Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1091
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Szyszka-Mróz Jolanta - - 2003
It was found that the ductus arteriosus is a muscular channel and resembles the muscular artery in structure. The diameter of the ductus is equal throughout its length. At the orifice of the ductus to the aorta the cells of its wall blend with those of the aorta. The primordia ...
Sugimoto Tsutomu - - 2003
Ductus arteriosus aneurysm is rare in adults and preoperative diagnosis has not been usually done. We report 2 cases of adult type ductus arteriosus aneurysm. In both cases, 3D computed tomographic scanning showed a saccular aneurysm originating from the distal aortic arch toward the left pulmonary artery, which had a ...
Furuno K - - 2003
A 5-year-old girl with isolated congenital left pulmonary artery agenesis suffered from recurrent attacks of dyspnea and right-sided pneumonia due to the stenosis of the right main bronchus. The division of ligamentum of the ductus arteriosus and suspension of the right pulmonary artery resulted in the disappearance of symptoms. It ...
Agati Salvatore - - 2003
Nowadays combination of surgical procedures and interventional cardiology has been increasingly reported in literature for the treatment of coronary artery diseases. To confirm the applicability of such an approach we present a case where several approaches could be considered. A 56-year-old lady with incidental finding of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ...
Patel J N - - 2003
We describe two distinct cases in which discontinuous pulmonary arteries were identified by echocardiography and color Doppler imaging. In both cases, perfusion of one or both pulmonary arteries was dependent on a patent ductus arteriosus. Establishment of the source of perfusion and the anatomy of the discontinuous pulmonary arteries were ...
Morgan-Hughes Gareth J - - 2003
A 71-year-old woman underwent aortic valve replacement for severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis. The left ventricle filled rapidly when the left ventricular vent was switched off and postoperatively she was slow to recover with bilateral pleural effusions. These findings prompted early reinvestigation, initially with echocardiography and subsequently with multi-detector row computed ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2003
Coexistence of pulmonary artery (PA) stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may lead to overestimating the relative importance of these malformations. This article reports on a patient with a trivial PDA and severe PA stenosis erroneously diagnosed as moderate PDA. He was successfully submitted to simultaneous PA stenting and PDA ...
Mellanby R J - - 2003
A 5-year-old cross-bred dog was examined with an 8-week history of coughing and a 3-week history of collapsing during exercise. Thoracic radiography revealed moderate right-sided cardiomegaly and a partially mineralized area over the dorsocranial heart base. Echocardiography demonstrated moderate eccentric and concentric right ventricular hypertrophy and a hypoechoic mass in ...
Pfammatter Jean-Pierre - - 2003
A case is described of the inadvertent embolization of an Amplatzer duct occluder in the descending aorta in a 10-year-old girl. It was possible to snare the device and bring it in its normal position in the aortic ductus ampulla. With a second snare, the recessed screw of the device ...
Müller Matthias - - 2003
Therapy of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) consists of the staged Norwood procedure or cardiac transplantation. Stenting the ductus arteriosus and subsequent banding of the pulmonary arteries allows the combination of neoaortic reconstruction with the establishment of a bidirectional cavopulmonary connection (combined stage 1 and 2 procedure) in a later ...
Hishitani Takashi - - 2003
A 1-month-old boy with tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, right aortic arch, and right ductus arteriosus, exhibited progressive right upper lobar emphysema since his birth. The emphysema was caused by the right ductus arteriosus compressing the right upper bronchus. After division of the ductus arteriosus the emphysema completely regressed. We ...
Sokol Ivan - - 2003
A thirty-year-old man with the diagnosis of the tetralogy of Fallot and patent ductus arteriosus was admitted to our hospital because of a syncope. He reported no previous symptoms. We diagnosed adult tetralogy of Fallot, which included all four characteristic anomalies: ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, pulmonary artery stenosis, and ...
Connolly D J - - 2003
A 16-month-old, neutered female domestic shorthaired cat had tachypnoea, inappetence and a heart murmur, which had been first detected at eight weeks old. Diagnosis of reverse shunting patent ductus arteriosus and pulmonary hypertension was based on a detailed two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic examination. This report documents the clinical and imaging ...
Mackie Andrew S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify echocardiographic predictors of aortopulmonary collaterals (APCs) in infants with tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia (TOF/PA) and to prospectively validate these predictors. BACKGROUND: In patients with TOF/PA, routine preoperative diagnostic cardiac catheterization is usually performed to determine the presence and distribution of APCs ...
Todros T - - 2003
AIM: To identify fetal echocardiographic characteristics predictive of perinatal outcome in cases with a prenatal diagnosis of pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records and the videotapes of all the cases of pulmonary stenosis and pulmonary atresia diagnosed at our institutions between 1990 and ...
Pizarro Christian - - 2003
Described here is the use of bilateral pulmonary artery banding as a means to achieve effective restoration of adequate systemic blood flow before a Norwood procedure in two newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who presented after birth with a severe imbalance of Qp/Qs and multiorgan system dysfunction despite usual ...
Parmar RC, Kulkarni S, ...
A 63-days-old boy was evaluated for feeding difficulties, cyanosis and breathlessness. Examination revealed a cyanosed child (oxygen-saturation 48%) with left parasternal systolic murmur of grade 3/6. Echocardiography revealed transposition of great arteries, large subpulmonic ventricular septal defect (VSD), patent foramen ovale [PFO], small patent ductus arteriosus[PDA], malpositioned great arteries with ...
Joseph G - - 2003
Definitive treatment of congenital apical muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD) with large left-to-right shunt, severe pulmonary hypertension, and major associated lesions such as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has so far been possible only by surgery that has significant attendant morbidity and mortality [2]. Transcatheter device closure of both shunt lesions, ...
Grotenhuis Heynric B - - 2003
We describe two patients who both presented shortly after birth with congestive heart failure due to an absent pulmonary valve and patent ductus arteriosus. Diagnostic evaluation revealed in both cases an aneurysmatic dilation of the pulmonary vascular tree and an abundant left-to-right shunt over a large patent ductus arteriosus. Ventricular ...
Saxena A - - 2003
Twin to twin transfusion syndrome may rarely complicate monochorionic twin gestation, resulting in discordant size of the twins. Cardiac dysfunction and various types of cardiac defects have been described in the recipient twin of this syndrome. Pulmonary artery calcification has been described earlier in one case only. We report three ...
Harris M - - 2002
We report on a 4-kg infant with Alagille syndrome and congenital heart disease consisting of atrial septal defect (ASD), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and severe peripheral pulmonic stenosis. He underwent successful orthotopic liver transplant along with catheter closure of the ASD and PDA using the Amplatzer device and placement of ...
Chang Shih-Tai - - 2002
The role of multiplane (M) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the diagnosis of isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in adults and its effectiveness in the assessment of the pulmonary to systemic flow ratio were evaluated and compared with those obtained from cardiac catheterization examination. Eleven consecutive patients, ranging from 17 to ...
Noguchi Tetsuo - - 2002
We report an unusual case of pulmonary edema and rapid collection of bilateral pleural effusion caused by a fistulous large aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus (DAA). The diagnosis was performed by contrast CT and aortography. The cause of pulmonary edema and effusion was thought to be both elevated capillary pressure ...
Bennhagen R G - - 2003
Persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) murmurs become silent probably due to the direction of the jet across the ductus arteriosus when entering the pulmonary artery. Out of 15 children with silent PDA, 14 demonstrated a ductal flow not contacting and away from the anterior wall of the main pulmonary artery. In ...
Harada Kenji - - 2002
To evaluate whether transthoracic Doppler echocardiography can reliably measure coronary flow velocity (CFV) and CFV reserve (CFVR) in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in children, we examined 12 patients who had a history of Kawasaki disease without stenosis or aneurysm formation of coronary artery and 9 patients who ...
Kiliç Ayhan - - 2002
Origin of the left main coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk is an extremely rare, fatal, but potentially treatable anomaly. Left ventricular perfusion with desaturated blood with low pressure from the pulmonary artery results in early death. Associated pulmonary hypertension can help to prevent ischemia. We present a four-month-old boy ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2002
The main problem encountered in pulmonary artery banding is the difficulty in determining the optimal perimeter of the band, and sometime repeated surgical operations are required to adjust the band perimeter in order to control the pulmonary blood flow. To overcome these difficulties EndoArt S.A. (Lausanne, Switzerland) developed an externally ...
Van Israël N - - 2002
The case records of 98 dogs with a left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) were reviewed. There were 35 breeds represented, with a female to male ratio of 3:1. Forty per cent of the dogs were older than one year at initial presentation and 31 per cent had clinical signs ...
Han Heon-Seok - - 2002
We present a rare case of main pulmonary artery stenosis secondary to protruding fibrous material in the main pulmonary artery associated with patent ductus arteriosus. A 1-month-old baby boy manifested cardiac murmur. Echocardiogram showed circumferential high echogenic mass inside the main pulmonary artery with pressure gradient of 49 mmHg and ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2002
The indication for pulmonary artery banding is currently limited by several factors. Previous attempts have failed to produce adjustable pulmonary artery banding with reliable external regulation. An implantable, telemetrically controlled, battery-free device (FloWatch) developed by EndoArt SA, a medical company established in Lausanne, Switzerland, for externally adjustable pulmonary artery banding ...
Trani Carlo - - 2002
We report the case of a 60-year-old man with a history of recurrent transient ischemic attacks, effort syncope, cyanosis, erythrocytosis and a systolic murmur. Echocardiography and catheterization showed severe pulmonary stenosis and a patent foramen ovale with a right-to-left shunt. The patient was submitted to combined percutaneous pulmonary valvuloplasty and ...
Carvalho Gustavo - - 2002
Long-term survival is rare in patients with truncus arteriosus communis type A1 due to the early appearance of pulmonary artery obstructive changes. A 48-year-old woman with truncus arteriosus communis type A1 diagnosed with chest radiography, two-dimensional echocardiography, and cardiac catheterization is presented. The right ventricular pressure was 108 mm Hg, ...
Olsen Dennis - - 2002
To describe an unusual case of fatal aortic aneurysm rupture after standard ligation of a left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and review the literature concerning the causes of aneurysm and applicable medical physics of blood flow that may contribute to mural failure. Clinical case report. An 11-month-old female Brittany ...
Dalby Anthony John AJ Milpark Hospital, Parktown West, Johannesburg 2193, South - - 2002
This article reviews the evidence surrounding the "open artery theory": that the opening of an occluded artery in an asymptomatic patient after myocardial infarction confers survival benefits in excess of the amount of myocardium salvaged. Several mechanisms have been proposed in support of the theory, all of which remain unproven. ...
Huang Ta-Cheng - - 2002
Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is now a well-established treatment alternative to surgery in many cardiology centers. Of all the methods used, transcatheter coil occlusion is the preferred therapy. For small PDA, the method using 0.038" Gianturco coils has proven safe and effective. However, this therapeutic strategy has ...
Brown Kate L - - 2002
The presence of a patent arterial duct may complicate the course of the patient on veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). While surgical ligation has been traditionally used as a definitive treatment for this problem, transcatheter closure may have advantages. This is the first report of transcatheter occlusion of a patent ...
Viñals F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To improve the detection of ductal dependence in fetuses with severe anomalies of the outflow tracts by observing, with directional power Doppler, reverse flow through the aortic arch or ductus arteriosus in a transverse view of the upper mediastinum. METHODS: A slight cranial move of the ultrasound beam from ...
Thanopoulos B D - - 2002
The design of devices currently used for closure of persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with high pulmonary artery pressure is not ideal and there is a risk of embolisation into the aorta. To investigate the use of the Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect occluder (AMVSDO) for treatment of PDA with high ...
Vizcaino A - - 2002
We report the third known case of origin of the right and left pulmonary artery branches from the ascending aorta via a short common pulmonary artery. A large unbranching main pulmonary artery opened through a patent ductus arteriosus into the descending thoracic aorta. Preductal coarctation of the aorta and multiple ...
Epting C L - - 2002
We describe a 2-year-old child with severe pulmonary hypertension due to a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with plexiform lesions on lung biopsy. Despite high basal pulmonary vascular resistance with minimal responsiveness to inhaled nitric oxide and other vasodilators, and advanced plexogenic arteriopathy on lung biopsy, her pulmonary hypertension completely resolved ...
Joseph George - - 2002
A 21-year-old female developed severe unremitting intravascular hemolysis following closure of a large patent ductus arteriosus using an Amplatzer duct occluder. Percutaneous deployment of fibered platinum coils within the nitinol wire cage of the Amplatzer duct occluder abolished the residual shunt through the device and resulted in cessation of intravascular ...
Villafañe Juan - - 2002
A 5-year-old girl was referred to our institution for closure of a silent patent ductus arteriosus. Cardiac catheterization revealed a tiny-to-small patent ductus arteriosus of the elongated, conical type (Type E). Coil occlusion was performed with a Gianturco coil, 0.035-4 cm(-3) mm. A follow-up echocardiogram showed a very small residual ...
Hornung Timothy S - - 2002
Adult patients with congenital heart disease provide a wide variety of challenges for the interventional cardiologist. Procedures can broadly be divided into dilatation or closure. The most common interventions in our own practice are closure of atrial septal defects and patent foramen ovale, although closure of postoperative interatrial communications in ...
Rodefeld Mark D - - 2002
Truncus arteriosus is now ideally repaired in the neonatal period with low morbidity and mortality. Published reports have documented mortality rates in the range of 4% to 5% with mean age at repair as low as 11 days. The physiologic basis for improved outcomes with earlier repair is the avoidance ...
Do─čan R - - 2001
The prune-belly syndrome (PBS) usually is described as a deficiency of the anterior abdominal muscle involving bilateral cryptorchidism and urinary tract malformations. In this report, we will present an eleven-month-old boy with PBS associated with a complex cardiac anomaly. A bilateral bidirectional Glenn shunt was performed with the diagnosis of ...
Zanchetta M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is the second most common congenital heart disease. A large number of surgical and transcatheter techniques for the interruption or closure of PDA has been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the immediate and short-term results of transcatheter closure of PDA using ...
Kinoshita O - - 2001
An adult case of CATCH 22 syndrome with a pulmonary arterial aneurysm is presented. The chest radiograph showed a large massive lesion, which should be differentiated from lung cancer, mediastinal tumor, or aortic aneurysm. CATCH 22 syndrome is a developmental malformation caused by hemizygous deletion of 22q11 chromosome, which usually ...
Erdöl C - - 2001
Patent ductus arteriozus (PDA) is the most common type of extracardiac shunt and it usually closes within 2 or 3 days of birth, but it may remain patent for one's lifetime. In this paper, we report a 65-year-old woman with PDA associated with a right coronary arising anomaly. To our ...
Loukas M - - 2001
The heart, as we know, is a muscular tissue supported by collagenous structures forming the fibrous skeleton of the heart. A structure by the name of the tendon of infundibulum appeared in the literature with no definite information about its structure or even its existence. The tendon of infundibulum was ...
Satomi G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Catheter intervention has become popular not only in adult patients but in younger patients with congenital heart disease. The early neonatal catheter interventional treatment has also been attempted in conjunction with the development of prenatal diagnosis of the congenital heart disease. METHOD: Recent articles concerning several severe structural cardiac ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >