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Tsutsumi Masahiro - - 2013
The dorsal pancreatic artery (DP), characterized by a course that crosses behind the proximal part of the splenic vein. It is regarded as clinically important, providing essential distribution to the pancreas. However, the origin of the DP is extremely variable and therefore cannot provide a sufficient basis for identifying it. ...
Yan Zhong-Ya - - 2013
Traditional total arch replacement technology and artificial blood vessels are designed for patients with Stanford A aortic dissection who have 3 branches (brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery, and left subclavian artery) arising from the arch of the aorta. However, if there is anatomical variation of the aortic arch branches, ...
Gijsen Frank J H - - 2013
Heterogeneity in plaque composition in human coronary artery bifurcations is associated with blood flow induced shear stress. Shear stress is generally determined by combing 3D lumen data and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). We investigated two new procedures to generate 3D lumen reconstructions of coronary artery bifurcations for shear stress computations. ...
Afolabi-Brown Olayinka - - 2013
Anomalous right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) is a rare congenital coronary anomaly that has an incidence of 0.002%. We report a case of a previously healthy female who presented to our hospital with pneumonia and was incidentally discovered to have ARCAPA. This was initially diagnosed on echocardiography ...
Tuder Rubin M RM Program in Translational Lung Research, Division of Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12700 East 19th Avenue, Research Complex 2, Room 9001, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The pathology of pulmonary hypertension includes numerous abnormalities of the intima, media, and adventitia of the pulmonary vascular tree. A recently completed systematic analysis revealed high variability of morphologic measurements within a given pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) lung and among all PAH lungs, as well as distinct pathologic subphenotypes, and ...
Markus Hugh S HS Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
A fifth of all strokes and transient ischaemic attacks occur in the posterior circulation arterial territory. Diagnosis can be challenging, in part because of substantial overlap in symptoms and signs with ischaemia in the anterior circulation. Improved methods of non-invasive imaging of the vertebrobasilar arterial tree have been used in ...
Shimamura Norihito N Department of Neurosurgery, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Towada, - - 2013
Ischemic stroke and hyperperfusion (HP) are the most frequent and important complications in carotid artery stenosis surgery. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has replaced carotid endarterectomy in high medical risk patients. Prior to CAS, initial angiographic findings disclose a small caliber internal carotid artery (IC) due to stenosis, but after the ...
Geyer S H - - 2013
The arteries of the skin have been postulated to form a profound plexus at the dermal/hypodermal junction and a superficial plexus in the papillary dermis. Our article aims to rebut this concept and to provide an alternative description of the arrangement of the dermal arteries. Employing a novel technique, we ...
Shimotakahara Rie - - 2013
The sinuatrial nodal branch (SANB) of the coronary artery is anatomically important as it irrigates the sinuatrial node. Past studies on the origin and route of the SANB in the human heart have produced discrepant findings. Therefore, in this study, we macroscopically investigated the origin, route, and distribution of the ...
Secco Gioel Gabrio - - 2013
Provisional stenting of the side-branch is the universally accepted gold standard while there is still controversy on the role of kissing balloon dilatation. During treatment of bifurcation, most experienced operators prefer to correct the carina shift leading to ostial stenosis after the deployment of the main vessel stent by apposing ...
Chaijaroonkhanarak Wunnee - - 2013
We investigated the variations of the origin of the dorsal scapular artery (DSA) and its relation to the brachial plexus in 252 sides of the posterior cervical triangles of Thais. The origin of this artery on each part of the subclavian artery or other arterial branches was examined with special ...
Ozdemir V - - 2013
The knowledge of branching and variations of the coeliac artery is clinicallyimportant, especially in the surgical operations and non-surgical treatments.Moreover, the chinchillas abdominal region have been used as a model in somesurgical experimental researches. In this frame, we have aimed to explain thebranching of this artery in the chinchillas detailedly. ...
Shogo Nishi - - 2013
Objective: We sought to determine the patency of normal arterial branches from the covered segments of an artery after stenting.Background: Most intracranial aneurysms occur at arterial branching points (bifurcations, side-branches, or perforators). The post-stenting patency of normal arterial branches from the covered segments of the artery is important. We have ...
Mallik Ajit S - - 2013
We report a preclinical comparative study of a 96-strand braided flow diverter. The 96-strand braided device was compared with the currently commercially available flow diverter with 48 strands. The devices were implanted across the neck of 12 elastase-induced aneurysms in New Zealand White rabbits and followed for 1 and 3 months ...
Hattori Yasunori - - 2013
Anatomic variations in branching pattern of axillary artery (AxA) are common and typically involve subscapular artery (SsA) and posterior circumflex humeral artery (PCHA). Several skin and muscle flaps are based on the branches of AxA. Furthermore, these branches are frequently used as recipient vessels in functioning free muscle transfers for ...
Maga Paweł - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe the branches and arterial supply of the recurrent artery of Heubner (RAH) in order to provide detailed information to neurosurgeons operating in this area of the brain. A total of 70 human brains (39 male and 31 female) obtained from cadavers (aged ...
Une Dai - - 2013
A posterior mitral annular abscess is a rare but severe complication of endocarditis which requires careful surgical intervention. The debridement and reconstruction can cause fatal complications such as left atrioventricular groove rupture, coronary artery entrapment, and acute myocardial infarction. We report on a 60-year-old woman who developed acute infective endocarditis ...
Park Seyoun - - 2013
Purpose: This paper introduces a novel approach to classify pulmonary arteries and veins from volumetric chest computed tomography (CT) images. Although there is known to be a relationship between the alteration of vessel distributions and the progress of various pulmonary diseases, there has been relatively little research on the quantification ...
Rennie Monique Y - - 2013
The fetoplacental arterial tree is critical for efficient distribution of arterial blood to capillaries throughout the placental exchange region yet little is known about the factors and mechanisms that control its development. Advances in micro-computed tomography (CT) imaging and analysis, and available mutant mouse strains, are facilitating rapid progress. Indeed ...
Koutsiaris Aristotle G - - 2013
The average resistive index (RI) as a function of the average vessel diameter (D) was studied in the human carotid arterial tree. Data were used from previously published research measurements taken from 505 different vessels of 371 healthy humans. When the RI from the carotid arteries was included in the ...
Pritz Michael B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Saccular cerebral aneurysms located at nonbranching sites are uncommon. Their distribution, morphological features, and presence of a branch vessel or a tiny perforator(s) separate from the aneurysm neck were investigated. METHODS: From a series of 303 microsurgically clipped saccular cerebral aneurysms, 40 aneurysms were identified at sites not related ...
Chai Ok Hee - - 2013
We present a rare variation of the right-sided aortic arch with the retroesophageal left subclavian artery as the forth branch found in a cadaver of an 89-year-old Korean woman during a routine dissection. In this case, the first branch that arose from the ascending aorta was the left common carotid ...
Yeen Wing C WC Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, FL, - - 2013
Anomalous pulmonary vein anatomy is infrequently encountered during reconstructive lung surgery, especially lung transplantation. Complications of pulmonary venous anastomosis carry high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of anomalous pulmonary vein reconstruction with a decellularized porcine small intestinal submucosa-derived extracellular matrix during bilateral lung transplantation in an 18-year-old woman ...
Wright Susan N SN Krasnow Inst. for Advanced Study, George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA, - - 2013
Characterization of the complex branching architecture of cerebral arteries across a representative sample of the human population is important for diagnosing, analyzing, and predicting pathological states. Brain arterial vasculature can be visualized by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). However, most MRA studies are limited to qualitative assessments, partial morphometric analyses, individual ...
Atlasi Mohammad Ali - - 2013
Variations in the number and/or course of the arteries of the upper limb have clinical and surgical significance. During routine dissection of the left upper limb of a 50-year-old male cadaver, a brachial artery was noted that bifurcated into superficial and deep branches in the middle arm. The ulnar and ...
Senchenkov Alex - - 2013
Microvascular replantation, when possible, is the treatment of choice for total ear amputations. Both arterial and venous reconstruction should be attempted. The present case report describes a successful total ear replantation in a 45-year-old woman whose ear was amputated due to a horse accident. Venous thrombosis subsequently occurred and was ...
Hamaguchi Shingo - - 2013
Transcatheter embolization of bleeding from distal branches of small arteries can be difficult. N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) was originally used as a tissue adhesive material, and recent evidence suggests that it can also be used as an embolic material. This report describes a case in which a pseudoaneurysm arising from the ...
Kqiku Lumnije - - 2013
Aim. To describe vascular anatomy of the maxillary sinus in dentate specimens dissected from human cadavers. Methods. Twenty dentate maxillary specimens were dissected, anatomically prepared, and injected with liquid latex for a better visualization of the maxillary sinus artery. esults. We found an intraosseous anastomosis in 100% and an extraosseous ...
Seok Yangki - - 2013
Pulmonary sequestration is a rare developmental abnormality where pulmonary tissue lacks normal connections to the tracheobronchial tree, in addition to its having an anomalous systemic blood supply. Lobectomy via open thoracotomy has long been the procedure of choice for the resection of pulmonary sequestration. We present three cases of thoracoscopic ...
Narushima Mitsunaga - - 2013
Free auricular flap transplantation is one of the treatments for nasal reconstruction. This report presents a case of nasal reconstruction where the infraorbital artery was used as a recipient vessel, and the infraorbital nerve as a recipient sensory nerve. A 75-year-old female underwent resection of malignant melanoma of the right ...
Fujii Noriyuki - - 2013
A 75-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with stable effort angina pectoris. The coronary angiogram showed 90 % stenosis at the left anterior descending artery and stenting was successfully performed. Three months later, a newly audible systolic heart murmur was heard. Computed tomography revealed a ventricular septal perforation. Coronary angiogram ...
Wipper Sabine - - 2013
Purpose : To describe the deployment technique for a single side branch arch endograft in a porcine model and prove the concept of transseptal or transapical antegrade access for catheterization and introduction of the mating stent-graft. Methods : Six domestic pigs were operated with retrograde delivery of a single side ...
Hadimani S - - 2013
Variations of venous pattern in the arm are common. In this case report, we present a variation of axillary artery and vein. During routine educational dissections of axillary region, it was observed that a fenestrated axillary vein was perforated by a variant axillary artery in right arm of an old ...
Noonan Patrick M E PM Heart Unit, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2013
A 10-year old girl underwent a CT angiogram to investigate right lung hypoplasia. This showed a normal bronchial tree, lung parenchyma and pulmonary venous drainage, but an absent right pulmonary artery. Cardiac catheterization with pulmonary vein wedge injections identified a disconnected hypoplastic right pulmonary artery system supplied by an occluded ...
Constantinou Jason - - 2013
Endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) using a branched stent graft is a technically challenging procedure. A 64-year-old man with multiple medical problems, including severe renal impairment, is presented with a ruptured type IV TAAA. He underwent emergency repair using an off-the-shelf branched stent graft and carbon dioxide as ...
Momoh Adeyiza O - - 2013
Reconstruction of nasal lining and septal defects is a challenging problem. An ideal reconstructive option provides ample thin, like tissue with reliable perfusion in a relatively short, single-staged procedure. The purpose of this study is to describe the vascular anatomy of the superior labial artery and an axial mucosal flap, ...
Lee Yik Ching YC Auckland Bioengineering Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2013
The pig is frequently used as an experimental model for studies of the pulmonary circulation, yet the branching and dimensional geometry of the porcine pulmonary vasculature remains poorly defined. The purposes of this study are to improve the geometric definition of the porcine pulmonary arteries and to determine whether the ...
Krankenberg Hans - - 2013
Purpose : To demonstrate transapical stent-graft implantation for the treatment of an ascending aortic aneurysm simultaneously using the "periscope" technique for all supra-aortic branches. Technique : The treatment plan is demonstrated in a 67-year-old man with prior ascending aortic replacement and known ascending aortic aneurysm who presented with acute severe ...
Huo Yunlong Y Biomedical Engineering, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, IN, - - 2013
Glagov's positive remodelling in the early stages of coronary atherosclerosis often results in plaque rupture and acute events. Because positive remodelling is generally diffused along the epicardial coronary arterial tree, it is difficult to diagnose non-invasively. Hence, the objective of the study is to assess the use of scaling power ...
Ahmad Quazi G QG Plastic and Reconstructive Services, Department of Surgical Oncology, TATA Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, 400012 - - 2014
The pedicle of the anterolateral thigh flap is formed by the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. Recently, an oblique branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery was described by Wei et al., which can also be used as an alternative to the descending branch. We describe a case ...
Harthmann da Silva Tales T Curso de Odontologia, Departamento de Enfermagem e Odontologia, Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul, Santa Cruz do Sul, - - 2013
The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is the largest branch of the internal maxillary artery supplying the meninges. The complex sequence of MMA development gives many opportunities for variant anatomy. Additionally, the variations in the origin of the MMA are of clinical importance when dealing with fractures of the base of ...
Mishra Vijay Nath - - 2013
Dolichoectatic arteries are elongated tortuous aneurysms of intracranial arteries most commonly of vertebrobasilar tree presenting with ischaemic, haemorrhagic, thromboembolic lesions or with cranial nerve compression. The clinical presentation includes tic douloureux, neuralgia, tinnitus, vertigo, motor or sensory deficits, ataxia, dementia, Parkinsonism, hydrocephalus, headache, migraine, aneurysm, neoplasm, stroke/transient ischaemic attacks, leukoencephalopathy, ...
Pires Claudio Rodrigues - - 2013
Pulmonary sequestration is a congenital abnormality consisting of a mass of pulmonary tissue that presents an abnormal connection with the tracheobronchial tree, with a blood supply coming from an anomalous artery derived from the systemic circulation. Extralobar pulmonary sequestration is characterized by having pleural coverings that are independent of the ...
Ghez Olivier - - 2013
Surgical repair of pulmonary artery (PA) branches encompasses many different clinical scenarios and technical challenges. The most common, such as bifurcation and central PA reconstruction, are described, as well as the challenges of complex and peripheral reconstruction.
Prasad Vikram V Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
A 22-year-old woman was involved in a motor vehicle collision resulting in multiple facial fractures and extensive internal carotid artery (ICA) injury including a right carotid-cavernous fistula, complex dissection flap and dissecting aneurysms. Endovascular coil embolization was initially performed to treat the cavernous carotid fistula and then again on two ...
Li Ying Y Institute of Computing Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, - - 2013
Noncalcified plaques (NCPs) are associated with the presence of lipid-core plaques that are prone to rupture. Thus, it is important to detect and monitor the development of NCPs. Contrast-enhanced coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) is a potential imaging technique to identify atherosclerotic plaques in the whole coronary tree, but it ...
Drewniak Tomasz T Department of Urology, Rydygier Memorial Hospital, Cracow, - - 2013
The broad range of medical images and image processing technologies are applied in urology. The aim was to propose methodology to assess three-dimensional (3D) arrangement of renal arterial tree and to build a statistical model for analyzing the layout of arteries in the sections of the kidney. The series of ...
Cam Fatih F Department of Cardiology, AydIn Medline Hospital, Aydın, - - 2013
We report a case of hyperacute inferior myocardial infarction with life-saving collateral circulation from the conus artery to the left anterior descending artery.
Torfs Sara S Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, - - 2013
Thanks to advancement in treatment modalities, the medial survival rate of patients with familial pulmonary arterial hypertension (FPAH) has been improved. Unfortunately, ocular complications because of the chronically elevated systemic venous pressure become more frequent. The authors report new FPAH-associated fundus changes in a 50-year-old male patient treated with sildenafil. ...
Kianersi Farzan F *Department of Ophthalmology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, - - 2013
Ocular toxoplasmosis can cause a variety of retinal vascular changes including branch retinal arterial occlusion, which is a rare complication of the disease. An unusual toxoplasma chorioretinitis presenting a macular branch retinal arterial occlusion adjacent to the active chorioretinitis lesion is reported. The patient received an appropriate steroid and antibiotic ...
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