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Chen Huai-Min - - 2005
Both the pulmonary artery sling and the aortopulmonary window are unusual and serious anomalies. In patients with sling the airway might be compromised by associated cartilaginous o-rings in variant segments. In aortopulmonary window the clinical presentations are similar to the large patent ductus arteriosus or ventricular septal defect, but the ...
Wang D - - 2005
Reviewing documents about Lord Admiral Nelson's wound inflicted at the Battle of Trafalgar and studying the collected data in connection with ballistics and human anatomy. Attempting to find out the actual cause of death of Lord Nelson as soon as 4 h postinjury by a musket ball. United Kingdom. (1) ...
Gupta Kamal - - 2005
Severe intravascular hemolysis is a rare complication of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). It is thought to be secondary to red blood cell damage from a high-velocity jet from a residual shunt. However, only a small minority of patients with a residual shunt develop this complication. We report ...
Nicolle A P - - 2005
Truncus arteriosus (TA) was diagnosed in a 6-year-old neutered female domestic short-haired cat by two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography, colour flow imaging and spectral Doppler examinations. The lesion was characterized by a single large artery originating from the right ventricle. A single ascending aorta and a single pulmonary trunk arose from ...
Ho Emily - - 2005
We report the case of a 35-year-old man who presented to hospital with symptomatic uncontrolled hypertension. He had no other conventional cardiovascular risk factors, but did have previous cataract surgery and patent ductus arteriosus repair. Echocardiography revealed normal valves, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and heavy calcification of the aortic ...
Streefkerk Henk Johan N - - 2005
OBJECT: In contrast to conventional anastomosis methods, the excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique involves a platinum ring and intima-adventitia apposition with a rim of medial and adventitial layers exposed to the bloodstream. The authors assessed the reendothelialization of porcine carotid arteries through ELANA compared with conventional anastomosis by using ...
Festic Emir - - 2005
An 81-year-old woman presented with shortness of breath and fever of 3 days duration. An enhanced CT of the chest revealed a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) communicating with the true lumen of an aortic arch dissection. Neither the aortic dissection nor the PDA was suspected. The patient had no history ...
Inamura Noboru - - 2005
PURPOSE: The prognosis of antenatally diagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia (ADCDH) is still very poor despite of innovation of various therapeutics. The authors reviewed their new therapeutic strategy of ADCDH from a viewpoint of cardiologic function. METHODS: The cardiac function in 19 cases of ADCDH was reviewed. The patients, at the ...
Merkle Elmar M - - 2005
The objective of our study was to describe the appearance of the remnants of the fetal circulation in adults on MDCT. The use of MDCT allows frequent visualization of the remnants of the umbilical vein, ductus venosus, foramen ovale, ductus arteriosus, and umbilical arteries.
Freeman-Ladd Mayra - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the ratio of the pulsatility index (PI) of the left pulmonary artery to the PI of the descending aorta, the Rp/Rs index, correlates with the degree of ductal steal from the intestine in neonates with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). STUDY DESIGN: Echocardiograms and Doppler studies ...
Khush Kiran K - - 2005
True aneurysms of the pulmonary artery are rare, and are most often due to pulmonary hypertension arising from congenital heart defects. We report the case of a 40-year-old man with an uncorrected patent ductus arteriosus who presented with pulmonary infarction and pneumonia, and subsequently died of cardiac arrest. Autopsy revealed ...
Roy Ambuj - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The dividing line between a patent ductus arteriosus with severe but reversible pulmonary artery hypertension and an Eisenmenger duct remains elusive. Increasing experience with the Amplatzer duct occluder has made non-surgical closure of even large patent ductus arteriosus simple and safe. However, data on the use of this device ...
Jackson C M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present four cases of ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) detected by fetal echocardiography and highlight the value of the three-vessel view in the diagnosis of DAA. METHODS: In addition to the standard fetal echocardiographic views, we examined the three-vessel view in four cases of DAA. The three-vessel view was ...
Bialkowski Jacek - - 2005
Large pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs) are difficult for transcatheter treatment. This report presents 5 patients aged 3 to 73 years with large PAVFs who underwent successful transcatheter closure with the Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO), designed for the occlusion of patent duct arteriosus. The procedures were performed without complications and provided ...
Solomon Neville A G - - 2005
A premature infant with a large patent ductus arteriosus and mild supravalvular aortic stenosis had evidence of severe myocardial ischemia after ductus ligation. Urgent reoperation was required to relieve severe obstruction of the left coronary orifice and the supravalvular stenosis was repaired. This unusual presentation early in infancy emphasizes that ...
Diener Hans-Christoph - - 2005
In this article we aim to elucidate the relationship between patent foramen ovale, cryptogenic stroke and migraine. Small observational and case-control studies indicate that patients with cryptogenic stroke have a higher incidence of patent foramen ovale. Prospective trials could not show a higher stroke recurrence risk with isolated patent foramen ...
Goitein Orly - - 2005
The purpose of this article is to describe the imaging features of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) identified on chest MDCT performed for other indications and to describe the additional functional information that cardiac MRI can provide about these lesions. The daily use of MDCT studies for the evaluation of pulmonary ...
Welch Kristin - - 2005
The isolated unilateral absence of a proximal pulmonary artery is a rare congenital lesion with a diverse clinical presentation. If the connecting ductus arteriosus closes after birth, the ipsilateral pulmonary artery will lose its source of blood supply, resulting in hypoplasia or obliteration of intrapulmonary vessels. Despite a seemingly benign ...
Ma Jie - - 2005
A 6-year-old female child with aortic coarctation, a ventricular septal defect, and a persistent ductus arteriosus underwent surgical repair by bilateral minithoracotomies. At 6-month follow-up, the patient had recovered well, with increased exercise tolerance. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed an intact ventricular septum and no significant gradient across the aortic repair.
Chen Lin - - 2005
Mucormycosis endocarditis after cardiovascular surgery is a rare and usually fatal complication. Here, we report one case of mucormycosis occurring in the pulmonary artery and the residual patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in a 9-year-old girl, who had been successfully cured with the combination of the emergent surgical removal of infected ...
Sánchez Gómez Concepción - - 2005
The normal development of the ventricular outlets and proximal region of the great arteries is a controversial subject. It is known that the conus, truncus arteriosus (truncus), and aortic sac participate; however, there are some doubts as to the actual prospective fate of the truncus. Some authors propose that it ...
Szpinda MichaƂ - - 2005
Compensating crural anastomoses develop in patients with multi-level occlusion of the calf arteries in the course of atherosclerosis, arteriitis, diabetes, and in vascular malformations of the limbs. The peroneal artery is frequently the only patent calf vessel, especially in diabetic patients who have advanced tibial occlusive disease. The purpose of ...
Ozmen John - - 2005
Patent ductus arteriosus is a condition usually diagnosed and treated in childhood but in some instances is not detected until adult life. Although surgical closure remains the accepted treatment in most cases, stent-grafting has emerged as a possible alternative treatment for persistent ductus arteriosus in the adult. We describe a ...
Dobremez E - - 2005
We report a case of right pulmonary agenesis with worsening of mediastinal shift during a viral bronchiolitis at the age of 5 months. The respiratory failure was due to stretching and narrowing of the remaining bronchus, as in postpneumonectomy syndrome. Weaning of respiratory assistance was possible after inserting a tissue ...
Mohrs Oliver K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for detection of patent foramen ovale. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with and five patients without patent foramen ovale underwent transesophageal echocardiography and MRI, which were performed during the Valsalva maneuver. Grading results (grade 0, ...
Gurcun Ugur - - 2005
Untreated patent ductus arteriosus carries a higher risk in adults than in children, especially when the defect is large (>4.0 mm in diameter), short, or friable. Therefore, various technical precautions have been suggested for application during surgical closure of a patent ductus arteriosus in an adult. We report the case ...
Carlson K M - - 2005
Femoral artery thrombosis is an uncommon but potentially serious complication following pediatric cardiac catheterization. Management options include heparin infusion, thrombolytic therapy, and surgical thrombectomy. The use of thrombolytic agents following coil occlusion of shunts, collaterals, and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may be successful in resolving the femoral arterial thrombosis but ...
Bancalari Eduardo - - 2005
A persistent ductus arteriosus is a common event in preterm infants. The systemic-to-pulmonary shunting that occurs as the pulmonary vascular resistance decreases after birth can have significant cardiovascular and respiratory consequences. Acute pulmonary effects include pulmonary edema and hemorrhage, worsened lung mechanics and deterioration in gas exchange with hypoxemia and ...
Lajos Thomas Z - - 2005
The purpose of this paper is to describe the preoperative diagnosis and the surgical treatment of a symptomatic ductus arteriosus aneurysm in a 65-year-old adult. The diagnosis was made by CT scan of the chest and confirmed by aortic angiography. The aneurysm was stapled and resected uneventfully through a left ...
Hijazi Ziyad M - - 2004
A 4.5-month-old infant with tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, and multiple aortopulmonary collaterals underwent successful occlusion of the collaterals using a new device. This new plug (Amplatzer vascular plug) is a self-expandable cylindrical device made of nitinol wire mesh. The device is available in sizes from 4 to 16 mm ...
Atiq M - - 2004
Tracheobronchial compression is an important cause of respiratory distress in children, requiring precise diagnosis and early surgical management. Common causes of the compression are either intrinsic or extrinsic, the latter being usually due to vascular rings. We report a 10 weeks old boy in whom a dilated pulmonary artery due ...
Ozkokeli Mehmet - - 2004
Pulmonary and aortic valve endocarditis are uncommon especially in an adult patient with patent ductus arteriosus. A 27-year-old woman diagnosed with pulmonary and aortic valve endocarditis underwent surgical treatment. Here, we report our clinical and surgical experience in treating a case of double valve endocarditis with clinically silent patent ductus ...
Aoki M - - 2004
To evaluate whether transthoracic Doppler echocardiography can reliably measure coronary flow velocity and coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) in the posterior descending coronary artery (PD) in children, we examined 32 patients who had congenital heart disease (ventricular septal defect in 10, tetralogy of Fallot in 6, tricuspid atresia in 3, ...
Kolm U S - - 2004
A 21-month-old, male Pembroke Welsh corgi was referred for investigation of respiratory distress and progressive lethargy. Cardiac evaluation revealed a grade 4 pansystolic murmur over the left and right heart base. A heart murmur, dyspnoea, cyanosis, prolonged capillary refill time and ascites led to the tentative diagnosis of a cardiac ...
Pass Robert H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to review and report initial and one-year efficacy and safety results of the multicenter USA Amplatzer ductal occluder (ADO) device trial. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure of a moderate to large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using conventional techniques is challenging. The ADO can close a PDA up to 12 ...
Alwi Mazeni - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the safety, efficacy, medium-term outcome, and complications of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stenting in duct-dependent pulmonary circulation. BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus stenting has been proposed as an alternative to surgical shunt on account of postoperative morbidity and complications of surgical shunting. METHODS: Between ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2004
We report an adult male cadaver with persistence of the ductus arteriosus and a right retroesophageal artery. The retroesophageal artery was first appreciated as a retropharyngeal mass during the dissection of this area. Both the left and right vertebral arteries originated in normal fashion. The thoracic duct of our specimen ...
Anderson Timothy P - - 2004
A 5-year-old castrated male Shetland Sheepdog was examined because of progressive bilateral hind limb thickening. Cyanosis of the preputial mucous membranes was evident, whereas the oral mucous membranes had a normal color. A well-structured, palisade-like periosteal reaction with no underlying bone destruction was evident on radiographs of the hind limbs. ...
Braun M - - 2004
AIMS: Interventional PFO closure has previously been reported to reduce the risk for recurrent thromboembolic events. The aim of the present study was to evaluate three different occluder systems in respect to (a) the safety and practicability and (b) the mid-term risk of recurrent thromboembolic events. METHODS AND RESULTS: Since ...
Takabayashi Shin - - 2004
A 2-month-old boy diagnosed with interrupted aortic arch type B was treated with a two-stage procedure. His ductus arteriosus had closed spontaneously. Collaterals via both vertebral arteries developed. A 15-mm stenotic segment existed between the left subclavian artery and the descending aorta. The direct anastomosis between the common carotid artery ...
Hsin Ho-Tsung - - 2004
Percutaneous transcatheter closure of persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has been well established in the pediatric field. For moderate- to large-sized PDA, the newly developed Amplatzer duct occluder had offered a good solution, but it depends on stiff wire and delivery sheath. We reported two elderly patients of PDA with vascular ...
Khan Nadia - - 2004
We report on 2 children with moyamoya angiopathy and bilateral dolichoectatic internal carotid arteries in combination with iris hypoplasia with bilateral fixed dilated pupils and a history of patent ductus arteriosus. Both were symptomatic with moyamoya angiopathy and underwent bilateral extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass operations for cerebral revascularization. This is the ...
Shuhaiber Jeffrey - - 2004
Delayed clinical presentation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in adults is very rare. The clinical presentation in adults consists of either aortic or pulmonary valve endocarditis. We report the case of 34-year-old patient with a known history of rheumatic heart disease in childhood and chronic heart failure for 5 years ...
Forbes Thomas J - - 2004
Transcatheter occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using Gianturco coils (GCs) has been performed for the past decade. However, little has been written regarding anatomical and hemodynamic predictors for successful occlusion of the PDA in infants. This report is to evaluate the outcome of transcatheter occlusion of PDA in symptomatic ...
Güneren Ethem - - 2004
A different approach to end in end anastomosis was tested to minimise the undesirable traits of classic and sleeve (telescoping) methods. Our approach aimed to maintain full contact at the level of the anastomosis by using longitudinal matrix sutures as a new invaginating suture technique in microarterial sleeve anastomosis. Classic ...
Yoshimoto Yasunori - - 2004
A 10-year-old girl with a patent ductus venosus associated with multiple autoimmune disorders presented with hypoxia, cyanosis of her lips, and exertional dyspnea. Ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography of the liver showed a communication between the portal vein and the inferior vena cava through a patent ductus venosus. Portography showed ...
Liberman L - - 2004
The two main theories regarding the pathogenesis of coarctation of the aorta are the Skodaic hypothesis of ductal tissue constricting the aorta at the level of the insertion of the ductus arteriosus and the flow theory of decreased ascending aortic blood flow in the fetus, which results in associated isthmic ...
Morrison Stuart C - - 2004
Ultrasound is exquisitely sensitive for the identification of portal vein pneumatosis, which in neonates is commonly caused by necrotizing enterocolitis. We describe the ultrasound finding of systemic arterial pneumatosis in a case of necrotizing enterocolitis associated with congenital heart disease. A combination of a patent ductus venosus and an extracardiac ...
Rangel Alberto - - 2003
The traditional and most effective form of treatment of persistent ductus arteriosus is surgical ductal division. New therapeutic techniques such as intraluminal ductal occlusion are currently recommended to replace the traditional treatment procedure. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the state of the art of these new therapeutic ...
Schneider Matthias - - 2003
To evaluate the percutaneous angiography and the morphology of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in dogs. In contrast to surgical ligation the knowledge of angiographic morphology is necessary for intravascular PDA occlusion. Forty-nine dogs with a left to right shunting PDA were included in a three-year, prospective study. In 43 dogs ...
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