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Williams K J KJ Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, G380 Veterinary Medical Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, 784 Wilson Rd, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. Email: - - 2014
Progressive lung fibrosis in humans, typified by idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in people. Similar diseases have been described in dogs, cats, and horses. The cause and pathogenesis of such diseases in all species is poorly understood. There is growing evidence in human ...
Nagel Maria A MA Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
With a decline in varicella zoster virus (VZV)-specific cell-mediated immunity, VZV can reactivate, infect cerebral arteries and cause stroke. Previous studies of cerebral arteries from subjects without a history of transient ischemic attacks or stroke revealed no VZV DNA or VZV antigen; however, VZV DNA and VZV antigen were found ...
Raman Lavanya L Barking Havering Redbridge University Hospital NHS Trust, Ilford, Essex, - - 2014
A 29-year-old man presented with sudden left-sided pleuritic chest pain on a background of sore throat during the preceding week. On examination he had tender cervical lymphadenopathy, he was tachycardic and had a 24 mm Hg blood pressure difference between the left and right arms. Bloods revealed deranged liver function ...
Nagel Maria A MA Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, - - 2013
To address the incidence of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in patients with biopsy-negative giant cell arteritis (GCA), we examined archived biopsy-negative temporal arteries from subjects with clinically suspected GCA for the presence of VZV antigen. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded temporal arteries that were pathologically negative for GCA and normal temporal arteries were ...
Kim Min-Ji - - 2013
A healthy, 66-year-old, right-handed man was admitted to our university hospital and diagnosed with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). After 4weeks, he complained of hemichorea on his left side. Brain MRI showed a focal hemorrhage in the right subthalamic area. No evidence of aneurysmal lesion or cerebral angiitis was observed on ...
Mathias Marc M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, - - 2013
We describe a 54-year-old diabetic woman who developed ischemic optic neuropathy followed by acute retinal necrosis and multiple areas of focal venous beading. Vitreous fluid contained amplifiable VZV DNA but not HSV-1, CMV or toxoplasma DNA. The clinical presentation was remarkable for jaw claudication and intermittent scalp pain, prompting a ...
Yasuda Chiharu - - 2013
A 35-years-old right-handed man admitted to our hospital with a worsening of dysarthria, left facial palsy and left hemiparesis for 2 days. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was diagnosed when he was 28 years old. At that time, he also was treated for syphilis. After highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) was ...
Chen Wei-Hsi - - 2012
Although a previous or recent history of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection is known to increase the risk of stroke in both children and adults, the influence of zoster sine herpetic remains unclear. We report an immunocompetent man with common cold symptoms and conjunctivitis, followed by an acute onset of bulbar ...
Chitsaz Sam - - 2012
The quantification of incidentally found aortic valve calcification on computed tomography (CT) is not performed routinely, as data relating to the accuracy of aortic valve calcium for estimating the severity of aortic stenosis (AS) is neither consistent nor validated. As aortic valve calcium quantification by CT is confounded by wall ...
Purroy Francisco - - 2012
Increased common carotid artery intima-media thickness has been associated with an increased risk of vascular ischemic events. We investigated the relationship between common carotid artery intima-media thickness and extracranial vascular events (coronary heart disease and peripheral arterial disease) or stroke recurrence in a cohort of transient ischemic attack patients from ...
Verma Rajesh - - 2012
Varicella zoster virus (VZV)-induced vasculopathy is an uncommon cause of stroke in a young immunocompetent host. Owing to scarcity of data of VZV-induced vasculopathy and lack of awareness about this condition and its diagnostic test, these cases may be easily missed. In this case, we report an immunocompetent host presenting ...
Montalcini Tiziana - - 2012
Experimental studies suggested that high serum calcium may be important in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases. Since calcium seems to affect specifically the cerebrovascular district, aim of this study was to determine the relation between serum calcium levels, within normal range, and subclinical atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries, in a ...
Eklund Charlotte - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The radial artery wall structure can be measured with non-invasive very high-resolution ultrasound with great feasibility and high accuracy. In the present study, we aim to explore clinical correlates of radial artery intima-media thickness (rIMT), in a relatively large patient cohort with suspected coronary artery disease, and further compare ...
Finegold Judith - - 2011
Pulsus bisferiens is Latin for 'beat twice'. This describes the pulse where two systolic beats are palpated each cardiac cycle with an interposed mid-systolic dip. The earliest reference to the pulsus bisferiens is an edition of Galen's de Pulsibus, published in 1532. Galen was insistent that the pulsus bisferiens is ...
Stein James H - - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
- - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
Inaba Yoichi - - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
von Schacky Clemens - - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
Korkmaz Levent - - 2011
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity. Consecutive patients (n = 360) with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography were enrolled. Mean CIMT and the overall SYNTAX score (SXscore) were 0.87 ± 0.12 mm and 15 ...
Polak Joseph F - - 2011
Intima-media thickness of the walls of the common carotid artery and internal carotid artery may add to the Framingham risk score for predicting cardiovascular events. We measured the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery and the maximum intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery in 2965 members of ...
Viles-Gonzalez Juan F - - 2011
Epicardial coronary injury is by far the most feared complication of epicardial ablation. Little information is available regarding the chronic effects of delivering radiofrequency in the vicinity of large coronary vessels, and the long-term impact of this approach for mapping and ablation on epicardial vessel integrity is poorly understood. Therefore, ...
Fukatsu Mitsuru - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Increased intima-media thickness of carotid arteries is considered as an early indicator of atherosclerosis. The authors here aimed to assess whether tinnitus is associated with such thickening by a cross-sectional approach. METHODS:: A total of 820 male (53.5 ± 9.6 years) and 528 female (54.5 ± 9.7 years) Japanese ...
Wiener Renda Soylemez - - 2011
Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) may improve detection of life-threatening pulmonary embolism (PE), but this sensitive test may have a downside: overdiagnosis and overtreatment (finding clinically unimportant emboli and exposing patients to harms from unnecessary treatment). To assess the impact of CTPA on national PE incidence, mortality, and treatment complications, ...
Soo Hoo Guy W - - 2011
The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of incorporating a mandatory clinical decision rule and selective d-dimer use on the yield of pulmonary CT angiography (CTA). Guidelines incorporating a clinical decision rule (Wells score: range, 0-12.5) and a highly sensitive d-dimer assay as decision points were placed ...
Desai Pranjal P Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724-5071, - - 2011
Recent studies have suggested that endoscopic vein harvest (EVH) compromises graft patency. To test whether the learning curve for EVH alters conduit integrity owing to increased trauma compared with an open harvest, we analyzed the quality and early patency of conduits procured by technicians with varying EVH experience. During coronary ...
Oh Chang-Seok - - 2011
Gestural motions of the hands and fingers are powerful tools for expressing meanings and concepts, and the nervous system has the capacity to retain multiple long-term motor memories, especially including movements of the hands. We developed many sets of successive movements of both hands, referred to as "digit anatomy," and ...
Austermann Martin - - 2011
Abstract A totally endovascular approach to complex aortic aneurysms using fenestrated and branched stent-grafts is a technically demanding alternative to open surgical repair of thoracoabdominal and pararenal aneurysms. Complications of these complex endovascular reconstructions are varied, from dislocation of the stent-graft to occlusion of the target vessels. Based on our ...
Tsimogianni Angeliki M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The initial management of suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) is commonly done in respiratory departments, but is based on clinical prediction rules developed in other settings. OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of established prediction rules for PE in patients with respiratory emergencies. DESIGN: A prospective study MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ...
Cowan Brent - - 2011
We have begun development of an interactive, multi-player serious game for the purpose of training cardiac surgeons, fellows, and residents the series of steps comprising the Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass grafting (OPCAB) surgical procedure. It is hypothesized that by learning the OPCAB procedure in a "first-person-shooter gaming environment", trainees will ...
Moltzer Els - - 2011
Medial degeneration is a key feature of aneurysm disease and aortic dissection. In a murine aneurysm model we investigated the structural and functional characteristics of aortic wall degeneration in adult fibulin-4 deficient mice and the potential therapeutic role of the angiotensin (Ang) II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor antagonist losartan in ...
Tavassol Frank - - 2011
Preoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer result in changes to the vessels that are used to construct microsurgical anastomoses. The aim of the study was to investigate quantitative changes and HSP70 expression of irradiated neck recipient vessels and transplant vessels used for microsurgical anastomoses. Of ...
Furukawa Kojiro - - 2010
Our study aimed to demonstrate the efficacy of preoperative intraarterial computed tomographic angiography to identify the Adamkiewicz artery (AKA). We also aimed to investigate the impact of identification of the AKA on the strategy for preventing spinal cord injury. Thirty-seven patients (24 cases of descending aortic aneurysms and 13 cases ...
Malvindi Pietro G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aortic false aneurysm is a rare complication after cardiac surgery. Aortic dissection, infection, arterial wall degeneration, and poor surgical technique are recognized as risk factors for the occurrence of postsurgical false aneurysm. Despite some recent reports about percutaneous false aneurysm exclusion, a complex surgical reoperation is needed in most ...
Kim Seong-Hyop - - 2010
Abdominal aortic aneurysms occasionally occur concomitantly with an intracranial artery aneurysm (ICA). The association of an ICA with a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) is relatively rare. A patient with this condition is presented. Coiling of the ICA was not an option preoperatively because of the dissected false lumen of the ...
Mangialardi Nicola - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of combined endovascular and open techniques to eradicate false lumen dilatation in the visceral aortic segment after type B aortic dissection associated with aortic aneurysm. We reviewed eight patients with distal thoracic and abdominal false lumen dilatation treated with a ...
De Praetere Herbert - - 2010
To study the pathophysiology of esophageal necrosis after endoprosthesis was performed for a ruptured aneurysm and to define preventive measures and possible treatment options. A 72-year-old man with thoracoabdominal aneurysm type I and dysphagia underwent an emergent carotico-carotid bypass in combination with thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair starting at a ...
Obitsu Yukio - - 2010
We investigated the surgical results of secondary thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) using the elephant trunk graft after total aortic arch replacement (TAR) for extensive thoracic aortic lesions. The subjects comprised 16 patients who underwent TEVAR as a staged procedure following TAR at our institution between 1997 and 2007. Long-term ...
Vasaiwala Samip - - 2010
We performed transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and computed tomography (CT) on patients with aortic pathology to describe a more anatomically coherent marker on TEE studies by using the celiac artery as a reference. As there are no anatomic markers for the eight-vertebrae long descending thoracic aorta, aortic disease (AD) is routinely ...
Zoli Stefano - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endovascular repair of descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms is an appealing alternative to the standard surgical approach, but precludes revascularization of segmental arteries (SAs). For safer surgical and endovascular repairs, an accurate prediction of the risk of paraplegia in relation to the extent of SA sacrifice is needed. ...
Schwill Simon - - 2010
Pseudoaneurysms and patch aneurysms are life-threatening late complications after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. We treated four patients who presented with a pseudoaneurysm or patch aneurysm involving the descending thoracic portion of a previously implanted TAAA graft. In each patient, stent grafts were placed within the existing graft to cover ...
Fan Jun - - 2010
Recent studies have suggested that inflammation actively participates in ascending aortic aneurysm formation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression changes of adhesion molecules and MMPs in an experimental model of ascending aortic aneurysm induced by ascending aorta banding in Wistar rats. Twelve rats developed aortic ...
Cruz Ricardo Pedrini - - 2010
Historically, tertiary syphilis infection has been the most common cause of thoracic aortic aneurysm, resulting in 5% to 10% of cardiovascular deaths until the era of antibiotics. A 49-year-old Caucasian man presented to our institution with progressive dysphagia, weight loss, incomplete bladder emptying, alcohol and tobacco consumption, systemic arterial hypertension, ...
Mani Kevin - - 2010
Corrective surgery for scoliosis often results in a lengthening of the spinal column and relative change of the position of the adjacent anatomical structures such as the aorta. The extent of these anatomical changes could be affected by the presence of a rigid aortic stent graft in the descending thoracic ...
Arnaoutakis George J GJ Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, John Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, - - 2011
Endovascular technologies represent major advancements in treating descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (DTAA). We compared hospital charges of open thoracic aortic replacement (OTAR) with endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TEVAR). Retrospective analysis of hospital charges related to repair of DTAA (2000-2009). Charges were inflation adjusted for dollars in 2009. There ...
Bambakidis Nicholas C - - 2010
Shortly after the first extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) carotid artery bypass was performed by Yasargil in 1967 for internal carotid artery occlusion, cerebral revascularization became widely accepted in the neurosurgical field, and the procedures became increasingly used as practitioners began to master the technical aspects of the surgery. The procedures ...
Ismail Deema - - 2010
Right descending aortas have been correlated with an increased risk of congenital heart disease. Nevertheless, the aortic position remains a largely overlooked diagnostic tool in second-trimester sonography because no formal system for assessing the position exists. By developing a method of assigning the position of the aorta relative to the ...
Adams Corey - - 2010
The following is a case of a 22-year-old male with recurrent thoracic aneurysms with several constitutional symptoms, including gastrointestinal discomfort, irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance, and a 2-week history of severe lower back pain. The patient underwent an initial thoracoabdominal repair of a visceral aneurysm followed by endovascular repair of ...
Breitenbach Ingo - - 2010
Surgical management of extensive aneurysms of the aorta still remains demanding. Herein, we describe the successful treatment of a 59-year-old Marfan patient with extensive aneurysm of the aorta complicated by bronchomalacia.
Kamiyoshihara Mitsuhiro - - 2010
Cross-clamping the main pulmonary artery (PA) is a risky, stressful procedure for the general thoracic surgeon performing video-assisted thoracic major pulmonary resection (VATS). However, converting VATS to thoracotomy each time PA clamping is planned is a poor tactic. We present a simpler technique for VATS than the traditional method involving ...
Jonker F H W - - 2010
To investigate the impact of hypovolaemic shock on the aortic diameter in a porcine model, and to determine the implications for the endovascular management of hypovolaemic patients with traumatic thoracic aortic injury (TTAI). The circulating blood volume of seven Yorkshire pigs was gradually lowered in 10% increments. At 40% volume ...
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