Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1091
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Liang C D - - 2001
We report an infant with intractable congestive heart failure caused by coarctation of the aorta, patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, and multiple muscular ventricular septal defects. He had received balloon angioplasty for dilating the aortic coarctation and a Gianturco coil for closing the ductus at a single therapeutic catheterization ...
Siu B L - - 2001
Fetal ultrasound provides the capacity for early detection of a variety of congenital heart diseases. We report a case of aneurysmal dilatation of a patent ductus arteriosus detected in utero and subsequently confirmed by transthoracic echocardiography in the neonatal period. Prompt recognition of the ductus aneurysm with resultant surgical ligation ...
Day J R - - 2001
A 76-year-old man was found to have a left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, due to a spontaneous patent ductus arteriosus aneurysm. Ortner's syndrome (left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy caused by cardiovascular pathology) secondary to patent ductus arteriosus aneurysm has not previously been described in the literature. We present a case, ...
Marx M - - 2001
We report on the rare case of a 4-year-old boy with patent ductus venosus and pulmonary hypertension presenting with progressive fatigue, tachypnoea at rest and tachycardia. Cardiac catheterisation revealed suprasystemic pressure in the pulmonary arteries with severely elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. In order to reduce the diameter of the ductus ...
Kurth C D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In congenital heart disease (CHD), neurologic abnormalities suggestive of hypoxia-ischemia are often apparent before cardiac surgery. To evaluate preoperative cerebral oxygenation, this study determined cerebral O2 saturation (ScO2) in CHD and healthy children. METHODS: Ninety-one CHD and 19 healthy children aged less than 7 years were studied before surgical ...
McElhinney D B - - 2001
It is unusual to have a right aortic arch with mirror-image branching of the brachiocephalic vessels and no associated congenital cardiac anomalies. Pathogenetic factors of this anomaly, and associated development of the derivatives of the pharyngeal arches, have not been explored extensively. Eleven patients with a mirror-image right aortic arch ...
Tokuda Y - - 2001
Small patent ductus arteriosus is generally closed in children using a transcatheter coil. This is done less often in older patients or those with large patent ductus arteriosus. We report successful antegrade transcatheter coil closure of patent ductus arteriosus in a 70-year-old woman. Into the patent ductus arteriosus, using flexible ...
Vade A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To familiarize the radiologist with the variable sonographic appearance of the involuting ductus venosus in neonates. METHODS: Five sick neonates ranging in age from 24 to 42 weeks had abdominal sonographic examinations to check for intra-abdominal diseases. RESULTS: Doppler sonography showed a patent ductus venosus in 3 neonates and ...
Alpaslan M - - 2001
We describe a 45-year-old man with thromboangiitis obliterans. He had a large immobile wall-adherent thrombus located in the main pulmonary artery, which was detected by transthoracic echocardiography. The pulmonary arterial involvement in this patient may suggest that thromboangiitis obliterans is a generalized vascular disease. We conclude that pulmonary artery should ...
Grifka Ronald G. - - 2001
Transcatheter interventional procedures for the treatment of congenital heart defects have become increasingly important. The patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common congenital defect that is amenable to transcatheter occlusion. Several transcatheter occlusion devices are available. However, due to different PDA shapes and sizes, each device cannot be used to ...
Roques F - - 2001
The risk of closure of a patent ductus arteriosus in the elderly is high because of the fragility of the aorta and aneurysmal change in the ductus. Stent-grafting has emerged as a method of treatment of pathology of the aorta. We describe a case where this new endovascular technique has ...
Chard R B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We have used the Medtronic Freestyle bioprosthesis as a right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduit recently in an attempt to overcome some of the problems associated with homografts and stented xenografts. The aim of this study was to review the performance of this prosthesis. METHODS: Prospectively collected data for ...
Langman G - - 2001
Abnormalities of the ductus venosus are rare. We present the case of a dichorionic, diamniotic twin pregnancy in which complete absence of the ductus venosus, with direct communication between the umbilical vein and right atrium, was detected in one infant on antenatal ultrasonography. Autopsy confirmed the aberrant course of the ...
Zhang Z - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) by comparing five different devices. METHODS: 354 patients (135 males, 219 females) underwent transcatheter closure of PDA using the Porstmann Ivalon plug, Rashkind double umbrella, Sideris button device, Coils and Amplatzer occluders. The mean PDA diameter at ...
Lam J - - 2001
We performed transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) with pediatric biplane probes throughout the procedure of transcatheter closure of the ductus arteriosus in 42 out of 46 patients who were scheduled for this intervention. Patient ages ranged from 15 months to 14 years and body weight from 9-53 kg. Both Rashkind double umbrella ...
Basave M - - 2001
The authors present the case of a 26 years old female, 56 kg weight and 154 cm height, with a giant patent ductus arteriosus (2.4 cm of internal diameter), ventricular septal defect, discrete preductal narrowing of the aortic arch and pulmonary artery hypertension that did not diminished after 100% oxygen ...
Moore J W - - 2001
The successful employment of embolization coils for transcatheter occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has resulted in acceptance of transcatheter occlusion as the treatment of choice for small to medium-sized PDAs. The Duct-Occlud device was developed to further improve the technique by utilizing a controlled release mechanism and coil ...
Dogan R - - 2001
An 18-month-old boy with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) underwent surgical closure of PDA. Cardiac catheterization determined the PDA was not suitable for transcatheter closure. After the chest was opened, subadventitial hematoma was seen on the aortic end of the PDA. Incision of the aorta revealed a thrombus secondary to intimal ...
Nakahira M - - 2001
Left vocal cord paralysis in association with patent ductus arteriosus is unusual. We report a patient with long-standing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in whom CT studies obtained before and after paralysis developed showed an interval increase in size of the pulmonary trunk. The pathogenesis of left vocal cord paralysis in ...
Tan T H - - 2001
The aim of this study is to establish the norms for pulmonary arterial diameters in the premature infants. One hundred and thirty cross-sectional echocardiograms were performed on 62 premature neonates (23.4 weeks to 36 weeks gestation) in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Except for small atrial septal defects/patent foremen ovale ...
Barnes J A - - 2001
Preductal aortic coarctation and patent ductus arteriosus are described in a neonatal Sumatran tiger, Panthera tigris sumatrae. Eight days postpartum, the cub appeared weak, and it was separated from the dam for hand rearing. On examination it was dehydrated and hypothermic. Despite treatment, the animal's condition worsened and the cub ...
Lee H S - - 2001
The right ventricle to pulmonary artery connection with an extracardiac conduit, left pulmonary artery reconstruction, ligation of patent ductus arteriosus, and take-down of right Blalock--Taussig shunt were performed on a 1-year-8-month-old boy who had pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. He previously underwent ...
Moore John W. - - 2001
Gianturco coils (Cook Cardiology, Bloomington, IN) are commonly employed to occlude restrictive patent ductus arteriosus. The clinical experience of the 1990s demonstrated efficacy and safety. This article reviews the current status of Gianturco coil occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus. It covers the design of the available coils, patient selection ...
Ebeid M R - - 2001
Using an Amplatzer duct occluder, 106 patients (weight 21 +/- 18 kg) underwent an attempt at catheter closure of a persistently patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Their age ranged from 22 days to 48 years. The PDA measured between 1.2 to 8.1 mm at its narrowest diameter. The device was successfully ...
Han J J - - 2001
A case is presented of vascular ring caused by right aortic arch with mirror-image branching and left ductus arteriosus. In this case, the descending aorta was located right of the tracheoesophagus and the left ductus arteriosus connected to the descending aorta far below the arch, producing compression of the esophagus ...
Niwa K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Great arteries in congenital heart disease (CHD) may dilate, become aneurysmal, or rupture. Little is known about medial abnormalities in these arterial walls. Accordingly, we studied 18 types of CHD in patients from neonates to older adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: Intraoperative biopsies from ascending aorta, paracoarctation aorta, truncus arteriosus, ...
Rao P S - - 2001
Two children with patent ductus arteriosus and associated right aortic arch underwent successful transcatheter coil occlusion. Recognition of ductal anatomy and ensuring that no symptomatic vascular ring is present are important prior to embarking on ductal occlusion. It is concluded that coil occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus in association with ...
Turgut H B - - 2001
Aortic arch anomalies occur due to disorders of the development of primitive double aortic arch system. In this study a patent ductus arteriosus, which had the appearance of a muscular type artery, was observed in addition to an enlarged right pulmonary artery with a diameter of 2.4 cm, causing thickening ...
Mart C R - - 2001
Isolation of the left innominate artery arising from the ductus arteriosus is a rare clinical entity with only nine cases being reported in the literature [5, 7, 8]. We describe a case consisting of tetralogy of Fallot, right aortic arch, and isolation of the left innominate artery arising from a ...
Baguet J P - - 2001
Patent foramen ovale is frequently associated with embolic cerebrovascular accidents. The diagnosis of patent foramen ovale is easier since the advent of transesophageal echocardiography. However, this method is semi-invasive and is not readily available in all units. Contrast transcranial Doppler ultrasound enables the detection of the passage of a contrast ...
Busch M C - - 2001
Arterial access for coronary angiography is usually achieved by the use of direct arterial puncture or, less frequently, by arterial cutdown. We present the case of a 39-year-old woman in whom a patent ductus arteriosus was used to enter the arterial system for left ventriculography, aortography, and selective coronary angiography. ...
Sohn D W - - 2001
When patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is complicated by pulmonary hypertension resulting in a right-to-left shunt, an erroneous diagnosis of primary pulmonary hypertension may be made, even after echocardiographic examination. Among the 8 patients referred to our echocardiography laboratory with the diagnosis of primary pulmonary hypertension between June 1994 and November ...
Scheltes J S - - 2000
Coronary anastomotic devices are being designed to reduce the laborious, complex suturing approach to endoscopic coronary surgery. An anastomotic device should be safe and reliable, it should allow full view of the vessel parts to be bonded, it must provide a simple and rapid deployment, and should be hemodynamically adequate. ...
Tchervenkov C I - - 2000
Circulatory arrest (CA) is associated with potential neurologic injury. We have developed a new surgical technique to eliminate CA during the Norwood operation. A modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) was fully constructed before cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass. The aortic cannula was inserted in the patent ductus arteriosus to allow systemic cold ...
Tan T H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine the case incidence of ductus arterious aneurysm among our neonates, and to report on our experience in the presentation, echocardiographic features, management and outcome of this condition. METHODS: Retrospective review of cases diagnosed within a 1-year period from 1 July 1998 to 30 June 1999. RESULTS: Eight ...
Rangel A - - 2000
We describe the case of a 26-year-old female in functional class I (NYHA), with aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery associated with a persistent ductus arteriosus and severe pulmonary artery hypertension (101/40-70 mm Hg), which remained elevated (89/40-60 mm Hg) after the administration of 100% oxygen. Right pulmonary artery ...
Odegard K C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop a technique to identify and localize the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for patent ductus arteriosus. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty infants and children scheduled for elective closure of patent ductus arteriosus. INTERVENTIONS: With parental informed consent, 60 infants ...
Lambert M - - 2000
We describe the first case of bilateral hypothenar hammer syndrome (HHS) followed by systemic sclerosis (SSc) that was associated with silica exposure (Erasmus syndrome). The patient was a woman smoothing tiles in an earthenware factory who presented with bilateral digital ischemia associated with Raynaud's phenomenon. HHS was diagnosed, based on ...
Scheltes J S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple patented ideas for vascular end-to-side anastomotic devices, and the growing need for them in minimally invasive coronary bypass procedures, no device has been evaluated clinically yet. This study assessed patents of micromechanical end-to-side anastomotic devices with respect to application in coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Patents were ...
Dyamenahalli U - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcome and to elucidate the pathogenesis of ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA). BACKGROUND: Ductus arteriosus aneurysm is a rare lesion that can be associated with severe complications including thromboembolism, rupture and death. METHOD: We reviewed the clinical records, ...
Masuno M - - 2000
We report on a four-month-old girl with a de novo trisomy 16q [47,XX, +del(16)(p11.2).ish del(16)(p11.2)(wcp16+,D16Z2+,tel16q+, tel16p-)]. She had minor facial anomalies, limb anomalies, urogenital abnormalities, and severe cardiovascular defects. Autopsy confirmed left hypoplastic lung, total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage via coronary sinus, persistent left superior vena cava, patent ductus arteriosus, ...
Waight D J - - 2000
We present a series of four patients with orthodeoxia-platypnea who underwent successful transcatheter closure of their patent foramen ovale using the Amplatzer devices (Amplatzer septal occluder/Amplatzer PFO occluder). The average saturation increased from 81% to 96% with complete resolution of symptoms. The Amplatzer devices are safe and effective treatment options ...
Harikrishnan S - - 2000
We reviewed the cine-angiograms of 190 patients with right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstructions for size and anatomy of pulmonary arteries, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and major aorto pulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs). Patients were grouped into three, Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia (group 1, N=86), TOF with pulmonary ...
Holt D - - 2000
To present details of surgical management of an unusual vascular ring anomaly in two German Shepherd littermates. Clinical case report. Three-month-old intact male and female German Shepherd littermates. In each dog, the esophagus was obstructed by a vascular ring comprised of the left aortic arch, an anomalous patent right ductus ...
Ayabe T - - 2000
Aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus is rare, especially in adults, and preoperative diagnosis is very difficult, requiring intraoperative diagnosis. A 71-year-old man was preoperatively diagnosed with ductus arteriosus aneurysm by computed tomographic scanning, magnetic resonance imaging, and aortography, which demonstrated a saccular aneurysm of the distal aortic arch. Under partial ...
Davies M W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the transductal velocity ratio (TVR) of the persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with other echocardiographic criteria for haemodynamic significance of a PDA. METHODS: This was a prospective study (from January 1997 to August 1998) in the nurseries of the Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne. Infants with a clinically suspected ...
Jacobs M L - - 2000
The extant nomenclature for truncus arteriosus (TA) is reviewed for the purpose of establishing a unified reporting system. The subject was debated and reviewed by members of the STS-Congenital Heart Surgery Database Committee and representatives from the European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery. All efforts were made to include all relevant ...
Salaymeh K J - - 2000
A successful repair of anomalous left pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta via a left ductus arteriosus in a 1 kg baby is reported. Repair was performed at an early age to avoid pulmonary hypertension and left pulmonary artery occlusion. Utilizing the right ductus to perfuse the right lung, surgery ...
Thanopoulos B D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report further experience with transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using the Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO). BACKGROUND: The design of previously used devices is not ideal for this purpose, and their use has been associated with several drawbacks, especially in ...
Mielke G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To establish reference ranges for 2D-echocardiographic examination of the fetal ductus arteriosus and its relationship to the main pulmonary artery and the aorta. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional echocardiographic study was performed in 222 normal fetuses from 13 to 41 weeks of gestation using high resolution/color Doppler ultrasound equipment. RESULTS: ...
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