Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 939
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Martens K - - 2007
The aim of this study was to report a case of aortoesophageal fistula following endovascular exclusion of a thoracic aneurysm, treated conservatively with fatal outcome. Endovascular exclusion of a thoracic aneurysm was performed in a 64-year-old female patient. Three months later the diagnosis of an aortoesophageal fistula was made and ...
Kahn Ronald A - - 2007
Anesthesia for surgery of the aorta poses some of the most difficult challenges for anesthesiologists. Major hemodynamic and physiologic stresses and sophisticated techniques of extracorporeal support are superimposed on patients with complex medical disease states. In this review, etiologies, natural history, and surgical techniques of thoracic aortic aneurysm are presented. ...
Kirberger Robert M - - 2007
An 8-year-old neutered female Rhodesian Ridgeback developed acute, nonneurological right pelvic limb lameness. Femoral pulsation was poor, and oscillometric blood pressure measurements between the two pelvic limbs differed markedly. A caudal aortic right external iliac embolus was detected sonographically. Radiographically, there was a caudal esophageal mass and thoracic vertebral spondylitis ...
Akowuah Enoch - - 2007
The effect of the underlying pathology on postoperative inflammation after stenting of the thoracic aorta has not been described. A retrospective review of patients undergoing thoracic aortic stents was performed. Patients with large degenerative aneurysms developed pyrexia and significantly raised CRP in the first 5 days after the procedure compared ...
Ohta Noriyuki - - 2007
Vocal cord paralysis is one of the frequently encountered complications after aortic surgery. However, reports of vocal cord paralysis after aortic surgery have been limited. In a retrospective cohort study of vocal cord paralysis after aortic surgery at a general hospital, we sought factors related to its development after aortic ...
Thompson Matt - - 2007
Endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta has been adopted as the first-line therapy for much pathology. Initial results from the early-generation endografts have highlighted the potential of this technique. Newer-generation endografts have now been introduced into clinical practice and careful assessment of their performance should be mandatory. This study describes ...
Böckler D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord ischemia remains a devastating complication after thoracic aortic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the pathophysiology of spinal cord ischemia after thoracic aortic endografting and the role of intercostal artery blood supply for the spinal cord in a standardized animal model. METHODS: Female merino ...
Husain Aatif M - - 2007
Conventional surgery on the descending thoracic aorta for aneurysm or dissection repair typically involves open thoracotomy and cross-clamping of the aorta. These procedures are associated with the potential for significant neurologic morbidity due to spinal cord ischemia. Endovascular stent graft (EVSG) repair of the descending thoracic aorta precludes the need ...
Ince Hüseyin - - 2007
Given the growing proportion of elderly people in Western societies and the increasing prevalence of chronic hypertension, the management of aneurysmal aortic disease is an ever growing challenge. Although degenerative changes in the aortic wall are common to thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and to various types of dissection in general, ...
Woo Edward Y - - 2007
To describe a novel technique for maximal reimplantation of intercostal arteries during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Eight patients underwent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair with this new technique from 2005 to 2006. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 14 months. All patients had a previous type B dissection with subsequent aneurysmal ...
Hidalgo-Tenorio C - - 2008
Magic syndrome is a very uncommon disease, and vascular involvement is exceptional; only one case has been reported in the literature associated to a true aortic aneurysm. The treatment of aneurysms recommended in these patients is based on isolated cases and includes corticosteroids, other immunosuppressant drugs, and surgery. We report ...
Lin Peter H - - 2007
Endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm has become an important treatment modality in patients who are at increased risk for open surgical repair. Since the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the clinical application of this technology in the thoracic aorta in 2005, there has been a rapid growth ...
Aguilar Nelson E - - 2007
The presence of aortic aneurysm could lead to rupture and if not surgically corrected may lead to the death of the patient. We present the case of an 82 year old woman whose death was due to rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Physicians must be alert to help in ...
Loutsidis A - - 2007
The simultaneous existence of thoracic aortic aneurysm and lung cancer is a rare finding, especially if the malignancy is primary and does not involve the aortic wall. In this report, we present a case of a typical descending thoracic aneurysm combined with a primary adenocarcinoma of the left lower lobe. ...
Stevens Randy M - - 2007
The introduction of thoracic endografts has revolutionized the management of thoracic aortic disease. Currently, endografts are not FDA-approved for treating thoracic aortic injury (TAI). We report a case of TAI who presented in hemorrhagic shock and preoperative cardiac arrest who was successfully treated with large volume resuscitation, closed chest cardiac ...
Nakajima Masato - - 2007
We report an extremely rare case of saccular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm associated with high abdominal aortic occlusion including the superior mesenteric and bilateral renal arteries in a patient requiring hemodialysis. Successful repair of the aneurysm and concomitant revascularization of the lower extremities was achieved using femoro-femoral bypass for perfusion of ...
Ford Peter F - - 2007
Stent grafts are currently indicated for treatment of chronic aneurysmal disease of the descending thoracic aorta. At most centers of excellence, this technique has become the preferred treatment modality for this pathologic process. Many centers are also reporting excellent outcomes using a variety of debranching procedures to expand the anatomic ...
Nienaber Christoph A - - 2007
Optimal treatment strategies for pathologies of the descending thoracic aorta are still controversial. Open surgery is complex, while endovascular devices allow nonsurgical access to the thoracic aorta. Endografts can be inserted via a peripheral artery while maintaining aortic blood flow without any need for clamping. Both short- and mid-term outcomes ...
Minami Hiroya - - 2007
We report a 33-year-old woman who had a 60-mm thoracic aneurysm of the ascending aorta with Marfan syndrome and effort angina due to compression of the right coronary artery (RCA) by the aneurysm. Surgery was performed using the Bentall procedure and a coronary artery bypass graft to the RCA. Postoperatively, ...
Kadohama Takayuki - - 2007
We present the case of a 59-year-old male Jehovah's Witness who underwent staged repair for a thoracic aortic aneurysm with no transfusion. The primary operation to replace the distal portion of the aortic arch and left subclavian artery reconstruction were performed. We applied axilla femoral artery temporary external bypass. A ...
James Justin - - 2007
We report a case in which a thoracoabdominal aneurysm was present in association with previously unknown critical spinal canal stenosis. In spite of using left heart bypass, systemic hypothermia, and controlled cerebrospinal fluid drainage for spinal cord protection, the patient developed paraplegia following aortic aneurysm repair. Computed tomography scan revealed ...
Kawanishi Yujiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adverse effect of back-bleeding from the lumbar arteries on spinal cord pathophysiology in a rabbit model. METHODS: White rabbits were divided into 3 groups. Through laparotomy, the abdominal aorta was clamped below the renal artery and above the aortic bifurcation ...
Torsello Giovanni - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe a hybrid technique involving combined antegrade revascularization of both supra-aortic and visceral arteries and complete exclusion of a dissecting thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA). TECHNIQUE: A 46-year-old man had a dissecting TAAA involving the left subclavian artery (LSA) and the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta down to the ...
Abbara Suhny - - 2007
The clinical presentation of diseases involving the thoracic aorta ranges from a large number of asymptomatic patients with clinically undetectable thoracic aortic aneurysm to patients with symptoms of severe chest pain as a result of acute aortic dissection. Thoracic aortic disease often remains undiagnosed until a life-threatening complication occurs or ...
Hsu Ron-Bin - - 2007
Pathology of infected aortic aneurysm and its clinical correlation have rarely been reported. Between 1995 and 2005, 48 patients with infected aortic aneurysm underwent in situ graft replacement. Twenty-five patients had a suprarenal and 23 patients had an infrarenal infection. The most common responsible pathogen was nontyphoid Salmonella in 32 ...
Saratzis Nikolaos A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta secondary to blunt chest trauma is a life-threatening emergency and a common cause of death, usually following violent collisions. The objective of this retrospective report was to evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic disruptions with a single commercially available stent-graft. ...
Adams Lisa - - 2007
Aneurysms that extend from the descending thoracic aorta into the abdomen, which can also involve the visceral segments of the upper abdominal aorta, are traditionally classified as thoracoabdominal. Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm reconstruction is very complex vascular surgery associated with high postoperative morbidity and mortality and related postoperative complications. In addition ...
Totaro Pasquale - - 2007
We here report a very unusual presentation of ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm. In a 50-year-old patient, almost asymptomatic and in stable clinical conditions, the chest radiograph and computed tomography scan revealed a right-sided rupture of a previously undiagnosed thoracic aortic aneurysm. The patient was treated successfully with an emergency surgical ...
Sengupta P - - 2007
Aneurysm of descending thoracic aorta, in majority of cases is diagnosed either by chance in routine chest imaging for some other reasons or rarely due to it's symptomatic presentation like chest pain and other mediastinal compression symptoms. In this case report we present a case of 69 year old smoker ...
Kieffer Edouard - - 2007
This report describes the development of recurrent spinal cord ischemia in a patient after insertion of a stent graft into the upper segment of the descending thoracic aorta for the treatment of a chronic traumatic aneurysm of the aortic isthmus. Intraoperatively, the stent covered the ostium of the left T7 ...
Morishita Kiyofumi - - 2007
Conventional open repairs of thoracic aortic ruptures carry a high mortality and morbidity in patients over 85 years of age. Less invasive procedures may therefore be required to treat such elderly patients. An 87-year-old woman and 92-year-old man who had undergone emergency endovascular stent-grafting for thoracic aortic ruptures survived to ...
Chao Alexander B - - 2007
The recent availability of thoracic endografts has expanded the options for treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic pathology. However, disease that involves the visceral aortic segment presents a special challenge due to the need to preserve mesenteric perfusion. We present three patients in whom preliminary retrograde visceral artery reconstruction was used as ...
Fehrenbacher John W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite the advent of numerous protective strategies, thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic replacement remains a high risk. While mortality rates have improved over the last 15 years, the incidence of adverse outcomes (including stroke, renal failure, and paraplegia, as well as death) remains at 13% to 30% in all published ...
Lawlor D K - - 2007
We present two cases of concomitant management of a type I thoracoabdominal aneurysm and an infrarenal aneurysm via laparotomy, open infrarenal aortic replacement, visceral bypasses from the infrarenal graft, and finally endovascular exclusion of the thoracoabdominal aneurysm. While there are other reports of hybrid procedures for patients with preexisting aortic ...
Schoenhoff Florian S - - 2007
The treatment of complex aortic pathologies involving the ascending aorta, the aortic arch, and the descending aorta remains a challenging issue in aortic surgery. The frozen elephant trunk procedure effectively combines surgical and interventional technologies in the treatment of extensive aortic aneurysms and dissections. We present two patients with complex ...
Takahashi Yosuke - - 2007
We describe a case of successful surgical treatment for mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm with vertebral erosion. A 70-year-old man presented with a 2 month history of back pain. Chest roentgenography and enhanced computed tomography showed a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm with destruction of T8-T10 vertebrae. We suspected that the formation ...
Etz Christian D CD Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2007
Understanding the ability of the paraspinal anastomotic network to provide adequate spinal cord perfusion pressure (SCPP) critical for both surgical and endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA). To monitor pressure in the collateral circulation, a catheter was inserted into the distal end of the divided first lumbar segmental artery ...
Safi Hazim J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aneurysms of the aortic arch seldom occur alone. They usually involve the ascending aorta. Occasionally, the aneurysm also involves the descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aorta. We advocate a staged approach for repair of these extensive aortic aneurysms, with the ascending and arch generally being repaired in the first stage ...
Regina Guido - - 2007
Isolated aortic aneurysms in Takayasu arteritis (TA) are rare. Reported operative mortality and operative complication rates seem low, with an infrequent need for surgical revision, even though most reports concern occlusive disease. Treatment of aneurysms in TA requires therapeutic strategies that are different from the ones used for atherosclerotic vessel ...
Ho P - - 2007
The rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm is a life-threatening emergency. Conventional open surgical repair carries a high mortality and morbidity. We report an elderly patient who suffered from rupture of a proximal descending thoracic aortic aneurysm close to the aortic arch. A hybrid operation consisting of a right-to-left carotid ...
Coselli Joseph S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As endovascular approaches to thoracoabdominal aortic repairs continue to evolve, careful assessment of the safety and efficacy of these alternative approaches will require comparison with standard open surgical repair. The purpose of this report is to update our experience with conventional open repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Since ...
Irwin Gail Hood - - 2007
Learn how to recognize and respond to the danger signs and act immediately to help save his life. Trouble is looming when the largest artery in the body develops a bulge. According to the Society for Vascular Surgery, each year approximately 200,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with ...
Khoynezhad Ali - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Stroke and spinal cord injury (SCI) remain the most devastating complications of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The risk factors associated with these complications are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors associated with neurologic deficits after TEVAR. METHODS: From 1998 to 2005, ...
Williams Jason A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a recently described genetic aortic aneurysm syndrome resulting from mutations in receptors for the cytokine transforming growth factor-beta. Phenotypic features include a bifid uvula, hypertelorism, cleft palate, and generalized arterial tortuosity, but risk of thoracic aortic rupture and dissection is the principle focus of management ...
Jacobs M J - - 2007
Morbidity and mortality following thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair are tremendous. Preoperative assessment is essential in detecting cardiac and pulmonary risk factors in order to reduce cardiopulmonary complications. Paraplegia and renal failure are main determinants of postoperative mortality and therefore gained substantial attention during the last decades. Left heart bypass, ...
Griepp Randall B - - 2007
In the last two decades, as an increasing number of patients with descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms are being diagnosed and treated, a more sophisticated understanding of spinal cord perfusion has become important in the attempt to minimize the frequency of spinal cord injury. The synthesis of information from laboratory ...
Schurink Geert Willem H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In thoracic stent graft repair, the importance of segmental artery (SA) occlusion and the role of blood pressure management during the intraoperative and directly postoperative period are not clear. To study these aspects in relation to spinal cord ischemia, our protocol in the endovascular treatment of descending thoracic aneurysms ...
Fujii Takaaki - - 2007
Annuloaortic ectasia (AAE) is a clinicopathologic condition with primary or secondary dilatation of the aortic annulus and aneurysm of the proximal thoracic aorta, leading to aortic regurgitation. We herein report an autopsy case of a Japanese 57-year-old male with AAE who died of a cardiac tamponade rupture from the sinus ...
Schmoker Joseph D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The altered expression of matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors influences the formation of atherosclerotic abdominal aortic aneurysms. Their association with thoracic aneurysms is less clear. This study describes the expression of metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in atherosclerotic and nonatherosclerotic thoracic aneurysms, and compares these with age-matched controls. METHODS: Matrix ...
Matsuyama Katsuhiko - - 2007
Although conservative operations such as reduction aortoplasty or wrapping for an ascending aortic aneurysm remain controversial procedures, the wrapping method has recently shown good long-term results. We report the sock method as an alternative wrapping procedure for an ascending aneurysm extending to the base of the innominate artery. This simple ...
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