Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 930
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Saxena Pankaj - - 2009
Inflammatory aneurysms of thoracic aorta are rare. Of all the aneurysms, only 5-10% are inflammatory in nature and are almost exclusively confined to the infrarenal segment of the aorta. We hereby present a patient with a large inflammatory aneurysm involving the thoracic aorta in association with mediastinal fibrosis and idiopathic ...
Schlösser Felix J V - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the incidence of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair following previous infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery and to determine whether thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair after prior infrarenal AAA surgery is associated with higher mortality and morbidity rates. ...
Elefteriades John A - - 2008
The vast database of the Yale Center for Thoracic Aortic Disease--which includes information on 3000 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm or dissection, with 9000 catalogued images and 9000 patient-years of follow-up--has, over the last decade, permitted multiple glimpses into the "playbook" of this virulent disease. Understanding the precise behavioral features ...
Monaco Mario - - 2008
The rate of enlargement of a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm is usually low, related to initial size and anatomical position. We report a case of an old, diabetic woman, with previous history of ischemic heart disease, admitted for a broncopneumia, in which a small descending thoracic aortic aneurysm was detected ...
Etz Christian D - - 2008
Spinal cord blood flow (SCBF) after sacrifice of thoracoabdominal aortic segmental arteries (TAASA) during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair remains poorly understood. This study explored SCBF for 72 h after sacrifice of all TAASA. Fourteen juvenile Yorkshire pigs underwent complete serial TAASA sacrifice (T4-L5). Six control pigs underwent anesthesia and ...
Namai Asako - - 2008
We present a case of an 88-year-old female with a history of tuberculosis, who was transferred to our hospital due to the sudden onset of epigastralgia and back pain. A chest X-ray demonstrated a bilateral shadow of the upper lung, which suggested the history of tuberculosis. A computed tomography scan ...
Hazebroek Eric Jasper - - 2008
We report a case of intercostal pulmonary hernia through a defect in the wall of the thoracic cavity which occurred after blunt thoracic trauma. Diagnosis of pulmonary herniation was confirmed radiologically by chest X-ray and computed tomographic scan. After initial inspection by video-assisted thoracoscopy which also revealed a diaphragmatic rupture, ...
Apple Jeffrey - - 2008
A retrospective review of 27 patients who underwent endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysms and of other thoracic aortic pathology with the thoracic aortic endograft (Gore Medical, Flagstaff, AZ) from June 2005 to July 2007 was performed. The mean follow-up period was 13.5 months (range, 2-25 months). Indications for thoracic endografting ...
Marulli Giuseppe - - 2008
Covered stent grafts are currently used for arterial aneurysm exclusion, aortic dissection, or peripheral occlusive disease. A new indication to endograft was applied to perform resection of the thoracic aorta for infiltration of an adjacent lung cancer into the vessel wall, avoiding a major vascular intervention for aortic graft interposition ...
Shine Timothy S J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Paraplegia is a devastating complication for patients undergoing repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. A monitor to detect spinal cord ischemia is necessary if anesthesiologists are to intervene to protect the spinal cord during aortic aneurysm clamping. METHODS: The medical records of 60 patients who underwent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair ...
Brown Katherine E - - 2008
Endovascular management of both acute and chronic thoracic aortic pathology has emerged as an alternative to open surgery. We reviewed our single center experience with endovascular devices for the treatment of thoracic aortic pathology. Between April 2000 and October 2007, 116 thoracic aortic stent grafts were placed to treat a ...
García-Martínez Ana - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) may involve the aorta. Retrospective studies have demonstrated a higher prevalence of aortic aneurysm among patients with GCA compared with the general population. We investigated the prevalence of aortic aneurysm in a cohort of patients with biopsy-proven GCA using a defined protocol and assessed whether ...
Cho Jae-Sung - - 2008
Spinal cord ischemia after treatment of thoracic pathologies remains a devastating problem. A 74-year-old man with a history of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair presented with bilateral common iliac and left femoral aneurysms as well as a thoracic aortic aneurysm. He underwent an open repair of the iliac and femoral ...
Elbey M A - - 2008
Chest X-rays can detect aortic aneurysms or other silently developing aortic or cardiac diseases. In the present study, an ascending aortic aneurysm was detected in a 20-year-old woman with a persistent cough presenting to our emergency department. A Bentall procedure was carried out under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.
Coselli Joseph S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of hypothermic circulatory arrest in the operative treatment of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms are not clearly established. We evaluated our experience with repair of descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms using hypothermic circulatory arrest. METHODS: In all, 111 patients with descending ...
Abou-Zamzam Ahmed M AM - - 2008
Endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta is now widely practiced. The extension of this technique to emergent settings is in evolution. Pathology of the ascending and transverse aortic arch may preclude thoracic aortic stent grafting due to the lack of a proximal seal zone. Several hybrid open/endovascular approaches have been ...
Coselli Joseph S - - 2008
The continuing evolution of endovascular approaches to the repair of descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms necessitates careful evaluation of the safety and efficacy of these alternative therapies as they compare to the "gold standard" of open surgical repair. The purpose of this report is to present our approach to ...
Koh Kwang Kon - - 2009
A 45-year-old woman without medical history of cardiovascular disease came to the clinic. She was diagnosed as annuloectasia and aneurysm of ascending aorta and dissected aorta from above the aortic valve to renal artery level (type A). There are no laboratory abnormalities including CBC, biochemistry, and serology tests etc. She ...
Touat Ziad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether thoracic ascending aortic aneurysm (TAAA) induces platelet activation as mural thrombus participates in aortic dilatation in abdominal aortic aneurysm and TAAA are associated with rheological factors favoring coagulation activation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the relation between coagulation activation and ...
Almeida Ana G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients operated on for type A aortic dissection remain at risk of long-term aneurysm development, the main cause for late death. The aim of this study was to identify early predictors for aneurysm formation at three-years after surgery. METHODS: A study group of 70 consecutive patients (52 +/- 10 ...
Hofmann Hans-Stefan - - 2008
The danger of thoracic aneurysm rupture increases with the size of the aneurysm. We report on a 59-year-old man who developed a secondary aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta within the residual type A dissection that was approximately 9-cm long and in which a contained rupture occurred. The patient died ...
Mommertz G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the surgical outcome of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm repair (DTAA) and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurym (TAAA) repair in patients with Marfan syndrome. METHODS: During a six year period, 206 patients underwent DTAA and TAAA repair. In 22 patients, Marfan syndrome was confirmed. The median age was 40 years ...
Lin Chen-Sheng - - 2008
Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare but fatal cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage, being most commonly associated with thoracic aortic aneurysm. We present a rare case of secondary AEF post graft treatment for mycotic aneurysm of thoracic aorta 4 years previously. Massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage resulted in difficult diagnosis by gastrointestinal ...
Kpodonu Jacques - - 2008
Repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysm is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We describe a hybrid approach to repair a Crawford type III thoracoabdominal aneurysm with antegrade deployment of the endoluminal graft through a side limb of the bifurcated inflow conduit. The advantage of this technique includes avoidance of thoracotomy, left ...
Daimon Masahiro - - 2008
We encountered an extremely rare case of a saccular aneurysm of the descending aorta developing to the right of the spinal column with a normal left-sided aortic arch. An 80-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of a saccular aneurysm of the right-sided descending aorta that had increased in ...
Kpodonu Jacques - - 2008
The presence of a tortuous, elongated thoracic aorta and an angulated arch poses a technical challenge for the delivery of an endoluminal graft to the target site to exclude management of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Despite the availability of a flexible delivery sheath system, adjunct techniques are necessary to deal ...
Richards J M J - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Delayed-onset paraplegia is an uncommon but devastating complication of thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. REPORT: We report the successful use of repeat cerebrospinal fluid drainage in the management of both immediate- and delayed-onset (21 days) paraplegia in the same patient undergoing open Type II thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair. DISCUSSION: Few studies have ...
Amabile P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic lesions is associated with a substantial risk of perioperative spinal cord ischaemia (SCI) which may lead to permanent paraplegia. We performed a retrospective analysis of our experience in the endovascular treatment of descending thoracic aortic lesions to define the incidence of SCI and ...
Dr Nitin P Ghonge
The article describes an unusual occurrence of peri-aortic fibrosis with consequent luminal stenosis in descending thoracic aorta in an adult case of Psoriasis. The report also illustrates the role of Multi-detector CT in the diagnosis of thoracic peri-aortic fibrosis. The patient had received cyclosporine on multiple occasions during acute exacerbation ...
Zhang Wayne W - - 2008
Mobile thrombus of the thoracic aorta is an uncommon pathology with potentially catastrophic complications. Recurrent spontaneous distal embolization may also occur from an ulcerated thrombus of the abdominal aorta. The simultaneous presence of a mobile thrombus in the thoracic aorta and ulcerated thrombus of the abdominal aorta is extremely rare ...
Kazuno Kei - - 2008
We describe the successful surgical treatment of an unusual type of infected aortic aneurysm. The aneurysm emerged around the distal part of the ascending aorta and the proximal part of the arch and involved the innominate artery. The infection was attributed to prolonged catheter placement in the right jugular vein ...
Hoppe Hanno - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to create an animal model for thoracic aortic transection that is suitable for thoracic endograft research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Percutaneous aortic transection creation was attempted in 12 sheep. A custom collapsible circumferential cutting device was inserted into the proximal descending thoracic aorta via a femoral ...
Buth Jacob - - 2007
Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic disease may be associated with severe neurologic complications. The current study used the data of a multicenter registry to assess of the incidence and the risk factors for paraplegia or paraparesis and intracranial stroke. The European Collaborators on Stent/Graft Techniques for Aortic Aneurysm Repair (EUROSTAR) ...
Illuminati G - - 2007
AIM: Until fenestrated endografts will become the standard treatment of pararenal aortic aneurysms, open surgical repair will currently be employed for the repair of this condition. Suprarenal aortic control and larger surgical dissection represent additional technical requirements for the treatment of pararenal aneurysms compared to those of open infrarenal aortic ...
Salvolini Luca - - 2008
Acute thoracic aortic syndromes encompass a spectrum of emergencies including aortic dissection, intramural haematoma, penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer and aneurysm rupture. All these life-threatening conditions require prompt diagnosis and appropriate management. To date multi-detector row Computed Tomography represents a valuable diagnostic tool especially in the emergency setting. This paper focus on ...
Kawamura Masashi - - 2008
Several effective strategies for spinal cord protection have been advocated in descending and thoracoabdominal aortic repairs. The segmental clamp technique has been known as a useful adjunct to shorten the duration of spinal cord ischemia. However, we experienced two cases of spinal cord malperfusion during segmental aortic clamping in descending ...
von Tengg-Kobligk Hendrik - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the visualization of spinal cord feeding arteries in patients with complex thoracic aortic pathology undergoing endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using an optimized protocol for multislice computed tomographic angiography (MSCTA). METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients (13 men; mean age 63 years, range 45-79) with aortic type B dissections (n=5), ...
Umehara Nobuhiro - - 2007
Surgical treatment of arterial Behcet's disease (BD) has a higher incidence of graft-related complications such as anastomotic pseudoaneurysm or graft occlusion. A 64-year-old man presented with a rupture of the thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms associated with BD. Evaluation shows a large hematoma in the retroperitoneum and multiple aneurysms of the thoracoabdominal ...
Elefteriades John A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Physicians are vulnerable to highly litigated thoracic aortic diseases. On the basis of a review of litigated cases, we aim to determine legally protective strategies for physicians and methods to improve treatment. METHODS: Thirty-three nontraumatic, thoracic aorta-related legal cases were analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients (69.7%) had dissections (21 ascending, ...
Kpodonu Jacques - - 2007
Traumatic thoracic aortic disruption is a life-threatening lesion associated with a high surgical mortality. Endovascular stent graft repair is a minimal invasive approach that does not require a thoracotomy, aortic cross clamping and cardiopulmonary bypass. We report the use of an endoluminal graft to treat a 58-year-old male, who sustained ...
Miller Debra Lee - - 2007
A radio-collared adult female coyote (Canis latrans) from South Carolina was found dead with no apparent signs of trauma or struggle. Necropsy revealed a ruptured aortic aneurysm within the thoracic cavity as well as severe heartworm infection, with parasites present in the caudal vena cava. Histologically, inflammatory cell infiltrates were ...
Martens K - - 2007
The aim of this study was to report a case of aortoesophageal fistula following endovascular exclusion of a thoracic aneurysm, treated conservatively with fatal outcome. Endovascular exclusion of a thoracic aneurysm was performed in a 64-year-old female patient. Three months later the diagnosis of an aortoesophageal fistula was made and ...
Kahn Ronald A - - 2007
Anesthesia for surgery of the aorta poses some of the most difficult challenges for anesthesiologists. Major hemodynamic and physiologic stresses and sophisticated techniques of extracorporeal support are superimposed on patients with complex medical disease states. In this review, etiologies, natural history, and surgical techniques of thoracic aortic aneurysm are presented. ...
Kirberger Robert M - - 2007
An 8-year-old neutered female Rhodesian Ridgeback developed acute, nonneurological right pelvic limb lameness. Femoral pulsation was poor, and oscillometric blood pressure measurements between the two pelvic limbs differed markedly. A caudal aortic right external iliac embolus was detected sonographically. Radiographically, there was a caudal esophageal mass and thoracic vertebral spondylitis ...
Akowuah Enoch - - 2007
The effect of the underlying pathology on postoperative inflammation after stenting of the thoracic aorta has not been described. A retrospective review of patients undergoing thoracic aortic stents was performed. Patients with large degenerative aneurysms developed pyrexia and significantly raised CRP in the first 5 days after the procedure compared ...
Ohta Noriyuki - - 2007
Vocal cord paralysis is one of the frequently encountered complications after aortic surgery. However, reports of vocal cord paralysis after aortic surgery have been limited. In a retrospective cohort study of vocal cord paralysis after aortic surgery at a general hospital, we sought factors related to its development after aortic ...
Thompson Matt - - 2007
Endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta has been adopted as the first-line therapy for much pathology. Initial results from the early-generation endografts have highlighted the potential of this technique. Newer-generation endografts have now been introduced into clinical practice and careful assessment of their performance should be mandatory. This study describes ...
Böckler D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord ischemia remains a devastating complication after thoracic aortic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the pathophysiology of spinal cord ischemia after thoracic aortic endografting and the role of intercostal artery blood supply for the spinal cord in a standardized animal model. METHODS: Female merino ...
Husain Aatif M - - 2007
Conventional surgery on the descending thoracic aorta for aneurysm or dissection repair typically involves open thoracotomy and cross-clamping of the aorta. These procedures are associated with the potential for significant neurologic morbidity due to spinal cord ischemia. Endovascular stent graft (EVSG) repair of the descending thoracic aorta precludes the need ...
Ince Hüseyin - - 2007
Given the growing proportion of elderly people in Western societies and the increasing prevalence of chronic hypertension, the management of aneurysmal aortic disease is an ever growing challenge. Although degenerative changes in the aortic wall are common to thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and to various types of dissection in general, ...
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