Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1533
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
OBJECT: Surgical exposure of the extracranial part of the vertebral artery (VA) is occasionally necessary. Historically, the greater portion of the extracranial portion of the VA has been approached by traversing the anterior cervical triangle. The authors speculated that this entire segment of the VA could be reached with equal ...
Su Pen-Hua - - 2006
We describe an 11-year-old boy with facial dysmorphism consisting of a round and flat face, hypertelorism, short nose, and down turned corners of the mouth. In addition, he had severe mental retardation, short stature, imperforate anus, and basilar artery dolichoectasia. Cytogenetic evaluation revealed an unbalanced paternally inherited translocation t(18;20)(p11.2q13.3), resulting ...
Velat Gregory J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bow Hunter's syndrome is a rare form of vertebrobasilar insufficiency that may be successfully treated by surgical intervention. Use of intraoperative dynamic transcranial Doppler ultrasound for surgical treatment of vertebrobasilar insufficiency has been described in literature. However, this technique was inconsistent and unreliable in some patients. We present a ...
Okanishi Tohru - - 2007
A 6-month-old boy with persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) presented with stridor, dysphagia, delayed motor development and postural neck and shoulder dystonia. Magnetic resonance imaging/angiography and ultrasonography revealed PPTA, with flow from the dilated basilar artery to the right internal carotid artery, lower brainstem compression by the dilated basilar artery, ...
Mandrioli J - - 2006
Spinal strokes are often localised in the anterior spinal artery territory, whereas an involvement of the posterior spinal arteries (PSA) is uncommon, and usually unilateral. Bilateral PSA stroke is exceptional. A 70-year-old woman, after a mild head trauma, presented with cervical pain, left hypoaesthesia and sensitive ataxia, which then extended ...
Christoforidis G - - 2006
A 35-year-old man with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and a massively enlarged skull presented with Lhermitte sensations due to an unstable, mulitseptated, lytic C2/3 vertebral body complex. Enlarged extracranial vasculature made open surgery a high-risk option and limited percutaneous access. A 5F catheter was directed by using a guidewire into the ...
da Costa Leodante B - - 2006
Posterior fossa ischemia is not a very frequent situation. It is responsible for about 25% of all ischemic strokes, and the vast majority of the cases are related to atherosclerotic stenosis of the vertebral and/or basilar arteries. Acute ischemia can also occur in the setting of vertebral artery dissection, traumatic ...
Kantarci Fatih - - 2006
The objective of our study was to determine the Doppler sonography findings suggestive of restenosis in the follow-up of patients treated by stent placement in the extracranial vertebral artery. Follow-up of vertebral artery stents with Doppler sonography may be performed by direct insonation of the stent or by indirect measurements ...
Ren Xianjun - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Observational and comparative study of the vertebral artery injury detected by 2-dimensional (2-D) time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) for admitting patients. Construct a strike-induced flexion injury model of cervical spine with blunt vertebral artery injury in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of MRA for diagnosing vertebral artery ...
Daly Kevin J - - 2006
Five consecutive cases of prosthetic inter-vertebral disc displacement with severe vascular complications on revisional surgery are described. The objective of this case report is to warn spinal surgeons that major vascular complications are likely with anterior displacement of inter-vertebral discs. We have not been able to find a previous report ...
Sheah K - - 2006
Retropharyngeal haematoma is a rare cause of rapid neck swelling that may result in fatal upper respiratory airway obstruction. Reported causes include trauma, surgery, retropharyngeal inflammation, carotid aneurysm, aberrant artery at the thoracic inlet and bleeding diathesis. We report a 90-year-old man who developed rapid and progressive neck swelling following ...
Bruneau Michaël - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the incidence of anatomic variations of the V2 segment (from its entrance into the transverse canal to C2) of the vertebral artery. Ignoring such variations during anterior or lateral approach to the cervical spine can lead to inadvertent injury and potentially serious complications. METHODS: ...
Benes Ludwig - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to focus for the first time on the operative management of a direct vertebral artery (VA)-posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) end-to-end anastomosis in a partially thrombosed giant VA-PICA-complex aneurysm and to underline its usefulness as an additional treatment option. METHODS: The operative technique ...
Akdeniz Bahri - - 2007
We present a case of a 63-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital due to an acute coronary syndrome. Angiographic and magnetic resonance angiography examination showed an abnormal right vertebral artery originating from the ascending aorta, just above the left coronary sinus Valsalva in addition to aberrant retro-esophageal right ...
Kurt A - - 2006
Summary: Vertebral pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistulas are very rare and are commonly due to penetrating trauma to craniocervical region. A 20-year-old man was presented with progressive swelling and pulsatile mass on the left side of his face. He had been stabbed two weeks ago on the left side of his ...
Eberhardt Olaf - - 2006
Two of three patients with vertebrobasilar stroke harbor a stenosis of the vertebral or basilar arteries. The best treatment for secondary prophylaxis in vertebrobasilar occlusive disease has not been defined. In patients with high-grade stenoses, and especially those refractory to medication, stenting offers the chance to restore normal flow and ...
Yamaki Koh-ichi - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to examine the vertebral arteries. The origins of the right and left vertebral arteries and their entrance points into the cervical transverse foramen were examined in dissections of 515 Japanese cadavers (303 males, 212 females) at Kurume University School of Medicine from 1990 ...
Bulsara Ketan R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Four cases of vertebrobasilar insufficiency secondary to osteophyte formation at C5-C6 have been reported in the literature. In this article, we report the fifth such case and discuss the utility of dynamic computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in the management of this disorder. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old right-handed man presented ...
Ionete C - - 2006
Duplication of the vertebral artery is a rare developmental anomaly. Duplication and fenestration are terms often used incorrectly and interchangeably in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to describe bilateral duplication of the extracranial vertebral artery. Bilaterally, there are 2 separate origins of ...
Hoeft Mark A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent articles have detailed the adverse events associated with transforaminal steroid injections into the radicular arteries. Guidelines on strict transforaminal epidural techniques have been described to limit complications. There remains limited information regarding the cervical level of entry, location within the intervertebral foramina, and prevalence of the radicular arteries ...
Shoja M M - - 2006
Variations of the vertebrobasilar arterial complex are important with regard to their potential clinical impact. We present an unusual case of the vertebral artery, in which the left vertebral artery in its ascent in the neck through the transverse foramina passed posteriorly between the transverse processes of C3 and C4 ...
Westworth Diccon R - - 2006
A 3-year-old dog with cervical myelopathy resulting from a vascular anomaly is described. Marked intradural-extramedullary spinal cord compression was observed, in association with multilevel ectatic anastomotic radicular arterial branches connecting the left and right vertebral arteries. A nonpatent proximal segment of the right subclavian artery had resulted in compensatory enlargement ...
Qureshi A I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report the feasibility, safety, and 1-month results of performing stent placement for vertebral origin stenosis with the use of a distal protection device. Distal protection devices have been shown to reduce the number of cerebral emboli and subsequent ischemic events when used as adjuncts to percutaneous carotid intervention; ...
Bruneau Michaël - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We describe the normal anatomy, variations, and the surgical technique to expose and control the V1 segment of the vertebral artery (VA). METHODS: The VA V1 segment extends classically from the subclavian artery to the C6 transverse foramen. It courses obliquely upwards and posteriorly in the cervical fat tissue, ...
Raya Angel - - 2006
Although vertebrates seem to be essentially bilaterally symmetrical on the exterior, there are numerous interior left-right asymmetries in the disposition and placement of internal organs. These asymmetries are established during embryogenesis by complex epigenetic and genetic cascades. Recent studies in a range of model organisms have made important progress in ...
Choi Kwang-Dong - - 2006
A 51-year-old man developed sudden vertigo, right hearing loss and dysphagia. Examination revealed right Horner syndrome, spontaneous torsional-horizontal nystagmus, right central type facial palsy, dysarthria, reduced soft palate elevation without gag reflex, left hypesthesia, right dysmetria and imbalance. Audiometry and bithermal caloric tests documented right sensorineural hearing loss and canal ...
Woo Seong-Ryong - - 2006
We present a case of a 55-year-old woman with pontine infarction and fenestration of the basilar artery that was demonstrated using virtual endoscopy. The patient had motor weakness of the right side with sudden onset. Diffusion- and T2-weighted MR images revealed high signal intensities in the left pontine regions, and ...
Adaletli Ibrahim - - 2006
We present a 10-year-old boy who was admitted with headache and neurological symptoms after a trauma in the school yard. Cerebral MRI revealed an extensive ischaemia in the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres, left middle cerebellar peduncle, and right vermis. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated bilateral vertebral artery dissections at the dural entry ...
Freitag M - - 2006
Vertebroplasty consists of percutaneous injection of acrylic cement--polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)--into a partially collapsed vertebral body in order to obtain pain relief and augment mechanical stability of the vertebral body. Although vertebroplasty is an efficient treatment it is not free of complications. Our present case report describes a woman with pulmonary polymethylmethacrylate ...
Kyprianou Ioannis G - - 2006
Spontaneous vertebral artery dissection is a condition that can have lethal consequences. The condition should be considered in young male patients who present with a stroke. At presentation, headaches, cerebral ischaemic episodes and oculosympathetic paresis are the most commonly encountered manifestations. The diagnosis is confirmed with angiography. Here, we present ...
Horii Arata - - 2006
When diagnosing and treating patients with acute vertigo, the clinician must differentiate brain lesions from benign peripheral disorders. We here report a rare case of acute vertigo caused by intracranial vertebral artery dissection mimicking peripheral disease. A 67-year-old man presented with spontaneous nystagmus and moderate ataxia preceded by neck pain. ...
Alvernia Jorge E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic microanatomical study of the occipital artery (OA) and its branches to describe the course, diameter, and branches of this vessel as well as the presence and pattern of anastomotic channels between the OA and the vertebral artery. METHODS: Twelve occipital arteries (6 adult cadaveric heads ...
Savitz Sean I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intracranial arteries in the subarachnoid space may compress the brain parenchyma and cranial nerves. Most arterial compressive lesions have been attributed to dolichoectasia in the vertebral-basilar system, and prior reports have concentrated on the pressure effects of basilar artery ectasia. Much less is known about vertebral artery compression of ...
Zhang H Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to design a new retrosigmoid-retrocondylar keyhole approach based on the minimally invasive keyhole idea and to explore its feasibility and indications, which can be regarded as the base of this keyhole approach in clinical use. METHODS: 8 adult cadaveric heads fixed in formalin ...
Sohn Sung-Il - - 2006
The authors studied 14 patients with an isolated cerebellar infarct in the territory of the medial branch of the superior cerebellar artery (MSCA). The most common clinical finding was severe gait ataxia with sudden falling (n = 9) or severe veering (n = 2). Cerebellar dysarthria was found in 8 ...
Inui Yoshiro - - 2006
Two patients developed de novo vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm after contralateral vertebral artery occlusion. A 36-year-old man presented with brainstem ischemia and was treated non-surgically. Subsequent angiography showed spontaneous vertebral artery occlusion at the site of dissection. A 45-year-old man developed subarachnoid hemorrhage due to vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm. He ...
Cagnie Barbara - - 2006
The two vertebral arteries are usually unequal in size, the left one being generally larger than the right one. It is not clear why this asymmetry exists. One of the hypotheses is that this asymmetry is related to the vascular requirements of the brain. To support this statement, we investigated ...
Ivancic Paul C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Elongation-induced vertebral artery injury has been hypothesized to occur during non-physiological coupled axial rotation and extension of head. No studies have quantified dynamic vertebral artery elongation during head-turned rear impacts. Therefore, we evaluated effect of rotated head posture vs. forward head posture at the time of impact on dynamic ...
Veltkamp Roland - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with high-grade basilar artery stenosis secondary to thromboembolism are at high risk of developing subsequent vessel occlusion. Optimal medical management of this condition is unclear. SUMMARY OF CASE: We present a patient with a small subacute brain stem infarction and filiform distal basilar residual lumen attributable ...
Choudhari Kishor A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is a safe and effective treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. Isolated postoperative ipsilateral abducent nerve palsy is an extremely rare complication of this procedure and has not been reported before. The author wishes to report this rare complication, discuss its aetio-pathogenesis and the natural course. ...
Orihashi Kazumasa - - 2005
The aim of this study was to anatomically verify echo-guided identification of key lumbar arteries supplying blood to the spinal cord and to examine whether changes in nerve root motion could be used for detecting malperfusion following aortic cross-clamping. In two beagle dogs, nerve root motion was monitored through the ...
Lanfranchi S - - 2005
Cervicocerebral arterial dissection is an important cause of stroke in young adults; the onset is often characterised by severe occipital headache, followed by nausea, vomiting and vertigo, mimicking a migraine attack. We describe herewith a case of vertebral arterial dissection with cerebellar infarction, which started with a posterior headache and ...
Pfadenhauer Karl - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Temporal arteritis (TA) affects large arteries, including the vertebral arteries in up to 15% of cases. High resolution ultrasonography (US) is widely used for noninvasive imaging of the extracranial vertebral arteries. We assessed the prevalence of vertebrobasilar ischemia and structural abnormalities of the extracranial vertebral arteries by US in ...
Netuka D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intermittent symptomatic vertebral artery (VA) occlusion associated with voluntary turning of the head is known as bow hunter's stroke. A total of 40 such cases have been reported in the literature to date. We report a case successfully treated with surgical decompression and review the literature on this topic. ...
Cagnie Barbara - - 2005
The vertebral artery (VA) is often involved in the occurrence of complications after spinal manipulative therapy. Due to osteophytes compressing the VA anteriorly from the uncinate process or posteriorly from the facet complex, the VAs are susceptible to trauma in the transverse foramina. Such altered anatomical configurations are of major ...
Yamazaki Masashi - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: This study examined the extraosseous and intraosseous anomalies of vertebral arteries in patients who underwent surgery of the craniovertebral junction. OBJECTIVES: To describe the usefulness of three-dimensional computed tomography angiography for evaluating vertebral artery anomalies before surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies using catheter angiograms have identified ...
Ho Hui-Tzu - - 2005
Central sleep apnea (CSA), also known as Ondine's curse (OC), is a phenomenon characterized by episodes of repeated apnea during sleep due to disorders of the central nervous system. We report a patient with CSA/OC due to right dorsolateral medullary and bilateral cerebellar infarctions that occurred in the clinical setting ...
Dickerman Rob D - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Case report with review of the literature. OBJECTIVES: Presented is the first case of vertebral artery dissection secondary to intraoperative traction in cervical spine surgery. The pathogenesis and management of vertebral dissection in the immediate postoperative period are reviewed in detail. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral artery dissection ...
Briganti Francesco - - 2005
An exceptional case is reported of a complex anomaly of the brain arteries including low left carotid bifurcation, persistent carotid-vertebral anastomosis on the left and accessory middle cerebral artery on the right; the whole posterior circulation was only filled through the anomalous anastomotic vessel which joined with the vertebral artery ...
Choi K-D - - 2005
In four patients with rotational vertebral artery syndrome (RVAS), the initial nystagmus was mostly downbeat, with the horizontal and torsional components beating toward the compressed vertebral artery side (n = 3) or directed away (n = 1). Three patients showed spontaneous reversal of the nystagmus and two exhibited no or ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >