Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 942
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Lee Jason T - - 2004
The advent and success of endovascular repair of abdominal aneurysms had led to the development of catheter-based techniques to treat thoracic aortic pathology. Such diseases, including thoracic aortic aneurysms, acute and chronic type B dissections,penetrating aortic ulcers, and traumatic aortic transection, challenge surgeons to perform complex operative repairs in high-risk ...
Leurs Lina J - - 2004
The objective of this study was to assess the initial and 1-year outcome of endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections collated in the European Collaborators on Stent Graft Techniques for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection Repair (EUROSTAR) and the United Kingdom Thoracic Endograft registries. Four hundred forty-three patients ...
Yamauchi Takashi - - 2004
A 50-year-old man underwent replacement of the descending thoracic aorta for a DeBakey type III-b chronic dissecting aortic aneurysm. During the surgery, lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage with a 10 cm H2O pop-off pressure was used to protect against spinal cord ischemia. During cardiopulmonary bypass, the patient's pupils were isocoric, ...
Ikonomidis John S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The cause of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) is poorly understood. Previous work has suggested an association between development of aortic aneurysms and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. We hypothesized that removal of the primary endogenous aortic MMP inhibitor (TIMP) through TIMP-1 gene deletion will increase TAA progression. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Edwards Jeff T - - 2004
The incidence of ischemic complications associated with repair of descending and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms has been significantly reduced by the use of distal aortic perfusion with moderate hypothermia, cerebral spinal fluid drainage, and segmental sequential clamping techniques. However, because the maintenance of proximal perfusion, the adequacy of left heart bypass ...
Kieffer Edouard - - 2004
From June 1974 to December 2001 we performed operative treatment on 33 patients with descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in association with Takayasu disease. There were 25 men and 8 women with a mean age of 40.2A years (range 16-64A years). Nineteen patients came from North Africa, 6 were ...
Dumont Eric - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Aortic false aneurysms are a rare complication of surgery of the aorta that can occur several months to years after the initial operation. We reviewed our results with false aneurysm repair using deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest. METHODS: Eleven patients were reoperated on for false aneurysm of either the ...
Bossert Torsten - - 2004
Syphilis can lead to saccular aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. Today syphilitic aortic aneurysms are rare. The average time from primary infections to the development of aortic aneurysms is 10 to 15 years. An 83-year-old man was admitted with a giant aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta. The patient had ...
Cho Yasunori - - 2004
Esophageal perforations of thoracic aortic aneurysms are most likely to be fatal. Patients with aortoesophageal fistula require urgent operation on both the esophageal perforation site and the aortic lesion to avoid terminal exsanguination and uncontrollable mediastinitis. We present a case of 71-year-old woman suffering esophageal perforation of aortic arch aneurysm ...
Flores Jorge - - 2004
Hypothermia is known to protect the myocardium and the spinal cord during ischemia. However the risk of complications increases with lower hypothermic conditions. In this paper we report a 62-year-old male patient with concomitant coronary artery disease who was surgically treated for a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm and an abdominal paraanastomotic ...
Quinones-Baldrich William J - - 2004
This review presents the results of surgical repair of descending thoracic (DT) and thoracoabdominal aortic (TAA) aneurysms, using spinal drainage (SD) distal aortic perfusion (DAP), and other adjuncts intended to reduce complications. Records of patients undergoing repair of DT and TAA between 1986 and 2002 were reviewed. Elective operations were ...
Sueda Taijiro - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Although endovascular stent-grafting is available for atherosclerotic thoracic aneurysms, it is unknown whether the excluded thrombosed aneurysms shrink. We evaluated serial changes in distal aortic arch or proximal descending aortic aneurysms excluded space after transaortic stent-grafting. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with true distal aortic arch or proximal descending thoracic aortic ...
Diehm N - - 2004
We describe the successful endovascular treatment of a traumatic thoracic aortic aneurysm in a 32-year old male presenting with acute critical limb ischemia. The patient's condition arose from embolism growth in an aneurysmal lesion incurred seven years previously in a motorcycle accident.
Shikata Hiroo - - 2004
A 60-year-old male underwent radical operation for esophageal cancer 45 days prior to complaining of several incidents of hemoptysis. The hemoptysis was found to be caused by infectious aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta penetrating the lung. The aneurysm was resected and the aortic wall was sutured directly under percutaneous ...
Youatou P - - 2004
A 37-year-old female originating from Central Africa presented with cardiac failure, aortic insufficiency and aortic root dilatation of supposed dystrophic origin. Left coronary ostial dilatation and dense adhesions between the aorta and the pulmonary trunk at operation were the only unusual features. However, pathological examination evoked a syphilitic disease and ...
Matsuda Hitoshi - - 2004
A case of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated after permanent clamping of the descending aorta (thromboexclusion) is reported. Angiographic and operative findings were: (1) a pseudo-aneurysm right at the distal anastomosis of previous intrathoracic bypass for pseudo-coarctation of the aorta filled by left ninth intercostal artery, which was supplied by the ...
Kawaharada Nobuyoshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The outcome of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair through redo-left thoracotomy after operations for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms was investigated. METHODS: Between May 1982 and March 2003, 100 patients underwent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair in elective surgery without profound hypothermic circulatory arrest. Thirty of these patients had previously undergone operations ...
Marty Bettina - - 2004
PURPOSE: To present a maneuver consisting of temporary blockage of the venous return to the heart for accurate deployment of thoracic aortic endoprostheses. TECHNIQUE: During endovascular repairs in the thoracic aorta, an occluding balloon was introduced through the femoral vein into the right atrium under transesophageal echocardiographic control. The venous ...
Lorenzen H P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Traumatic dissections of the thoracic aorta with consecutive organ ischemia are emergencies with an enormously high mortality despite immediate surgical therapy. Successful therapy of a thoracic aortic aneurysm by percutaneous implantation of a stent graft prosthesis was first reported in 1994. In recent years endovascular methods have been used ...
Guan Yulong - - 2004
Our objective was to investigate different cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) techniques for thoracic aortic aneurysm retrospectively. Four hundred and eighty-eight patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm received surgical treatment. Total CPB was used routinely in 331 cases with ascending aortic aneurysm. When the aneurysm expanded to the aortic arch, brain protection was ...
Palombo D - - 2004
AIM: The purpose of this report is to describe our early experience with a minimal extracorporeal circulation system (MECC), a compact closed heparin coated system consisting of a centrifugal pump and a membrane oxygenator, during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. METHODS: Between January and December 2002 the MECC system was ...
Majumdar Gautam - - 2004
Chronic DIC is a rare complication of aortic aneurysm. Surgical correction is the treatment of choice but for inoperable patients or those with continued DIC after surgery heparin can be used to control the coagulopathy. A case with inoperable multiple aortic aneurysm and chronic DIC managed successfully with dalteparin over ...
Tokuda Yoshiyuki - - 2004
Aortoesophageal fistula occurring as a complication of a thoracic aortic aneurysm is difficult to repair because of the contaminated surgical field. We report the case of a 67-year-old man in whom an aortoesophageal fistula developed secondary to a dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm. We performed in situ graft repair of the ...
Nishibe Toshiya - - 2004
Conventional surgery for aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is technically difficult, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of primary AEF caused by a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm, which was successfully treated with an endovascular stent-graft technique. The patient has been followed up for 3 years with ...
Carroccio Alfio - - 2004
Stent-graft therapy for aortic aneurysms is a valuable alternative to open aortic repair, especially in older, sicker patients with large aneurysms. Continued device improvements coupled with an enhanced understanding of the important role of aortic pathology in determining therapeutic success will eventually permit ESGs to be a more durable treatment ...
Koullias George J - - 2004
Evidence implicating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in coronary artery disease and aneurysmal lesions is controversial. No published data have related H. pylori infection to ascending aortic aneurysms and penetrating ulcers, although both of these lesions may have an infectious components in their initiating process. We sought to investigate possible H. ...
Murakami Hirohisa - - 2004
Spinal cord ischemia resulting in postoperative paraplegia is a devastating complication of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair, and has been attributed to many causes. To prevent spinal cord compartment syndrome, cerebrospinal fluid drainage has been used as an adjunct to thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair, with procedure-related complications generally occurring infrequently. We ...
Dayioglu Enver - - 2003
The combination of an ascending aortic aneurysm and suprasternal soft tissue tumor is rarely reported in the literature. This case involves a 62-year-old man diagnosed with an ascending aortic aneurysm and a fibrosarcoma over the sternum that was successfully treated by surgery. The patient underwent an aortic replacement operation with ...
Abad C - - 2003
A 68-year-old man with peripheral vascular disease and associated risk factors, was diagnosed by CT-scan and aortography with an atherosclerotic descending thoracic aortic aneurysm. The patient was treated by successful endovascular grafting of the aneurysm using a midsternotomy incision and the insertion of a thoracic stent-graft through a T-Dacron tube ...
Ikonomidis John S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) formation are poorly understood, mainly due to the lack of a useful and reproducible model. Accordingly, the goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that abluminal calcium chloride (CaCl(2)) application could create TAAs in the mouse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult ...
Li Jiun-Yi - - 2003
Single-stage complete replacement of the descending thoracic aorta and the abdominal aorta is a surgical challenge. A 65-year-old man developed acute DeBakey type IIIB aortic dissection and was treated medically. The affected aorta dilated progressively, reaching a maximal diameter of 7 cm 2 years later. Computed tomography revealed a Crawford ...
Sam Albert A - - 2003
Blunt traumatic aortic transection remains a lethal condition. Treatment requires a high index of suspicion, prompt diagnosis, and expedient operative repair. Even in the best of circumstances, morbidity and mortality associated with open surgical repair are high, particularly because of frequent occurrence of other severe associated injuries. Endoluminal aortic stent-graft ...
Takemura Takahiro - - 2003
We describe a transapical aortic cannulation procedure through a left thoracotomy for a case of acute traumatic aortic rupture. A 26-year-old man was involved in a motor vehicle accident and admitted in a state of hypovolemic shock. Chest computed tomography findings revealed a rupture of the proximal portion of the ...
Kuniyoshi Yukio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We present data showing the impact of sequential multisegmental aortic clamping accompanied by reimplantation of as many segmental arteries as possible on the prevention of postoperative paraplegia or paraparesis during thoracoabdominal aortic graft replacement. METHODS: Since 1987 we have performed graft replacements in 51 individuals undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic surgery ...
Bush Ruth L - - 2003
Open surgical repair has been considered the mainstay of therapy for thoracic aortic aneurysms, both elective and emergency procedures alike. Recent advances in endovascular technology have made endovascular stentgraft placement a therapeutic modality that is minimally invasive and potentially a safer treatment for aneurysmal disease of the descending thoracic aorta. ...
Chetboul Valérie - - 2003
A thoracic aortic aneurysm was diagnosed in a 6-month-old male Leonberg dog by use of radiography, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The aneurysm was associated with a twisted ascending aorta and dilatation of several other thoracic arteries (pulmonary trunk, brachiocephalic trunk, and left subclavian artery). Histologic examination ...
Maxey Thomas S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Thoracic aortic aneurysm after patch repair of aortic coarctation is a potentially lethal complication. We hypothesized that transverse arch hypoplasia in association with patch repair of aortic coarctation predisposes aneurysm formation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients undergoing isolated aortic coarctation repair at the University of ...
Stoica L - - 2003
The traumatic rupture of the aortic isthmus is a dehiscence of all or part of the aortic wall, occurring as a result of a closed thoracic trauma. Standard surgical technique requires left thoracotomy, aortic cross-clamping and use of the cardiopulmonary by-pass to prevent ischemic complications, in special the neurologic and ...
Jacobs Michael J - - 2003
Spinal cord ischemia with subsequent paraplegia remains the most dreaded and impressive complication following thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Protective measures, such as cerebrospinal fluid drainage, distal aortic perfusion, and epidural cooling, have significantly reduced paraplegia rate. A major impediment is the inability to assess the efficacy of reattaching intercostal arteries ...
Uezu T - - 2003
AIM: Prevention of paraplegia, a serious complication of surgery for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm, has been well documented. However no assured prophylaxis against this complication has yet been found. Spinal ischemia is believed to be the major cause of paraplegia. We conducted an experimental study to define the development of paraplegia ...
Cheung Albert T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The safety of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage in thoracic aortic surgery using extracorporeal circulation (ECC) with systemic heparinization has not been established. METHODS: Four hundred thirty-two patients had descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic repair between 1993 and 2002. One hundred sixty-two of those patients (age range, 67 +/- 13 ...
Settepani F - - 2003
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage is a routinely used adjunct in thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) surgery which may reduce the incidence of perioperative paraplegia by improving the spinal cord perfusion. However, a small but evident complication rate of lumbar drainage should be considered. We present two rare cases of intracerebellar hematoma ...
Kawachi Yoshito - - 2003
This report describes 3 aged patients undergoing emergent surgery who refused elective operation for a thoracic aortic aneurysm because of freedom from symptoms attributable to the aneurysm at the time of presentation. A 77-year-old woman with a thoracoabdominal aneurysm 57 mm in diameter at presentation had recurrent hemoptysis 12 months ...
Tanaka Hiroyuki - - 2003
We report a 63-year-old female patient developing a pseudoaneurysm three years after patch-plasty of an aneurysm located at the distal thoracic aorta. Redo-operation was performed including total replacement of the descending thoracic aorta with reimplantation of distal intercostal arteries using small-caliber interposition grafts. This case presentation underlines the ineffectiveness of ...
Yeh Chi-Hsiao - - 2003
BACKGROUND: After surgery to repair a type A aortic dissection, most late complications and mortality result from descending aorta-related problems. This study was performed to determine the risk factors leading to descending aortic aneurysm formation and late mortality in patients undergoing the type A aortic dissection operation. METHODS: The medical ...
Badran Mohammad F - - 2003
A 39-year-old man with Marfan syndrome underwent replacement of the aortic valve, root, and ascending aorta for acute type A dissection. Subsequently, he underwent infrarenal aortic replacement for aortic rupture and then graft repair of a thoracoabdominal aneurysm with patch-bearing intercostals. After the third procedure, massive intraperitoneal hemorrhage required three ...
Safi Hazim J - - 2003
To report the long-term results of our experience using cerebrospinal fluid drainage and distal aortic perfusion in descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic repair. Repair of thoracoabdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysm by the traditional clamp-and-go technique results in a massive ischemic insult to several major organ systems. Ten years ago, we ...
Hirata Nobuaki - - 2003
We report that an earlier thoracoscopic clipping of the thoracic duct was advantageous in a case of post-operation chylothorax that occurred following thoracic aneurysm surgery. A 61-year-old man developed chylothorax on postoperative day 2 following graft replacement of the descending thoracic aorta using a left-sided thoracotomy. Since a replaced graft ...
Unosawa Satoshi - - 2003
The patient was a 68-year-old man who consulted another hospital with a chief complaint of dysphagia, and was referred to our hospital based on a suspicion of esophageal submucosal tumor. However, the patient was emergently admitted due to hematemesis and hypotension, which occurred immediately after the acquisition of computed tomographic ...
Gowda Ramesh M - - 2003
The treatment of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms using endovascular stents is one of the more recent advances in treatment and is receiving increasing attention as it is a less invasive alternative to open surgical repair. Although the technology is still primitive, significant improvements have lately been made in the design ...
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