Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1091
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Acherman R J - - 1998
The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical, radiological, and echocardiographic findings in 11 neonates with aneurysm of ductus arteriosus presented in our institutions between 1993 and 1996, and to postulate a new theory for the pathogenesis of this lesion. Medical records, radiographic studies, and echocardiograms were reviewed. ...
Zenker M - - 1998
The administration of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) has occasionally been related to fetal and neonatal cardiopulmonary, gastrointestinal, cerebral and renal complications. This report describes a term newborn with severe persistent pulmonary hypertension due to premature closure of the ductus arteriosus following a 5 day maternal treatment with diclofenac two weeks ...
Schofer O - - 1998
An infant with an unusual clinical presentation and course of Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is described. The baby presented with severe pulmonary involvement and hepatosplenomegaly at the age of 3 months and died of respiratory failure at the age of 7 months. Cell hybridization studies revealed that the infant ...
Galal O - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The Rashkind double umbrella device for patent arterial duct occlusion has been used in many patients. Its radiographic appearance has not been sufficiently described. OBJECTIVE: To present the varying radiographic appearances of the Rashkind double umbrella device on the chest X-ray. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chest radiographs of 69 ...
Siblini G - - 1997
This report describes a 1 day-old infant with valvar pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum in whom we were successful in performing transcatheter guidewire perforation and balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty to establish right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery continuity and flow. Also described is implantation of a 4 mm coronary stent into ductus arteriosus ...
Mello D M - - 1997
In hearts with a common arterial trunk (truncus arteriosus), there is almost always an inverse development of the aortic arch and the ductus arteriosus. Truncus with a normal aortic arch and a patent ductus is a rare echocardiographic and surgical finding. In this report, we describe 2 neonates in whom ...
Lee M L - - 1997
We report a newborn baby boy with an aneurysmal ductus arteriosus, that underwent spontaneous regression in the 2 years follow-up. Plain chest films showed the clue. Echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging and angiocardiography are helpful in the differential diagnosis of other superior mediastinal mass. Perinatal asphyxia and hypoxemia may contribute to ...
Momma K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to clarify characteristics of truncus arteriosus communis associated with chromosome 22q11 deletion (del 22q11). BACKGROUND: DiGeorge syndrome and conotruncal anomaly face syndrome are associated with del 22q11 (hemizygosity). In 30% of cases, truncus arteriosus communis is associated with the deletion. METHODS: Fifteen consecutive ...
Choi J Y - - 1997
Doppler waveforms of the human fetal ductus arteriosus and the branch pulmonary artery are distinct in their shape and might reflect fetal cardiovascular hemodynamics and vessel wall characteristics. The waveform of ductus arteriosus had two peaks, a higher one in systole and a lower one in diastole. Both peaks had ...
Bosatra M G - - 1997
Truncus arteriosus Type IV is a rare congenital cardiac malformation characterized by agenesis of the pulmonary arteries. Pulmonary perfusion is ensured by bronchial arteries. One common arterial trunk arises from both ventricles and systemic pulmonary and coronary arteries originate from this common vessel. Survival is rare without surgical correction. We ...
Podzimkova J - - 1997
We report two patients (four and twelve days old respectively) with heart failure due to absent pulmonary valve and patent ductus arteriosus. The ductus arteriosus in both patients had unusual course arising early from the aortic arch and maintaining an acute angle with the aortic arch. The etiology of absent ...
Liang C D - - 1997
We report a case of right aortic arch with mirror-image branching and coarctation of the aorta and left ductus arteriosus in a 6-year-old boy. He was referred to Chang Gung Children's Hospital with suspected left ventricular failure. Physical examination revealed hypertension and a pulse discrepancy between the upper and lower ...
Ghossain M A - - 1997
Spiral CT angiography was performed in a patient suspected of having pulmonary embolism. The right pulmonary system was normal. The left arterial system was small but patent. The left upper lobe was small and hyperlucent. The left lower lobe was collapsed and contained bronchiectasis. The bronchi were patent. High resolution ...
Ferrera P C - - 1997
A 50-year-old woman was the victim of a motor vehicle accident. An aortogram obtained for suspicion of an aortic injury was interpreted as an intimal disruption at the level of the aortic isthmus. At thoracotomy the patient was found to have only a ductus diverticulum. A brief discussion of the ...
McCarthy J F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Congenital tracheobronchial obstruction (TBO) presents a complex problem both in terms of diverse aetiology, presence of associated anomalies and the operative strategy to be adopted. We report a single centre experience in managing this difficult problem. METHODS: Twenty-four infants and children with TBO referred to our unit over a ...
Sloth E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anatomical relationship between the esophagus and pulmonary artery including assessment of the correct transesophageal Doppler insonation angle into the mid-pulmonary artery trunk. METHODS: We evaluated the anatomical relationship between the esophagus and pulmonary artery (PA) from comparable magnetic resonance (MR) and transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) multiple two-dimensional ...
Alwi M - - 1997
Two hundred eleven patients with small- to moderate-sized native patent ductus arteriosus underwent closure using Gianturco coils, employing the transvenous multiple catheter approach. Short-term results showed a high rate of complete occlusion and a potential long-term complication of mild left pulmonary artery stenosis in a small number of patients.
Kurl S - - 1997
The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of the first anteroposterior chest radiograph taken within the first hours of life from 99 neonates admitted consecutively from the delivery room to the neonatal intensive care unit because of mild to moderate respiratory distress. ...
Sagic D - - 1997
Saccular aortic aneurysm arising in the ductal region, known as ductus diverticulum aneurysm, is a rare anomaly. Due to potentially malignant evolution, recognition of radiological signs associated with this anomaly during the asymptomatic phase may be important in order to plan surgical intervention in time. We report an unusual case ...
Taneja K - - 1997
Aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus has been reported in children more frequently than in adults [1-4]. The rarity of the lesion explains the low rate of recognition by the radiologist, especially because symptoms are non-specific in most cases. Clinically and radiologically, aneurysm of the ductal diverticulum can be confused with ...
Tisdall P I - - 1997
Anatomical features of the ductus venosus in 84 neonatal dogs are described. The ductus venosus was a straight conduit 1-3 mm wide and 4-12 mm long in pups with a crown-rump length of 80-200 mm. It arose from the left main portal vein branch opposite the umbilical vein, passed between ...
Horigome H - - 1997
Absent pulmonary valve with intact ventricular septum is a rare congenital anomaly. Most cases are not diagnosed until years after birth, although several cases have been reported in the literature in which cardiorespiratory distress developed during the neonatal period. We present a patient who showed improvement after fairly conservative therapy ...
Liang C D - - 1997
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and patent ductus arteriosus complicated by pulmonary vascular obstructive disease (PVOD) and hemoptysis in a 5-year-old girl are described. The echocardiogram was typical of TOF, as well as ductus arteriosus and right aortic arch. Cardiac catheterization revealed a pulmonary vascular resistance of 44 hybrid resistance units, ...
Mielke G - - 1997
The objective of this study was to describe the characteristic prenatal findings of a ductus arteriosus-dependent pulmonary circulation secondary to cardiac malformations. B-mode, color and pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography were performed in seven fetuses with severe pulmonary stenosis or atresia. All findings were confirmed postnatally by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization ...
Allan L D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To describe the normal cardiac morphology as seen by transvaginal ultrasound imaging in the first trimester fetus and to compare it with the morphology of the heart as seen by microdissection at the same gestational age. DESIGN: In 53 mothers undergoing early sonography, the fetal heart was examined and ...
Kopuz C - - 1997
Persistent median artery was studied in 60 upper limbs of 30 neonatal cadavers. It was found in 12 (20%) specimens while partial atrophy in the distal part of the median artery was detected in 9 (15%) specimens. These findings correlated well with those of other series including the authors' previous ...
Becker T E - - 1996
Doppler echocardiography can be used in patients with a patent ductus arteriosus to generate complete pulmonary artery pressure curves. This technique provides a dynamic evaluation of changes in pulmonary artery pressures throughout the cardiac cycle and provides more hemodynamic information than single-point Doppler velocity methods of estimating pulmonary artery pressures.
Shim D - - 1996
We describe the development of hemolysis from moderate residual shunting across a patent ductus arteriosus following coil embolization. The fall in hemoglobin levels from 11.6 to 6.0 gm/dl necessitated a second coil procedure which resulted in complete closure of the residual shunting and resolution of hemolysis. Therefore, appearance of anemia ...
Acherman R J - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of high resolution two-dimensional echocardiographic imaging and color flow Doppler study in assessing the pulmonary blood supply in patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect (VSD). BACKGROUND: Although echocardiography is a well established technique for assessing central pulmonary ...
Bard H - - 1996
AIMS: To determine if decreasing arterial blood saturation from 95% to 90% could cause vasoconstriction of the pulmonary vasculature and dilatation of a patent ductus arteriosus in preterm newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: Doppler echocardiographic studies were compared at 95% and 90% pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) in ...
Luo H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: External ultrasound has a synergistic effect on thrombus disruption with thrombolytic agents in vitro. We hypothesized that transcutaneous ultrasound could augment thrombolysis in vivo. METHOD AND RESULTS: Thrombus formation was induced electrically in 48 pairs of iliofemoral arteries of 24 rabbits; arterial occlusions were documented angiographically. In 17 of ...
Weber H S - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to establish and maintain patency of the ductus arteriosus by a new method of transvascular formalin infiltration of the ductus arteriosus wall. BACKGROUND: Maintaining patency of the ductus arteriosus postnatally is necessary with many forms of congenital heart disease to ensure survival until definitive surgical repair. ...
Nakae S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: This study describes the results of techniques using the autologous truncal wall and part of the pulmonary artery for correction in anticipation of the growth of the pulmonary tract in patients with truncus arteriosus. METHODS: Seven consecutive patients with truncus arteriosus were reviewed. The posterior wall of the pulmonary ...
Puri G D - - 1996
Physiological deadspace fraction of tidal volume (VD/VT), arterial to end-tidal carbon dioxide tension differences [P(a-E')CO2], arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) and respiratory system compliance were studied in twenty patients with patent ductus ateriosus scheduled for multiple ligation and transfixation through posterolateral thoracotomy under general anaesthesia with controlled ventilation. The study period ...
de Moor M - - 1996
A 3-year-old child with a patent arterial duct underwent percutaneous transcatheter occlusion using Rashkind's "double umbrella" technique. The procedure, using a 17 mm device, was uncomplicated. An echocardiogram done 6 hr later showed a mobile 5 x 3 mm thrombus on the pulmonary aspect of the device. The thrombus resolved ...
- - 1996
5,414,555; 5,430,634; 5,436,452; 5,438,187; 5,438,198; 5,438,412; 5,442,172; 5,446,581; 5,446,588; 5,450,196; 5,452,125; 5,456,260; 5,459,308;
Weber H S - - 1996
The current strategies concerning a small (</=2 mm) patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) include surgical ligation, transcatheter implantation of the Rashkind occluder device, or no intervention requiring indefinite endocarditis precautions. Five patients have undergone successful transcatheter closure of a small-caliber PDA utilizing a single 3 mm Gianturco occluder coil as an ...
Geggel R L - - 1996
We report two infants each with coarctation of the aorta and small patent ductus arteriosus who had balloon angioplasty therapy for aortic obstruction at 3-6 months of age followed by anterograde placement of a single Gianturco coil to close the ductus at a separate catheterization. One infant developed recoarctation that ...
Sharma S - - 1996
Two adult patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), resulting in Eisenmenger's syndrome, were evaluated by computed tomography and Magnetic Resonance imaging of the chest, which clearly demonstrated the patent arterial duct as well as the morphologic features of long-standing pulmonary arterial hypertension. Massively dilatated, calcified pulmonary arteries were seen, and ...
Hofstadler G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Closure of the fetal ductus arteriosus, which is usually due to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents, may be detrimental. Therefore prenatal and postnatal clinical and echocardiographic findings in four human fetuses with spontaneous ductus arteriosus occlusion are reported. STUDY DESIGN: Echocardiographic and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Spontaneous closure of ...
Nakae S - - 1996
A technique with autologous tissue for the correction of type III truncus arteriosus is described. The truncal root was excised as a cylinder that incorporated pulmonary arteries and that was translocated anterior to the ascending aorta. The proximal section of the cylinder was closed and the pulmonary tract was reconstructed ...
- - 1996
5,153,926; 5,387,997; 5,398,130; 5,404,414; 5,410,434; 5,410,563; 5,418,797; 5,422,719; 5,436,459; 5,438,406; 5,438,455; 5,438,632; 5,440,422; 5,440,428.
Momma K - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to clarify characteristics of tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia associated with chromosome 22q11 deletion. BACKGROUND: DiGeorge syndrome and conotruncal anomaly facies syndrome are associated with chromosome 22q11 deletion (hemizygosity). Associated cardiac anomalies include tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus and interrupted aortic arch. ...
Kopuz C - - 1996
During the gross anatomical dissection of the thoracic region in a newborn, a gigantic patent ductus arteriosus was found. This vessel had a diameter as large as the pulmonary trunk and a longer length. The brachiocephalic a. and the left common carotid a. originated from the aortic arch in close ...
Slavik Z - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To define the lowest age at which the bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis can safely be used in infants with complex congenital heart defects. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical, echocardiographic, haemodynamic, and angiographic data in four consecutive patients undergoing bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis below the age of 2 months. ...
Solorio S - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the usefulness of two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography for diagnosing double mitral valve orifices (DMVO) in addition to identifying associated pathologies. We report five cases, three male and two female with an age ranging from 4 to 44 years old (mean age: 17 ...
Tofukuji M - - 1996
An adult patient with a spontaneous aneurysm of a patent ductus arteriosus was successfully treated. The lumen of the aneurysm communicated with the distal aortic arch and the pulmonary artery. Closure of the pulmonary arterial orifice of the ductus arteriosus and replacement of the inferior wall of the distal aortic ...
- - 1996
5,341,240; 5,402,227; 5,404,869; 5,406,089; 5,414,560; 5,416,326; 5,418,866; 5,418,866; 5,425,124; 5,428,472; 5,428,475; 5,430,561.
Tabbutt S - - 1996
Techniques of transcatheter device placement for treatment of pediatric congenital heart disease have developed substantially since their introduction 20 years ago. Patent ductus arteriosus occlusion can be accomplished by umbrella deployment or coil placement. Intracardiac defects can be closed with umbrella or buttoned devices. Stenoses of vessels or conduits that ...
Roughneen P T - - 1996
A 4-month-old infant presented with aneurysm of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) which was causing obstruction of the left main bronchus. The patient had elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) at 6.1 um2. The aneurysm was resected on cardiopulmonary bypass. The patient required phenoxybenzamine and prostacycline after the operation for elevated PVR. ...
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