Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1558
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Khanamiri Saereh S Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Danish National Research Foundation Centre for Cardiac Arrhythmia, The Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, 12.5.14, Blegdamsvej 3, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark. - - 2013
The goal of the present study was to determine the role of KCNQ-encoded Kv channels (Kv7 channels) in the passive and active regulation of coronary flow in normotensive and hypertensive rats. In left anterior descending coronary arteries from normotensive rats, structurally different Kv7.2 to 7.5 activators produced relaxations, which were ...
Zhang Chao - - 2013
The HydroCoil Endovascular Aneurysm Occlusion and Packing Study clinical trial, comparing HydroCoil with platinum coils, reported an 8.6% reduction in significant recurrence following cerebral aneurysm coil embolization. We sought to better understand the mechanism of aneurysmal healing following HydroCoil implantation using the rat external carotid artery (ECA) sidewall aneurysm model. ...
Monteiro Carvalho Mori da Cunha Marina Gabriela - - 2013
Intra-arterial injection of mesenchymal stem cells has been proven to result in a superior nephroprotection compared to intravenous injection. This avoids initial passage through filter organs such as the lung, liver and spleen. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether suprarenal aortic delivery results in a homogenous ...
Losurdo Pasquale - - 2013
Menopause is associated with increased arterial stiffness, an independent marker of cardiovascular risk. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (N3-PUFAs) are thought to have multiple cardiovascular benefits, including prevention of arterial stiffness. We investigated whether treatment with N3-PUFA prevents increase in arterial stiffness in ovariectomized rats, an animal model of experimental menopause. ...
Kim Ki-Seok - - 2013
The ubiquitin-proteasome system is the major intracellular protein degradation pathway in the eukaryotic cells. Bortezomib inhibits 26S proteasome-induced I-κBα degradation and suppresses nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation. We examined the effect of bortezomib on neointima formation after of a rat carotid artery balloon injury. After carotid artery balloon denudation, bortezomib ...
Pankey Edward A - - 2013
Cardiovascular responses to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib were investigated in the rat. The iv injections of imatinib 0.3 - 30 mg/kg produced small decreases in pulmonary arterial pressure, larger dose dependent decreases in systemic arterial pressure and no change or small increases in cardiac output suggesting that the systemic ...
Zhang Li - - 2013
15-lipoxygenase/15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-LO/15-HETE) is known to modulate pulmonary vascular medial hypertrophy and intimal endothelial cells migration and angiogenesis after hypoxia. However, it is unclear whether 15-HETE affects the adventitia of the pulmonary arterial wall. We performed immunohistochemistry, adventitia fibrosis, pulmonary artery fibroblasts phenotype and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition to determine ...
Janairo Randall R R - - 2013
Due to high incidence of vascular bypass procedures, an unmet need for suitable vessel replacements exists, especially for small-diameter (< 6 mm) vascular grafts. Here, we developed a novel, bilayered, synthetic vascular graft of 1-mm diameter that consisted of a microfibrous luminal layer and a nanofibrous outer layer, which was ...
Compeer M G - - 2013
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and endothelin-2 (ET-2) cause potent long-lasting vasoconstrictions by tight binding to smooth muscle ETA receptors. We tested the hypotheses that different mechanisms mediate initiation and maintenance of arterial contractile responses to ET-1 and ET-2 and that this differs between vascular beds. Segments of rat mesenteric resistance artery (MRA) ...
Xu Changwu - - 2013
Proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play pivotal roles in the development of restenosis after angioplasty and oxidative stress involves both processes. Naringenin, a flavanone compound found in citrus fruits, has been widely evaluated for antioxidant activity. This study was designed to explore whether naringenin could inhibit ...
Sylvester Andrew - - 2013
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are rupture-prone progressive dilations of the infrarenal aorta due to a loss of elastic matrix that lead to weakening of the aortic wall. Therapies to coax biomimetic regenerative repair of the elastic matrix by resident, diseased vascular cells may thus be useful to slow, arrest, or ...
Rits Yevgeniy - - 2013
Clinical studies have suggested a benefit for hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment in decreasing symptomatic restenosis after coronary angioplasty. We hypothesize that HBO treatment will decrease hyperplastic intimal area after arterial balloon injury in a rat. Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats (Charles River Laboratories, Wilmington, MA) were randomly assigned either to room ...
Jaldin Rodrigo Gibin - - 2013
Smoking is the most relevant environmental factor that affects the development of aortic aneurysm. Smokers have elevated levels of elastase activity in the arterial wall, which leads to weakening of the aorta. The aim of this study was to verify whether cigarette smoke exposure itself is capable of altering the ...
Gorshkova O P - - 2013
The responses of rat pial vessels to red laser irradiation can be mediated by NO. NO mainly affects major arteries and did not contribute to reactivity of small pial arteries and precortical arterioles.
Simsek Tekin - - 2013
Vessel grafting is commonly used for revascularization or pedicle lengthening. Although veins are more commonly used, they can form aneurysms when bridging an arterial gap. This can lead to thrombosis, and the risk is increased when there is a size discrepancy. This study reports the long-term results of arterial lengthening ...
Mendoza James - - 2013
This study determined whether the membrane-permeable ventilatory stimulant, L-cysteine ethylester (L-CYSee), reversed the deleterious actions of morphine on arterial blood-gas chemistry in isoflurane-anesthetized rats. Morphine (2mg/kg, i.v.) elicited sustained decreases in arterial blood pH, pO2 and sO2, and increases in pCO2 (all responses indicative of hypoventilation) and Alveolar-arterial gradient (indicative ...
Zhao Li-Mei - - 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the role of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in intermediate-conductance and small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (KCa3.1 and KCa2.3)-mediated relaxation in rat resistance arteries and the underlying mechanism. The endothelial function of mesenteric arteries was assessed with the use of wire myography. Expression levels ...
Zhang Lijun - - 2013
The objective of this study were to determine the mechanism of action and role of the κ-opioid receptor (κ-OR) on hypoxic pulmonary artery hypertension (HPH) in the rat and its underlying mechanisms. The effect of U50,488H, a selective κ-OR agonist, on the proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) ...
Berritto D - - 2013
To validate a rat model of acute arterial mesenteric ischemia correlating MRI patterns with macro and microscopic changes in the small bowel. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to two experimental groups (Group I and Group II) of fifteen rats each. Group I underwent surgical procedure of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ...
Ferrari Renata Salatti - - 2013
Context To evaluate lung and liver changes in two experimental models using intraperitoneal carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and bile duct ligation (BDL). Methods Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into a control group (CO) and an experimental group (EX). We evaluated the liver transaminases (AST, ALT, AP), arterial blood gases (PaO2, ...
Hadri Lahouaria L Cardiovascular Research Center, Box 1030, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1470 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by dysregulated proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells leading to (mal)adaptive vascular remodeling. In the systemic circulation, vascular injury is associated with downregulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 2a (SERCA2a) and alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis in vascular smooth muscle cells that stimulate proliferation. We, ...
Tawa Masashi - - 2013
Individual vascular beds exhibit differences in vascular reactivity. The present study examined the influence of hypoxia on endothelium-dependent, especially nitric oxide (NO)-mediated, relaxation in the isolated rat common carotid, superior mesenteric and external iliac arteries. Hypoxia for 1 and 3 h had no effects on the relaxations caused by acetylcholine ...
Yu Mu-Qing - - 2013
This study investigated the potential role of ERK1/2-cyclinE1 signaling pathway in rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (rPASMCs) proliferation and pulmonary vascular remodeling induced by cigarette smoke exposure. A total of 24 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (C group), S-1M, S-3M and S-6M groups ...
Tang Qiqiang - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to explore the role of suture diameter and vessel insertion position in the preparation of the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model. A total of 84 Sprague-Dawley rats (weighing 250-300 g) were randomly divided to three groups: group A (type 1.0, suture ...
Shimamura Norihito - - 2013
We developed a novel model of a rat embolic cerebral infarction with a quantifiable autologous arterial blood clot. The left femoral artery had 0.15 ml of blood withdrawn and mixed with 10 units of thrombin in 50 μl saline. After 30 min, the clot was suctioned into a 4-French polyvinyl chloride tube. A 24-gage ...
Ay Yasin - - 2013
We investigated both the effect of levosimendan and the role of oxidant/antioxidant status and trace element levels in the pulmonary artery of rats. Fourteen male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into two groups of seven animals each. Group 1 was not exposed to levosimendan and served as a control. ...
Li Gang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), an ACE homolog, hydrolyzes angiotensin II and opposes its actions, and plays a protective role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the underlying mechanisms involved in the effect of ACE2 on PAH are still uncertain. In this study, we observed the effects ...
Fan You-Fei - - 2013
AIMS: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathology of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Previously, we demonstrated that vardenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, has potential as therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension, although the mechanism remained uncharacterized. Here, we aimed to determine baseline levels of oxidative stress in pulmonary arterial hypertension and investigate whether ...
Dumas de la Roque Eric - - 2013
Background:Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disease that affects the adult or infant population. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a steroid hormone, has been previously shown to prevent and to reverse PH in an adult rat model. We thus investigated its effect in a rat-pup model of chronic hypoxic PH.Methods:Animals were maintained for 3 ...
Nam Kweon-Ho - - 2013
The geometry of carotid artery bifurcation is of high clinical interest because it determines the characteristics of blood flow that is closely related to the formation and development of atherosclerotic plaque. However, information on the dynamic changes in the vessel wall of carotid artery bifurcation during a pulsatile cycle is ...
Nemeth Norbert - - 2013
We aimed to investigate hemodynamic, microcirculatory and hemorheological consequence of infrarenal or suprarenal aortic cross-clamping (IRAXC, SRAXC) in the rat. We hypothesized that the magnitude of the changes are different. Twenty-one male rats were randomized into Control, IRAXC or SRAXC groups. Under anesthesia the right carotid artery was cannulated for ...
Momi Stefania - - 2013
Thrombolytic therapy is the cornerstone of treatment of acute atherothrombotic ischemic stroke but is associated with brain hemorrhage, while antiplatelet therapy has limited efficacy and is still associated with intracranial bleeding. Therefore, new antithrombotic approaches with a better efficacy/safety ratio are required. We have assessed the effect of ALX-0081, a ...
Rakotomalala G - - 2013
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Different parts of Mimosa pigra (MPG) are used in traditional medicine in Madagascar, tropical Africa, South America and Indonesia for various troubles including cardiovascular disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the mechanisms underlying the vascular effects of MPG by assessing in vitro its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, ...
Tanaka Hiroki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Triglyceride (TG) accumulation in arterial tissue is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Cilostazol (CLZ), a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 3, has antiplatelet and vasodilating effects and may decrease serum TG levels. We examined the effect of CLZ on TG accumulation in ...
Shirai Mikiyasu - - 2013
Synchrotron radiation microangiography is a powerful tool for assessing adverse changes in pulmonary vessel density associated with primary pulmonary hypertension (PH). Congestive heart failure (CHF) leads to a `secondary' onset of PH, yet it is unknown whether secondary PH is also associated with reduced vessel density. This study utilized synchrotron ...
Iguchi Hiroyoshi - - 2013
The pathophysiology of arterial capillary proliferation accompanying fibrosis in human cirrhosis remains unclear. However, evidence regarding the molecules participating in the pathophysiological process has been accumulating. Water channel proteins known as aquaporins (AQP)s, notably AQP-1, appear to be involved in the arterial capillary proliferation in the cirrhotic liver.
Ge Jian-Jun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Following bypass surgery vein grafts undergo a remodelling process that can lead to restenosis and ultimately vein graft failure. Signalling through mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) is a key mechanism involved in vein graft failure. Here, we investigated whether CBS3830 (c-a-i-r biosciences GmbH, Tübingen, Germany), a new highly selectively ...
Li Jia-Si - - 2013
This study compared three β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) treatment rats to find the optimal BAPN model for thoracic aortic dissection and aneurysm in one study. Sixty rats were divided into five groups: control, injected control, 0.25% and 0.4% BAPN treatment (orally), and 667 mg/kg/day BAPN injection subcutaneously. Incidence of aortic dissection and ...
Wappler Edina A - - 2013
AIMS: To identify the geometrical alterations in the age-remodeled rat coronary artery network and to develop a useful technique to analyze network properties in the rat heart. Methods and results: We analyzed the networks of the left anterior descendent coronary arteries on in situ perfused hearts of young (3 months) ...
Luo Liman - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an important pathophysiological process in the development of many diseases. However, the mechanism responsible for the development of PH remains unknown. The objective of the study was to explore the possible impact of sulfur dioxide (SO2) on the endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) pathway in rats with ...
Yagami Kei K Department of Cardiac Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2013
Arterial graft spasm occasionally causes circulatory collapse immediately following coronary artery bypass graft. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of our developed materials, which were composed of milrinone (phosphodiesterase III inhibitor) or diltiazem (calcium-channel blocker), with nano-scaled fibre made of biodegradable polymer to prevent arterial spasm. ...
Ormiston Mark L - - 2013
The capacity of imatinib mesylate to reverse established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has been attributed to a reduction in pulmonary arterial muscularization via inhibition of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β on vascular smooth muscle cells. However, there is also a significant immunomodulatory component to the action of imatinib that may account ...
Bowen Patrick K - - 2013
Zinc is proposed as an exciting new biomaterial for use in bioabsorbable cardiac stents. Not only is zinc a physiologically relevant metal with behavior that promotes healthy vessels, but it combines the best behaviors of both current bioabsorbable stent materials: iron and magnesium. Shown here is a composite image of ...
Umetani K - - 2013
An X-ray intravital microscopy technique was developed to enable in vivo visualization of the coronary, cerebral, and pulmonary arteries in rats without exposure of organs and with spatial resolution in the micrometer range and temporal resolution in the millisecond range. We have refined the system continually in terms of the ...
Densmore John C JC Children's Research Institute, Milwaukee, WI, USA. - - 2013
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP), a morbid condition when associated with lung transplant and chronic lung disease, is believed to be a complication of ischemia. Our goal was to develop a simple and reliable model of lung ischemia in the Sprague-Dawley rat that would produce BOOP. Unilateral ischemia without airway ...
Wei Lai - - 2013
Hemodynamic pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH) is a common symptom in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with a left-to-right shunt. Endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and endothelial-like progenitor cells result in significant improvement of right ventricular systolic pressure in established pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) models. We hypothesized that bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial ...
Liu Ai-Jun AJ Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, - - 2013
Dietary restriction (DR) protects against neuronal dysfunction and degeneration, and reduces the risk of ischemic stroke. This study examined the role of silent information regulator T1 (SIRT1) and arterial baroreflex in the beneficial effects of DR against stroke, using two distinct stroke models: stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SP-SHRs) and Sprague-Dawley ...
Pereira Sharlene L - - 2013
This work investigates the actions of LASSBio-1289, (E)-N-methyl-N'-(thiophen-3-methylene)benzo[d][1,3]dioxole-5-carbohydrazide), on monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in rats. Two weeks following the MCT injection, LASSBio-1289 (50 or 75mg/kg, p.o.) or vehicle was administrated once daily for 14 days. LASSBio-1289 (75mg/kg) treatment caused a significant decrease in right ventricular systolic pressure (31.89±0.82mmHg) ...
Meng Liukun - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The characteristic morphologic lesions observed in the lungs of patients with congenital cardiac anomalies have not been closely modeled in rat shunt-related models, except for the reversible grade 1 changes. The present study reported an original rat model of unilateral pulmonary hypertension surgically induced by combined surgery to reproduce ...
Ren Jin - - 2013
To investigate ultrastructural changes in pulmonary tissue of a rat model of pulmonary fibrosis following treatment with compound Carapax trionycis (C. trionycis; Biejia in Chinese) formula. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=15): compound C. trionycis formula high-, middle-, and low-dose groups as well as model ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >