Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1510
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Suzuki Makoto - - 2006
Since positive coronary artery remodeling with large plaque burden is associated with subsequent coronary events, the authors tested their hypothesis that secondary prevention of coronary events by a statin may be associated with inhibition of the process of positive coronary artery remodeling in underlying coronary atherosclerotic lesions in patients with ...
Hosokawa Ryohei - - 2006
Detection of vulnerable plaques before rupture is important in preventing acute coronary events such as myocardial infarction. Although therapeutic strategies such as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty appear to prevent coronary occlusion and consequently may lead to improved prognosis in these patients, a method of detecting vulnerable plaques has not been ...
Movahed Mohammad-Reza - - 2006
Current classification systems of coronary bifurcation lesions are confusing and difficult to memorize. As coronary revascularization techniques become increasingly complex, it is important to establish a universal classification system. This manuscript proposes a simplified classification system that uses a combination of letters and numbers to provide a clinically relevant anatomic ...
Hartmann Marc - - 2006
Serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) measurements of coronary vessel dimensions are major endpoints of studies focusing on pharmacological interventions, efficiency of drug eluting stents, and vascular remodeling. In serial studies measurement variability among different IVUS devices may cause substantial misinterpretation and error. We analyzed 33 human coronary plaques in vitro using ...
Caplan Jay D - - 2006
This review describes efforts to use near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to identify chemical components of coronary artery plaques as a means to assess vulnerability. Near-infrared spectroscopy has been well-validated by the physical sciences as a method to characterize chemical composition of various bio-materials and could be ideal to detect vulnerable coronary ...
Falk Erling - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is a multifocal, smoldering, immunoinflammatory disease of medium-sized and large arteries fuelled by lipids. Endothelial cells, leukocytes, and intimal smooth muscle cells are the major players in the development of this disease. The most devastating consequences of atherosclerosis, such as heart attack and stroke, are caused by superimposed thrombosis. ...
DeMaria Anthony N - - 2006
Diagnostic techniques to identify vulnerable plaques are rapidly evolving. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has the ability to detect and localize plaque as well as quantitate plaque burden. Recent IVUS studies have suggested that patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes have an approximate 25% incidence of additional ruptured plaques in arteries other ...
Li Hai-yan - - 2006
It is unclear to what extent the "Glagov phenomenon" occurs in transplant coronary artery disease (TCAD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between intimal hyperplasia and compensatory enlargement in TCAD. Intravascular ultrasound imaging was performed on 190 cardiac transplant recipients at (1.4 +/- 0.6) months and ...
Barbey Frédéric - - 2006
AIM: Fabry disease is considered primarily as a progressive small vessel disease, with ischaemic degenerative lesions involving the kidneys, brain and heart. Macrovascular involvement in male patients includes an accelerated wall hypertrophy of the radial artery and a thickening of the intima-media of the common carotid artery. The aim of ...
Arai Syouichi - - 2006
PURPOSE: We investigated the incidence, degree, and plaque characteristics of extracranial carotid stenosis with carotid ultrasonography (CUS) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative CUS was performed on 221 patients (442 carotid arteries) undergoing CABG. The degree of extracranial carotid stenosis was calculated based on ...
Bilora Franca - - 2006
Whether carriers of hemophilia are protected against the development of atherosclerosis is controversial. In a case-control study, the presence of atherosclerosis was assessed and quantified with echo-color Doppler of all explorable arterial districts in 50 carriers of hemophilia and in 50 age-matched control individuals. All participants submitted to echo-color Doppler ...
Li Zhi-Yong - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute cerebral ischemic events are associated with rupture of vulnerable carotid atheroma and subsequent thrombosis. Factors such as luminal stenosis and fibrous cap thickness have been thought to be important risk factors for plaque rupture. We used a flow-structure interaction model to simulate the interaction between blood ...
Cagnie Barbara - - 2006
The presence of atherosclerotic plaques and their influence on the vertebral artery is of clinical importance within the scope of spinal manipulation. Manipulation may stimulate the development of atherosclerotic plaques, could detach an embolus with ensuing infarction, injure the endothelium or may directly cause a dissection in the presence of ...
Sakakura Kenichi - - 2006
Noninvasive characterization of coronary plaques is challenging for cardiologists. The authors' goal was to explore the clinical feasibility of newly developed 16-slice computed tomography (CT) in tissue characterization of coronary arterial plaques in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Sixteen patients with acute coronary syndrome underwent 16-slice CT (Aquillion, Toshiba) and ...
Kaneda Hideaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous long-term (>1 year) studies have suggested that saphenous vein bypass grafts (SVGs) undergo vascular remodeling similar to native coronary arteries. However, early morphologic stages of SVG remodeling have not been characterized in vivo. METHODS: Thirty SVGs were studied 12 months after implantation using an intravascular ultrasound automated pullback ...
Reddy Hanumanth K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery remodeling implies structural changes in the vessel wall in response to various pathophysiologic conditions. However, the classification of remodeling is unclear. We hypothesized that the adaptive, positive-outward remodeling is a reactive and compensatory response to the stress. The maladaptive negative-inward constrictive remodeling is a passive atherosclerotic condition ...
Conen Katrin L - - 2006
A woman with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus presented with extensive bilateral strokes due to acute inflammatory, occlusive large vessel disease affecting several aortic branches including the carotid, subclavian, renal, and iliac arteries. We quantitatively characterized the arterial inflammation in this patient and compared it with the inflammatory infiltrates ...
Desai Milind Y - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized societies, and its incidence is projected to increase in the future. Because the atherosclerotic process begins in the vessel wall, the focus of cardiovascular imaging is shifting from the arterial lumen to imaging of the vessel wall, with the ...
Tawakol Ahmed - - 2006
We have previously shown that a conjugate (MA-ce6) between maleylated serum albumin and the photosensitizer chlorin(e6) (ce6) is targeted in vitro to macrophages via class A scavenger receptors. We now report on the ability of this conjugate to localize in macrophage-rich atherosclerotic plaques in vivo. Both the conjugate and the ...
Kaklikkaya Islam - - 2006
It has been suggested that chronic infections may have a role in both the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. While the majority of available data are focused on coronary artery disease, our aim was to investigate the presence of Chlamydia pneumoniae and Helicobacter pylori in samples from aortoiliac occlusive disease. ...
Okane Kumiko - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to depict( 18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG) accumulation in atherosclerotic lesions of the thoracic and carotid arteries on CT and MR images by means of automatic co-registration software. METHODS: Fifteen hospitalised men suffering cerebral infarction or severe carotid stenosis requiring surgical treatment participated in this ...
Sigurdardottir Vilborg - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that circulating markers of inflammation (high-sensitive C-reactive protein, hsCRP) and oxidative modification of lipids (oxidized low-density lipoprotein, oxLDL) were associated with the occurrence of echolucent rather than echogenic femoral artery plaques in a cross-sectional population based cohort of 513, ...
Takaya Norihide - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MRI is able to quantify carotid plaque size and composition with good accuracy and reproducibility and provides an opportunity to prospectively examine the relationship between plaque features and subsequent cerebrovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that the characteristics of carotid plaque, as assessed by MRI, are possible ...
Nicholls Stephen J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between atheroma regression and arterial wall remodeling. BACKGROUND: Infusion of reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (rHDL) containing recombinant apolipoprotein A-I Milano (AIM) has been reported to promote rapid regression of coronary atherosclerosis. The current study analyzed intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to define ...
Ramaswamy S D - - 2006
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is characterized by the progression of atherosclerosis, a complex pathological process involving the initiation, deposition, development, and breakdown of the plaque. The blood flow mechanics in arteries play a critical role in the targeted locations and progression of atherosclerotic plaque. In coronary arteries with motion during ...
Shikhaliev Polad M - - 2006
Approximately 70% of acute coronary artery disease is caused by unstable (vulnerable) plaques with an inflammation of the overlying cap and high lipid content. A rupturing of the inflamed cap of the plaque results in propagation of the thrombus into the lumen, blockage of the artery and acute ischaemic syndrome ...
Koizumi Tomomi - - 2006
Secondary prevention of plaque rupture following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndrome is not well studied. This case report describes a 53-year-old man who experienced plaque rupture between two previously successfully implanted stents in the right coronary artery, as documented during the 3rd intervention using intravascular ultrasound.
Meissner Oliver A - - 2006
PURPOSE: Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a new imaging modality that provides microstructural information on atherosclerotic plaques and has an axial resolution of 10-20 microm. OCT of coronary arteries characterizes different atherosclerotic plaque components by their distinctive signal patterns. Peripheral human arteries were examined ex vivo by means of ...
Ehara Shoichi - - 2006
Calcification is a common finding in human coronary arteries. However, there is conflicting evidence for a link between calcification and plaque instability. Current intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) technology allows a definitive detection of the calcification and measurement of the vessel wall. Using preinterventional IVUS images, we clarified that in patients with ...
Hayashi K K Department of Neurosurgery, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, - - 2006
In the safety stenting, it is important to get to know the characteristics of a plaque. In petrous carotid artery stenosis, it is difficult to know the characteristics of the plaque.We paid our attention to the MPRAGE (Magnetization Prepared Rapid Acquisition with Gradient Echo) method on high resolving power MRI. ...
Valgimigli Marco - - 2006
AIMS: Relative plaque composition, more than its morphology alone, is thought to play a pivotal role in determining propensity to vulnerability. Thus, we investigated in vivo whether the distance from coronary ostium to plaque location independently affects plaque composition in humans. This may help explaining the recently reported non-uniform distribution ...
Rodgers Kenneth J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Lysosomal proteinases have been implicated in a number of pathologies associated with extracellular matrix breakdown. Therefore, we investigated the possibility that the lysosomal proteinase cathepsin S may be involved in atherosclerotic plaque destabilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atherosclerotic plaques in the brachiocephalic arteries of fat-fed apolipoprotein E/cathepsin S double knockout ...
Carrascosa Patricia M - - 2006
Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) provides 3-dimensional noninvasive visualization of the coronary arterial tree. We compared MDCT with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for assessment of severity of coronary artery stenosis and composition of atherosclerotic plaques in 40 patients (32 men; mean age 52 years, range 33 to 86) with documented coronary artery ...
Birchall Daniel - - 2006
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) provides a means for the quantitative analysis of haemodynamic disturbances in vivo, but most work has used phantoms or idealised geometry. Our purpose was to use CFD to analyse flow in carotid atherosclerosis using patient-specific geometry and flow data. Eight atherosclerotic carotid arteries and one healthy ...
Pregowski Jerzy - - 2006
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been used to describe ruptured plaques in saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) and native coronary arteries. We compared clinical, angiographic, and IVUS features of ruptured atherosclerotic plaques in SVGs and native coronary arteries. We identified 95 plaque ruptures in 76 SVGs in 73 patients. These lesions and ...
Tomonori Tamaki - - 2006
Stiffening and thickening of the arterial walls are two important components of atherosclerosis. A better understanding of the relationship between stiffening and thickening of the large arteries might lead to optimal strategies for the prevention of cerebrovascular disease. However, there have been few investigations of the correlation between carotid artery ...
Chu Baocheng - - 2006
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can characterize carotid atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate reader agreement of carotid atherosclerotic lesion types by CMR. METHODS: Carotid arteries of 34 patients (29 men, 5 women; mean age, 53 years) were imaged on a 1.5-T scanner. Images with 4 contrast ...
Devuyst Gérald - - 2006
Not so long ago atherosclerotic plaque formation was considered to be the consequence of a slow, ongoing process leading to artery stenosis or occlusion. Now it is well recognized that arterial narrowing and occlusion develop rapidly after the rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque. Thus, the assessment of the vulnerability of ...
Trøseid M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A variety of methods are available to assess arterial wall properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between some of the biochemical, functional and structural measurements of arterial wall characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 563 elderly men at high risk of coronary heart ...
Bosevski Marijan - - 2006
The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA IMT) in the prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease referred for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in a newly made prognostic model. 63 patients (age 60.36 +/- ...
Jono Shuichi - - 2006
Vascular calcification is often encountered in advanced atherosclerotic lesions and is a common consequence of aging. Calcification of the coronary arteries has been positively correlated with coronary atherosclerotic plaque burden, increased risk of myocardial infarction, and plaque instability. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have two to five times more coronary ...
Cucuianu A - - 2006
Patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are at risk of developing arterial and venous thromboembolic complications. Given the complex interaction between blood cells and the vessel wall, it is possible that atherogenesis may also be accelerated in these patients. We used Doppler arterial ultrasound to assess the ...
Gayzik F Scott - - 2006
A technique for developing a structured, hexahedral and quadrilateral mesh for use in finite element analyses of the carotid artery is presented. The model is reconstructed from 270 Computed Tomography (CT) images (slice thickness 0.625mm) of a 57 year old male subject and extends from the arch of the aorta ...
Charvat J - - 2006
This study aimed to evaluate whether there was any association between carotid artery ultrasound parameters and the results of stress myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and coronarography in 126 asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients. Thirty-three (26%) patients had an abnormal SPECT result, 33 (26%) had an intermediate result ...
Chiu Bernard B Robarts Res. Inst., London, Ont. - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process similar to scar formation in the inner wall of the artery. It is the underlying cause of heart attacks and some strokes. Atherosclerotic lesions in the artery wall are called plaques. 3D ultrasound (US) has been used to monitor the progression of carotid vessel plaques ...
Dollery Clare M - - 2006
Rapidly accumulating evidence points to the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) as major molecular mediators of arterial diseases. Findings from human pathological specimens, animals, and cell and molecular biology implicate matrix metalloproteinases in all stages of atherosclerosis including lesion initiation and progression and ultimately in plaque complication and triggering of thrombosis. The ...
Rossi Andrea - - 2006
The instability of atherosclerotic plaque is partly determined by local factors, but systemic factors such as infection, inflammation, autoimmunity or genes might also be important. We aimed to analyze whether patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) might have a higher proportion of unstable plaques in the carotid arteries compared with ...
Zureik Mahmoud - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The results of experimental studies have suggested that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), are involved in vascular remodeling. In a population-based study, we report the relationships of serum TIMP-1 with carotid intima-media thickness, carotid plaques and aortic arterial stiffness. METHODS: Free health ...
Lisowska Anna - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Clinically evident atherosclerosis is preceded by preclinical changes in the arterial wall. These changes are characterised by increased thickness of the intima-media complex (IMT). AIMS: A complex ultrasound assessment of the peripheral vessels as well as an attempt to find ultrasound parameters correlating with the burden of atherosclerotic lesions ...
Lin S - - 2005
Lower extremity peripheral vascular disease has a broad spectrum of presentations, ranging from intermittent claudication, rest pain, to limb threatening tissue loss and gangrene. Over the last 10 to 15 years, short focal stenoses or occlusions have been treated using endovascular techniques, but conventional angioplasty and stenting is limited by ...
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