Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1543
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mendoza James - - 2013
This study determined whether the membrane-permeable ventilatory stimulant, L-cysteine ethylester (L-CYSee), reversed the deleterious actions of morphine on arterial blood-gas chemistry in isoflurane-anesthetized rats. Morphine (2mg/kg, i.v.) elicited sustained decreases in arterial blood pH, pO2 and sO2, and increases in pCO2 (all responses indicative of hypoventilation) and Alveolar-arterial gradient (indicative ...
Zhao Li-Mei - - 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the role of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in intermediate-conductance and small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (KCa3.1 and KCa2.3)-mediated relaxation in rat resistance arteries and the underlying mechanism. The endothelial function of mesenteric arteries was assessed with the use of wire myography. Expression levels ...
Zhang Lijun - - 2013
The objective of this study were to determine the mechanism of action and role of the κ-opioid receptor (κ-OR) on hypoxic pulmonary artery hypertension (HPH) in the rat and its underlying mechanisms. The effect of U50,488H, a selective κ-OR agonist, on the proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) ...
Berritto D - - 2013
To validate a rat model of acute arterial mesenteric ischemia correlating MRI patterns with macro and microscopic changes in the small bowel. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to two experimental groups (Group I and Group II) of fifteen rats each. Group I underwent surgical procedure of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ...
Ferrari Renata Salatti - - 2013
Context To evaluate lung and liver changes in two experimental models using intraperitoneal carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and bile duct ligation (BDL). Methods Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into a control group (CO) and an experimental group (EX). We evaluated the liver transaminases (AST, ALT, AP), arterial blood gases (PaO2, ...
Hadri Lahouaria L Cardiovascular Research Center, Box 1030, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1470 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by dysregulated proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells leading to (mal)adaptive vascular remodeling. In the systemic circulation, vascular injury is associated with downregulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) and alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis in vascular smooth muscle cells that stimulate proliferation. We, ...
Tawa Masashi - - 2013
Individual vascular beds exhibit differences in vascular reactivity. The present study examined the influence of hypoxia on endothelium-dependent, especially nitric oxide (NO)-mediated, relaxation in the isolated rat common carotid, superior mesenteric and external iliac arteries. Hypoxia for 1 and 3 h had no effects on the relaxations caused by acetylcholine ...
Yu Mu-Qing - - 2013
This study investigated the potential role of ERK1/2-cyclinE1 signaling pathway in rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (rPASMCs) proliferation and pulmonary vascular remodeling induced by cigarette smoke exposure. A total of 24 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (C group), S-1M, S-3M and S-6M groups ...
Tang Qiqiang - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to explore the role of suture diameter and vessel insertion position in the preparation of the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model. A total of 84 Sprague-Dawley rats (weighing 250-300 g) were randomly divided to three groups: group A (type 1.0, suture ...
Shimamura Norihito - - 2013
We developed a novel model of a rat embolic cerebral infarction with a quantifiable autologous arterial blood clot. The left femoral artery had 0.15 ml of blood withdrawn and mixed with 10 units of thrombin in 50 μl saline. After 30 min, the clot was suctioned into a 4-French polyvinyl chloride tube. A 24-gage ...
Ay Yasin - - 2013
We investigated both the effect of levosimendan and the role of oxidant/antioxidant status and trace element levels in the pulmonary artery of rats. Fourteen male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into two groups of seven animals each. Group 1 was not exposed to levosimendan and served as a control. ...
Li Gang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), an ACE homolog, hydrolyzes angiotensin II and opposes its actions, and plays a protective role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the underlying mechanisms involved in the effect of ACE2 on PAH are still uncertain. In this study, we observed the effects ...
Fan You-Fei - - 2013
AIMS: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathology of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Previously, we demonstrated that vardenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, has potential as therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension, although the mechanism remained uncharacterized. Here, we aimed to determine baseline levels of oxidative stress in pulmonary arterial hypertension and investigate whether ...
Dumas de la Roque Eric - - 2013
Background:Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disease that affects the adult or infant population. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a steroid hormone, has been previously shown to prevent and to reverse PH in an adult rat model. We thus investigated its effect in a rat-pup model of chronic hypoxic PH.Methods:Animals were maintained for 3 ...
Nam Kweon-Ho - - 2013
The geometry of carotid artery bifurcation is of high clinical interest because it determines the characteristics of blood flow that is closely related to the formation and development of atherosclerotic plaque. However, information on the dynamic changes in the vessel wall of carotid artery bifurcation during a pulsatile cycle is ...
Nemeth Norbert - - 2013
We aimed to investigate hemodynamic, microcirculatory and hemorheological consequence of infrarenal or suprarenal aortic cross-clamping (IRAXC, SRAXC) in the rat. We hypothesized that the magnitude of the changes are different. Twenty-one male rats were randomized into Control, IRAXC or SRAXC groups. Under anesthesia the right carotid artery was cannulated for ...
Momi Stefania - - 2013
Thrombolytic therapy is the cornerstone of treatment of acute atherothrombotic ischemic stroke but is associated with brain hemorrhage, while antiplatelet therapy has limited efficacy and is still associated with intracranial bleeding. Therefore, new antithrombotic approaches with a better efficacy/safety ratio are required. We have assessed the effect of ALX-0081, a ...
Rakotomalala G - - 2013
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Different parts of Mimosa pigra (MPG) are used in traditional medicine in Madagascar, tropical Africa, South America and Indonesia for various troubles including cardiovascular disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the mechanisms underlying the vascular effects of MPG by assessing in vitro its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, ...
Tanaka Hiroki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Triglyceride (TG) accumulation in arterial tissue is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Cilostazol (CLZ), a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 3, has antiplatelet and vasodilating effects and may decrease serum TG levels. We examined the effect of CLZ on TG accumulation in ...
Shirai Mikiyasu - - 2013
Synchrotron radiation microangiography is a powerful tool for assessing adverse changes in pulmonary vessel density associated with primary pulmonary hypertension (PH). Congestive heart failure (CHF) leads to a `secondary' onset of PH, yet it is unknown whether secondary PH is also associated with reduced vessel density. This study utilized synchrotron ...
Iguchi Hiroyoshi - - 2013
The pathophysiology of arterial capillary proliferation accompanying fibrosis in human cirrhosis remains unclear. However, evidence regarding the molecules participating in the pathophysiological process has been accumulating. Water channel proteins known as aquaporins (AQP)s, notably AQP-1, appear to be involved in the arterial capillary proliferation in the cirrhotic liver.
Ge Jian-Jun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Following bypass surgery vein grafts undergo a remodelling process that can lead to restenosis and ultimately vein graft failure. Signalling through mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) is a key mechanism involved in vein graft failure. Here, we investigated whether CBS3830 (c-a-i-r biosciences GmbH, Tübingen, Germany), a new highly selectively ...
Li Jia-Si - - 2013
This study compared three β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) treatment rats to find the optimal BAPN model for thoracic aortic dissection and aneurysm in one study. Sixty rats were divided into five groups: control, injected control, 0.25% and 0.4% BAPN treatment (orally), and 667 mg/kg/day BAPN injection subcutaneously. Incidence of aortic dissection and ...
Wappler Edina A - - 2013
AIMS: To identify the geometrical alterations in the age-remodeled rat coronary artery network and to develop a useful technique to analyze network properties in the rat heart. Methods and results: We analyzed the networks of the left anterior descendent coronary arteries on in situ perfused hearts of young (3 months) ...
Luo Liman - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important pathophysiological process in the development of many diseases. However, the mechanism responsible for the development of PH remains unknown. The objective of the study was to explore the possible impact of sulfur dioxide (SO2) on the endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) pathway in rats with ...
Yagami Kei K Department of Cardiac Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2013
Arterial graft spasm occasionally causes circulatory collapse immediately following coronary artery bypass graft. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of our developed materials, which were composed of milrinone (phosphodiesterase III inhibitor) or diltiazem (calcium-channel blocker), with nano-scaled fibre made of biodegradable polymer to prevent arterial spasm. ...
Ormiston Mark L - - 2013
The capacity of imatinib mesylate to reverse established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has been attributed to a reduction in pulmonary arterial muscularization via inhibition of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β on vascular smooth muscle cells. However, there is also a significant immunomodulatory component to the action of imatinib that may account ...
Bowen Patrick K - - 2013
Zinc is proposed as an exciting new biomaterial for use in bioabsorbable cardiac stents. Not only is zinc a physiologically relevant metal with behavior that promotes healthy vessels, but it combines the best behaviors of both current bioabsorbable stent materials: iron and magnesium. Shown here is a composite image of ...
Umetani K - - 2013
An X-ray intravital microscopy technique was developed to enable in vivo visualization of the coronary, cerebral, and pulmonary arteries in rats without exposure of organs and with spatial resolution in the micrometer range and temporal resolution in the millisecond range. We have refined the system continually in terms of the ...
Densmore John C JC Children's Research Institute, Milwaukee, WI, USA. - - 2013
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP), a morbid condition when associated with lung transplant and chronic lung disease, is believed to be a complication of ischemia. Our goal was to develop a simple and reliable model of lung ischemia in the Sprague-Dawley rat that would produce BOOP. Unilateral ischemia without airway ...
Wei Lai - - 2013
Hemodynamic pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is a common symptom in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with a left-to-right shunt. Endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and endothelial-like progenitor cells result in significant improvement of right ventricular systolic pressure in established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) models. We hypothesized that bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial ...
Liu Ai-Jun AJ Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, - - 2013
Dietary restriction (DR) protects against neuronal dysfunction and degeneration, and reduces the risk of ischemic stroke. This study examined the role of silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1) and arterial baroreflex in the beneficial effects of DR against stroke, using two distinct stroke models: stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SP-SHRs) and Sprague-Dawley ...
Pereira Sharlene L - - 2013
This work investigates the actions of LASSBio-1289, (E)-N-methyl-N'-(thiophen-3-methylene)benzo[d][1,3]dioxole-5-carbohydrazide), on monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in rats. Two weeks following the MCT injection, LASSBio-1289 (50 or 75mg/kg, p.o.) or vehicle was administrated once daily for 14 days. LASSBio-1289 (75mg/kg) treatment caused a significant decrease in right ventricular systolic pressure (31.89±0.82mmHg) ...
Meng Liukun - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The characteristic morphologic lesions observed in the lungs of patients with congenital cardiac anomalies have not been closely modeled in rat shunt-related models, except for the reversible grade 1 changes. The present study reported an original rat model of unilateral pulmonary hypertension surgically induced by combined surgery to reproduce ...
Ren Jin - - 2013
To investigate ultrastructural changes in pulmonary tissue of a rat model of pulmonary fibrosis following treatment with compound Carapax trionycis (C. trionycis; Biejia in Chinese) formula. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=15): compound C. trionycis formula high-, middle-, and low-dose groups as well as model ...
Li Tian Zhi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Simulated Microgravity and its Associated Mechanism on Pulmonary Circulation in Rats). METHODS: Rat tail-suspension model was used to simulate the physiological effects of microgravity and changes in pulmonary blood vessel morphology, pulmonary arterial and venous blood pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, pulmonary vasomotoricity, as well ...
Kristek F - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of 7-nitroindazole on the heart, kidneys, thoracic aorta, and carotid arteries from the progeny of mothers that had been treated with 7-nitroindazole (7NI) (10 mg/kg/day in drinking water) during gestation and nursing. The offspring were also treated with 7NI ...
Xiong Jiang - - 2013
The pathological characteristics of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) involved the regression of extracellular matrix (ECM) in aortic walls, especially elastic structure in medial layer. As the major structural protein of aorta, elastin contributes to the extensibility and elastic recoil of the vessels. We hypothesized that overexpression of elastin in vessel ...
San Cheang Wai - - 2013
Menthol, a naturally occurring compound in mint, is known to give cold sensation. However, previous findings about its pharmacological activity in blood vessels are full of paradox. The present study investigated the action of menthol on vascular reactivity in different arteries isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats, e.g. aortae, main mesenteric ...
Kodama Tomonobu - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with detachable coils has been accepted widely. Problems of coil compaction, recanalization and rare endothelialization at the aneurysm orifice are not yet solved. We investigated the efficacy of a simvastatin coating applied without any additional matrix to coils to accelerate thrombus organization in the cavity ...
Gupta Vivek V Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1300S Coulter, Amarillo, TX-79106, - - 2013
Current pharmacological interventions for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) require continuous infusions, multiple inhalations, or oral administration of drugs that act on various pathways involved in the pathogenesis of PAH. However, invasive methods of administration, short duration of action, and lack of pulmonary selectivity result in noncompliance and poor patient outcomes. ...
Ravi Yazhini Y Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) that occurs after left-heart failure (LHF), classified as Group 2 PH, involves progressive pulmonary vascular remodeling induced by smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. However, mechanisms involved in the activation of SMCs remain unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the involvement of peroxynitrite and phosphatase-and-tensin ...
Fujimoto Masashi - - 2013
Tenascin-C (TNC), a matricellular protein, is induced in association with cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The aim of this study was to assess the vasoconstrictive effects of TNC and its mechanisms of action on cerebral arteries in vivo. Two dosages (1 and 10μg) of TNC were administered intracisternally to healthy ...
Serna Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Increased basal release of nitric oxide (NO) in the splanchnic circulation contributes to elevated plasma levels of NO observed in decompensated cirrhosis. We evaluated in rat mesenteric arteries whether the differences in basal release of NO, revealed by asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)- and N(G) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced ...
Wang Zhuo - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disorders and in some cases is complication of pulmonary hypertension. We simulated OSA by exposing rats to cyclic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) to investigate its effect on pulmonary vascular endothelial dysfunction. Sprague-Dawley Rats were exposed to CIH (FiO2 9% for 1 ...
Jenkins John - - 2013
The adult lung is perfused by both the systemic bronchial artery and the entire venous return flowing through the pulmonary arteries. In most lung pathologies, it is the smaller systemic vasculature that responds to a need for enhanced lung perfusion and shows robust neovascularization. Pulmonary vascular ischemia induced by pulmonary ...
Luo Ying - - 2013
We previously showed that tanshinone IIA ameliorated the hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH) partially by attenuating pulmonary artery remodeling. The hypoxia-induced proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is one of the major causes for pulmonary arterial remodeling, therefore the present study was performed to explore the effects and underlying ...
Beretta Simone - - 2013
The translational potential of pre-clinical stroke research depends on the accuracy of experimental modeling. Cerebral perfusion monitoring in animal models of acute ischemic stroke allows to confirm successful arterial occlusion and exclude subarachnoid hemorrhage. Cerebral perfusion monitoring can also be used to study intracranial collateral circulation, which is emerging as ...
Xu Dunquan - - 2013
Exogenous estrogen was shown to exert various beneficial effects on multiple diseases including hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH). However, the effect of endogenous estrogen on HPH was seldom investigated. In the present study, we explored the protective effects and mechanisms of endogenous estrogen on hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Male, female, pregnant and ...
Ji Ying-Qun - - 2013
The experimental studies of venous thromboembolism (VTE) as an entity and the response of the pulmonary arterial endothelium after VTE are still rare. The objective of this study was to observe changes in the pulmonary arterial endothelium using a novel rat model of VTE. Rats were allocated to the VTE ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >