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Zeng Rongyao R Department of General Surgery, The 175th Hospital PLA (Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xiamen University), No. 269, Zhanghua Middle Road, Zhangzhou, 363000, Fujian, - - 2014
A rare case of the left accessory inferior phrenic artery (IPA) supplying the lesser curvature of the stomach and the right accessory IPA supplying the duodenum was observed during interventional radiography. To our knowledge, variation arteries supplying the stomach and duodenum have never been reported in English literature; herein, we ...
Nakagawara Hisatoshi H Division of Cancer Medicine, Department of Gastroenterologic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-0934, - - 2014
Lymph node metastasis from gallbladder cancer is often found in the pericholedochal area; however, these regional lymph nodes are not typically accompanied by arteries. We hypothesized that the artery accompanying pericholedochal lymph nodes was either the regressed embryonic right hepatic artery (eRHA) or an aberrant right hepatic artery (aRHA) remaining ...
Ravi Ananth A Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA, - - 2014
We report a case of Tetralogy of Fallot with double aortic arch and discontinuous left pulmonary artery, supplied by the ductus arteriosus, a rare entity.
Xiong Lian - - 2014
A 12-year-old Chinese girl was demonstrated multivessel distortion and malformation: aortic coarctation with the narrowest lumen diameter measuring of 4 mm located between the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery, a huge and thin-walled aneurysm is connected to the coarctation, and the descending aorta was distorted. Cerebrovascular revealed ...
Makarovic Zorin - - 2014
Previous studies have demonstrated the relevance of left coronary artery dominance in the outcome and prognosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, no studies have investigated the influence of coronary vessel dominance on non obstructive CAD. The aim of this study was to establish the association of left and ...
Yankol Yucel Y Sisli Memorial Hospital, Organ Transplantation Center, Piyalepasa Bulvari, Okmeydani-Sisli, 34385, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Anatomic variation of the hepatobiliary system is often related to the biliary tract and vascular supply of the liver. We present here one of the smallest accessory hepatobiliary system. The case of a 30-year-old male who was a living liver donor is presented. During the dissection of the portal hilum, ...
Yokoyama J J Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Background:The most significant problem of intra-arterial chemotherapy for advanced paranasal sinus carcinomas and residual cancers supplied by internal carotid artery (ICA) and involving the skull base is the lack of salvage therapies.Objective:The objective of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of intra-arterial chemotherapy including ICA infusion for treating advanced ...
Louw Louise L Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South - - 2014
This retrospective study gives a summary of ophthalmic artery (OA) variations to serve as guidelines for surgical interventionists and trainees. Pubmed and Medline searches were conducted. The OA usually arises intradurally (superomedial, anteromedial, or rarely superolateral) from the internal carotid artery (ICA). Rare extradural origin (primitive dorsal OA) (PDOA) remnant ...
Mazzarella Gennaro G Department of Cardiothoracic and Respiratory Sciences, Second University of Naples/AORN Monaldi, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a rare congenital broncho-pulmonary malformation. The main feature of this disease is that partial lung tissues separate from the main lung during the embryonic period, receiving blood supply from systemic circulation arteries. Pathogenesis of PS is not clear, and categorized into congenital and acquired PS. We ...
Bray T J P TJ Department of Radiology, Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Ermine Street, Papworth Everard, Cambridge CB23 3RE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The impact of absent pulmonary arterial and venous flow on the pulmonary parenchyma depends on a host of factors. These include location of the occlusive insult, the speed at which the occlusion develops and the ability of the normal dual arterial supply to compensate through increased bronchial arterial flow. Pulmonary ...
Kumar Naveen N Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal University , Madhav Nagar, Manipal, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Vascular anomalies of the spleen are usually asymptomatic. However, variant anatomy of splenic artery becomes clinically important, when the patients undergo diagnostic angiography for gastrointestinal bleeding or during transcatheter therapy. We report here a concurrent variant arterial pattern of the spleen. The splenic artery was unusually elongated and excessively tortuous. ...
Williams K J KJ Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, G380 Veterinary Medical Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, 784 Wilson Rd, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. Email: - - 2014
Progressive lung fibrosis in humans, typified by idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in people. Similar diseases have been described in dogs, cats, and horses. The cause and pathogenesis of such diseases in all species is poorly understood. There is growing evidence in human ...
Nagel Maria A MA Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
With a decline in varicella zoster virus (VZV)-specific cell-mediated immunity, VZV can reactivate, infect cerebral arteries and cause stroke. Previous studies of cerebral arteries from subjects without a history of transient ischemic attacks or stroke revealed no VZV DNA or VZV antigen; however, VZV DNA and VZV antigen were found ...
Raman Lavanya L Barking Havering Redbridge University Hospital NHS Trust, Ilford, Essex, - - 2014
A 29-year-old man presented with sudden left-sided pleuritic chest pain on a background of sore throat during the preceding week. On examination he had tender cervical lymphadenopathy, he was tachycardic and had a 24 mm Hg blood pressure difference between the left and right arms. Bloods revealed deranged liver function ...
Nagel Maria A MA Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, - - 2013
To address the incidence of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in patients with biopsy-negative giant cell arteritis (GCA), we examined archived biopsy-negative temporal arteries from subjects with clinically suspected GCA for the presence of VZV antigen. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded temporal arteries that were pathologically negative for GCA and normal temporal arteries were ...
Kim Min-Ji - - 2013
A healthy, 66-year-old, right-handed man was admitted to our university hospital and diagnosed with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). After 4weeks, he complained of hemichorea on his left side. Brain MRI showed a focal hemorrhage in the right subthalamic area. No evidence of aneurysmal lesion or cerebral angiitis was observed on ...
Mathias Marc M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, - - 2013
We describe a 54-year-old diabetic woman who developed ischemic optic neuropathy followed by acute retinal necrosis and multiple areas of focal venous beading. Vitreous fluid contained amplifiable VZV DNA but not HSV-1, CMV or toxoplasma DNA. The clinical presentation was remarkable for jaw claudication and intermittent scalp pain, prompting a ...
Yasuda Chiharu - - 2013
A 35-years-old right-handed man admitted to our hospital with a worsening of dysarthria, left facial palsy and left hemiparesis for 2 days. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was diagnosed when he was 28 years old. At that time, he also was treated for syphilis. After highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) was ...
Chen Wei-Hsi - - 2012
Although a previous or recent history of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection is known to increase the risk of stroke in both children and adults, the influence of zoster sine herpetic remains unclear. We report an immunocompetent man with common cold symptoms and conjunctivitis, followed by an acute onset of bulbar ...
Chitsaz Sam - - 2012
The quantification of incidentally found aortic valve calcification on computed tomography (CT) is not performed routinely, as data relating to the accuracy of aortic valve calcium for estimating the severity of aortic stenosis (AS) is neither consistent nor validated. As aortic valve calcium quantification by CT is confounded by wall ...
Purroy Francisco - - 2012
Increased common carotid artery intima-media thickness has been associated with an increased risk of vascular ischemic events. We investigated the relationship between common carotid artery intima-media thickness and extracranial vascular events (coronary heart disease and peripheral arterial disease) or stroke recurrence in a cohort of transient ischemic attack patients from ...
Verma Rajesh - - 2012
Varicella zoster virus (VZV)-induced vasculopathy is an uncommon cause of stroke in a young immunocompetent host. Owing to scarcity of data of VZV-induced vasculopathy and lack of awareness about this condition and its diagnostic test, these cases may be easily missed. In this case, we report an immunocompetent host presenting ...
Montalcini Tiziana - - 2012
Experimental studies suggested that high serum calcium may be important in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases. Since calcium seems to affect specifically the cerebrovascular district, aim of this study was to determine the relation between serum calcium levels, within normal range, and subclinical atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries, in a ...
Eklund Charlotte - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The radial artery wall structure can be measured with non-invasive very high-resolution ultrasound with great feasibility and high accuracy. In the present study, we aim to explore clinical correlates of radial artery intima-media thickness (rIMT), in a relatively large patient cohort with suspected coronary artery disease, and further compare ...
Finegold Judith - - 2011
Pulsus bisferiens is Latin for 'beat twice'. This describes the pulse where two systolic beats are palpated each cardiac cycle with an interposed mid-systolic dip. The earliest reference to the pulsus bisferiens is an edition of Galen's de Pulsibus, published in 1532. Galen was insistent that the pulsus bisferiens is ...
Stein James H - - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
- - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
Inaba Yoichi - - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
von Schacky Clemens - - 2011
To the Editor: Polak et al. (July 21 issue)(1) state that the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery "is believed to be better suited for cardiovascular risk assessment" than the intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery. To be clear, the American Society of Echocardiography consensus statement that ...
Korkmaz Levent - - 2011
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity. Consecutive patients (n = 360) with CAD confirmed by coronary angiography were enrolled. Mean CIMT and the overall SYNTAX score (SXscore) were 0.87 ± 0.12 mm and 15 ...
Polak Joseph F - - 2011
Intima-media thickness of the walls of the common carotid artery and internal carotid artery may add to the Framingham risk score for predicting cardiovascular events. We measured the mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery and the maximum intima-media thickness of the internal carotid artery in 2965 members of ...
Viles-Gonzalez Juan F - - 2011
Epicardial coronary injury is by far the most feared complication of epicardial ablation. Little information is available regarding the chronic effects of delivering radiofrequency in the vicinity of large coronary vessels, and the long-term impact of this approach for mapping and ablation on epicardial vessel integrity is poorly understood. Therefore, ...
Fukatsu Mitsuru - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Increased intima-media thickness of carotid arteries is considered as an early indicator of atherosclerosis. The authors here aimed to assess whether tinnitus is associated with such thickening by a cross-sectional approach. METHODS:: A total of 820 male (53.5 ± 9.6 years) and 528 female (54.5 ± 9.7 years) Japanese ...
Wiener Renda Soylemez RS The Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts 02118, USA. - - 2011
Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) may improve detection of life-threatening pulmonary embolism (PE), but this sensitive test may have a downside: overdiagnosis and overtreatment (finding clinically unimportant emboli and exposing patients to harms from unnecessary treatment). To assess the impact of CTPA on national PE incidence, mortality, and treatment complications, ...
Soo Hoo Guy W - - 2011
The objective of our study was to evaluate the impact of incorporating a mandatory clinical decision rule and selective d-dimer use on the yield of pulmonary CT angiography (CTA). Guidelines incorporating a clinical decision rule (Wells score: range, 0-12.5) and a highly sensitive d-dimer assay as decision points were placed ...
Desai Pranjal P Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724-5071, - - 2011
Recent studies have suggested that endoscopic vein harvest (EVH) compromises graft patency. To test whether the learning curve for EVH alters conduit integrity owing to increased trauma compared with an open harvest, we analyzed the quality and early patency of conduits procured by technicians with varying EVH experience. During coronary ...
Oh Chang-Seok - - 2011
Gestural motions of the hands and fingers are powerful tools for expressing meanings and concepts, and the nervous system has the capacity to retain multiple long-term motor memories, especially including movements of the hands. We developed many sets of successive movements of both hands, referred to as "digit anatomy," and ...
Austermann Martin - - 2011
Abstract A totally endovascular approach to complex aortic aneurysms using fenestrated and branched stent-grafts is a technically demanding alternative to open surgical repair of thoracoabdominal and pararenal aneurysms. Complications of these complex endovascular reconstructions are varied, from dislocation of the stent-graft to occlusion of the target vessels. Based on our ...
Tsimogianni Angeliki M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The initial management of suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) is commonly done in respiratory departments, but is based on clinical prediction rules developed in other settings. OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of established prediction rules for PE in patients with respiratory emergencies. DESIGN: A prospective study MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ...
Cowan Brent - - 2011
We have begun development of an interactive, multi-player serious game for the purpose of training cardiac surgeons, fellows, and residents the series of steps comprising the Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass grafting (OPCAB) surgical procedure. It is hypothesized that by learning the OPCAB procedure in a "first-person-shooter gaming environment", trainees will ...
Moltzer Els - - 2011
Medial degeneration is a key feature of aneurysm disease and aortic dissection. In a murine aneurysm model we investigated the structural and functional characteristics of aortic wall degeneration in adult fibulin-4 deficient mice and the potential therapeutic role of the angiotensin (Ang) II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor antagonist losartan in ...
Tavassol Frank - - 2011
Preoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer result in changes to the vessels that are used to construct microsurgical anastomoses. The aim of the study was to investigate quantitative changes and HSP70 expression of irradiated neck recipient vessels and transplant vessels used for microsurgical anastomoses. Of ...
Boutrid Hinda H From the *Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute; †Department of Neurosurgery; and ‡Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to report significant alterations in orbital vasculature after combined systemic chemoreduction with consolidating external beam radiotherapy treatment in a case of advanced retinoblastoma and to discuss implications for intraarterial melphalan rescue chemotherapy. We studied the case of a 22-month-old child who had been treated ...
Furukawa Kojiro - - 2010
Our study aimed to demonstrate the efficacy of preoperative intraarterial computed tomographic angiography to identify the Adamkiewicz artery (AKA). We also aimed to investigate the impact of identification of the AKA on the strategy for preventing spinal cord injury. Thirty-seven patients (24 cases of descending aortic aneurysms and 13 cases ...
Malvindi Pietro G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aortic false aneurysm is a rare complication after cardiac surgery. Aortic dissection, infection, arterial wall degeneration, and poor surgical technique are recognized as risk factors for the occurrence of postsurgical false aneurysm. Despite some recent reports about percutaneous false aneurysm exclusion, a complex surgical reoperation is needed in most ...
Kim Seong-Hyop - - 2010
Abdominal aortic aneurysms occasionally occur concomitantly with an intracranial artery aneurysm (ICA). The association of an ICA with a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) is relatively rare. A patient with this condition is presented. Coiling of the ICA was not an option preoperatively because of the dissected false lumen of the ...
Mangialardi Nicola - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of combined endovascular and open techniques to eradicate false lumen dilatation in the visceral aortic segment after type B aortic dissection associated with aortic aneurysm. We reviewed eight patients with distal thoracic and abdominal false lumen dilatation treated with a ...
De Praetere Herbert - - 2010
To study the pathophysiology of esophageal necrosis after endoprosthesis was performed for a ruptured aneurysm and to define preventive measures and possible treatment options. A 72-year-old man with thoracoabdominal aneurysm type I and dysphagia underwent an emergent carotico-carotid bypass in combination with thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair starting at a ...
Obitsu Yukio - - 2010
We investigated the surgical results of secondary thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) using the elephant trunk graft after total aortic arch replacement (TAR) for extensive thoracic aortic lesions. The subjects comprised 16 patients who underwent TEVAR as a staged procedure following TAR at our institution between 1997 and 2007. Long-term ...
Vasaiwala Samip - - 2010
We performed transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and computed tomography (CT) on patients with aortic pathology to describe a more anatomically coherent marker on TEE studies by using the celiac artery as a reference. As there are no anatomic markers for the eight-vertebrae long descending thoracic aorta, aortic disease (AD) is routinely ...
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