Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1614
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Nadeau Réginald - - 2007
In anesthetized dogs both epi-and endocardial atrial activation maps and corresponding isointegral repolarization maps were created before and during right or left mediastinal nerve (RMN and LMN) and cervical vagus nerve (CVN) stimulation. Right mediastinal nerve stimulation typically caused sinus slowing, atrial tachycardia (AT), followed by atrial fibrillation (AF). Activation ...
Hadjicostas Panayiotis T - - 2007
PURPOSE: The difference in ultimate strength between the quadriceps and patellar tendon could be reflected by different morphologic features. METHODS: Standardized samples of quadriceps and patellar tendons were harvested from 20 cadavers and were investigated via light and electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and morphometry. The thickness of collagen fibrils, fibril-interstitium ratio, ...
Kodama Takahide - - 2008
We report a case of a 68-year-old man who had dialysis-related amyloidosis. The patient underwent neck surgery due to spondyloarthritis. Unfortunately he died after the surgery in sepsis. The preoperative routine echocardiography didn't suggest cardiac involvement of amyloidosis. However, the pathological findings in autopsy revealed severe amyloid depositions of both ...
Bertaglia Emanuele - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data on the procedural safety of pulmonary vein radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) are as yet scant. OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to prospectively evaluate the incidence of early complications of pulmonary vein ablation for AF in an unselected population of consecutive patients, and ...
Barker Claire - - 2007
An intact atrial septum places infants with hypoplasia of the left heart into a group with an extremely high rate of mortality. We report a neonate, diagnosed antenatally, who was delivered by Caesarian section in the cardiac theatre, urgently placed onto cardiopulmonary bypass, and who then underwent an atrial septectomy ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare the efficacy and collateral damage during pulmonary vein (PV) isolation in a canine model using three different ablation strategies. METHODS: Normal dogs (three each) were randomized to high power (70 W, 20 seconds, 60 degrees C, Hi), medium power (50 W, 60 seconds, 50 degrees ...
Soleimani Aliakbar - - 2008
Left atrial appendage aneurysm is a rare abnormality and a diagnostic dilemma in patients with cardiomegaly. Patients most commonly present with atrial tachyarrhythmias and thromboembolic events. Resection of the aneurysm is usually curative. We report herein the case of a 27-year-old man with massive left atrial appendage aneurysm diagnosed incidentally ...
Kuo Jen-Yuan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate production or release of CNP in individuals without CHF. METHODS: Nineteen patients with symptomatic paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and normal left ventricular systolic function were enrolled into the study. Blood samples were collected from the coronary sinus (CS), the femoral artery ...
Derntl Michael - - 2007
Two female patients undergoing left atrial radiofrequency catheter ablation developed Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy. This reversible form of left ventricular dysfunction is known to occur under conditions associated with marked sympathetic nervous activation. Radiofrequency catheter ablation in the left atrium can damage autonomic ganglionated plexi, leading to vagal withdrawal, thus resulting in ...
Bédard Christian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Thrombosis and arterial thromboembolism are frequent complications of feline cardiomyopathy, especially when associated with left atrial enlargement. Markers of activated coagulation may be used to evaluate the coagulation status of cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in relation to left atrial size. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to ...
Nakamura Takeshi - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation is associated with the increased incidence of morbidities and mortality. Predisposing determinants of atrial fibrillation development after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting remain unclear. We hypothesized that pericardial fluid natriuretic peptide concentrations have a predictive value for developing postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients who have undergone ...
Ho Ivan - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: With the increasing use of pre-procedural imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their integration with electroanatomic mapping systems in catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF), atypical anatomy of the pulmonary veins (PV), left atrium (LA) and their relationship to the thoracic aorta is increasingly recognized. OBJECTIVE: ...
Kato Masaru - - 2007
A 36-year-old woman presented with drug-refractory atrial tachycardia. During the tachycardia episodes, P waves were positive in leads II, III, aVF, and V1, while they were negative in leads I and aVL. It was hard to determine whether the origin was the left atrial appendage or left superior pulmonary vein ...
Nakai Motoki - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the effects of combined radiofrequency ablation and transcatheter arterial embolization with iodized oil on ablation time, maximum output, coagulation diameter, and portal angiography in a porcine liver model. METHODS: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was applied to in vivo livers of 10 normal pigs using a 17-gauge 3.0 cm ...
Scholz Eberhard P - - 2007
In a routine ECG from a young asymptomatic woman, changes in P-wave morphology and the frontal plane atrial vector were noted. Two-dimensional echocardiography revealed a large atrial septal aneurysm as probable underlying cause. This case report demonstrates that non-specific right atrial ECG signs may be indicative of lone atrial septal ...
Ejima Koichiro - - 2007
Irregular tachycardias mimicking atrial fibrillation (AF) have previously been described. We report a case of a 60-year-old man with an antiarrhythmic drug-resistant atrial tachycardia (AT) mimicking AF. The tachycardia consisted of two distinct ATs with interference of one repetitive AT with another sustained AT. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation of two distinct ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) morphology of common atrial tachycardias (ATs) that occur after pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. BACKGROUND: Focal ATs from reconnected PVs and macroreentrant mitral annular (MA) flutter are the most common form of ATs occurring after PV isolation. METHODS: ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2007
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) guided by circumferential mapping has been established as a curative treatment of atrial fibrillation. In the PVI technique, two transseptal catheters are necessary for mapping and catheter ablation. The one-puncture, double-transseptal catheterization manoeuvre is generally used in the PVI technique. However, to the best of our ...
Su P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Occlusion of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is thought to reduce the risk of thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the LAA and its relationship to neighbouring structures that may be put at risk when intervening to occlude its os. METHODS: 31 heart specimens were ...
Scherr Daniel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) have been reported as ablative targets for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the process of CFAE identification is highly dependent on the operator's judgment. OBJECTIVE: It is the aim of the study to report our initial experience with a novel software algorithm ...
Tada Hiroshi - - 2007
We describe two cases of swallowing-induced tachyarrhythmias that were cured by radiofrequency ablation (RFCA) using a non-contact mapping system (NCMS). In both patients, tachyarrhythmias occurred during swallowing solids and liquids, and mapping and ablation of the arrhythmia using the NCMS was attempted during swallowing a rice ball. During a premature ...
Arya Arash - - 2007
Outflow tract ventricular tachycardias (OT-VTs) re the most common form of idiopathic VTs. In>80-90% of cases OT-VT originates from the right ventricular outflow tract, however, other origins like the septum, the left ventricular outflow tract, the pulmonary artery, the aortic sinus of Valsalva, the area near the His bundle, and ...
Lupinski R W - - 2007
Lymphatics of the heart have not generated any broad or sustained interests among clinicians. Few publications on cardiac lymphatics are available, anatomy not routinely known and the true role of cardiac lymphatics remains doubtful. One important anatomical concept needing clarification is that of the lymphatic nature of conduction tissue. Sino-atrial ...
Puskas John - - 2007
A 46-year-old woman with a 7-year history of profoundly symptomatic daily paroxysmal atrial fibrillation had undergone two percutaneous catheter ablations and multiple medication trials. With informed consent, bilateral pulmonary vein isolation and left atrial appendage occlusion as well as ablation of ganglionated plexi were performed by a totally thoracoscopic technique ...
Leeson Paul - - 2007
Transesophageal echocardiography was requested for a 20-year-old woman admitted to the intensive care department after being involved, as a restrained driver, in a road traffic accident. During the study a striking abnormality was noted around the left atrial appendage and left upper pulmonary vein. The clinical history of blunt chest ...
Wu Joseph C - - 2007
A 59-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital after having severe headache for 1 day. Her medical history was significant for coronary artery disease, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, and rheumatic heart disease. The patient was in remission from stage II left breast cancer (T2 N0 M0) in 1997, treated with lumpectomy, ...
El-Chami Mikhael F - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia and a leading cause of stroke. Warfarin reduces the incidence of thromboemboli and is recommended for most patients with AF. However, oral anticoagulation is contraindicated or not tolerated by a significant percentage of patients with AF. Occlusion of the left atrial ...
Ren Jian-Fang - - 2007
Catheter-based radiofrequency ablation in the left heart can provide effective therapy for tachyarrhythmias. The recent development of the real time intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) with 2D and Doppler color flow imaging can facilitate left heart ablation procedures. This report reviews the use of ICE during radiofrequency catheter ablation procedures for atrial ...
Reithmann Christopher - - 2007
The NavX system was used to guide mapping and successful ablation of a reciprocating antidromic tachycardia involving anterograde conduction over a nodo-fascicular fibre and retrograde conduction over the His bundle and AV node. This novel mapping system allowed visualization of the lower insertion site of the nodo-fascicular accessory pathway approximately ...
Karayannis George - - 2008
Systolic heart failure (HF) is a progressive disorder that often begins with asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and culminates in symptoms from fluid overload and poor end-organ perfusion. The progression to symptomatic HF is accompanied by marked activation of neurohormonal and cytokine systems, as well as a series of ...
Ryu Kyungmoo - - 2007
The canine sterile pericarditis model is characterized by impaired conduction and atrial arrhythmia vulnerability. Electrical and structural remodeling processes caused by the inflammatory response likely promote these abnormalities. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that altered distribution of atrial connexins is associated with markedly abnormal atrial conduction, thereby ...
Gong Yunfan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying paroxysmal atrial flutter/atrial fibrillation initiation by ectopic foci from various locations are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used parallel computational techniques to study an anatomically accurate 3-dimensional atrial structure incorporating a detailed ionic-current model of an atrial myocyte. At the single-cell level, upregulation of the L-type ...
Oh Yu Whan - - 2007
This article has been removed, consistent with Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause.
Imperiale D - - 2007
We describe a 63-year-old man in sinus rhythm (SR) with an ischaemic stroke involving basal ganglia region on the right side. The patient was known to be heterozygous for factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation. On diagnostic work-up, no arterial sources of embolism were found. Transoesophageal echocardiography evidenced a left atrial ...
Beall Jennifer W - - 2007
A 65-year-old Caucasian male with a shellfish allergy developed atrial fibrillation and hypotension after coronary artery bypass and duodenal ulcer surgery. Following electrical cardioversion, oral amiodarone was continued chronically without an allergic reaction. There is a common misconception that a shellfish allergy correlates to an iodine allergy. There is little ...
Ciarka Agnieszka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We have reported previously that the sympathetic nervous system is activated in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and that this is only partly explained by a decrease in arterial oxygenation. Possible causes for increased muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in patients with PAH include right atrial distension and ...
Donnino Robert - - 2008
A 79-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis underwent aortic valve replacement surgery, and had ligation of the left atrial appendage (LAA) using an epicardial approach. On a post-operative echocardiographic evaluation, the distal portion of the LAA was excluded, leaving no communication with the left atrium. The proximal portion of the ...
Schneider Carsten - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) has been described as a complication after primary catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (Afib). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as follow-up tool after catheter ablation of Afib and interventional therapy of PVS and pulmonary vein occlusion ...
Ohkubo Kimie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic prolonged sinus pauses upon termination of atrial fibrillation (AF) are an indication for pacemaker implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the clinical outcomes of 4 patients who showed prolonged sinus pauses (> 2 seconds) upon termination of AF and thus underwent ablation. The ablative procedure included pulmonary vein ...
Ajiki Kohsuke - - 2007
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) was observed in a 13-year-old male patient with complex clinical features that included univentricular heart with single atrium, pulmonary atresia, and polysplenia syndrome. During electrophysiologic study, atrial burst stimuli reproducibly induced and terminated the SVT, while the occurrence of ventriculoatrial block did not interrupt the SVT. His ...
Shan Qijun - - 2007
We detail findings in a patient with incessant idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT), induced cardiomyopathy, and an "electrical storm" consisting of recurrent polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT). Catheter ablation not only eradicated the ILVT, but also additionally suppressed recurrent PVT. These findings suggest that the recurrent PVT storm in this patient ...
Liu Tong - - 2008
The interplay between left atrial (LA) dilatation and atrial fibrillation (AF) has been well established, but the underlying mechanisms of this vicious circle are not fully understood. Recent studies indicated that pulmonary vein (PV) dilatation is implicated in the development of AF. On the other hand, PV dilatation has been ...
Thomas Stuart P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Wide electrical pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with two separate rings of ablation requires extensive ablation on the posterior left atrial wall close to the esophagus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of PVI using a single ring of radiofrequency ablation lesions. METHODS: Irrigated-tip ablation ...
Baker James H JH - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Intracardiac delay optimization of biventricular and dual-chamber pacing devices currently relies on time-consuming echocardiographic measurements. A novel intracardiac electrogram (IEGM) method for atrioventricular (AV/PV) and interventricular (VV) delay optimization was developed, which can be performed during routine device follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective, nonrandomized, multi-center trial, patients ...
Lacomis Joan M - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac rhythm disturbance and its incidence is increasing. Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is a highly successful therapy for treating AF, and its use is becoming more widespread; however, with its increasing use and evolving technique, known complications are better understood and new complications are ...
Akcay Murat - - 2007
Crista terminalis is a fibromuscular ridge at the posterolateral region of the right atrium (RA). Superiorly localized prominent crista terminalis can mimic pathologic RA mass on transthoracic echocardiograms. Transesophageal echocardiography can be used to differentiate nonpathologic structures from pathologic ones. Besides mimicking RA mass, crista terminalis is an important anatomic ...
Chan Joseph Yat-Sun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Linear microwave ablation has been shown to be effective for treatment of atrial fibrillation during open-heart surgery by producing transmural lesions in the atrium to isolate the pulmonary veins. However, the safety and efficacy of percutaneous, transcatheter, linear microwave ablation for atrial arrhythmias, while demonstrated in animal models, is ...
Benson Mark D - - 2007
The voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channel Kv1.5 mediates the I(Kur) repolarizing current in human atrial myocytes and regulates vascular tone in multiple peripheral vascular beds. Understanding the complex regulation of Kv1.5 function is of substantial interest because it represents a promising pharmacological target for the treatment of atrial fibrillation and hypoxic ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2007
Regular left atrial tachycardias are a frequent complication of atrial fibrillation ablation procedures. The arrhythmia mechanism appears to be due to focal pulmonary vein reentry in patients who undergo only electrically guided pulmonary vein isolation. The most common site of origin is the septal and inferior aspect of the right ...
Klemm Hanno U - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of three-dimensional mapping systems is affected by cardiac contraction and respiration. OBJECTIVE: The study sought to determine relative motion of cardiac and thoracic structures to assess positional errors and guide the choice of an optimized spatial reference. METHODS: Motion of catheters placed at the coronary sinus (CS), ...
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