Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 945
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Hirata Nobuaki - - 2003
We report that an earlier thoracoscopic clipping of the thoracic duct was advantageous in a case of post-operation chylothorax that occurred following thoracic aneurysm surgery. A 61-year-old man developed chylothorax on postoperative day 2 following graft replacement of the descending thoracic aorta using a left-sided thoracotomy. Since a replaced graft ...
Unosawa Satoshi - - 2003
The patient was a 68-year-old man who consulted another hospital with a chief complaint of dysphagia, and was referred to our hospital based on a suspicion of esophageal submucosal tumor. However, the patient was emergently admitted due to hematemesis and hypotension, which occurred immediately after the acquisition of computed tomographic ...
Gowda Ramesh M - - 2003
The treatment of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms using endovascular stents is one of the more recent advances in treatment and is receiving increasing attention as it is a less invasive alternative to open surgical repair. Although the technology is still primitive, significant improvements have lately been made in the design ...
Absi Tarek S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to profile altered patterns of gene expression that characterize degenerative ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms and to compare these patterns with those observed for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Full-thickness aortic wall tissues were obtained during surgical repair of degenerative thoracic aortic aneurysms and ...
Kwon Tae-Won - - 2003
Ruptured aortic aneurysms due to Salmonella not of typhi species are rare and associated with high morbidity and mortality. We present three patients with Salmonella-infected ruptured aortic aneurysms successfully treated with an in situ prosthetic bypass graft. One patient had a saccular aneurysm at the infrarenal aorta and two patients ...
Sueda Taijiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the midterm results of transaortic stent-grafting for distal aortic arch aneurysms or proximal descending aortic aneurysms and the feasibility of this method for thoracic aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with true distal aortic arch aneurysms or proximal descending thoracic aortic ...
Shamji Mohammed F - - 2003
The spinal cord has significant thoracic arterial watershed areas rendering it vulnerable to intraoperative ischemic damage, clearly mandating a need for postoperative neurologic monitoring. Mechanisms of hypoperfusion include aortic cross-clamping, rib retraction, intercostal artery interruption, and costovertebral junction bleeding. We report cases of primary lung cancer resection, resection of pulmonary ...
Trowbridge Cody - - 2003
Recent experiences from several centers indicate that the overall risk of spinal cord ischemia during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair has decreased to 5-8%. The results from these centers are rather consistent, despite the use of a variety of spinal protection strategies. An alternative to the various distal aortic perfusion techniques ...
Brunkwall J - - 2003
The morbidity and mortality for open treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms have declined over the years, but it is still a major clinical problem. The reason for the mortality is in almost 50% of the cases cardiac failure. Endoluminal treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm is widely distributed and with promising ...
Bethuyne Noëlla - - 2003
Endovascular aneurysm exclusion represents a valuable alternative treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Although the minimally invasive character of this procedure is obvious, major complications are possible. We report a 77-year-old male who developed acute retrograde dissection of the aortic arch and ascending aorta during endovascular stent-grafting of a descending ...
Toumpoulis Ioannis K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative neurologic deficits after thoracic aortic reconstruction vary widely. Our previous study showed that delayed ischemic preconditioning could prevent spinal cord injury caused by occlusion of the descending thoracic aorta in pigs. We investigated early ischemic preconditioning in the same model. METHODS: Twenty-eight pigs were divided into 4 groups: ...
Arroyo Agustín - - 2003
We present an unusual variant of type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm with inflammatory changes in part of the aortic wall. Between January 1990 and December 2000, 5 male patients (mean age, 68 years) with inflammatory aneurysms of 29 with type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysms (17.2%) underwent surgery. All five had arterial hypertension. ...
Vorp David A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rupture of an ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA), which is associated with significant mortality, occurs when the mechanical forces acting on the aneurysm exceed the strength of the degenerated aortic wall. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in biomechanical properties of the aortic wall related to ...
Hance Kirk A - - 2003
Secondary aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare but catastrophic complication that occurs after thoracic aortic reconstruction. Recently endoluminal stent grafts have been used in selected patients with a thoracic aortic aneurysm, dissection, or traumatic aortic transection. A 24-year-old woman had massive upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding 15 months after endoluminal stent ...
Bhama Jay K - - 2003
Paraplegia or paraparesis secondary to spinal cord ischemia is an extremely rare complication after elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. We report delayed paraparesis after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in which one hypogastric artery was unintentionally occluded due to atheroembolism. A spinal catheter was immediately inserted after onset of ...
Bell Rachel E - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report the successful endoluminal repair of an infected thoracic aneurysm secondary to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old man presented with an infected thoracic pseudoaneurysm 9 weeks after an elective infrarenal aneurysm repair. Blood cultures were positive for MRSA. Computed tomography (CT) showed an 11.5-cm false ...
Walterbusch G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Although the incidence of paraplegia from surgery of extensive thoracoabdominal aneurysms Crawford type I - Ill.could be reduced to about 10 % in more recent series, development of additional measures to avoid this disastrous complication seems worthwhile. One of of the major determinants of preventing ischemia is obviously keeping ...
Habib Abdul G - - 2003
Salmonella aortic aneurysms occasionally affect adjoining organs. This study reports on 2 elderly men with fatal cases of Salmonella enteritidis involving adjacent organs: aortobronchial fistula from a thoracic aneurysm, and renal involvement from an infrarenal aneurysm. The hope of averting a tragic outcome lies in prompt clinical and radiological recognition ...
Woo Y Joseph - - 2003
Standard surgical therapy of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms entails obligate extensive operative exposure that is associated with significant postoperative pain and morbidity. A 70-year-old patient with multiple significant comorbidities including severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (force expiratory volume at 1 second, 0.66 L) presented with a highly symptomatic, eccentric, descending ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2003
PURPOSE: To assess whether simultaneous operations are appropriate for combined thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHOD: Simultaneous operations were performed for combined thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms in nine patients. The thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) was repaired first, followed by repair of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Selective cerebral perfusion ...
Tsukube Takuro - - 2003
We describe the use of rib-cross thoracotomy and costal coaptation pins made with bioabsorbable poly-L-lactide for rib approximation. This thoracotomy provided an excellent intraoperative exposure of the entire descending aorta and thoracoabdominal aorta in patients with extended thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm without increase in postoperative morbidity.
Midorikawa Hirofumi - - 2003
A 77-year-old man with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to our hospital for surgical treatment of a proximal descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (dTAA) and an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The patient had poor respiratory function; however, a simultaneous abdominal aortic replacement and thoracic stent-graft placement were successfully ...
Ouriel Kenneth - - 2003
Thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair continues to be associated with a significant risk of operative complications, many of which are related to the prolonged period of aortic cross clamping inherent in the procedure. A variety of adjuvant techniques have been used in attempts to decrease morbidity, including atriofemoral extracorporal bypass, subarachnoid drainage, ...
Kang Dong - - 2002
A 22-year-old man presented with traumatic aortic transtion associated with rupture of the right atrium and underwent urgent median sternotomy to repair the right atrium. A T-shaped extended left anterior thoracotomy was performed, and ruptured descending thoracic aorta was repaired under total bypass. A Y-shaped connector was inserted in the ...
Roth Matthias - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Aortic aneurysm formation is common after patch aortoplasty repair of coarctation of the aorta. Its incidence varies between 5% and 38%. The majority of patients show progressive aneurysmal dilation within 6 to 18 years and reoperation is necessary to avoid rupture of the aneurysm. METHODS: Ten patients were reoperated ...
Shindo Shunya - - 2002
Pseudocoarctation is a rare anomaly in the descending thoracic aorta. A 44-year-old man experienced sudden onset of back pain for 5 days prior to admission. Computed tomography showed kinking and stenosis in the distal aortic arch with a distal aneurysm. The patient underwent emergency surgery, with a diagnosis of impending ...
Elefteriades John A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The natural history of thoracic aortic aneurysm is incompletely understood. Over the last 10 years, at Yale University we have maintained a large computerized database of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections. Analysis of this database has permitted insight into fundamental issues of natural behavior of the aorta ...
Nagamine Susumu - - 2002
A 72-year-old man with shock was transferred to our emergency room. The computed tomograms revealed a ruptured giant thoracic aortic aneurysm obstructing the left pulmonary artery. Emergency total aortic arch replacement was performed, and the postoperative course was uneventful. The postoperative angiography confirmed the total occlusion in the left pulmonary ...
Jacobs Michael J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Monitoring motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) is an accurate technique to assess spinal cord integrity during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair, guiding surgical strategies to prevent paraplegia. METHODS: In 210 consecutive patients with type I (n = 75), type II (n = 103), and type III (n = 32) TAAA surgical ...
Mitchell R Scott - - 2002
The treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is complicated by the morbidity of the surgical procedure, and the comorbidities encountered in an elderly population. Stent grafts have now been used for approximately 10 years for the treatment of thoracic aneurysmal disease, management of aortic dissections, intramural hematoma, and giant penetrating ulcers, ...
Usui Akihiko - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Endovascular stent grafting through a median sternotomy for a distal arch aneurysm (the frozen elephant trunk procedure) is an alternative to synthetic graft replacement. But spinal cord dysfunction can easily occur as a complication after surgery. Although its cause is uncertain, some attempts at prevention have been instituted. We ...
Ohtsuka Toshiya - - 2002
Three consecutive male patients underwent videoscopic supradiaphragmatic thoracic duct division using the Harmonic Scalpel with a hook blade (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, OH, USA) for treatment of chyle leaks that developed after left upper lobectomy, graft replacement of a descending aortic aneurysm and thyroidectomy with concomitant partial sternal resection. The thoracic ...
Malikov Serguei - - 2002
Spinal cord ischemia is a major cause of complications after operative and endovascular treatment of descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. Prior revascularization of the intercostal artery (IA) giving rise to the artery of Adamkiewicz (AA) using an artery of the thoracic wall would preserve circulation in the AA and ...
Gawenda M - - 2002
Chronic traumatic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta is an unusual occurrence. Open-chest surgery for repair of chronic traumatic aneurysms results in mortality rate of 5-18%, and a morbidity rate of 11-50% also. The evolution of endovascular technology offers the promise of a new, less invasive method to achieve aneurysm exclusion. ...
Fukada Johji - - 2002
To minimize surgical trauma, we performed graft replacement of a descending aortic aneurysm through a minithoracotomy (12 cm) with the use of thoracoscopy and special vascular clamps. Contrast magnetic resonance angiography can be useful for preventing postoperative paraplegia by revealing the Adamkiewicz artery. The patient was satisfied with the postoperative ...
Girardi Leonard N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Advances in end-organ protection have dramatically reduced the incidence of the life-threatening complications associated with the elective repair of thoracoabdominal and descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. However, in the setting of a ruptured thoracic aneurysm, one may not have the luxury of complex end-organ support. We analyzed our experience with ...
Miltner Oliver - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: A case report describing a patient with spondylodiscitis of the thoracic and lumbar spine complicated by rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm and aggravation of neurologic symptoms is presented. OBJECTIVE: To present a cardiovascular complication worsening the clinical condition during conservative spondylodiscitis therapy, and to describe a minimally ...
Kaminishi Yuichiro - - 2002
We successfully treated two patients with chronic traumatic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta. The first, a 40-year-old man involved in an automobile accident 24 years earlier, was treated by thoracic aorta graft replacement via left thoracotomy under femoro-femoral partial bypass. The second, a 57-year-old man with a 3-month history of ...
Saito Takeshi - - 2002
Emergency or urgent thoracoabdominal aortic replacement in octogenarians has high morbidity and mortality rates due to decrease in the potential of other organs because of their age and the high invasiveness. Here, report a case of an 81-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having an impending rupture in an acute ...
Guan Heng - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To apply fractionated-clamping for repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAA), and evaluate its effects in decreasing surgical mortality and severe complications, such as renal failure and paraplegia, a modified crawford procedure were prospectively evaluated. METHODS: Using modified shunting and cross-clamping techniques, modified Crawford repair in 13 thoracoabdominal aorta patients ...
Moura Marcelo R L - - 2002
Endovascular intervention is an alternative form of treatment for patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms. Coexistent cardiovascular diseases may adversely influence the postoperative course and affect the long-term prognosis. The case of a 76-year-old man with severe coronary artery disease and a thoracic aortic aneurysm is reported. A single-stage procedure of ...
Pasic Miralem - - 2002
A 66-year-old patient underwent emergency endovascular repair of a descending thoracic aneurysm because of suspected aortic rupture. Two weeks later, a small saccular aneurysm of the aortic arch was treated with open surgery. An unexpected intraoperative finding was retrograde dissection of the aortic arch and of the ascending aorta that ...
Takeo Sadanori - - 2002
Chylothorax is a rare but potentially serious complication of cardiac operations. We report here a 72-year-old man who underwent replacement of a descending aneurysm with a synthetic graft for dissecting aneurysm (IIIa). A persistent postoperative chylothorax developed, which necessitated continuous drainage, despite conservative treatment more than 12 days. Thoracoscopic high-frequency ...
Kawaharada Nobuyoshi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The outcome of thoracoabdominal or descending aortic aneurysm repair after preoperative demonstration of the artery of Adamkiewicz (ARM) by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was investigated. METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2001, 40 consecutive patients who had aneurysms of the thoracoabdominal or descending aorta underwent preoperative MRA to visualize ...
Khoury Michael - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report the endovascular repair of a complicated, recurrent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) using stacked, customized stent-grafts. CASE REPORT: A 75-year-old man was evaluated for an enlarging 7-cm suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. The patient had repair of a distal TAAA in the past, as well as multiple visceral revascularizations ...
Bafort Catherine - - 2002
PURPOSE: To present a method of predicting spinal cord ischemia before deployment of an endograft in the thoracoabdominal aorta. CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old high-risk patient presented with an aneurysm of the distal thoracic and proximal abdominal aorta. An endovascular treatment was scheduled, but before deployment of the endograft, occlusion of ...
Huynh Tam T T - - 2002
It is estimated that 20% to 40% of the patients who survive the acute phase of aortic dissection will develop significant aneurysmal dilatation of the descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aorta. Aortic dissection has long been considered a risk factor for mortality and neurologic deficit following surgical repair of the descending ...
Nonaka Makoto - - 2002
A 72-year-old man with a history of brain infarction presented with left sided anterior chest pain secondary to a thymic carcinoma. He received induction radiotherapy, 45 Gy. Preoperative computed tomography showed the tumor was adherent to a thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) which had extensive mural thrombus and calcification. To obtain ...
Larzon Thomas - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report the successful endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old woman with a type B aortic dissection treated conservatively for 8 years was referred for rupture of a 16-cm aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta. During transfer to the operating ...
Shinonaga Mayumi - - 2002
A 65-year-old man was a diagnosed with meningitis and bacteremia, as Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from spinal fluid and blood cultures. After three weeks of antibiotic therapy, computed tomography revealed a ruptured aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta. The aneurysm had appeared during the first episode of meningitis but had ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >