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Results 101 - 150 of 1509
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Chiu Bernard - - 2010
Quantitative measurements of the progression (or regression) of carotid plaque burden are important in monitoring patients and evaluating new treatment options. We previously developed a quantitative metric to analyze changes in carotid plaque morphology from 3-D ultrasound (US) on a point-by-point basis. This method requires multiple segmentations of the arterial ...
Yoshimoto Tetsuyuki - - 2010
Carotid artery restenosis is a serious complication following carotid endarterectomy (CEA), so preventative management of the risk factors is important. The present study investigated the potential of cilostazol, a mediator of vascular stabilization as well as inhibitor of platelet aggregation, to suppress restenosis on the ipsilateral carotid artery and new ...
Chu Zhi-gang - - 2010
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common and severe complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study is to identify the features of CAD in diabetic patients using coronary CT angiography (CTA). From 1 July 2009 to 20 March 2010, 113 consecutive patients (70 men, 43 ...
Hoving Saske - - 2010
We previously showed that irradiation to the carotid arteries of ApoE(-/-) mice accelerated the development of macrophage-rich, inflammatory atherosclerotic lesions, prone to intra-plaque hemorrhage. In this study we investigated the potential of anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant intervention strategies to inhibit age-related and radiation-induced atherosclerosis. ApoE(-/-) mice were given 0 or 14 ...
Li Feiyu F Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2010
Atherosclerotic plaque morphology and components are predictors of subsequent cardiovascular events. However, associations of plaque eccentricity with plaque morphology and plaque composition are unclear. This study investigated associations of plaque eccentricity with plaque components and morphology in the proximal superficial femoral artery using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Twenty-eight subjects with ...
Shibata Noriyuki - - 2009
13-Hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE) is a major component of oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL), which has been shown to have a crucial role in atherogenesis. Of the 13-HODE stereoisomers, 13(S)-HODE and 13(R)-HODE, little is known about the latter in contrast to the former. To detect 13(R)-HODE in atherosclerotic lesions, we prepared ...
Graf Iulia M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Alterations in arterial absolute distension (AD) and relative distension (RD) in the common carotid artery (CCA), as observed by ultrasound, may relate to atherosclerotic processes in a nearby vascular segment. The main objective of the study was to establish to what extent these mechanical vascular alterations relate to carotid ...
Takano Masamichi - - 2010
Although preventive pharmacological therapies effectually reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in our country, Japan. Disruption of atherosclerotic vulnerable plaques and flow-limiting thrombus formation in non-stent segments of native coronary arteries are considered a main mechanism of ACS. ...
Soeda Tsunenari - - 2011
Dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) has enabled us to non-invasively visualize coronary artery stenosis, but its ability to characterize coronary atherosclerotic plaques (ASPs) has not been evaluated. Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides tissue images of coronary artery wall that are validated by pathohistological studies. We studied the diagnostic accuracy of ...
Tsutsumi Masanori - - 2010
We assessed the morphological change of calcified plaque after carotid artery stenting (CAS) in vessels with heavily calcified circumferential lesions and discuss the possible mechanisms of stent expansion in these lesions. We performed 18 CAS procedures in 16 patients with severe carotid artery stenosis accompanied by plaque calcification involving more ...
Abe Yuko - - 2010
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is currently a standard procedure to treat severe carotid artery stenosis. This procedure causes mechanical plaque rupture, potentially releasing soluble factors into the circulating blood. The purpose of this study is to clarify whether inflammation factors are released from an atherosclerotic plaque after CAS and whether ...
Inglese L - - 2009
Several previous studies focusing on comparison between outcomes of carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endoarterectomy (CEA) have put forward conflicting results about the non-inferiority of CAS compared to CEA. Likely outcomes after CAS have been greatly limited by incomplete knowledge of atherosclerotic carotid pathology and probably inappropriate patient selection ...
Kohno Hiroaki - - 2009
A 58-year-old male with dyslipidemia and coronary spastic angina suddenly experienced pain in the right limb while walking on November 1, 2008. Right-ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) was decreased (0.80) and left-ABI was normal (1.24). Bilateral ABI was normal during January 2008. Ultrasonography in the right-lower limb artery revealed severe ...
Sadat Umar U University Department of Radiology, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, - - 2010
There is considerable evidence that patients with carotid artery stenosis treated immediately after the ischaemic cerebrovascular event have a better clinical outcome than those who have delayed treatment. Biomechanical assessment of carotid plaques using high-resolution MRI can help examine the relationship between the timing of carotid plaque symptomology and maximum ...
Alexopoulos Nikolaos - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis. The association of EAT volume with type of coronary artery plaque on computed tomography angiography (CTA) is not known. METHODS: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring and EAT volume measurement were performed on 214 consecutive patients (mean ...
Puranik R - - 2010
Although inflammation is a key process in atherogenesis, little is known about the inflammatory characteristics of culprit plaque in premature coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated inflammation in coronary atheroma from subjects who died of premature CAD. From 2001-2005, we collected coronary plaque samples from consecutive cases of CAD (n=23) ...
Ray A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines in cardiovascular disease prevention advocate the use of carotid ultrasound measurements for risk stratification. Carotid abnormalities (plaques or increased intima-media thickness (IMT)) are associated with high risk of coronary and peripheral artery disease. An office-based measurement by clinicians would considerably broaden the clinical applicability of carotid ultrasound. ...
Kuroiwa Yasuyoshi - - 2010
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Atherothrombosis usually occurs on macrophage- and lipid-rich unstable plaque, but rarely on smooth muscle cell (SMC)-rich stable plaque. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been extensively applied for noninvasive vascular imaging. We therefore investigated whether MRI provides valuable information about the characteristics of atherosclerotic vessels using rabbit models ...
Davidsson L - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine if plaques in the carotid and femoral arteries were associated with cardiovascular events during a 10-year follow-up independently of usual risk factors for such diseases. METHODS: Plaque occurrence in both carotid arteries, and in the right femoral artery were assessed at baseline by B-mode ultrasound in a ...
Fagerberg Björn B Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2010
The heterogeneous structure of carotid atherosclerotic plaques may be better understood if it is related to blood flow variations, influencing gene expression and cellular functions. Upstream of the maximum stenosis there is laminar blood flow and high shear stress, downstream there is turbulence and low shear stress. We studied if ...
Gao Dong Yan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to define the association of internal carotid artery atheromatous plaque morphology with potential cerebral ischaemia, we have investigated the relationship of different carotid plaque types with defects in cerebral perfusion. METHODS: In 130 patients requiring surgical correction of internal carotid artery stenoses greater than 70%, defects ...
Toggweiler Stefan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (VH) to assess the differences of plaque burden and composition between target coronary arteries containing the culprit lesion and non-target coronary arteries. METHODS: Sixty patients referred for acute (n = 19) or elective (n = 41) coronary angiography were included. The ...
Thilo Christian - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether regional calcification patterns at CT coronary artery calcium scoring (CCS) correlate with stenosis and non-calcified plaque formation. METHODS: We studied 106 patients with quantitative catheter angiography (QCA), CCS, and coronary CT angiography (cCTA). CCS was determined globally and for each artery separately. The morphological pattern of ...
de Groot D - - 2009
Arterial lumen narrowing and vascular occlusion is the actual cause of morbidity and mortality in atherosclerotic disease. Collateral artery formation (arteriogenesis) refers to an active remodelling of non-functional vascular anastomoses to functional collateral arteries, capable to bypass the site of obstruction and preserve the tissue that is jeopardized by ischaemia. ...
van Velzen J E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Imaging of coronary plaques has traditionally focused on evaluating degree of stenosis, as the risk for adverse cardiac events increases with stenosis severity. However, the relation between plaque composition and severity of stenosis remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess plaque composition (non-invasively by multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography and ...
Nakamura Satoko - - 2009
A close linkage between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been demonstrated. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is considered to be the causal link connecting them. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between level of kidney function and the prevalence of CAC. Autopsy subjects ...
Konishi Masaaki - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of pericardial fat with the presence of coronary plaques. BACKGROUND: Waist circumference, reflecting abdominal obesity, is a risk factor of metabolic syndrome and coronary artery disease (CAD). Adipose tissue secretes many factors implicated in atherogenesis, however, the role of ...
K?lbel Tilo - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Elevated levels of markers for thrombin activation are associated with plaque echogenicity and degree of stenosis in patients with carotid artery stenosis. The Activated Protein C-Protein C Inhibitor (APC-PCI) complex reflects activation of the Protein C system and is a measure of thrombin generation. The aim of the present ...
Jiang Jian-Jun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of atherosclerosis-related processes in aortic root dilatation (ARD) has not been fully determined. The present study was to assess the relationship between carotid IMT, carotid plaque, and ARD. METHODS: Hypertensive men with ARD (n = 30) were compared with hypertensive men without ARD (n = 52) and ...
Xie S - - 2009
Atherosclerotic plaque rupture and local thrombosis activation in the artery cause acute serious incidents such as acute coronary syndrome and stroke. The exact mechanism of plaque rupture remains unclear but excessive degradation of the extracellular matrix scaffold by matrix-degrading metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been implicated as one of the major molecular ...
Mahabadi Amir A - - 2009
Aortic valve calcification (AVC) is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and coronary artery calcification. We sought to determine whether AVC is associated with the presence and extent of overall plaque burden, as well as to plaque composition (calcified, mixed, and noncalcified). We examined 357 subjects (mean age 53 +/- 12 ...
Sun Zhonghua - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential value of CT virtual intravascular endoscopy (VIE) in the visualization and assessment of coronary plaques in patients suspected of coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 (13 men, 7 women, mean age 54 years) consecutive patients with suspected coronary ...
Dong L - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arterial remodeling may enable atherosclerotic disease without luminal stenosis. We sought to assess the prevalence and characteristics of atherosclerosis in angiographically normal carotid arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six arteries with 0% stenosis by MRA were evaluated with multicontrast carotid MR imaging at 3T. For each artery, the ...
Wellons Eric D - - 2009
Carotid protection devices (CPD) during carotid artery stenting reduce the risk of cerebral embolization. The presence of debris outside the filter presents a problem as the material may be plaque or thrombus. We report a case that required the use of the Angiojet catheter to remove debris outside the CPD.
Matlung Hanke L - - 2009
Transglutaminases play an important role in vascular smooth muscle cell-induced calcification in vitro. In this study, we determined whether these enzymes are also involved in human atherosclerotic calcification using nine carotid artery specimens obtained at endarterectomy. Sections of the carotid artery specimens were registered to micro-computed tomography images and stained ...
Lazoura O - - 2011
To evaluate and compare morphology, distribution and orientation of atherosclerotic plaques at the coronary arteries between patients with low and intermediate pre-test probability of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) by non-invasive coronary angiography using 128-Multi Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT). The study included 120 patients divided into two groups according to ...
Sugioka Kenichi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Neopterin is an activation marker for monocytes/macrophages, and circulating levels of neopterin are elevated in patients with coronary complex lesions in unstable angina pectoris. We investigated the possible association between neopterin and complex carotid plaques which may be associated with the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with stable ...
Teng Zhongzhao - - 2009
Atherosclerotic plaque may rupture without warning causing heart attack or stroke. Knowledge of the ultimate strength of human atherosclerotic tissues is essential for understanding the rupture mechanism and predicting cardiovascular events. Despite its great importance, experimental data on ultimate strength of human atherosclerotic carotid artery remains very sparse. This study ...
Saur Stefan C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate spatial plaque distribution patterns in coronary arteries based on computed tomography coronary angiography data sets and to express the learned patterns in prediction rules. An application is proposed to use these prediction rules for the detection of initially missed plaques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty two ...
Kwon Taek-Geun - - 2009
Carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) has recently been recommended as a non-invasive tool for primary prevention of cardiovascular events; the association between CIMT and adverse cardiovascular events is well-known. We sought to evaluate the prevalence and significance of carotid artery plaque, especially in patients with coronary atherosclerosis. The study population ...
Lee Wang-Soo - - 2009
The relation of Nogo-B to atherosclerotic plaque progression is not well understood. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the expression of Nogo-B in fibroatheromas (FA) of different stages, classified using virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) analysis in 19 autopsied cases of non-sudden cardiac death. VH-IVUS imaging analysis ...
Shi Hairong - - 2009
We have previously reported on the equivalent scatterer size, attenuation coefficient, and axial strain properties of atherosclerotic plaque ex vivo. Since plaque structure and composition may be damaged during a carotid endarterectomy procedure, characterization of in vivo properties of atherosclerotic plaque is essential. The relatively shallow depth of the carotid ...
Connelly Elizabeth Alvarez - - 2009
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign vascular tumors of childhood. IH of "segmental" morphology, are clusters of hemangiomas with a configuration involving a broad anatomic territory of skin. They are the least common of all types and generally larger than regular hemangiomas, morphologically characterized as plaque-like lesions. Head ...
Dandona Sonny - - 2009
The manifestations of coronary artery disease are varied. They all arise as a consequence of the deposition of atherosclerotic plaque within the vessel wall. The most feared sequela of coronary artery disease is sudden and unexpected death in the ostensibly healthy patient. Plaque rupture of hemodynamically insignificant atherosclerotic plaques and ...
Khurana Dheeraj - - 2009
A mobile plaque in the carotid artery is an uncommon entity, usually detected incidentally on a carotid duplex scan or angiography. It is associated with an indeterminate risk of an embolic stroke and should be managed on an emergent basis. We report here a case of a mobile plaque in ...
Chu Baocheng - - 2009
Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability and is the third most common cause of death in the U.S. and western countries. Twenty percent of strokes are thought to arise from the carotid artery. Histopathological studies have suggested that plaque disruption is a key factor in the etiology of ...
de Labriolle Axel - - 2009
The degree of carotid stenosis (%ST) remains the most frequently used parameter for identifying patients with high risk of stroke but the relationship between %ST and the occurrence of stroke remains controversial. The objectives of this study were to check (1) the relationship between the %ST and the plaque volume ...
Loffroy Romaric - - 2009
There is a need to identify diabetic patients at risk of cardiovascular events before symptom onset. To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of coronary atherosclerotic plaques in asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients with coronary risk factors but without known coronary artery disease, using multidetector computed tomography. High-resolution 40-slice coronary computed ...
Russo Cesare - - 2009
Proximal aortic plaques are a risk factor for vascular embolic events. However, this association in the general population is unclear. We sought to assess whether proximal aortic plaques are associated with vascular events in a community-based cohort. Stroke-free subjects from the Aortic Plaques and Risk of Ischemic Stroke (APRIS) study ...
Bayrak Fatih - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the characteristics of myocardial bridging (MB) using 64-slice computed tomography and to demonstrate the association between atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) and MB. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 990 consecutive patients who underwent multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) coronary angiography for suspected or ...
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