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Kiani Adnan N AN Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, - - 2014
Objectives: Traditional classification of hyperlipidemia using HDL, LDL and VLDL does not provide information on lipoprotein function. Apolipoproteins, (which are protein components of plasma lipoproteins including A, B, C, D, E) with their different composition, metabolic and atherogenic properties, provide insight on lipoprotein functioning. In particular, the ApoB/A-1 ratio is ...
Garg Ashok A Jaipur Heart Institute, Jaipur, - - 2014
In this report, we present a case of spindle cell sarcoma of the pulmonary artery diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the youngest reported case of pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) to date. PAS is frequently confused for pulmonary embolism; in this case, echocardiographic ...
Scrivani Peter V - - 2013
Some cats develop blindness during procedures with mouth gags, which possibly relates to maxillary arterial occlusion by opening the mouth. Our first aim was to use computed tomography (CT) to describe how vascular compression is possible based on morphologic differences between mouth positions. Our second aim was to use nonselective ...
Yin Lijuan - - 2013
Synovial sarcoma originating in the pulmonary valve is extremely rare. Herein, we report a poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma arising from this peculiar location in a 17-year-old Chinese boy. Histologically, this tumor was entirely poorly differentiated with uniform small round cell morphology, and it exhibited prominent myxoid change in some areas. ...
Vaideeswar Pradeep - - 2013
Most of the pulmonary arterial sarcomas arise from multi-potential mesenchymal intimal cells and are designated as intimal sarcomas. These tumors grow in the direction of blood flow into peripheral arteries producing clinical features mimicking pulmonary thromboembolism. Retrograde extension is rare. We report one such case of intimal sarcoma that had ...
Restrepo Carlos S - - 2012
The pulmonary vasculature may be involved by different primary and secondary tumors. Poorly differentiated and undifferentiated sarcomas are the most common primary tumors of the pulmonary arteries. They tend to affect the large caliber pulmonary vessels and present with predominantly intraluminal growth. Pulmonary and mediastinal metastasis are common, and prognosis ...
Schoneveld J M - - 2012
Malignant tumors arising in deep veins of the lower extremities are very uncommon. To our best knowledge, this is the seventh case of a primary venous intravascular synovial sarcoma (SS) reported in literature. A 32-year-old woman was admitted with a second episode of deep venous thrombosis of the right lower ...
Yamamoto Kei - - 2012
We herein report the case of a 39-year-old woman with a pulmonary embolism caused by intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery. She presented with shortness of breath and leg edema. Computed tomography showed a low density area that extended from the main pulmonary artery to the bilateral pulmonary arteries. We ...
Kepka Cezary - - 2011
Patients with atheromatous plaques of the thoracic aorta undergoing coronary angiography are subjected to a substantial risk of catheter-related stroke or peripheral embolism. We describe a 49-year-old male patient with class III angina symptoms and extensive aortic plaque burden referred for coronary computed tomography angiography due to a high risk ...
Girasis Chrysafios - - 2011
Background: Validation is lacking for two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) bifurcation quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) algorithms. Methods: Six plexiglas phantoms were designed, each of them mimicking a coronary vessel with three successive bifurcations lesions, wherein at least one vessel segment had a percent diameter stenosis (DS) of ≥60%. The ...
Heliopoulos John - - 2011
Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound imaging is a new technique that maximizes the information and image quality of traditional 2-dimensional (2D) B-mode scanning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the 3D ultrasound technique to characterize ulcerated atherosclerotic carotid plaque. Using conventional 2D ultrasound, we examined 284 carotid ...
Mareedu Jyotsna - - 2011
Varicella-zoster virus can cause neurological disease in primary and reactivated latent forms, with a wide spectrum of disorders throughout a person's lifetime. 35-year-old male with AIDS; histoplasmosis; mild, intermittent asthma; and hypertension presented to hospital with left-sided weakness and slurred speech. Exam showed left hemiparesis with left upper motor neurons ...
Akhtar Naveed - - 2011
Transient cortical blindness after coronary angiography is a rarely encountered, rapidly progressive complication with complete return of vision within hours to up to five days.. Patients at risk include those undergoing coronary artery bypass graft study and those with renal failure. Although, the exact mechanism is not clear, the most ...
Vallabhaneni Raghuveer - - 2011
We report a patient who presented with transient cortical blindness 12 hours after completion of a thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. Computed tomography of the brain demonstrated no acute findings. The patient's symptoms resolved spontaneously after 72 hours. To our knowledge, this is the first report of transient cortical blindness after ...
Herzig Roman - - 2011
acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may occur both in the acute and chronic internal carotid artery occlusion (ICAo). Thus, it is important to assess the ICAo character when considering the recanalization method. The aim was to assess the agreement between the ultrasonographic (US) and perioperative macroscopic (PM) finding in AIS patients ...
Belge C - - 2011
Pulmonary artery intima sarcoma is an uncommon but fatal tumor, which often masquerades chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and in the present case Takayasu arteritis. Pulmonary arterial pressure is mildly elevated in the presence of extensive proximal lesions. A parenchyma thin-walled cavitary lesion may be a sign of pulmonary extravasation ...
Brightwell R E - - 2011
Microembolization continues to be a major risk for patients undergoing carotid artery stenting (CAS) of high-grade atherosclerotic carotid stenoses. Further insight into the characteristics and significance of these embolized particles was deemed necessary. We aimed to assess the size and composition of debris captured by filters during CAS and to ...
Amarenco Pierre - - 2011
there is an overlap between stroke and coronary heart disease, but the exact prevalence of coronary artery disease in patients with nonfatal cerebral infarction is unclear, particularly when there is no known history of coronary heart disease. we consecutively enrolled 405 patients presenting with acute cerebral infarction documented by neuroimaging ...
Nakano K - - 2011
Porphyromonas gingivalis was recently shown to cause intimal hyperplasia in a mouse model by a novel cholesterol-independent mechanism, suggesting to be a pathogen-specific feature of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical and histopathological features of aortic aneurysms in cardiovascular disease patients harboring oral P. ...
Suzuki Takayuki - - 2011
It remains unclear whether atherosclerosis in one vascular bed progresses in parallel with that in other vascular beds. We investigated serial changes in vessel wall areas (VWAs) in various vessels over 2 years of follow-up. Vessel wall areas in the thoracic descending aorta (TDA), common carotid artery (CCA), right (RCA), and ...
Utsunomiya Hiroto - - 2010
We examined the association of aortic valve calcification (AVC) and mitral annular calcification (MAC) to coronary atherosclerosis using 64-multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Valvular calcification is considered a manifestation of atherosclerosis. The impact of multiple heart valve calcium deposits on the distribution and characteristics of coronary plaque is unknown. We evaluated ...
Kaya Ergün Barış - - 2010
In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether serum uric acid (UA) was associated with the severity and morphology of coronary atherosclerotic plaques (CAP) shown by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). The study population consisted of 982 patients (58% men) who underwent dual-source 64 slice MDCT for the assessment of coronary ...
Baker Aaron B - - 2010
Enzymatic degradation of the extracellular matrix is known to be powerful regulator of atherosclerosis. However, little is known about the enzymatic regulation of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) during the formation and progression of atherosclerotic plaques. Swine were rendered diabetic through streptozotocin injection and hyperlipidemic through a high fat diet. Arterial ...
Peng Chenghai - - 2011
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been applied in the treatment of artery restenosis following balloon injury. This study aimed to detect the accumulation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-derived protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in inflamed atherosclerotic plaque in rabbit model and evaluate the efficacy of PDT. The inflamed atherosclerotic plaque in the common carotid ...
Marcelino Silvia L - - 2010
In this study the presence of periodontopathic pathogens in atheromatous plaques removed from coronary arteries of patients with chronic periodontitis and periodontally healthy subjects by PCR was detected. Our results indicate a significant association between the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis and atheromas, and the periodontal bacteria in oral biofilm may ...
Barazangi Nobl - - 2011
Aortic arch (AA) atheroma is a common source of artery-to-artery embolism. Identification of AA atherosclerotic disease is an important component of the embolic stroke workup. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is the gold standard for AA evaluation, but it has associated risks and is not always readily available. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) ...
Frink Richard J - - 2010
Currently, there are no available methods that can reliably predict when or if an atheroma will rupture. Recent reports suggest cholesterol crystals (CCs), present within the necrotic core, are sharp and can penetrate and disrupt the fibrous cap, contributing to plaque rupture. Our aim is to show CC, normally distributed ...
Stegemann C - - 2010
Rationale Lipid accumulation in arteries is the hallmark of atherosclerosis. Yet, a comparative lipid analysis of human plaques using state-of-the-art mass spectrometry techniques has not been performed. Methods and results Comparative lipid profiling of radial arteries and carotid endarterectomies was performed by ultra performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Lipid species ...
Yamada Ryotaro - - 2010
Positive arterial remodeling and thin fibrous cap are characteristics of rupture-prone or vulnerable plaque. The natural course of the fibrous cap thickness and the relationship between serial arterial remodeling and changes in fibrous cap thickness are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between changes ...
Sugioka Kenichi - - 2010
Inflammation plays a key role in atherosclerosis and plaque vulnerability, and monocyte/macrophage activation contributes to these processes. Neopterin, a by-product of the guanosine triphosphate pathway, is produced by activated macrophages on stimulation with interferon-γ released from T lymphocytes, and is an activation marker for monocytes/macrophages. Coronary angiographic studies have shown ...
Han Seung Hwan - - 2010
To investigate tissue characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques in coronary artery bifurcations. Using a global virtual histology registry, geometric and compositional characteristics of plaque in three segments (proximal, distal, and at the bifurcation) of coronary bifurcation sites were analysed with intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data (RFD) analysis. A total of 256 bifurcation ...
Shanmugam Nesan - - 2010
Coronary artery disease is the major cause of death in the western world. The formation and rapid progression of atheromatous plaques can lead to serious cardiovascular events in patients with atherosclerosis. The better understanding, in recent years, of the mechanisms leading to atheromatous plaque growth and disruption and the availability ...
Ropert Stanislas - - 2011
Patients treated with anti-VEGF agents are at increased risk for arterial thrombo-embolic events (ATEs). However, the pathophysiology of such acute vascular complications remains unclear. We report on a case of bowel infarction in a renal cancer patient treated with the anti-VEGF agent sunitinib. An abdominal CT-scan evidenced the rupture of ...
Timaran Carlos H - - 2010
Previous studies have investigated the predictive value of clinical and morphologic parameters for distal embolization during carotid interventions. The composition of the atherosclerotic plaque, using virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) imaging obtained with an IVUS catheter that is advanced through the lesion after a filter has been placed distally, has ...
van Velzen Joëlla E - - 2010
previous studies have shown that the presence of stenosis alone on multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has a limited positive predictive value for the presence of ischemia on myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The purpose of this study was to assess which variables of atherosclerosis on MSCT angiography are related to ischemia ...
Makris G C - - 2010
The management of patients with asymptomatic carotid disease is currently under debate and new methods are warranted for better risk stratification. The role of the biomechanical properties of the atherosclerotic arterial wall together with the effect of different stress types in plaque destabilisation has only been recently investigated. PubMed and ...
Moustafa Ramez Reda - - 2010
Cerebral infarcts distal to carotid stenoses are thought to be caused by emboli from inflamed, destabilized plaques. We hypothesized that microembolic signals (MES) on transcranial Doppler will be associated with carotid plaque inflammation on (18)F fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG PET) in recently symptomatic patients. Sixteen patients presenting with recent (47 ...
Toggweiler Stefan - - 2010
Regional differences in shear stress have been identified as reason for early plaque formation in vessel bifurcations. We aimed to investigate regional plaque morphology and composition using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (IVUS-VH) in coronary artery bifurcations. We performed IVUS and IVUS-VH studies at coronary bifurcations to analyze segmental ...
Arnoldi Elisabeth - - 2010
Cardiac CT scan has emerged from a research tool to a widely used clinical modality in the diagnostic management of coronary artery disease. Based on evidence of numerous clinical studies coronary CT angiography (cCTA) has emerged as a fast, accurate, and noninvasive alternative to conventional angiography in selected patient populations. ...
Hassan Ali H M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of luminal gain with a novel atheroablation system (Pathway PV) for the treatment of peripheral artery disease using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). METHODS: The atherectomy system is a rotational atherectomy device, which employs expandable rotating blades with ports that allow ...
Thim Troels - - 2010
Advanced atherosclerosis, through thrombosis, leads to ischemic heart disease and ischemic stroke, the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Advanced atherosclerosis and imaging of atherosclerosis are the focus of this dissertation with particular emphasis on the vulnerable plaque and vulnerable plaque detection. Aspects of advanced atherosclerosis and the vulnerable ...
Ha Eun Ju - - 2010
We aimed at evaluating the prevalence and CT characteristics of occult coronary artery disease (CAD) in young Korean adults under 40 years of age by performing coronary CT angiography (CCTA). We retrospectively enrolled 112 consecutive asymptomatic subjects (90 men, mean age: 35.6 +/- 3.7 years) who underwent CCTA as part ...
Kume Shinji - - 2010
Mobile plaque is associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke, but definitions have remained unclear. We have previously reported that carotid ultrasonography can detect the mobile component of the carotid plaque surface, which rises and falls in a manner inconsistent with arterial pulsatile wall motion (Jellyfish sign). However, clinical and ...
Lin Tsann - - 2010
Given the uncertainty regarding the relationship of C-reactive protein (CRP) and homocysteine (Hcy) to atherosclerotic burden, our aim was to determine whether CRP and Hcy are related to the presence of subclinical coronary plaque and stenosis. We did a cross-sectional analysis of data gathered on 1248 consecutive, newly self-referred, middle-aged ...
Akasaka Takashi - - 2010
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical analogue of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), which provides high-resolution images of the coronary arteries up to 10microm. OCT allows us to demonstrate clearly culprit lesion morphologies in detail including types of plaque, plaque disruption, thrombus, fibrous cap thickness, and the frequency of thin-capped fibroatheroma ...
Klein Isabelle F - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pontine infarction is most often related to basilar artery atherosclerosis when the lesion abuts on the basal surface (paramedian pontine infarction), whereas small medial pontine lesion is usually attributed to small vessel lipohyalinosis. A previous study has found that high-resolution MRI can detect basilar atherosclerotic plaques in ...
Derksen Wouter J M - - 2010
This study assessed the predictive value of histologic plaque characteristics for the occurrence of restenosis after femoral artery endarterectomy. It would be advantageous if patients at increased risk for restenosis after arterial endarterectomy could be identified by histologic characteristics of the dissected plaque. Differences in atherosclerotic plaque composition of the ...
Uchida Yasumi - - 2010
It is generally believed that the coronary occlusion occurs at the site of plaque disruption in acute coronary syndromes. An exceptional mechanism of coronary occlusion, namely a streamer-like thrombus (SLT) originating in a nonstenotic lesion extended distally to obstruct a just distal nondisrupted stenotic segment, was found by angioscopy in ...
Hamirani Yasmin S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) has emerged as a promising noninvasive tool to rule out significant coronary artery disease (CAD). In addition, MDCTA also provides additional information about atherosclerotic plaque composition. In this study, we aim to assess whether differences in plaque composition exist across patients with varying degree ...
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