study aimed to characterize the hemodynamic and structural effects of PA stenosis ...
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