Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1623
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Ren Xianjun - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Observational and comparative study of the vertebral artery injury detected by 2-dimensional (2-D) time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) for admitting patients. Construct a strike-induced flexion injury model of cervical spine with blunt vertebral artery injury in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of MRA for diagnosing vertebral artery ...
Daly Kevin J - - 2006
Five consecutive cases of prosthetic inter-vertebral disc displacement with severe vascular complications on revisional surgery are described. The objective of this case report is to warn spinal surgeons that major vascular complications are likely with anterior displacement of inter-vertebral discs. We have not been able to find a previous report ...
Sheah K - - 2006
Retropharyngeal haematoma is a rare cause of rapid neck swelling that may result in fatal upper respiratory airway obstruction. Reported causes include trauma, surgery, retropharyngeal inflammation, carotid aneurysm, aberrant artery at the thoracic inlet and bleeding diathesis. We report a 90-year-old man who developed rapid and progressive neck swelling following ...
Benes Ludwig - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to focus for the first time on the operative management of a direct vertebral artery (VA)-posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) end-to-end anastomosis in a partially thrombosed giant VA-PICA-complex aneurysm and to underline its usefulness as an additional treatment option. METHODS: The operative technique ...
Bruneau Michaël - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the incidence of anatomic variations of the V2 segment (from its entrance into the transverse canal to C2) of the vertebral artery. Ignoring such variations during anterior or lateral approach to the cervical spine can lead to inadvertent injury and potentially serious complications. METHODS: ...
Akdeniz Bahri - - 2007
We present a case of a 63-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital due to an acute coronary syndrome. Angiographic and magnetic resonance angiography examination showed an abnormal right vertebral artery originating from the ascending aorta, just above the left coronary sinus Valsalva in addition to aberrant retro-esophageal right ...
Kurt A A Ankara Atatürk Education and Research Hospital Department of Radiology, Ankara-Turkey Assistant, Radiology Department, Instructor, Radiology Department - - - 2006
Vertebral pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistulas are very rare and are commonly due to penetrating trauma to craniocervical region. A 20-year-old man was presented with progressive swelling and pulsatile mass on the left side of his face. He had been stabbed two weeks ago on the left side of his face. ...
Yamaki Koh-ichi - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to examine the vertebral arteries. The origins of the right and left vertebral arteries and their entrance points into the cervical transverse foramen were examined in dissections of 515 Japanese cadavers (303 males, 212 females) at Kurume University School of Medicine from 1990 ...
Ionete C - - 2006
Duplication of the vertebral artery is a rare developmental anomaly. Duplication and fenestration are terms often used incorrectly and interchangeably in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to describe bilateral duplication of the extracranial vertebral artery. Bilaterally, there are 2 separate origins of ...
Eberhardt Olaf - - 2006
Two of three patients with vertebrobasilar stroke harbor a stenosis of the vertebral or basilar arteries. The best treatment for secondary prophylaxis in vertebrobasilar occlusive disease has not been defined. In patients with high-grade stenoses, and especially those refractory to medication, stenting offers the chance to restore normal flow and ...
Bulsara Ketan R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Four cases of vertebrobasilar insufficiency secondary to osteophyte formation at C5-C6 have been reported in the literature. In this article, we report the fifth such case and discuss the utility of dynamic computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in the management of this disorder. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old right-handed man presented ...
Hoeft Mark A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent articles have detailed the adverse events associated with transforaminal steroid injections into the radicular arteries. Guidelines on strict transforaminal epidural techniques have been described to limit complications. There remains limited information regarding the cervical level of entry, location within the intervertebral foramina, and prevalence of the radicular arteries ...
Shoja M M - - 2006
Variations of the vertebrobasilar arterial complex are important with regard to their potential clinical impact. We present an unusual case of the vertebral artery, in which the left vertebral artery in its ascent in the neck through the transverse foramina passed posteriorly between the transverse processes of C3 and C4 ...
Westworth Diccon R - - 2006
A 3-year-old dog with cervical myelopathy resulting from a vascular anomaly is described. Marked intradural-extramedullary spinal cord compression was observed, in association with multilevel ectatic anastomotic radicular arterial branches connecting the left and right vertebral arteries. A nonpatent proximal segment of the right subclavian artery had resulted in compensatory enlargement ...
Qureshi A I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report the feasibility, safety, and 1-month results of performing stent placement for vertebral origin stenosis with the use of a distal protection device. Distal protection devices have been shown to reduce the number of cerebral emboli and subsequent ischemic events when used as adjuncts to percutaneous carotid intervention; ...
Bruneau Michaël - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We describe the normal anatomy, variations, and the surgical technique to expose and control the V1 segment of the vertebral artery (VA). METHODS: The VA V1 segment extends classically from the subclavian artery to the C6 transverse foramen. It courses obliquely upwards and posteriorly in the cervical fat tissue, ...
Raya Angel - - 2006
Although vertebrates seem to be essentially bilaterally symmetrical on the exterior, there are numerous interior left-right asymmetries in the disposition and placement of internal organs. These asymmetries are established during embryogenesis by complex epigenetic and genetic cascades. Recent studies in a range of model organisms have made important progress in ...
Choi Kwang-Dong - - 2006
A 51-year-old man developed sudden vertigo, right hearing loss and dysphagia. Examination revealed right Horner syndrome, spontaneous torsional-horizontal nystagmus, right central type facial palsy, dysarthria, reduced soft palate elevation without gag reflex, left hypesthesia, right dysmetria and imbalance. Audiometry and bithermal caloric tests documented right sensorineural hearing loss and canal ...
Woo Seong-Ryong - - 2006
We present a case of a 55-year-old woman with pontine infarction and fenestration of the basilar artery that was demonstrated using virtual endoscopy. The patient had motor weakness of the right side with sudden onset. Diffusion- and T2-weighted MR images revealed high signal intensities in the left pontine regions, and ...
Adaletli Ibrahim - - 2006
We present a 10-year-old boy who was admitted with headache and neurological symptoms after a trauma in the school yard. Cerebral MRI revealed an extensive ischaemia in the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres, left middle cerebellar peduncle, and right vermis. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated bilateral vertebral artery dissections at the dural entry ...
Horii Arata - - 2006
When diagnosing and treating patients with acute vertigo, the clinician must differentiate brain lesions from benign peripheral disorders. We here report a rare case of acute vertigo caused by intracranial vertebral artery dissection mimicking peripheral disease. A 67-year-old man presented with spontaneous nystagmus and moderate ataxia preceded by neck pain. ...
Kyprianou Ioannis G - - 2006
Spontaneous vertebral artery dissection is a condition that can have lethal consequences. The condition should be considered in young male patients who present with a stroke. At presentation, headaches, cerebral ischaemic episodes and oculosympathetic paresis are the most commonly encountered manifestations. The diagnosis is confirmed with angiography. Here, we present ...
Savitz Sean I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intracranial arteries in the subarachnoid space may compress the brain parenchyma and cranial nerves. Most arterial compressive lesions have been attributed to dolichoectasia in the vertebral-basilar system, and prior reports have concentrated on the pressure effects of basilar artery ectasia. Much less is known about vertebral artery compression of ...
Alvernia Jorge E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic microanatomical study of the occipital artery (OA) and its branches to describe the course, diameter, and branches of this vessel as well as the presence and pattern of anastomotic channels between the OA and the vertebral artery. METHODS: Twelve occipital arteries (6 adult cadaveric heads ...
Freitag M - - 2006
Vertebroplasty consists of percutaneous injection of acrylic cement--polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)--into a partially collapsed vertebral body in order to obtain pain relief and augment mechanical stability of the vertebral body. Although vertebroplasty is an efficient treatment it is not free of complications. Our present case report describes a woman with pulmonary polymethylmethacrylate ...
Zhang H Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to design a new retrosigmoid-retrocondylar keyhole approach based on the minimally invasive keyhole idea and to explore its feasibility and indications, which can be regarded as the base of this keyhole approach in clinical use. METHODS: 8 adult cadaveric heads fixed in formalin ...
Sohn Sung-Il - - 2006
The authors studied 14 patients with an isolated cerebellar infarct in the territory of the medial branch of the superior cerebellar artery (MSCA). The most common clinical finding was severe gait ataxia with sudden falling (n = 9) or severe veering (n = 2). Cerebellar dysarthria was found in 8 ...
Inui Yoshiro - - 2006
Two patients developed de novo vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm after contralateral vertebral artery occlusion. A 36-year-old man presented with brainstem ischemia and was treated non-surgically. Subsequent angiography showed spontaneous vertebral artery occlusion at the site of dissection. A 45-year-old man developed subarachnoid hemorrhage due to vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm. He ...
Cagnie Barbara - - 2006
The two vertebral arteries are usually unequal in size, the left one being generally larger than the right one. It is not clear why this asymmetry exists. One of the hypotheses is that this asymmetry is related to the vascular requirements of the brain. To support this statement, we investigated ...
Ivancic Paul C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Elongation-induced vertebral artery injury has been hypothesized to occur during non-physiological coupled axial rotation and extension of head. No studies have quantified dynamic vertebral artery elongation during head-turned rear impacts. Therefore, we evaluated effect of rotated head posture vs. forward head posture at the time of impact on dynamic ...
Veltkamp Roland - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with high-grade basilar artery stenosis secondary to thromboembolism are at high risk of developing subsequent vessel occlusion. Optimal medical management of this condition is unclear. SUMMARY OF CASE: We present a patient with a small subacute brain stem infarction and filiform distal basilar residual lumen attributable ...
Lanfranchi S - - 2005
Cervicocerebral arterial dissection is an important cause of stroke in young adults; the onset is often characterised by severe occipital headache, followed by nausea, vomiting and vertigo, mimicking a migraine attack. We describe herewith a case of vertebral arterial dissection with cerebellar infarction, which started with a posterior headache and ...
Orihashi Kazumasa - - 2005
The aim of this study was to anatomically verify echo-guided identification of key lumbar arteries supplying blood to the spinal cord and to examine whether changes in nerve root motion could be used for detecting malperfusion following aortic cross-clamping. In two beagle dogs, nerve root motion was monitored through the ...
Pfadenhauer Karl - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Temporal arteritis (TA) affects large arteries, including the vertebral arteries in up to 15% of cases. High resolution ultrasonography (US) is widely used for noninvasive imaging of the extracranial vertebral arteries. We assessed the prevalence of vertebrobasilar ischemia and structural abnormalities of the extracranial vertebral arteries by US in ...
Choudhari Kishor A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is a safe and effective treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. Isolated postoperative ipsilateral abducent nerve palsy is an extremely rare complication of this procedure and has not been reported before. The author wishes to report this rare complication, discuss its aetio-pathogenesis and the natural course. ...
Cagnie Barbara - - 2005
The vertebral artery (VA) is often involved in the occurrence of complications after spinal manipulative therapy. Due to osteophytes compressing the VA anteriorly from the uncinate process or posteriorly from the facet complex, the VAs are susceptible to trauma in the transverse foramina. Such altered anatomical configurations are of major ...
Dickerman Rob D - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report with review of the literature. OBJECTIVES: Presented is the first case of vertebral artery dissection secondary to intraoperative traction in cervical spine surgery. The pathogenesis and management of vertebral dissection in the immediate postoperative period are reviewed in detail. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral artery dissection ...
Yamazaki Masashi - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: This study examined the extraosseous and intraosseous anomalies of vertebral arteries in patients who underwent surgery of the craniovertebral junction. OBJECTIVES: To describe the usefulness of three-dimensional computed tomography angiography for evaluating vertebral artery anomalies before surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies using catheter angiograms have identified ...
Ho Hui-Tzu - - 2005
Central sleep apnea (CSA), also known as Ondine's curse (OC), is a phenomenon characterized by episodes of repeated apnea during sleep due to disorders of the central nervous system. We report a patient with CSA/OC due to right dorsolateral medullary and bilateral cerebellar infarctions that occurred in the clinical setting ...
Netuka D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intermittent symptomatic vertebral artery (VA) occlusion associated with voluntary turning of the head is known as bow hunter's stroke. A total of 40 such cases have been reported in the literature to date. We report a case successfully treated with surgical decompression and review the literature on this topic. ...
Briganti Francesco - - 2005
An exceptional case is reported of a complex anomaly of the brain arteries including low left carotid bifurcation, persistent carotid-vertebral anastomosis on the left and accessory middle cerebral artery on the right; the whole posterior circulation was only filled through the anomalous anastomotic vessel which joined with the vertebral artery ...
Choi K-D - - 2005
In four patients with rotational vertebral artery syndrome (RVAS), the initial nystagmus was mostly downbeat, with the horizontal and torsional components beating toward the compressed vertebral artery side (n = 3) or directed away (n = 1). Three patients showed spontaneous reversal of the nystagmus and two exhibited no or ...
Mennel Stefan - - 2005
The aim of this study was to describe skew deviation and vertical nystagmus as the initial signs for basilar artery thrombosis, a life-threatening disease. A 51-year-old woman complained of vertical diplopia for more than 20 h. A computed tomography of the brain was normal, but subsequently the patient developed additional ...
Cohen José E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vertebral artery (VA) transection is a rarely described entity that may present dramatically with a life-threatening external hemorrhage. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man that was victim of a terrorist attack presented a gunshot wound to the mouth with massive bleeding. The bullet perforated the oropharynx and injured the right ...
Kalaria Vijay G - - 2005
Duplex ultrasonography of the vertebral artery is an integral part of extracranial cerebrovascular screening and provides noninvasive diagnostic clues for subclavian or vertebral artery stenosis. This review describes technique for the ultrasound examination of the vertebral and subclavian arteries. Duplex images from various patients are used to illustrate a spectrum ...
Wang Huan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Basilar artery occlusion is a clinical event with an exceedingly high mortality rate. Improved survival is closely associated with successful recanalization of the occluded basilar artery. Bilateral vertebral artery occlusion (BVAO) is a unique disease entity that effectively denies any direct access to the basilar artery for ...
Reavey-Cantwell J F JF Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Florida; Gainesville, USA - - - 2005
We describe the first reported use of simultaneous bilateral vertebral artery rotational angiography to visualize an aneurysm. Images acquired from 3D rotational angiography with a single vertebral injection provided insufficient anatomic detail in two cases with vertebrobasilar junction aneurysms associated with fenestration. Therefore, simultaneous bilateral vertebral artery 3D rotational runs ...
Palombi Olivier - - 2006
The most widely accepted description of venous anatomy in the transverse foramen involves the presence of one or two veins running along and parallel to the external side of the vertebral artery. For most surgeons, the vertebral artery is surrounded by a rete of veins which is continous with the ...
Wakayama Kouji - - 2005
We report a 45-year-old woman whose unilateral vertebral artery (VA) was potentially occluded with head rotation at the C1-C2 level and her ischemic symptoms suddenly appeared because of contralateral VA dissection. She noticed first pain around the posterior part of her neck on the right side, and then dizziness when ...
Cullen Sean P - - 2005
Rarely, a solitary posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) will supply both cerebellar hemispheres. We report four cases of this variant. We present a retrospective review of clinical information and imaging of patients undergoing angiography at our institution to identify patients with a bihemispheric PICA. There were four patients: three males ...
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